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Series 3: Letters addressed to Sir Joseph Banks

 

Item 34 Bathurst, Henry, 3rd Earl, 1762-1834. Letter to Joseph Banks on the scarcity of flax seed, Strand, London, 2 February 1781.
Item 34a Bathurst, Henry, 3rd Earl, 1762-1834. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on tokens and the rising price of silver, Strand, London, 13 October, 1812.
Item 35 - 35a Marlborough, George Spencer Churchill, Duke of, 1766-1840. Letters (2) to Sir Joseph Banks concerning certain plants. Piccadilly, London, 28 May and 19 June 1805.
Draft replies by Banks on the back of both letters.
Item 36a - 36j Cobbe, William. Letters (7) to Sir Joseph Banks concerning an invention for catching fish, (with original water colour drawing). London, 5 March 1787 to 31 December 1788
Letters dated: Bear Yard, Lincolns Inn Fields, December 31st 1788; January 3rd 1789; January 7th 1789; January 13th 1789; March 5th 1787; February 17th 1789; July 11th 1789.
Item 37 Cochrane, Thomas. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning a collection of zoology from the West Indian Islands, St. Christopher's, 29 April, 1781.
Item 38 Colebrooke, G.. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on the religion of the Brahmins. Nottinghill, london, 19 May, 1787
Item 39 Collins, David, 1756-1810. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning provision for his wife. Beaumont Street, London, 24 December 1802.
Collins is honoured by his appointment to command an expedition to found a settlement on the South coast of Australia but asks that provision be made for his wife if he is lost on the expedition to Port Phillip. He asks Banks to intercede with Lord Hobart to ensure the payment of a government pension to his wife.
Item 39a - 39c Collins, David, 1756-1810. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks sending specimens and descriptions of plants and animals via the Lady Barlow. Hobart, 19 August 1804.
Includes an account of a plant Atriplex halimi folia and the production of marine alkali from its leaves. Also includes a 'List of trees observed in the neighbourhood of the River Derwent ... February to June, 1804'.
Item 40 Cologan. Note to Sir Joseph Banks concerning a parcel of plants. Leicester Square, London, 14 December 1791.
Draft of reply by Banks on back.
Item 41 Combes, Thomas. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning a living snake found inside a sheep. Somerset, 21 January 1803.
Item 42 Combe, Taylor, 1774-1826. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning the framing of an Egyptian Roll. Soho Square, London, 10 January 1804.
Item 43 - 43d Conyngham, William Burton, d. 1796. Letters (5) to Sir Joseph Banks, chiefly on botanical matters. Dublin, 22 February 1788 to 4 January 1794.
Letters are dated February 22nd 1788, October 3rd 1790, May 7th 1791, May 9th 1792 and January 4th 1794.
Item 44 Cook. Note to Joseph Banks inviting him to view Long's collection of drawings of the natural history of Jamaica. Poland Street, London 15 July 1774.
Invites Banks to bring Dr. Solander whom Cook does not know and therefore feels he cannot invite directly.
Item 45 - 45c Cooke, William, 1711-1797. Letters, (2) , to Sir Joseph Banks submitting wording in Latin for a proposed memorial to be erected at Kamchatka to commemorate the assistance and hospitality given to Cook on his 3rd voyage, 29 October [1789].
The letters include an original wording and shorter versions if this should be considered too long.
Item 46 Cooper, E. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks intimating that the Government had decided to liberate two Iceland ships. Downing Street, London, 26 February [1808]
Draft of reply by Banks on back, April 7th 1808.
Item 47 Cooper, Thomas. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning an application for a patent for bleaching. [June 1788].
Item 48 Cope, J.. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning a sea unicorn, Boston, 22 February 1800.
Item 49 Cordiner, Charles. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning species of Laplysia Linnaeus. Banff, 3 May 1787
Item 50 - 50a Cowan, Malcolm. Letters (2) to Sir Joseph Banks concerning a medicinal grass found in Jamaica, Plymouth, 8 February and 4 March 1805.
Item 51 Cox, James. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning American botany, Philadelphia, 18 September 1785.
Item 52 Coxe, William, 1747-1828. Letter unsigned to Sir Joseph Banks sending pamphlets. St. Petersberg, 3 January 1785.
Is about to visit Moscow and Southern Russia. Has seen a chart of a voyage to the North Pole by a Russian admiral and it accords with those of Lord Mulgrave in 1773.
Item 53 - 53a Coxe, William, 1747-1828. Letter unsigned to Sir Joseph Banks concerning the exhibition of a unicorn. Birmingham, 31 May 1787.
Item 54 Cunningham, Allan, 1791-1839. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Coeping Bay, Timor, 8 November 1819.
Last wrote in May 1819 reporting final departure of the second voyage of discovery, now finished. Describes the trip around the East and N. Coast of Australia. They discovered the wreck of the Frederick which had left Port Jackson the previous year. Names places visited, including, Wreck Bay, Cape Flinders, Wessel's Island, Cape Grenville, Cape York, Whitsunday passage. Collection of specimens in the Endeavour River was hindered by the hostility of the natives. Followed the course of Flinders and completed Cook's survey of the N. Coast and then sailed from Goulburn Island to Coeping. Describes the vegetation and his search for specimens at each stop. Estimates that he has around 400 specimens and 260 papers of seeds. Describes the land as "uniformly bad, either the extreme of arid sterility or low depressed flats subject to inundations". Hopes to accompany King again should a third voyage be undertaken.
