Chinese periodicals and newspapers (simplified characters) 1995-2001

Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland (43 titles in total).

Christine Eckhardt

January 2002

Author: 张天, 叶洵钊 (Zhang Tian and Ye Xunzhao)

Title: '白澳政策' 述评 ('Bai Ao zheng ce' shu ping)

Title translated into English: A comment on the 'white Australia policy'

Periodical Title: 福建师范大学学报: 哲社版 (Fujian shi fan da xue xue bao: zhe she ban) Journal of Fujian Normal University: philosophy and social sciences edition

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1994, no. 2: 105-112

ISSN: 1000-5285

NLA Call Number: OCS 4001 0128

Synopsis of Content: Both this and the article by Zhang Ande (Journal of Hubei University: philosophy and social sciences, vol. 22, no. 2, 1995: 51-57) discuss the rise and fall of White Australia Policy. Both viewpoints are very similar but differ over the fall of White Australia Policy. While both discuss the anti-racial discrimination movement initiated by a group of University of Melbourne students in the 1950s, Zhang and Ye emphasize Australia's passive position in the policy change. The points they raise include the shortage of labour after the World War II, the struggle of Aborigines, and criticism of racism caused by the problem of autonomy of Papua New Guinea. In contrast, Zhang Ande points to a reactive position - the shift of diplomatic focus from Europe to Asia and the mitigation of racial conflicts caused by the post-war economic prosperity. Zhang and Ye argue that the White Australia policy did not change until the early 1970s. Zhang Ande argues that its gradual abolition began in the 1950s.

Subject of Work: Politics

Background information: This article is included because, although it was published in 1994, the compiler of the Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers pilot project, Bennis So, reviewed it together with the 1995 Zhang Ande article.

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Bennis So

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 张安德 (Zhang Ande)

Title: 试论 '白澳政策' 的渊源, 演变及其终结 (Shi lun 'bai Ao zheng ce' de yuan yuan, yan bian ji qi zhong jie)

Title translated into English: Origin, development and end of the 'white-Australia policy'

Periodical Title: 湖北大学学报: 哲社版 (Hubei da xue xue bao: zhe she ban) Journal of Hubei University: philosophy and social sciences

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1995, no. 2: 51-57

ISSN: 1001-4799

NLA Call Number: OCS 4001 3147B

Synopsis of Content: Both this and the article by Zhang Ande (Journal of Hubei University: philosophy and social sciences, vol. 22, no. 2, 1995: 51-57) discuss the rise and fall of White Australia Policy. Both viewpoints are very similar but differ over the fall of White Australia Policy. While both discuss the anti-racial discrimination movement initiated by a group of University of Melbourne students in the 1950s, Zhang and Ye emphasize Australia's passive position in the policy change. The points they raise include the shortage of labour after the World War II, the struggle of Aborigines, and criticism of racism caused by the problem of autonomy of Papua New Guinea. In contrast, Zhang Ande points to a reactive position - the shift of diplomatic focus from Europe to Asia and the mitigation of racial conflicts caused by the post-war economic prosperity. Zhang and Ye argue that the White Australia policy did not change until the early 1970s. Zhang Ande argues that its gradual abolition began in the 1950s.

Subject of Work: Politics

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Bennis So

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland.

Author: 卢肖平 (Lu Xiaoping)

Title: 澳大利亚肉牛生产概况: 特点及对我国的启迪 (Aodaliya rou niu sheng chan gai kuang, te dian ji dui wo guo de qi di)

Title translated into English: Australian cattle farming: features and points of inspiration

Periodical Title: 农业经济问题 (Nong ye jing ji wen ti) Problems of agricultural economy

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1995, no. 9: 60-63

ISSN: 1000-6389

NLA Call Number: OCS 4380.1 5323

Synopsis of Content: A detailed study of cattle farming in Australia. Given Australia's success as a beef-exporter, and China's increasing production of beef cattle, the author recommends that China studies and learns from the Australian experience. In particular, the author argues that Australia's experience will be useful in relation to meeting market expectations; maintaining quality and hygiene standards; making use of technological advances; and protecting national tax revenues.

Subject of Work: Australia as model

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland.

