The Library was established under the National Library Act (1960), which defines the Library's role, corporate governance and financial management framework. As a statutory authority within the Department of Regional Australia, Local Government, Arts and Sport portfolio the Library is also subject to the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act (1997), which provides the reporting and accountability framework.
A set of National Library Regulations governs access to, and conduct on, Library property and access to, and use of, Library materials.
Governance of the Library is the responsibility of the Library Council.
The Director-General of the Library is Ms Anne-Marie Schwirtlich who was appointed on 9 February 2011. There is an organisational chart (153 kb) available.
The Annual Report provides a full corporate overview for the previous year, including details of current corporate management issues.