Item 55 Dalrymple, Alexander, 1737-1808. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning charts of the Sandwich Islands which he has had reduced for John Webber, 12 December 1783.
Item 56 Dalrymple, Alexander, 1737-1808. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning plates of Kerguelen's Land, etc., with reductions for John Webber, and reporting that he has found the longitude of Eimeo to be wrong, 13th December, 1783.
Item 57 Dalrymple, Alexander, 1737-1808. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning views of Sulphur Island and Japan, with reductions for John Webber, also referring to charts sent to him by Captain King, 15 December 1783.
Item 58 Dundas, Robert, Viscount Melville, 1771-1851. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning subscription on behalf of Sir John Sinclair. Aske, Richmond, Yorkshire, 21st December, 1814.
Draft of reply by Banks on back.
Item 59 - 59f Essex, Harriet Bladen, Countess of, 1742-1821. Letters (5) to Sir Joseph Banks concerning proposals to sell her estate. St. James' Place, London, 1799.
Five letters, two dated July 3 and July 14, and 3 undated letters. Replies by Banks dated July 5th, and July 16th, 1799.
Item 60 Fleming, James. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks referring to his residence in N.S.W. for three years, and seeking assistance from Banks. St. George's Fields, London, 24 December 1803.
Governor King sent him to King Island and Port Phillip to report on the quality of the land and timber and ordered him to list all plants in the colony of NSW that are indigenous and might be of some use to the colony. During his 3 years in the colony he ascertained the proper seasons for sowing, grafting, etc. Suggests that if the government intends to send articles, they be prepared as soon as possible and planted in boxes ready to go. Has been requested by the colonists to compile a gardening calendar for the colony and would like to do so if assisted financially. Seeks Banks' support for this.
Item 61 Foersch, G. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning the Upac tree. London, 24th July.
Item 62 - 62f Follet, George. Letters (4) to Sir Joseph Banks concerning sheep and wool. Simmerton Hall and Buxton, March-July 1805..
Letters dated: Buxton, 1st March 1805; Buxton 8th March 1805; Simmerton Hall, 19th May 1805; Simmerton Hall, 21st July 1805.
Item 63 Foot, Henry. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning importation of wines. London, 26 September 1788.
Item 64 - 64a Forbes, James. Letters (2) to Sir Joseph Banks requesting permission to dedicate to Banks his "Letters from France". Stanmore Hill, 20 May and 25 June 1805.
Draft reply by Banks on back of letter of 20th May.
Item 65 - 65c Ford, James, 1749-1819. Letters (2) to Sir Joseph Banks concerning canvas for sailcloth, and the use of hemp. London. 18 June 1801 and Montrose, 30 March 1802.
Item 66 Fordyce, T. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks thanking him for the loan of a book on tombers. London, 19 September 1795.
Item 67 - 67a Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks discussing natural history and botany of Lithuania. Vilno, 22 May 1785.
Item 67b Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Autograph note to Sir Joseph Banks accompanying the presentation of a copy of his Voyage round the World. Perry Street, London, 18 March 1777.
Item 68 - 68a Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks intimating that his father and he had been offered positions as teachers in an institution in Germany. London, 4 January 1778.
Requests Sir Joseph Banks to use his influence with Lord Sandwich to gain some recognition for the botanical work performed by his father and him whilst with Cook on the Resolution. Wishes to obtain money to pay their debts (including a loan from Banks) to enable them to go to Germany.
Item 69 - 69a Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Joseph Banks concerning certain botanical specimens he is sending from Germany. Amsterdam, 11 November 1778.
The plants include a Nepenthes from Ceylon which was given to him by Vossmaer, Keeper of the cabinet of the Prince of Orange.
Item 70 - 70a Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Joseph Banks imploring him to use his influence with Lord Sandwich to grant his father a sum of money sufficient to satisfy his creditors, and so enable him to leave England to accept a position in Germany. Berlin, 9 February 1779.
Item 71 - 71b Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Joseph Banks concerning the financial plight of his father. Seeks money to enable his family to move to Halle leaving the debts unpaid. Cassel, April 1 1779.
Item 72 - 72a Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Joseph Banks concerning certain botanical books he was procuring for Banks. Cassel, 27 June 1779
Offering to to obtain new books from Germany. Asks for proofs of the text and plates of Cook's [second] voyage so that he may make a German translation.
Item 73 - 73a Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Joseph Banks regarding natural history works published in Germany. Cassel, 25 November 1779
Item 74 - 74a Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Joseph Banks forwarding a printed account in German of the death of Cook. Cassel, 20 January 1780
Item 75 - 75a Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Joseph Banks, Cassel, 27 March 1780
Intimates that Professor Litchenberg had compiled, from material supplied by the Forsters, a little sketch of Cook's life and character. Hopes his father may soon be able to come to Germany and thanks Banks for kindness to his father.