Author: 费佩君 (Fei Peijun)

Title: 柯廷总理与澳大利亚的对日作战: 纪念反法西斯战争胜利50周年 (Keting zong li yu Aodaliya de dui Ri zuo zhan: ji nian fan fa xi si zhan zheng sheng li 50 zhou nian)

Title translated into English: Prime Minister Curtin and Australia's anti-Japanese war: in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the victory won in the anti-fascist war

Periodical Title: 华东师范大学学报: 哲社版 (Hua dong shi fan da xue xue bao: zhe she ban) Journal of East China Normal University: philosophy and social sciences

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1995, no. 4: 17-22

ISSN: 1000-5579

NLA Call Number: OCS 4001 4528

Synopsis of Content: Discusses the role played by the 1940s Australian Prime Minister, John Curtin, in the Pacific War. The author thinks very highly of Curtin and of his actions and policies as a war time prime minister. The author's view is that Curtin made a great contribution to the 'war against fascism', and describes him as Australia's 'most loved and esteemed leader'. The article details the problems faced by Australia in the Pacific war. It discusses the need to defend Australia against Japan, Australia's move from dependence on Britain to alliance with the United States, and Curtin's repeated attempts to bring Australian troops back home to protect Australia. The author also highlights the effects that the Second World War, and in particular the war against Japan, had on Australia domestically. He details the debate over conscription for overseas service, the high proportion of the Australian population that participated in the war, the rationing of food and materials, and the financial costs of the war to Australia.

Subject of Work: Politics

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland.

Author: 潘兴明 (Pan Xingming)

Title: 澳大利亚与第二次世界大战 (Aodaliya yu di er ci shi jie da zhan)

Title translated into English: Australia and the Second World War

Periodical Title: 南京大学学报: 哲学, 人文科学, 社会科学 (Nanjing da xue xue bao: zhe xue, ren wen ke xue, she hui ke xue) Journal of Nanjing University: philosophy, humanities and social sciences

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1995, no. 3: 24-31

ISSN: 0257-5892

NLA Call Number: OCS 4001 4047

Synopsis of Content: Investigates Australia's role in the Second World War and the effects of the war on Australia domestically. The article argues that the war transformed Australia from a country uninterested in international affairs and dependent on Britain to a more active participant in foreign affairs. The article details reasons for Australia's lack of preparation for war, Australia's contributions to the war, both militarily and materially, the roles played by Australian troops in Central North East Africa, South East Asia and the Pacific, and the effects of the war on Australia's domestic situation and foreign relations.

Subject of Work: Politics

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 张秋生 (Zhang Qiusheng)

Title: 二次大战以来澳大利亚与亚洲关系的演变 (Er ci da zhan yi lai Aodaliya yu Yazhou guan xi de yan bian)

Title translated into English: Changes in Australia's relations with Asia since the Second World War

Periodical Title: 现代国际关系 (Xian dai guo ji guan xi) Contemporary international relations

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1995, no.11: 14-17

ISSN: 1000-6192

NLA Call Number: OCS 4820.1 1267

Synopsis of Content: Investigates the nature of Australia's relations with Asia since the Second World War. The Second World War forced Australia to recognise the importance of Asia to Australia and hence to determine its place in the region. The article criticises Australia's lack of independence in foreign affairs and close alliance with the United States during the Cold War, labelling Australia's conduct in America's containment of 'communist expansionism in Asia' as dishonourable (eg Australia's involvement in Korea and Vietnam). The article then describes Australia's turn towards Asia since the 1970s, in relation to trade and immigration. It concludes by saying that although Australia's task of finding its place in Asia is made difficult by differences of culture and tradition, if Australia makes the most of its special qualities, seizes opportunities and follows stable policies it can play a useful part in the region.

Subject of Work: Australia/Asia

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 李景瑞 (Li Jingrui)

Title: 变革中的澳大利亚-上 (Bian ge zhong de Aodaliya - shang)

Title translated into English: Australia in reform - part one

Periodical Title: 光明日报 (Guang ming ri bao) Guangming daily

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 17 September 1995: 3

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 9986 9664

Synopsis of Content: The reporter visited Australia ten years ago. He comments that ten years ago his impression of the Australian people was that they were generally content with their lot. There was lack of pressure upon them. As a result, they lacked dynamism and sense of competition. Now they have more sense of crisis. In addition, Australians have become more willing to contact Asia.

