National Library of Australia

Snippets from the archive: 1907

December 1907

Treatment of Travelling Prisoners, snippet from Goulburn Evening Penny Post


To the Editor,

Sir,-To-day I witnessed at North Goulburn a sight which filled me with horror. In these days of advanced civilization it seems to me incomprehensible that men, even though they be prisoners, should be chained together like wild beasts. Yet, exposed to every passenger's gaze, by the 9.30 from Sydney, five men and a boy were handed out on the platform and kept there for at least five minutes.

I think it is a matter that the citizens of Goulburn should take up, and see that some arrangements are made by the authorities whereby these poor unfortunate wretches shall be shielded from the public view during the time of their punishment and discgrace.

The question of a youth being attached to, and in company with men, needs no comment.

Yours faithfully, ARTOIS.

December 11.

Goulburn Evening Penny Post, 14 December 1907, p2.


Eden Convent School, snippet from the Eden Observer and South Coast Advocate, 1907



Thorough English Education, including Book-keeping, Algebra and Euclid.

Also, Music, Singing, Painting, Drawing, Plain and Ornamental Needlework, Calisthenics, etc.

Accommodation for limited number of Boarders.

Terms on application to the Superioress.

The Eden Observer & South Coast Advocate, 6 December 1907, p.1.

The Rabbit Proof Fence, snippet from the West Australian, 1907

THE RABIT-PROOF FENCE.-Mr. A. Crawford, the chief rabbit inspector, returned on Thursday from a visit of inspection to the rabbit-proof fence at Barrambie. He found that the rabbits had established themselves in large numbers outside the fence along the stone ridges, and that, owing to the carelessness of residents of Barrambie in leaving the gates open, many of the rodents had got through to the country between the outer and inner fences. He has decided to recommend to the Minister that a deviation should be made with the fence for some distance, in order to keep the township and Barrambie mine well away from it.

The West Australian, 7 December 1907, p11.

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November 1907

snippet regarding Mrs R. Roads, the first woman born in South Australia from the Adelaide Advertiser

Mrs. R. Roads, who was the first woman born in South Australia, was present at the Yankalilla show on Friday. Her parents (the late Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Attrill) sailed from the Isle of Wight in the ship Winchester on June 4, 1838, and arrived at Port Adelaide on September 24 of the same year. Five months later, on January 29, their daughter Jane was born in the only hut that had been built at Port Adelaide. Her father was a mason, and got plenty of work there, but shifted round with his family to various places, including Clarendon and Wild Dog Gully, at Onkaparinga, where at the time there was not a neighbor for miles. He settled at Yankalilla about 1854. Here Mrs. Roads, who was married in 1859, and had to ride on horseback to Willunga for the ceremony, has resided up to the present time, rearing a large family. She is active and vigorous, and, with over 30 grandchildren, has nobly done her share of the work which fell to the pioneers.

-from Personal columns, The Adelaide Advertiser, 4 November 1907, p. 6.

New Engines, snippet from the Queensland Times (Ipswich) 1907


The firm of Evans, Anderson, and Phelan, of Kangaroo Point, has a contract with the Government for the supply of 20 locomotives. The first pair of engines will probably be delivered in about a week. As the firm's works are a mile away from the nearest railway line, temporary rails will have to be laid along Main-street to Woolloongabba. The track will be laid for a distance, the engines advanced, and the track carried on again to repeat the operation. In this way a day will be occupied in moving the engines on to the lines. Some of the other engines are well on towards completion. - "Observer."

The Queensland Times (Ipswich), 5 November, 1907, p.9.

Woogaroo Lunatic asylum newspaper snippet from The Queensland Times (Ipswich) 1907


The following is the report of the Hospital for the Insane at Goodna for the week ended on the 2nd instant:-Admitted since last report, 3 males, 1 female; discharged, 2 males, 1 female; died, 1 male, 1 female. The medical superintendent acknowledges, with thanks, the receipt of papers from various donors for the patients at Goodna and at Sandy Gallop.

The Queensland Times (Ipswich), 7 November 1907, p. 9.