Item 76 - 76a Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Joseph Banks thanking him for the assistance rendered to his father and discussing botanical works. Cassel, 13 August 1780
Item 77 - 77a Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Joseph Banks, Cassel, 26 November 1780
Most of the animals in the Landgrave's managerie have died, Professor Soemmerring has dissected an elephant, a camel, a baboon and other animals. Describes loss of his possessions in shipwreck, including his books and herbarium and asks Banks for duplicates. Mentions Omai and Tahiti and awaits news of Cook's last voyage.
Item 77b Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Joseph Banks, Cassel, 10 January 1781
Has received accounts of Cook's last voyage from two German sailors. Asks for advance sheets and texts to prepare a German translation of the official account of Cook's voyage. He hopes that Lord Sandwich will approve of this if he is assured that Forster's father has no role in it.
Item 77c Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Joseph Banks, Cassel, 10 January 1781
Has received accounts of Cook's last voyage from two German sailors. Asks for advance sheets and texts to prepare a German translation of the official account of Cook's voyage. He hopes that Lord Sandwich will approve of this if he is assured that Forster's father has no role in it. Duplicate of MS 9/77b sent by mail.
Item 77d - 77f Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Cassel, June 20 1781
Thanks Banks for assistance with obtaining rights to German translation of Cook's last voyage and agrees with Banks' suggestion that the application for permission to translate should be made in the name of the booksellers Spencer and Haude rather than Forster. Describes the problem of pirate works prevalent in Germay; mentions Linnaeus' Mantissa now being printed in Brunswick; mineralogy in Germany; asks if the report of the death of Sir William Hamilton is true.
Item 77g - 77h Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on natural history matters. Cassel, 5 July 1781
Item 77i - 77j Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Cassel, 2 June 1783
Asks Banks to present a petition to the Royal Society requesting that he be excused the payment of 5 years arrears of contributions. Draft of Banks' reply on back stating that the Council refused, being afraid to set a precedent which would be injurious to their finances.
Item 77k Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks thanking him for the plates of Cook's last voyage, undated
Item 77l - 77m Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Cassel, 27 October 1783
Thanks Banks for the plates of Cook's last voyage and agrees not to publish until one year after the original. Asks for news of [Joseph] Priestley's experiments. Mentions discovery of elephant bones in America by Dr. Michaelis and preparation of Lichtenberg's torch. Asks if it is true that the Duke of Bedford is to travel to Asia.
Item 77n - 77o Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Cassel, December 1 1783
Has received the plates of Cook's voyage. News of scientific experiments in Germany and activities of the French with balloons.
Item 77p Forster, Georg, 1754-1794. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Vilno, December 11th 1785
Concerning erroneous statements made by him in the Gottingen journal about the sheets and plates of Cook's voyage received from Banks. He had claimed that they were a gift from the Admiralty when in fact they belonged to Banks. Offers to correct the statements if Banks thinks it necessary. Hopes to be able to pay his arrears to the Royal Society soon.
Item 77q Forster, George, d. 1792. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Margate, 20 September 1785
Informs Banks that he can obtain a copy of his book [Sketches of the Mythology and customs of the Hindoos, 1785] from Nathaniel Smith of Bloomsbury Square. He requests that Banks alone peruse the copy. Bound copies will later be given to the Royal and Antiquarian Societies.
Item 77r - 77s Forster, George, d. 1792. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Cape of Good Hope, 30 January 1786
Before he left England he requested Nathaniel Smith to give Banks a copy of his book. He is sending Masson's seeds via [Eyles] Irwin, the bearer of this letter. Irwin is also bringing roots and seeds from India. Asks Banks to arrange for Masson to go to India where he could be of service to natural history.
Item 77t - 77u Forster, George, d. 1792. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning botany in India. Lucknow, 22 July 1787
Item 77v Forster, George, d. 1792. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning natural history in India. Lucknow, 2 October 1787
Is sending plants and drawings via Colonel Polier.
Item 77w - 77x Forster, George, d. 1792. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning botanical specimens in India. Nagpour, 28 August 1788
Item 77y Forster, George, d. 1792. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning botanical specimen Cyprepedium bulbosum received from Sweden. Mayence, January 10 1790
Item 78 - 78a Forster, Johann Reinhold, 1729-1798. Letter to Joseph Banks on zoological matters. Paddington Green, London, 22 March 1780
Wants assistance from Banks with drawings for a paper to the Royal Society on oxen, particularly the small African wild ox, the Nghoo. Mentioned to [Jonas] Dryander that he has not been able to see Banks and has been informed by Dryander that Banks will assist.
Item 78b - 78d Forster, Johann Reinhold, 1729-1798. Letter to Joseph Banks on zoological matters. Paddington Green, London, 7 April 1780
Is grateful for Banks' offer to assist with the Zoological memoirs intended to be presented to the Royal Society. He has already begun a painting of the Nghoo and will finish it soon. Hopes that Banks will also give similar assistance with papers on animals from the Cape of Good Hope. Includes a listing of the genus penguin with "all the new and old species" Asks for the loan of books that are out of print.
Item 78e - 78f Forster, Johann Reinhold, 1729-1798. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Halle, 14 August 1781.
Sending this letter with his son Carl who is accompanying his daughter to England to be married to the Rev. Dr Schrader. Has prepared the first fascicle of his Spicilegia made during the voyage and it will be published next winter. Asks Banks to procure subscribers and let him know how many there are by Xmas, as subscribers will get coloured plates and others will get black and white on lower quality paper. Has disposed of the plates of his Indian zoology to a bookseller.