Subject of Work: Economics, Culture and Australia/Asia

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial. Last paragraph of part one.

Contributor's Name: Bennis So

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 李景瑞 (Li Jingrui)

Title: 变革中的澳大利亚-下 (Bian ge zhong de Aodaliya - xia)

Title translated into English: Australia in reform - part two

Periodical Title: 光明日报 (Guang ming ri bao) Guangming daily

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 18 September 1995: 3

ISSN: Unkown

NLA Call Number: OCS 9986 9664

Synopsis of Content: The reporter visited Australia ten years ago. He comments that ten year ago his impression of the Australian people was that they were generally content with their lot. There was lack of pressure upon them. As a result, they lacked dynamism and sense of competition. Now they have more sense of crisis. In addition, Australians have become more willing to contact Asia

Subject of Work: Economics, Culture and Australia/Asia

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Bennis So

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 张新科 (Zhang Xinke)

Title: 澳洲人和咱不一样 (Aozhou ren he zan bu yi yang)

Title translated into English: Australians differ from us

Periodical Title: 华人之声 (Hua ren zhi sheng) Voice of the Chinese

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: vol. 61, 1995: 22-23

ISSN: 1005-5398

NLA Call Number: OCS 4802.1 4216

Synopsis of Content: Written by a Mainland Chinese who visited Australia in 1994. This essay presents his views about how Australia differs from China. He raises eight points that drew his attention. (1) Many cows and sheep are on grassland, but there are no herdsmen. (2) Many conspicuous boards showing telephone numbers are put on the entrance of shops and companies. (3) Many advertisements and flyers are on newspapers and the street. (4) No age limit to study at university. (5) No homework for primary school students. (6) Assistance is granted for each child in a family no matter how many children are born and abortion is illegal. (7) Cigarettes cannot be a gift to friends. (8) The aim of working for Australians is to balance expenditure and income. They do not concentrate on saving like Chinese.

Subject of Work: Tourism and Culture

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Bennis So

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 李学江 (Li Xuejiang)

Title: 澳洲国庆走笔 (Aozhou guo qing zou bi)

Title translated into English: A note on Australia's National Day

Periodical Title: 人民日报 (Ren min ri bao) People's Daily

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 25 February 1996: 3

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 9986 8764

Synopsis of Content: An article about what the reporter saw during Australia Day in Sydney. The first paragraphs briefly describe the celebrations, the oath ceremony for new immigrants, and introduces a Chinese person who was named Australian of the year. The last paragraphs mention how the local media queried the date of the National Day, as the day of the arrival of the First Fleet at Sydney just marked the beginning of European invasion into Australia and of the tragedy of Aborigines. Since the Australian government has adopted reconciliation policy, it is now queried whether 26 January should be the National Day of Australia.

Subject of Work: Politics

Background information: 缩印合订本 (Suo yin he ding ben) Bound micrographic edition. People's daily is also available on microform (mfm X911).

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial. Last paragraph.

Contributor's Name: Bennis So

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 王能宪 (Wang Nengxian)

Title: 澳大利亚的土著文化 (Aodaliya de tu zhu wen hua)

Title translated into English: Aboriginal culture in Australia

Periodical Title: 人民日报 (Ren min ri bao) People's daily

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 15 September 1996: 3

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 9986 8764

Synopsis of Content: This is a brief description of the history of Aborigines, including their culture and art, and their history of being discriminated against. The reporter comments that even though discrimination still persists, the high level of racial conflict of the past no longer exists. Aborigines are now well treated and respected and can accept high education. Their culture is now reserved and promoted.

Subject of Work: Indigenous Australia

Background information: 缩印合订本 (Suo yin he ding ben) Bound micrographic edition. People's daily is also available on microform (mfm X911).