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October 1907


There was a meeting of executive officers of surf bathing clubs and life saving societies last night at the Sports Club. Mr. F. W. J. Donovan (the President of the Manly Surf Club) was voted to the chair and Mr. L. C. Ormsby (Bondi Surf Bathers’ Life-saving Club) was elected hon. secretary pro tem.

It was decided on the motion of Mr. M. A. Roberts (Manly Surf Club) and Mr. G. H. Henriques, - “That it is desirable to form an association of surf clubs, to secure improved facilities for surf bathing, and otherwise promote and regulate the sport.” Also, on the motion of Mr. A. W. Relph (Manly Surf Club), and Mr. James Clark (Bondi Surf Club), - “That the association be called ‘The Surf Bathing Association of N.S.W.’” This was agreed to. And on the motion of Mr. F. A. Thorpe and Mr. M’Laughlin, - “That the hon. secretary write to the Minister for Works informing him of the formation of the association, and asking for a consultation in regard to the ordinances.”

A resolution was also carried thanking the press for its splendid support against the proposed ordinances and costumes.

- The Sydney Morning Herald, 19 October 1907, p. 17



The mandarins who control the unfortunate surf-bather have promulgated an extraordinary edict to the effect that the male bather shall wear both a skirt and trousers before venturing to follow his sport before Pecksniffian eyes, and the trousers are also to be obligatory on the females. Surf-bathing has made its way into popular favour in the teeth of bitter opposition from narrow-minded people, who forget that God made the sea and the human body, and also the instinct to bring the two together. How futile this opposition has been is obvious from the sight which any beach now presents. A few years ago it would have been empty save for a solitary infant or so fearlessly exhibiting its legs. Now it is filled with thousands of folk of all ages engaged in healthy and cleanly enjoyment. The decorum and modesty which rules in such a crowd is the finest testimonial to young Australia that could possibly be given. Yet the Grundyites are again, it seems, out on the warpath. We must pity them if they cannot really realise that there are occasions when clothing is more indecent than nudity; but it is to be hoped and expected that surf-bathers will not tamely submit to aldermanic tyranny. Law and order are excellent things, but it is easy to make them ridiculous.

- The Sydney Mail, 16 October 1907, p. 985

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September 1907

We secured Mr. A. J. Lurcock’s Hawkesbury College competition pen of Black Orpingtons, and offer a few Settings for sale at 10/6. These hens, despite the fact that they only laid 13 eggs the first month – being very young – finished with 1109 eggs, value 94s 9d. Apply – T. HARRISON, c/o Hewitt and Harrison, Lismore.

- The Northern Star and Richmond and Tweed Rivers Advocate, 3 September 1907, p.1

From the Editorial Columns of THE BURRA RECORD:


BURRA, Wednesday, Sept 4, 1907

Firm and fearless let us move on; let every step of thought or work be based on TRUTH, FRIENDSHIP, JUSTICE; so shall we leave footprints in the sands of time.



SPREAD THE NEWS. – We will be glad to receive interesting items of incidents that occur from week to week. Simply forward particulars – we’ll fix them up. We will also be pleased to appoint real live correspondents – those that do not require the string being pulled before the figure moves. Although we hold the “Record” it is impossible to be here, there and everywhere.

- The Burra Record, 4 September 1907, p.2

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August 1907

newspaper snippet about shooting results from The Melbourne Argus


GOORNONG, Thursday. – The local Pigeon and Sparrow Shooting Club held a meeting on the local reserve yesterday afternoon for a trophy presented by Mr. J. Leahy, of the Drovers’ Arms Hotel. The event was for sparrows, and in a nine-bird go Mr. Gus. O’Neill was the winner, with seven kills out of nine birds; Mr. J. O’Neill being second with six kills. A supper was given in the evening by the club at Mulcare’s Railway Hotel, Mr. A. R. Goldie presiding.