Item 78g Forster, Johann Reinhold, 1729-1798. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks offering a copy of his book on Indian zoology. Halle, 22 November 1781
Item 78h - 78i Forster, Johann Reinhold, 1729-1798. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on his debts, Halle, 6 July 1782
Discussion of repayments of Forster's debts and loans of money made by Banks. Opinions given by magistrates and lawyers of the university in Halle are that his salary paid in Halle should not be used to liquidate debts contracted abroad and that British creditors should be paid from the demands he had upon the British government. For Banks reply See MS 9/17.
Item 79 Foster, John. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks regarding the engraving of the Duke of Bedford medal. 25 Wimpole Street, London, 27 June 1802.
Draft of reply by Banks on back.
Item 80 Foster, John. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning a memorial to the Duke of Bedford. Collon, 24 October 1802.
Item 81 Gilpin, George, d. 1810. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks regarding a request from Richard Kirwan for a description and drawing of the Royal Society's mace for the Society at Dublin, 18 October 1787.
Draft of reply by Banks on back.
Item 82 Glenbervie, Sylvester Douglas, Baron, 1743-1823. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning an experiment with Bombay hemp. Pay Office, [London] 20 January 1803
Item 83 Goulburn, Henry, 1784-1856. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks regarding a botanist already in N.S.W joining an expedition led by Lieutenant King. Downing Street, London, 4 February 1807
Item 84 Harris, George Prideaux. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Hobart Town, 31 August 1806
Harris was Deputy surveyor-general for Van Diemen's Land. Forwarding drawings and descriptions of two animals of the genus Didelphis.
Item 85 Liverpool, Charles Jenkinson, Earl of, 1727-1808. Manuscript note of thanks Sir Joseph Banks for a letter received, 20 March 1795
Item 86 Grey, Charles Grey, Earl, 1764-1845. Letter to the Earl of Radnor commenting on Banks' interference with prisoners in France. Admiralty, 2 October 1806
States that the supposition that he has discountenanced Banks' efforts to secure the release of prisoners in France was the result of a misunderstanding. He hopes that Banks will be successful in the case of Lord and Lady Shaftesbury. See also MS 9/136
Item 87 Hunter, John, 1737-1821. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning conditions in New South Wales. Sydney, 1 June 1799
Referring to the failure of the crops, the flooding of the Hawkesbury River, and the losses sustained by settlers, many of whom " have long been literally naked"; and to the discovery of Bass Strait. On the last page are two entries dated July 4th and August 22nd. The former refers to Flinders going "Northward to look into Harvey Bay", and the latter to the return of Matthew Flinders, and gives information concerning Cape Mor[e]ton, the Glass House, and Harvey Bay.
Item 88 Hunter, John, 1737-1821. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks forwarding seeds and plants, Sydney, 20 February 1800
Indicates that he is forwarding, by the Reliance, seeds of trees and shrubs; speaks highly of the ability of Matthew Flinders; also refers to difficulties in obtaining supplies of provisions.
Item 89 Hunter, John, 1737-1821. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks requesting that a chart, which he is forwarding by Matthew Flinders, be offered to Major Russel. Sydney, 26 February 1800
Item 90 Hunter, John, 1737-1821. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning events and conditions in New South Wales. Sydney, 5 April 1800
Describes events and conditions in New South Wales; disasters in the Hawkesbury River settlement with the flooding of crops leading to shortages of food; comments on the Irish convicts giving trouble; rationing has led to the stealing of sheep, pigs, goats and poultry. Governor King has arrived to replace him.
Item 91 - 91f Johnson, John. Correspondence with accounts and receipts to Sir Joseph Banks regarding a New Zealand boy and two Tahitians in distress in London, 13 July 1806 and 19 July 1806
Includes letters, accounts and receipts for money given by Banks to house and clothe and provide other necessities for the boys. Also includes notes by Banks.
Item 92 King, Philip Gidley , 1758-1808. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, HMS Gorgon, Port Praya, May 3rd, 1791.
Intimates that "The hops have a pleasant appearance and are doing well. At Teneriffe I procured some small fig-trees, Orange Lemon and pear trees, with some Vine Cuttings, and two or three plants of Guinea Grass."
Item 93 King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Cape of Good Hope, 26 July 1791.
Concerns the condition of the stores on board. He indicates that he is about to sail for Port Jackson, which he hopes to reach in eight weeks time. Sorry to say the hops are dead. Procured 200 fruit trees, grape cuttings, etc.
Item 94 - 94a King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning conditions on Norfolk Island. Norfolk Island, 24 May 1793.
Item 95 King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Norfolk Island, 10 November 1793.
Mentions that there is no copy of Cook's voyages on Norfolk Island, and gives a description of two New Zealanders, who had lived on the island for 7 months, and comments on their language.
Item 96 King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning availability of food and provisions. Norfolk Island, 31 July 1795.
States that there is an abundance of food on Norfolk Island; provisions and settlers are needed in Australia and there is a shortage of food in Port Jackson. Will forward some fine flax plants.
Item 97 King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks relating to the affairs of a deceased friend, Col. Gordon. London, 27 May 1797.