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Bennis So

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 国家计委华北电力集团联合考察团著: 张显斌执笔 (Guo jia ji wei Hua bei dian li ji tuan lian he kao cha tuan zhu; Zhang Xianbin zhi bi) A joint investigation by the National Planning Commission and the East China Electricity Group, written by Zhang Xianbin

Title: 澳大利亚电力市场和价格考察 (Aodaliya dian li shi chang he jia ge kao cha)

Title translated into English: Australian electricity market and price investigation

Periodical Title: 中国物价 (Zhongguo wu jia) China price

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1996, no. 8: 31-35

ISSN: 1003 398X

NLA Call Number: OCS 4562 5622B

Synopsis of Content: A study of Australia's energy resources industry. The article investigates Australia's system of coal pricing and government regulation of electricity supply and pricing. The delegation recommends that China can learn from Australia's energy industry in regard to the attraction of foreign investment, strict government regulation, competitiveness, different electricity rates for peak and off-peak usage times, and national standardisation.

Subject of Work: Economics/trade and Australia as model

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 王铁志, 吴金光 (Wang Tiezhi, Wu Jinguang)

Title: 澳大利亚的多元文化政策 (Aodaliya de duo yuan wen hua zheng ce)

Title translated into English: Australia's policy of multiculturalism

Periodical Title: 民族研究 (Min zu yan jiu) Ethnic studies

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1996, no. 1: 48-56

ISSN: 0256-1891

NLA Call Number: OCS 2213 7013

Synopsis of Content: Introduces the origin and development of multiculturalism in Australia based on the authors' participation in a conference of global pluralistic culture in April 1995. The authors think that multiculturalism fits Australian conditions, but it has its shortcomings and is not perfect in implementation. Firstly, the over-emphasis on it leads to more racial conflicts. It also weakens the Australian national spirit, as people may tend to take a stand based on their own races. Secondly, the implementation is not satisfactory. Aborigines still live at the lowest social stratum. Aborigines think the policy cannot solve their particular problems. According to non-European immigrants, multiculturalism is regarded as conflict of interests between British immigrants and non-British European immigrants, and between early and later immigrants.

Subject of Work: Culture and Australia as a model

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Bennis So

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 周忠菲 (Zhou Zhongfei)

Title: 澳大利亚与东盟经贸关系及澳新政府对东盟的政策设想 (Aodaliya yu Dong meng jing mao guan xi ji Ao xin zheng fu dui Dong meng de zheng ce she xiang)

Title translated into English: Australia's trade relations with ASEAN and the new Australian government's policy plan towards ASEAN

Periodical Title: 世界经济研究 (Shi jie jing ji yan jiu) World economy study

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1996, no. 6: 34-38

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 4341 4623E

Synopsis of Content: Describes Australia's shift of trade focus from Europe and America to ASEAN countries during the 1980s and early 1990s. Levels of imports, exports and investment with East Asia are compared for the period (several tables included). The article details the trade ratios with individual ASEAN countries, Australian commodities traded with ASEAN and investment between Australia and ASEAN. An assessment of the newly elected Coalition government's policies toward ASEAN follows. The new government's Asia policies are regarded as positive: although they seek to strengthen political ties with Western nations, their economic focus is still Asia-centred. The article then assesses Australia's economic future with ASEAN countries. It points to Australia's development of close economic relations with ASEAN countries, in particular with Japan, South Korea, China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore. It emphasises Australia's influence in the Pacific, and describes Australia as a bridge between Asia and the world. It says, however, that this position poses some difficult choices for Australia, such as where we stand in relation to trade liberalisation. It describes the major Western economic powers, the European Union and North America, as exploiting developing Asian countries for their own economic benefit, and to their detriment.

Subject of Work: Australia/Asia

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 钟守满 (Zhong Shouman)

Title: 从澳, 美俚语的几种异同来看澳大利亚俚语 (Cong Ao, Mei li yu de ji zhong lai kan Aodaliya li yu)

Title translated into English: Australian slang and its comparison with American slang

Periodical Title: 南昌大学学报: 社科版 (Nanchang da xue xue bao: she ke ban) Journal of Nanchang University: social sciences

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: vol. 27, no. 4, 1996: 122-124

ISSN: 1006-0448

NLA Call Number: OCS 4001 3147C

Synopsis of Content: Investigates the origins of and influences on Australian slang. Traces influences such as Australia's historical situation, geographical environment, psychological state and cultural traditions. In particular, the author looks at words borrowed from Australian indigenous languages, and makes a comparison between Australian and American slang.