- The Melbourne Argus, 3 August 1907, p.17


newspaper snippet about Mr Deakin's return to work from The Melbourne Argus, 1907


The Prime Minister (Mr. Deakin) returned to Melbourne from Point Lonsdale yesterday. He appears to have benefited immensely from his rest by the seaside; but his friends are afraid he has ended his holiday too soon. He spent some time in his office in the Department for External Affairs yesterday, but did not work at all. It is not expected that he will appear in Parliament this week, although he will probably get into touch with the affairs of the department, and attend the Cabinet meeting which is to be held during the week. Both his medical adviser and his friends, however, join in urging him not to undertake any serious work for a few more weeks. He has expressed a hope that he will be in his place in Parliament next Tuesday, though great efforts are being made by his colleagues to dissuade him from taking any part in politics until he has thoroughly recovered.

- The Melbourne Argus, 6 August 1907, p.5


newspaper snippet about splitting of the Art Society of NSW from The Brisbane Courier, 1907


The Art Society of New South Wales, which has been in existence for several years, has now been split into two by the secession of a dozen of the professional artists, including Leist, the two Lindsays, the two Ashtons, Syd. Long, Souter, and several others. It will be called the Society of Artists. Some years ago there was a fusion of the two societies then in existence, but it is stated that the present split cannot be healed.

- The Brisbane Courier, 2 August 1907, p.4


newspaper snippet about repatriated Kanakas from The Brisbane Courier, 1907


One hundred and three repatriated Kanakas left for the islands tonight by the steamer Induna, and forty-three more coming down from Brisbane next week by the Yongala will leave by the Malaita.

- The Brisbane Courier, 2 August 1907, p.4

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July 1907


July 1907

Laverton & Districts General Hospital


THE Doctor will be in attendance at the above Hospital from 9 a.m. till 2 p.m. daily.

Visiting Days:  Thursdays and Sundays, from 2 to 5 p.m.  Anyone wishing to see patients at other times must obtain permission from the Doctor or Matron.

No one under any circumstances will receive the benefits of the Hospital otherwise than as paying or indigent patients unless pence-cards, receipt or order from mine manager, or other person authorised to issue same, be presented to the medical officer, whom the committee request to make no exceptions to the rule.

Subscribers must be financial at least two weeks prior to receiving attendance.



The Morgans and Laverton Mercury, 5 July 1907, p.4


July 1907

Two  adjoining  (apparently)  unrelated  items  from  the  Summary  column

Don’t forget to buy some of our strychnine before it is all gone.  We have a large quantity just imported, and at the prices we are offering it is going like hot cakes.  C.J.Adams, chemist, Dubbo.

Ellen Huohalan, a widow, was charged at Camden on Saturday, with administering poison with intent to murder her mother, Mrs Bridget Siggins, and was remanded  till Thursday.

The Dubbo Liberal, 10 July 1907, p.2


July 1907

From  Science  and  Invention

An automatic fire-lighter is the newest labour-saving device.  It is attached to your alarm clock; when the alarm goes off, it works a mechanical arrangement which ends in a wire with a fuse at the extremity.  The fuse is lighted by the movement, and sets fire to the paper and wood already laid in the grate.  You can thus dress yourself by a nice fire.

July 1907

A novel hatpin has just been invented.  It is a disc attached to the under surface of the crown of the hat, with a button protruding from the upper side; on the disc are two pins resembling coils.  The button is turned, the new pins enter the hair, curl in it, and fasten the hat firmly to the head.  To remove the hat, you must first turn the button back again.

A curious method of boiling water to cook an egg is mentioned by an ingenious inventor.  He has a small cylinder filled with water; he turns this rapidly by means of a hand-wheel, but at the same time a wooden tongue grates against the cylinder; this friction produces heat, the water gets hot, and the steam is allowed to escape through a hole.  This steam boils the egg, and the device is useful in a place where matches and fuel are not to be obtained.

The Dubbo Liberal, 6 July 1907, p.4


July 1907

From  general  news  columns

The captain of a big Atlantic line, after many calculations, has come to the conclusion that the general size of a fog in the Atlantic is about thirty miles in diameter.