Item 98 King, Philip Gidley, 1758-1808. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks referring to the bad season and the condition of the crops. Sydney, 8 January 1806.
Mentions that "of the 620 head of cattle landed at Port Dalrymple only 250 head are left". Also refers to an expedition to New Zealand.
Item 99 King, Rufus, 1755-1827. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks enclosing passport for Mason, Botanical Gardener, who, by His Majesty's order, is going to America. Great Cumberland Place, London, 3 August 1797.
Draft of reply by Banks on the back.
Item 100 Kippis, Andrew, 1725-1795. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks referring to statements in Kippis' Life of Cook and Biographica Britannica based on information provided by Banks. Westminster, 10 August 1795
Item 101 Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 8 April 1788.
Has had a disagreement with Magellan, who had asked him to translate some comments by Fabbroni on Cronstedt's Mineralogy. Magellan subsequently used this as a pretext for "plundering my Mineralogy" and Kirwan regrets he did not take Banks' advice to beware of Magellan. He has sent a paper on causes of variations in the barometer to the Academy.
Item 101a Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 27 May 1788.
Happy to find Banks engaged in experiments on the specific gravity of spirits of wine and brandy of different strengths and temperatures. The weather has been unusually fine. He has just seen Dr. Crawford's book which he believes is very interesting. Elmsley has been remiss in sending him books and he hasn't got his own copy yet, nor a number of others he is anxious to see. Wants news of papers published in Germany.
Item 101b Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 30 June 1788.
Is pleased to hear that Crawford's experiments on the specific gravity of spirits and wine are to be discussed. Landriani seems to be injustly prejudiced against his findings, probably because of trying to reproduce them with bad instruments. The reports of a volcano in N. Ireland are untrue. Mentions deposits of lead and copper ore in the Wicklow mountains. He has been studying stones said to be of volcanic origin and his conclusions are the opposite of those of [James] Hutton. Dr Black of Edinburgh is now in Dublin.
Item 101c Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 10 January 1789.
Expresses surprise that [Henry] Cavendish now discusses politics, as he remained silent when his family was involved during [Lord] North's administration. Priestley now disagrees the idea of the composition of water, but Kirwan still supports Cavendish. He is analysing the salts used by bleachers. Comments on Elmsley the bookseller's neglect of his business.
Item 101d Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 17 March 1789.
On receipt of Banks' letter went to the Secretary to establish the reason for the mistakes in his patent. Omission of Banks' civil title was a mistake, but omission of literary titles was because of an Order in Council that no mention be made of foreign titles except the Royal Society in London. Complains about how poorly the Society is conducted. He is looking at experiments on bleaching as all research not immediately tending to gain is despised. Asks Banks to remind Elmsley he is much in arrears. He is glad to hear the King is recovered.
Item 101e Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 10 July 1790.
Recommending Stock, a Fellow of Trinity College, to Banks. Hopes attention to the "puny war" does not check the progress of philosophical enquiry in England.
Item 101f Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 19 April 1789.
Regrets he is unable to send the history of the great cold in Ireland in the past winter. He applied to Dr. Usher [Astronomer of Ireland] for the records of the thermometer, but as these were taken indoors, they are useless. Gives his own diary of meteorological observations for Nov 1788 to April 1789. He hears that Berthollet is publishing Chymical Annals. He has not received the Memoirs of Paris for 1785, nor Memoirs of Berlin for 1784 from Elmsley. Elmsley does not answer his letters. He is curious about the experiments on the specific gravity of wine and spirits. He has read his paper on bleaching salts before the Academy.
Item 101g Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 4 July 1791.
Has sent, via a London bookseller, a copy of a dissertation to be published in Memoirs of the Irish Academy. Asks Banks to forward copies to a number of people at home and abroad. Hopes his paper can be read to the Royal Society. Thanks Banks for sending the papers of Seguin.
Item 101h Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 29 September 1791.
Apologises for not sending the promised paper on hepatic air; it is not yet complete. A trip to the Giants Causeway has revived his interest in mineralogy and he has done nothing else since his return. When his interest cools a little, he will return to other matters and finish the paper. Introduces Councillor Hudson, bearer of the letter and recommends him to Banks.
Item 101i - 101j Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 9 April 1797.
Congratulate Banks on his appointment to the Privy Council. About 1400 copies of his Mineralogy on their way to London by sea have been captured by a French privateer. He has sent a copy to Elmsley to have it reprinted in London. Mentions various scientific friends - Cavendish, Blagden, Hatchett, Macie, Tenant, Higgins and Young. He has made a new analysis of various kinds of pit coal. Now at work on his Geological essays.
Item 101k Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 9 April 1801.
As the chair of natural history in Edinburgh will soon be vacant, he strongly recommends Robert Jameson to fill it. He has lately published an account of the mineralogy of the Shetland Islands and is at present studying under Werner.
Item 101l Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 24 April 1801.
Comments on his support for Robert Jameson. Discusses Jameson, Kennedy and Mitchell. Now composing a meteorological essay and asks Banks for information on the location of a frost which occurred in June 1783 that was mentioned in a paper by John Cullum.
Item 101m Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 15 March 1802.
Thanks Banks for sending him the valuable papers of Johan Gadolin. Will send Banks a meterological paper he has in preparation. He has laid proposals before Charles Abbot [Chief Secretary of Ireland] for establishing a Board of Mines, similar to those of Saxony, Hungary and France. Lord Pelhan does not appear to think that such a body is necessary as there is none in England.