Subject of Work: Culture

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 张天, 张晓虹 (Zhang Tian; Zhang Xiaohong)

Title: 论澳大利亚建国初期的国家法制化 (Lun Aodaliya jian guo qu qi de guo jia fa zhi hua)

Title translated into English: The formation of the Australian national legal system at the time of federation

Periodical Title: 社会科学战线 (She hui ke xue zhan xian) Social science front

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1997, no. 3: 208-215

ISSN: 0257-0246

NLA Call Number: OCS 9200 3829

Synopsis of Content: A detailed examination of Australian constitutional law and its foundational role in Australian law and society. It discusses the strong influence of British culture and traditions on Australia at the time of federation, and the rivalry between the colonies. The writer concludes that Australia's founding system of laws formed the direction for Australia's development and progress, but was permeated by the spirit of the White Australia policy.

Subject of Work: Politics

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 时永明 (Shi Yongming)

Title: 澳大利亚在亚太地区寻求新的定位 (Aodaliya zai Yatai di qu xun qiu xin de ding wei)

Title translated into English: Australia seeks a new position in the Asia-Pacific region

Periodical Title: 国际问题研究 (Guo ji wen ti yan jiu) Journal of international studies

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1997, no. 2: 19-25

ISSN: 0452-8832

NLA Call Number: OCS 4820.1 6776

Synopsis of Content: A thorough study of Australian government policy toward Asia from the 1970s to late 1990s, focussing on the Coalition's foreign policy direction after forming government in 1996. It covers the Coalition's move away from Keating's policy of 'enmeshment' with Asia to one of 'comprehensive engagement'. It reviews Howard's shift from regarding Asia as our 'number one' priority, to seeking engagement with Asia while maintaining and developing other important ties worldwide. The increased emphasis on Australia's own political, cultural and historical traditions and the strengthening of Australia's security relationship with the United States are also considered. The author assesses Australia's position in Asia, holding that Australia's geography and natural resources make it an important country in Asia, and reflects that, although Australia has actively pursued trade liberalisation, it has not been able to keep up with the new economic leaders in Asia, such as Singapore and Hong Kong. Australia's active promotion of trade liberalisation within Asia is viewed as important and useful. The author considers a multidimensional foreign policy approach to be appropriate for Australia and encourages Australia to determine its own individuality. This approach will prove positive for Australia's relations with Asia.

Subject of Work: Australia/Asia

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 邱浩兴 (Qiu Haoxing)

Title: 迈向现代化的澳大利亚海军 (Mai xiang xian dai hua de Aodaliya hai jun)

Title translated into English: The Australian Navy is on the way to modernization

Periodical Title: 现代军事 (Xian dai jun shi) Conmilit

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: vol. 21, no. 11, issue 250, 1997: 52-54

ISSN: 1013-9214

NLA Call Number: OCS 8901 1235

Synopsis of Content: The introduction reads 'During the 1970s and 1980s, Australia held a naval advantage over neighbouring Asia Pacific countries. During the 1990s, however, the rapid economic development of East Asian countries allowed them to improve their naval capabilities. Over this period, the Australian navy's comparative advantage has been steadily dropping. In order to maintain a balance of power, the Australian navy plans to acquire major new equipment. By 2005, the total force capabilities will possess six Adelaide guided missile frigates, eight ANZAC frigates, six Collins Class submarines, and nine to twelve patrol boats'. The article also contains pictures of the naval vessels under discussion.

Subject of Work: Australia/Asia

Background information: The China Defence Science and Technology Information Centre sponsor this journal.

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 王松岐 (Wang Songqi)

Title: 澳大利亚舰艇编队首次访问青岛 (Aodaliya jian ting bian dui shou ci fang wen Qingdao)

Title translated into English: The Australian naval fleet visits Qingdao for the first time

Periodical Title: 现代军事 (Xian dai jun shi) Conmilit

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: vol. 21, no. 11, issue 250, 1997: 6-7

ISSN: 1013-9214

NLA Call Number: OCS 8901 1235

Synopsis of Content: A brief article describing a visit by an Australian naval fleet to the northern Chinese port of Qingdao in August 1997. It describes the visit, including the social exchange between Chinese and Australian naval officers, as successful. Details the capabilities of the three visiting naval ships, HMAS 'Perth', 'Newcastle', and 'Success', and includes colour pictures.