The Dubbo Liberal, 6 July 1907, p.4

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June 1907


Don’t  Nag

There are two ways of looking at a husband.  One is to make up your mind that he has no faults and to consider him a piece of perfection.  The other is to recognise his faults and to make up your mind to love him in spite of them.  This is the way that will wear.  Look for the good qualities that offset them.  You will find them if you take the trouble.  Then make up your mind that you will adapt yourself to the failings.  Sensitiveness is, after all, a form of selfishness, and married life is a perpetual giving up of selfishness.  Don’t believe that your husband wants to hurt you, or that he is a selfish brute because he has forgotten something that you asked him to do.  “He would not have done that when he was courting me,” you may murmur.  Very probably not.  But he does other things for you now that he didn’t do then.  Think of those, and look after your own transgressions in the way of forgetfulness and neglect and think less of his.

The Wagga Wagga Advertiser, 1 June 1907, p.5


The  Rabbit  Pest


  • The rabbits are polygamous.
  • Because of being polygamous they have become a pest.
  • This polygamy is caused by the use of the spring trap and poison cart.
  • It is impossible for them to be a pest and at the same time polyandrous.

The spring trap and poison carts kill more males than females, this causes the rabbits that are not caught to live in a polygamous state.  Because of being polygamous the females are very much more prolific than they otherwise would be and produce more females than males.  Consequently, anything that kills the males increases the pest and acts in the same way as the proverbial snowball or the notorious chain letter, the longer they are continued the greater becomes the volume of the rabbits, and that is why the rabbits have spread from Southern Victoria well into Queensland and West Australia in spite of the hundreds and thousands of millions that have been killed or died by the droughts.  The remedy is to make the rabbits polyandrous, and to do this only such plans as catch the rabbits alive should be used, then kill all females and liberate all males, and for convenience sake cut off half the near ear of all males let go, so that they will be known if caught a second time.

Tambua, Cobar, N.S.W.

The Port Pirie Advertiser, 1 June 1907, p.1





The corps of signallers paraded yesterday for a day’s field work, and formed stations for communication at Surrey Hills and Broadmeadows.  The bright morning sun was availed of for long distance heliograph signalling, and in the afternoon communication was carried on by means of flags, blue flags being used against the sky and other light backgrounds, whilst white flags show up distinctly against dark objects, such as trees and buildings.  The messages were transmitted with rapidity and skill, and the day’s work appeared to be entirely satisfactory.

The Melbourne Age, 4 June 1907, p.8



Under  “MISSING  FRIENDS”  Classifieds

ONE HUNDRED POUNDS REWARD.- Anyone knowing the whereabouts of S. DUNN, Fishmonger and Poulterer, 199 Gertrude-street, Fitzroy, should purchase their goods from him, where you can rely on getting the best of Fish, Rabbits, Poultry, Game, &c.  Phone 89, city.

The Melbourne Age, 1 June 1907, p.7

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May 1907


From  “Public  Notices”

Ideas.  In the “good old days” (?) Kings, of their royal prerogative, granted Letters Patent.  This privilege they sometimes abused.  James III granted a most obnoxious monopoly for making and selling gold and silver thread.  It & others caused popular discontent.  This so grew that the King himself came down to the House and announced his intention of revoking it.  Sir Giles Momposson, a promoter, was degraded by being carried through London on horseback.  He did not face 533 Collins st., Melbourne, Phillips Ormonde and Co., but the horse’s tail.  He also forfeited his Knighthood.

 The Melbourne Herald, 15 May 1907, p.5



The  “New  Governor!”

“Is this the Governor’s office?” asked a respectable, elderly, grey-whiskered gentleman as he entered the room of the Governor’s Official Clerk a few days ago.  “It is,” was the reply of Mr. Mabbott, who enquired what he could do for his visitor.  “I am the new Governor of this State,” said the caller, with dignity.  Mr Mabbott remarked that he had seen no despatch relating to the appointment of “His Excellency.”  “But it’s all right,” the visitor assured him; “the Governor-General has it.”  Mr Mabbott said that he thought its arrival would have to be awaited before any recognition could be given to a new appointee.  Sir Reginald Talbot, he observed gravely, was still regarded as Governor of Victoria.  “But he has resigned, and I’ve been appointed in his stead, I tell you,” answered the old gentleman, “and I wish to be sworn in at once.”  Regret was expressed by Mr Mabbott that he could not have that wish complied with, as the Lieutenant-Governor might raise objections to being superseded in this way without a despatch.  After further conversation, the claimant to the Governor-ship left to “see the Governor-General.”  Later in the day he returned and informed Mr Mabbott that he had made a mistake.  He had not been appointed Governor, but Chief Commissioner of Police.  Now and again such claimants to high positions call on Government officers, and they think it best to humor them for a few minutes, and bow them out.