Item 101n Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, 6 October 1793.
Has sent a paper on volcanic productions and is now sending an account of some meteorological observations.
Item 101o Kirwan, Richard, 1733-1812. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on scientific and experimental matters. Dublin, undated.
Thanks Banks for his hospitality whilst he was in London. This letter is delivered by Thales, a member of the Irish Academy, whom he recommends to Banks. Dated June 24th.
Item 102 Knight, Richard Payne, 1750-1824. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks thanking Banks for his letter on the insect pest which he has sent to his brother. Whitehall, London, 21 June 1796
Explains that the pest has already attacked apple trees in Hertfordshire and also attacks oaks.
Item 102a and 102c Knight, Richard Payne, 1750-1824. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning the Towneley marbles affair, Whitehall, London, 18 May 1805
As Banks has expressed a wish for completion of the Towneley Marbles affair, he has written to Towneley Standish and encloses a copy of his letter. The copy of the letter to Edward Towneley Standish is included and dicusses the the disposition of the collection marbles of the late Charles Towneley and its location in the British Museum. Whitehall, London, May 17th 1805
Item 102b Knight, Richard Payne, 1750-1824. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning the need for careful use of language in a work he is writing to avoid giving offence, Whitehall, London, 18 June [1785]
The object of his work is to demonstrate the pagan origin of many Christian ceremonies. Emphasises that his work is only for the Society and not for the public at large.
Item 103 Knight, William. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks on matters of religion. Whitehall, undated.
Thanks Banks for acquainting him with the Bagvathgita [Bhagavatgita], which he found full of curious matters although a small part only falls within the compass of his present enquiry. A regular commentary is necessary which '...would not only exhibit the principles of the Greek religion, but also those of our own holy faith. It would then appear that many of the doctrines said to have ben revealed to the authors of our religion were imported from India by the Alexandrine Jews together with the silks and spices...'
Item 104 Knowles, Charles Henry, Sir, 1754-1821. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning the purifying of bad wheat. Halls Farm, Beaconsfield, Bucks. 14 March 1802.
Item 105 Knowlton, Thomas. Letter to Joseph Banks with description of Fraxinius Foliis Simplicity, accompanied by pencil drawing, 4 April 1775.
Describes the plant as found growing near Rotherham.
Item 106 Knudsen, Odser Christian. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks asking for assistance in securing the release of his ship and a passage to Leith. His ship was driven ashore by gales and detained by Customs Officers while on a trip from Iceland to Copenhagen. Stornoway, 16 January 1808.
Item 107 Koenig, Johan Gerhard, 1728-1785. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks intimating that he is forwarding a box of seeds, Calcutta, 6 December 1784.
Indicates that he will write a more expansive letter and if he can finish it in time will include this also with the seeds.
Item 108 Komis, Charles. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks regarding his employment in Banks' library, Oxford Street, 31 December 1803.
Item 109 Koster, John Theodore. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning the Abbe Correa and loans of money to him. Lisbon, 31 December 1794
As requested he handed Broussonet Banks' letter and offered him money. Broussonet refused the offer, since he still had some money. Koster was introduced to him by Correa who asked him to appeal to Captain Rodney to take Broussonet on his ship. The appeal having been unsuccessful, Correa has offered him asylum, but only the influence of the Duc de Lafoens had prevented him from being deported. He hopes to depart for England on the Boston when it arrives. Koster is acting Consul General in the absence of Sir John Hart and offers to help in any way he can. He is a friend of Masson, whom he last heard of in the Cape of Good Hope, and asks for news of him.
Item 109a Koster, John Theodore. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning the Abbe Correa and loans of money to him. Lisbon, 16 October 1795
Banks' account of his friend Correa gave him great pleasure and he immediately sent a copy to the Duke and in return received the enclosed two letters with a sum of money for which he now remits a bill to give to the Abbe. He is glad to hear of the safe return of his friend Masson. He has received a letter from Broussonet on 28th September saying that he would embark for Barcelona on his return home.
Item 109b Koster, John Theodore. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning the Abbe Correa and loans of money to him. Lisbon, 8 August 1795
Has news that Broussonet has gone to Barbary with the American Consul. Since he has drawn directly on Banks for money there, it is unlikely that he will be asked for more. He therefore asks Banks for the sum he advanced. Asks to be remembered to Correa.
Item 109c - 109d Koster, John Theodore. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning the Abbe Correa and loans of money to him. Lisbon, 30 May 1795
Enclosing a second bill for the Abbe Correa in case the first should be lost. Includes the bill of exchange, dated 23rd May 1795.
Item 110 Latham, John, 1740-1837. Letter to Thomas Pennant relating to Sir Joseph Banks and the flora and fauna of New Holland. Dartford, 16 August 1789
Item 111 Liverpool, Charles Jenkinson, Earl of, 1727-1808. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks summoning him to a committee meeting. Addiscombe Place, Sunday, undated.
Item 112 - 112b Macartney, George Macartney, Earl, 1737-1806. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, with enclosures, regarding plants left by the French naturalist of D'Entrecasteaux's voyage. Castle of Good Hope, July 24 1797.