Subject of Work: Australia/Asia

Background information: The China Defence Science and Technology Information Centre sponsor this journal.

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 李学江 (Li Xuejiang)

Title: 反对种族歧视: 澳大利亚关于种族主义的辩论 (Fan dui zhong zu qi shi Aodaliya guan yu zhong zu zhu yi de bian lun)

Title translated into English: Anti-racial discrimination: debates on racism in Australia

Periodical Title: 人民日报 (Ren min ri bao) People's daily

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 13 May 1997: 6

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 9986 8764

Synopsis of Content: A brief account of the rise of racism of Pauline Hanson and the refutation of the ruling coalition party. The article begins with a quotation of the address of John Howard in 8 May that refuted the racist speech of Pauline Hanson. But the reporter comments that if Howard had made this address 8 months before, that would have been much better. The racism of Hanson has resulted in the 'One Nation Party' becoming a considerable political power so that the government takes action to 'struggle' with it.

Subject of Work: One Nation, Pauline Hanson

Background information: 缩印合订本 (Suo yin he ding ben) Bound micrographic edition. People's daily is also available on microform (mfm X911).

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Bennis So

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 李学江 (Li Xuejiang)

Title: '被夺走的一代': 澳大利亚土著问题(之一) ('Bei duo zou de yi dai': Aodaliya tu zhu wen ti, zhi yi)

Title translated into English: 'The stolen generation': Australia's indigenous issue

Periodical Title: 人民日报 (Ren min ri bao) People's daily

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 21 August 1997: 6

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 9986 8764

Synopsis of Content: The first in a series of three articles discussing Australia's Stolen Generation. It mentions the international attention as well as domestic debate attracted by Australian indigenous issues. The author refers to a 1997 High Court decision determining that a 1918 Northern Territory Law, allowing the forced removal of Aboriginal children from their families, was not constitutionally invalid. The author's attitude is sympathetic to the Aboriginal people, and expresses the view that although the High Court's decision may be valid on purely legal grounds, it is hard to accept on a human level. The article then introduces a number of personal stories told by Aboriginal people of the Stolen Generation. The stories are of children taken from their parents, or tricked by police and then placed in girls' and boys' homes. They describe experiences of ill treatment and hardship in these institutions and the extreme difficulty in contacting parents again.

Subject of Work: Indigenous Australia

Background information: 缩印合订本 (Suo yin he ding ben) Bound micrographic edition. People's daily is also available on microform (mfm X911).

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 李学江 (Li Xuejiang)

Title: 仍在流血化脓的伤口: 澳大利亚土著问题(之二) (Reng zai liu xue hua nong de shang kou: Aodaliya tu zhu wen ti, zhi er)

Title translated into English: A bleeding, festering wound: Australia's indigenous issue

Periodical Title: 人民日报 (Ren min ri bao) People's daily

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 25 August 1997: 6

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 9986 8764

Synopsis of Content: The second in a series of three articles on the Stolen Generation. It looks into the reasons for the forced removal of Aboriginal children from their families, and argues that the overall aim of the policy was assimilation of the Aboriginal race. The article discusses the policy's aim of giving Aboriginal children a 'white' upbringing and their use as an 'exploitable labour force'. It looks at the findings of the 1997 report 'Bringing them home', highlighting, the high proportion of the Aboriginal population directly affected by the policy and the ongoing harm it has caused to individuals, families and the Aboriginal people.

Subject of Work: Indigenous Australia

Background information: 缩印合订本 (Suo yin he ding ben) Bound micrographic edition. People's daily is also available on microform (mfm X911).

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 李学江 (Li Xuejiang)

Title: 道歉与赔偿的争议: 澳大利亚土著问题 (之三) (Dao qian yu pei chang: Aodaliya tu zhu wen ti, zhi san)

Title translated into English: Debates over apology and compensation: Australia's indigenous issue

Periodical Title: 人民日报 (Ren min ri bao) People's daily

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 29 August 1997: 6

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 9986 8764

Synopsis of Content: The third in a series of three articles on the Stolen Generation. 'The Coalition government denies that the law allowing the forced removal of Aboriginal children from their families during 'White Australia' was a policy of genocide and some people firmly believe that this policy was made in the interests of Aboriginal children.' The article covers the debate over apology and compensation and contains quotes from the former Governor-General Sir William Dean, Lady Dean, Prime Minister John Howard and the Sydney Morning Herald. The general attitude of the article is that the Australian Commonwealth government should make an official apology to indigenous Australians.