The Melbourne Herald, 14 May 1907, p.8






The difficulty of estimating the quantity of coal used by engine-drivers during a trip or portion of a trip on the Victorian railways, has led the Commissioners to adopt a remarkable method of securing the desired information …

The following is the text of a circular issued by the Department, which suggests how the extra duties expected from the engine driver are likely to bring his grey hairs to a premature grave:-

  • Each driver will standardise his own shovel by ascertaining how many average shovelsful are contained in 1 cwt. [hundredweight]
  • After putting on fire, the fireman will chalk down the number of shovelsful used, and when stopping at a station he will enter the total on a card opposite the name of the station.
  • On arrival at the destination, or change-over station, the card will be given to the driver, who will divide the total by the number of shovelsful per cwt., and so ascertain the quantity used.


If a fireman has used 200 shovelsful, and 8 shovelsful equal 1 cwt., then 200 divided by 8 equals 25 cwt. of coal used …

It is rumoured that engine drivers, in future, will be expected to write an essay of not less than 1000 words on the ethics of combustion, with notes on shovels past and present.

The Melbourne Herald, 10 May 1907, p.6

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April 1907



WANTED position by ex-clergyman and schoolmaster, auctioneering preferred, knowledge of account sales, local reference, age 30.  Box T21 this office.

The Brisbane Courier, 5 April 1907, p.12



The last of the troubles of the man on the land have not yet been determined apparently.  A meteorite fell on a certain South-Western estate and the landlord hearing of the fact claimed it.  “All minerals and metals on the land belong to me,” he said to the tenant who pleaded that the meteorite wasn’t on the farm when the lease was drawn up.  The justice of that seemed to strike the landlord.  “But,” he said, “I can claim her as flying game.”  “No,” answered the tenant, “she has no wings or feathers, therefore as ground game she’s mine.”  While the argument proceeded, a Customs officer appeared on the scene and promptly settled the dispute by annexing the meteorite on the ground of “confiscation for non-payment of duty.”

The Collie Miner, 13 April 1907, p.3




Concerning a Juryman. – In a recent Supreme Court case the second day of the proceedings was drawing to a close with one of the jurymen still unconvinced.  “Well, gentlemen,” said the Court officer, entering quietly, “is it to be twelve dinners again?”  “No,” snapped the rather angry foreman, “make it eleven dinners and a (blank) bale of hay.”

The Collie Miner, 13 April 1907, p.2

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March 1907



Some months [ago] the “Forbes Gazette” published the fact that Mr James Marsh, of Marshdale, near Eugowra, had been requested to cut from the gum tree near Mandagery Creek, and the Lachlan River, the record left by Geo. Wm. Evans, the explorer, 15th June, 1815, for the purpose of putting same in the Sydney Museum.  This tree stood as the record of exploration furthest west for almost two years until Surveyor Oxley, who made it his starting point, went still further down the Lachlan River, was blocked by flood waters, and reported an inland sea.  On Thursday morning last Mr Marsh brought the slab – which is about 4ft. 6 inches square – into the Forbes Railway Station for transmission to Sydney.  This was actually the oldest authentic marked tree in Australia.

The Orange Leader, 25 March 1907, p.2




Melbourne, Wednesday. – The committee appointed to draw up a scheme for the distribution of 500 a year voted by the Federal Parliament to assist destitute men of letters submitted a report to the Prime Minister today.  They recommended that assistance should be given  - (1) To aged and infirm authors;  (2) widows and children of deceased literary men; and  (3) indigent authors.  It was deemed impracticable to draw any hard-and-fast line as to what constituted “literature”, and a recommendation was made that a committee of three should be appointed to administer the fund.