Contains enclosures copied by Banks.
Item 113 - 113h Morton, James Douglas, Earl, 1702-1768. Hints offered to the consideration of Captain Cooke, Mr. Bankes, Doctor Solander and other gentlemen who go upon the expedition on board the Endeavour. Chiswick, 10 August 1768.
Includes detailed instructions on the treatment of native peoples, the aims of the expedition and the observations to be made and objects to be collected. The expedition is to "exercise the utmost patience and forbearance with respect to the natives of the several lands where the ship may touch" and the shedding of blood is a crime of the highest nature. "They are the natural and, in the strictest sense of the word, the legal posessors of the several regions thay inhabit. No European nation has the right to occupy any part of their country ..." It is natural for them to defend their land and if they are hostile there are to be no reprisals. Detailed suggestions are given on how to approach the natives peacably. The primary object of the expedition is to observe the transit of Venus. Once this has been achieved, attention can be turned to other matters "particularly the discovery of a continent in the lower temperate latitudes". Gives clues on how to determine whether a land mass is a continent rather than merely an island, e.g. high mountains and large river mouths. The aim is to observe and describe the peoples, their customs and beliefs, the flora and fauna and the "natural productions of the country". Vegetables are to be sought, particularly those with a medicinal use or use for dyeing. Minerals and fossils and the vocabulary of the names given by the natives are also of interest.
Item 114 Nelson, Horatio Nelson, Viscount, 1758-1805. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Amphion off Toulon, 9 July 1803
Tells of the capture of a French corvette out of Athens containing some cases of Greek sculptures and antiquities, and suggests that these might be acquired by purchase for the British nation.
Item 115 Nepean, Evan, 1751-1822. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Bombay, 2 August 1814
The Lord Castlereagh has returned because of bad weather and all the vines have died. He will be sending certain trees, plants and flowering shrubs from Persia via the Wellesley.
Item 116 - 116f Nicol, George, 1761-1829. Letters (2) to Sir Joseph Banks concerning statements of expenses in connection with the publishing of the accounts of Cook's voyages, Strand, 13 January 1782 and 22 February 1783.
Includes an account (2p.) headed "The executors of the late Capt. Cook to Wm. Strahan."
Item 117 Park, Mungo, 1771-1806. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks apologising that "any misunderstanding should have taken place respecting my present voyage to New South Wales". Bloomsbury, London, 15 September [1798].
Item 118 Passport given by Baron Diede of Furschenstein to Sir Joseph Banks and others, and observations on Iceland, 2 July 1772
Includes "Observations on Iceland, August 1772"; Passport with envelope and seal; extracts from journal of the barometer, thermometer and direction of the winds of Havnefiord in Iceland and Hawkhill near Edinburgh, September 1772; and an extract in Icelandic.
Item 119 Paterson, William, 1755-1810. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks intimating that he is forwarding, for the Kew collection, a box of seeds from Port Dalrymple, by the Alexander. Port Jackson, 1 November 1806.
Item 119a Paterson, William, 1755-1810. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning the conditions at Port Dalrymple, and a collection of plants he has sent by the Buffalo. Port Jackson, 26 January 1807.
Item 120 Paterson, William, 1755-1810. Copy of a letter to Governor Bligh sent to Sir Joseph Banks, Sydney, 16 March 1807
This copy was sent by Paterson to Sir Joseph Banks, and concerns the inadequacy of the military forces in New South Wales and at Port Dalrymple. He felt it his duty as commanding officer of the NSW Corps to draw attention to the need for additional forces. With the present level, if any troops are called away from Headquarters, the government stores would be unprotected and the property of inhabitants under threat. Draws attention to "the shattered state of the gun carriages (in consequence of the White Ants)" and points out that this will always be the case unless iron ones are requested. Outlines the minimum numbers of troops he believes are needed at each location and recommends an additional 500 troops.
Item 121 Paterson, William, 1755-1810. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning conditions in New South Wales, Port Jackson and Port Dalrymple. Yorkton, Port Dalrymple, 20 April 1807.
Concerning conditions in New South Wales, and of his having left Port Jackson after receiving certain provisions, and of having found Port Dalrymple in a deplorable condition. Requests Sir Joseph Banks to have stores sent from England to Port Dalrymple "as we cannot trust to Port Jackson". Refers to the disaster to 5 men who were sent to Cape Bessen, and to the finding of a passage by land from Port Dalrymple to the Derwent, and describes the country in between.
Item 122 - 122a Paterson, William, 1755-1810. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning conditions Tasmania. Yorkton, Port Dalrymple, 19 August 1807.
He has been attending to agriculture at Launceston, and Charles Grimes, the Surveyor-General, is to undertake the task of surveying the country between Port Dalrymple and the Derwent. Refers to the destruction of cattle by bushrangers, and to the capture of two members of the Corps by two escaped convicts.
Item 123 Paterson, William, 1755-1810. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning conditions in Tasmania. Yorkton, Port Dalrymple, 13 November 1807
Concerning the danger from convicts who absconded with dogs and fire-arms. These convicts were employed at hunting kangaroos to supply the settlement with meat. The Guard at the mouth of the river was found murdered. Live stock is in good condition. Menace of bushrangers. Survey between Port Dalrymple and the Derwent completed. Hills where iron ore was discovered examined by Humphrey and found to be "exceedingly rich". Suggests that "worthless characters" be employed to work the mines.