Subject of Work: Indigenous Australia

Background information: 缩印合订本 (Suo yin he ding ben) Bound micrographic edition. People's daily is also available on microform (mfm X911).

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 左辑 (Zuo Ji)

Title: 感觉澳大利亚 (Gan jue Aodaliya)

Title translated into English: Feeling Australia

Periodical Title: 华人之声 (Hua ren zhi sheng) Voice of the Chinese

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: vol. 70, no. 2, 1997: 30-31

ISSN: 1005-5398

NLA Call Number: OCS 4802.1 4216

Synopsis of Content: This essay describes the writers' observations while visiting Australia. The first section describes a visit to the Opera House and an outdoor performance in Sydney. The second section discusses how the homes of Australians are very big but their offices are very small. The third section talks about the life of farmers and describes how Australian farmers compete with Americans in wheat export by improving the quality. Australian farmers get no subsidy from the government, unlike their counterparts in the US. The fourth part talks about how hard the life of Chinese students is in Australia. The writer says that in order to earn money, Chinese students are used to doing hard jobs that the Whites are not willing to do. The last section talks about how Australians treasure their short history, even though the writer thinks that Australian history cannot be comparable to that of China.

Subject of Work: Tourism

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Bennis So

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 侯敏跃 (Hou Minyue)

Title: 论战后澳大利亚亚太外交战略的演变 (Lun zhan hou Aodaliya wai jiao zhan lüe de yan bian)

Title translated into English: Changes in Australia's Asia-Pacific foreign policy strategies after World War II

Periodical Title: 华东师范大学学报: 哲社版 (Hua dong shi fan da xue xue bao: zhe she ban) Journal of East China Normal University: philosophy and social sciences

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1997, no. 1: 49-55

ISSN: 1000-5579

NLA Call Number: OCS 4001 4528

Synopsis of Content: Strategies of Australian diplomacy were adjusted according to changes in global politics since the end of World War II. At the initial stage, Australian strategy tended to be negative and conservative. Since the 1970s, it became be more active, showing independence and individuality. There were three stages in this development: (1) negative regional defensive strategy (since the end of WWII to 1949); (2) forward defence strategy caused by the Cold War (1950 - 1972); (3) cooperative strategy of fostering peace and development (from 1972 onward).

Subject of Work: Australia/Asia

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial, conclusion

Contributor's Name: Bennis So

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 张安德 (Zhang Ande)

Title: 澳大利亚民族文化心里的自卑与优越 (Aodaliya min zu wen hua xin li de zi bei yu you yue)

Title translated into English: The paradox of inferiority and superiority in the Australian national psychology

Periodical Title: 湖北大学学报: 哲社版 (Hubei da xue xue bao: zhe she ban) Journal of Hubei University: philosophy and social sciences edition

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: vol. 24, no. 5 1997: 81-83

ISSN: 1001-4799

NLA Call Number: OCS 4001 3147B

Synopsis of Content: The author thinks that there are paradoxical characteristics in the Australian national psychology. This article attempts to analyse the causes of it. The paradox is the co-existence of senses of inferiority and superiority. Firstly, the root of inferiority mainly stems from the history of exile of their convict ancestors. The second is the tough and isolated life in undeveloped Australia. The author argues that Australian's balanced this sense of inferiority by pursuing a sense of superiority. Consequently they drove themselves to struggle with the natural environment. On the other hand, their European cultural tradition makes themselves feel superior to Aborigines and other Asian migrants. The then popular Social Darwinism reinforced this stance. The independence since 1901 and the economic takeoff since the mid-19th century further strengthen Australians' self-confidence.