Goulburn Evening Penny Post, 7 March 1907, p.2



Professor  BONNER
Late of Bostock and Wombwell’s Circus

Not a single weary moment, but Smiles, shrieks, roars, yells, and convulsions from start to finish. 
Dull care utterly and completely banished.

The Orange Leader, 4 March 1907, p.3

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February 1907




(From  Our  Correspondent.)

The Weather - We have just been favoured with about thirty hours of splendid steady rain.  I registered 310 points, but as my gauge is somewhat like our land laws, “a bit defective,” I may be a few inches wrong.  At any rate, it is the most beneficial fall we have had here in this month for over seven years.

Goulburn Evening Penny Post, 2 February 1907, p.6




(From  Local  Papers)

At the Police Court on Tuesday,  before  Mr. Williams, J.P., Edward Potosi Douglas O’Gallagher, on remand in custody, was charged with having attempted to commit suicide.  Accused pleaded not guilty, and was defended by Mr. Moriarty.  The accused was convicted and sentenced to three weeks’ hard labour in Braidwood Gaol, the sentence to be suspended on his finding sureties, himself in £50 and two in a similar amount, for his good behaviour for 12 months.  The sureties were entered into.

Goulburn Evening Penny Post, 2 February 1907, p.6




LOST – A Red Covered POCKET BOOK with the words “Where is it” on the cover.  Finder kindly return to Mrs Illingworth, Rose Hotel.

The Bunbury Herald, 1 February 1907, p.3




A serious fall, fortunately unattended with any fatal results, occurred today at the Photo Studio of Francis H. Vine.  The prices of Cabinet Photos have fallen to 10 a dozen and Paris Panels to 20s a dozen while life size enlargements in frames complete are made from any photo for 30.  Patrons who want the best Xmas Photos at lowest rates should promptly visit Vine.

The Bunbury Herald, 1 February 1907, p.4




London, Feb.3

The British War Office announces that the South African war medals are available for the Australian troops who have not yet received them.

[This seems rather late in the day, but as a veteran over seventy recently received the medal and clasps he won as a youth in the Crimea, the War Office in this instance has shown unusual expedition.]

The Bunbury Herald, 4 February 1907, p.3

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January 1907


A couple of Sydney pubs. display the Scriptural motto, “Remember the Sabbath,” on the wall behind the threepenny bar.  But the motto doesn’t mean what Brunker and Bruntnell would mean if they quoted it.  It is merely a reminder to customers to bring their jugs and jars on Saturday night.

 The Bulletin, 3 January, 1907, p.11




WANTED, JUNIOR DISSECTION CLERK, for large Retail House.  Apply, with copies of references, to “DISSECTION,"  Box 503, G.P.O., Sydney.

The Daily Telegraph, 5 January 1907, p.5



From  the Editorial Columns


Now that we have entered on another New Year, it would be well if we could make a start in the direction of that simple life of which the Alsatian Pastor is the great high priest.  As he very justly pointed out in one of his most popular works, our present life is far too complex.  “From the cradle to the grave, in his needs as in his pleasures, in his conception of the world and of himself, the man of modern times struggles through a maze of endless complications.  Nothing is simple any longer.” 

The Hobart Mercury, 3 January 1907, p.4




It is not always advisable to appear in court to give evidence on behalf of a friend in trouble.  This is the lesson which a youth named Thomas Cooper learned at the Police Court yesterday.  Richard Fogarty was charged with having created a disturbance by striking a youth named Smart in the bar of an hotel.  He denied the charge, and called Cooper as a witness.  The latter not only supported the defendant’s plea of not guilty, but went so far as to declare that the only disturbance took place in the street, where he fought Smart for ten minutes.  “And was anyone there?” slyly enquired Superintendent Pedder.  “Yes, dozens,” replied the unsuspecting Cooper.  …”Well, then,” said the Superintendent dropping the mask , “Your evidence amounts to this, that you created a disturbance by fighting Smart?”  and again the willing witness answered “Yes.”  …Cooper and Smart were then associated in a charge of having disturbed the peace in Harrington-street, and pleaded guilty.  …Fined 10s. each was the decision of the Bench, and the incident closed.

The Hobart Mercury, 3 January 1907, p.4

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December 1907

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