Item 124 Peck, fl.1805. Note to Sir Joseph Banks thanking him for the use of his library, Adelphi, 20 August 1805.
Item 125 Pemberton, F.W.. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks offering plants and seeds from India. Ship Henry Dunbar, off Deal, 31 March 1790.
Item 126 - 126a Pepys, W.H.. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning a platina knife and extolling the advantages of platina over gold and silver. 4 Finsbury Square, London, 30 May 1805.
Item 127 Percy, H.B.. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning stitleback and other fish. Boston, 27 December 1804.
Item 128 - 128c Perrin, J.B.. Letters (3) to Sir Joseph Banks concerning botanical matters and the position of Land and Tide Surveyor in the Port of Kingston. Kingston, Jamaica, 6 April 1797 to 5 June 1798.
Letters from Perrin dated: 6 April,1797, 12 June 1797 and 5 June 1798; a copy of Banks' reply to the last letter is dated 1798. The letter of 12 June 1797 asks Banks to intercede on Perrin's behalf to secure the position of Land and Tide Surveyor in the Port of Kingston. In the letter of 5 June 1798, he wonders why he has not heard from Banks. Banks draft reply on the back of the letter states that he has no intention of threatening his independence by asking favours for others. The copy of the reply that was actually sent to Perrin is more circumspect.
Item 129 - 129u Perrin, William Philip, 1742-1820. Letters (11) to Joseph Banks chiefly on botanical matters, March 1767 to April 1768.
The bulk of the letters are written whilst Perrin is travelling in Europe between March 1767 and April 1768. They are written from Paris, Aix, Schafthausen and Montpelier and are chiefly about botanical matters. Two letters contain botanical specimens. One letter is dated June 30th 1783.
Item 130 Perry, George. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning natural history matters in India. Calcutta, 30 September 1783.
Item 131 Perry, William. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning interest on money in India. Chiswick, 16 June 1788.
Item 131a Perry, William. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks requesting Banks to forward a letter to Lord Chatham. Chiswick, 7 October 1790
Draft reply by Banks on the back.
Item 131b Perry, William. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning surgeons for the Navy. Hillingdon, 25 March 1803
Draft reply by Banks on the back.
Item 132 Petrie, William, 1748-1816. Letters (7) to Sir Joseph Banks largely on scientific matters in India. 28 February 1787 to 5 May, 1796.
The letters are dated: Madras, 28 February 1787 and 29 May, 1787; Cape of Good Hope, 26 January 1787; London, 7 July, 1789 and Bath, 5 May 1796; two are undated. They deal with general scientific matters but focus particularly on Petrie's interest in cobras and their poison, cochineal and petrification. He mentions the famine of 1782.
Item 133 - 133a Petty, J.. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks regarding the making of a presentation on natural history. Vienna, 25 April 1784.
Item 134 Phillip, Arthur, 1738-1814. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks stating that about fifty tubs of plants are ready to go aboard the Atlantic to sail to England next month". Sydney, 15 October 1792.
Item 135 Prendergass, J.F.. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks concerning plants on board the Hope. Ship Hope, 31 August 1806.
Item 136 - 136a Radnor, William Pleydell-Bouverie, Earl, 1779-1869. Letters (2) to Sir Joseph Banks concerning the detainment of Lord and Lady Shaftesbury and their daughter in Paris. Longford Castle, 23 September and 3 October 1806.
Draft of replies by Banks on backs of both letters. See also MS 9/86
Item 137 - 137a Rockingham, Mary Watson Wentworth, Marchioness, 1736-1804. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks regarding a plant from the East Indies now in full flower in her hothouse. Hillingdon House, 22 October 1787
Item 138 Somerset, Edward Adolphus Seymour, Duke of, 1775-1855. Letter to Sir Joseph Banks enclosing a letter from Wishaw concerning [Mungo] Park's journal. Park Lane, London, 8 April 1814.
Item 139 - 139d Spencer Lucas and Co.. Letters to Sir Joseph Banks regarding a New Zealand native Ma Tanai, son of Tippahee .1807.
Letters from Spencer Lucas and Co., Great Marlborough Street, dated 11th May 1807, 1st June [1807] and 5th June 1807 offering advice on the care of the New Zealand boy and enclosing accounts for expenses. The documents also include a bill for clothes for "New Zealand lad" and a bill for lodging and washing, and an undated draft by Banks describing "The New Zealand boy".
Item 140 - 140b Webber, John, 1752-1793. Catalogue of drawings and portraits in oil by Mr Webber
Bears notes in pencil by Sir Joseph Banks.
Item 141 Young, Edward. Letter concerning Joseph Banks. Eton, 6 February 1757.
Item 142 Contemporary copy of a letter to Sir Joseph Banks referring to missionaries, convicts, Port Jackson, Tahiti, etc, 4 March 1800.
Also referring instructions to Capt. W. Wilson.
Item 143 - 143a Perry, William. Letters (2) to Sir Joseph Banks concerning the publication of Captain Cook's journal, undated.
One letter dated Friday noon Gregg's Coffee House, the other Saturday noon.
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