Subject of Work: Culture

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Bennis So

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 李北兰 (Li Beilan)

Title: 送社会一片温情, 还心灵一分快乐: '义工' 在澳大利亚 (Song she hui yi pian wen qing, huan xin ling yi fen kuai le 'yi gong'zai Aozhou)

Title translated into English: Give warmth to society, return happiness to heart: volunteers in Australia

Periodical Title: 人民日报 (Ren min ri bao) People's daily

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1 February 1998: 3

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 9986 8764

Synopsis of Content: An introduction to voluntary services in Australia. The reporter highly appreciates their contribution to society (There is no concept of voluntary services in Mainland China. Besides the state formal institutions, Chinese communities mainly rely upon neighbourhood mutual aid). The reporter explains that the desire of many Australians like to become volunteers mainly stems from their religious beliefs. Furthermore, some unemployed people want to gain some working experience from voluntary work.

Subject of Work: Australia as model

Background information: 缩印合订本 (Suo yin he ding ben) Bound micrographic edition. People's daily is also available on microform (mfm X911).

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Bennis So

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 丁力, 周章跃, 怀特利 (Ding Li, Zhou Zhangyue; and Wal Whiteley)

Title: 澳大利亚小麦运销合作社个案研究 (Aodaliya xiao mai yun xiao he zuo she ge an yan jiu)

Title translated into English: A case study on wheat marketing cooperation in Australia

Periodical Title: 中国农村经济 (Zhongguo nong cun jing ji) Chinese rural economy

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1998, no. 6: 77-79

ISSN: 1002 8870

NLA Call Number: OCS 4380.1 5654

Synopsis of Content: A study of Molong, Manildra and Cummock, a New South Wales wheat cooperative. It looks at MMC's history, organisational structure, the benefits of trading as a cooperative and MMC's future prospects. In conclusion, the authors recommend that MMC is a useful model of study for Chinese farmers.

Subject of Work: Australia as model

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 温长洛 (Wen Changluo)

Title: 澳大利亚的社会福利概况及其启示 (Aodaliya de she hui fu li gai kuang ji qi qi shi)

Title translated into English: A brief introduction to Australia's social welfare system and points of inspiration for China

Periodical Title: 中国社会工作 (Zhongguo she hui gong zuo) China social work

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1998, no. 4: 59-60

ISSN: 1007-2128

NLA Call Number: OCS 4101 3812

Synopsis of Content: Introduces some of the main forms of social welfare available in Australia: the old age pension; unemployment benefits; single parent family benefits; allowances for indigenous Australians; and Medicare. The authors focus on some of the problems associated with Australia's comprehensive system of welfare, such as high levels of tax and welfare abuse. The issue of dole bludgers is illustrated by the example of young people who live on the Gold Coast, surfing by day and drinking by night. Dole bludging is cited as a major point of concern for wage earners. The article is positive about the provision of free public facilities in Australia, such as parks and museums. It concludes that although Australia's comprehensive system of welfare is not suited to China, its basic ideas and principles are useful. Firstly, it recommends that social welfare services should be incorporated as a part of the market economy, especially in the provision of free public facilities. Secondly, it emphasises the need for assistance for the elderly and low-income earners during times of critical need. Thirdly, it recommends that China's system of administration needs revising.

Subject of Work: Australia as model

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 林盛萱, 蔡海鸥 (Lin Shengxuan and Cai Haiou)

Title: 澳大利亚羊毛合作组织的经验及其启示 (Aodaliya yang mao he zuo zu zhi de jing yan ji qi qi shi)

Title translated into English: The experiences of the Australian wool cooperative organisation and its points of inspiration

Periodical Title: 中国农村经济 (Zhongguo nong cun jing ji) Chinese rural economy

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1999, no. 2: 75-80

ISSN: 1002 8870

NLA Call Number: OCS 4380.1 5654

Synopsis of Content: Discusses the Australian wool industry's response to the decline of the international wool market. It examines the formation, development, results and lessons of the Australian cooperative selling experience. The author recommends that these lessons can be applied to agricultural reform in China.

Subject of Work: Australia as a model, and Economics/trade/management/labour/industrial relations

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 刘福根 (Liu Fugen)

Title: 澳大利亚语言规则简述 (Aodaliya yu yan gui ze jian shu)

Title translated into English: Australian language regulations in brief

Periodical Title: 语言建设 (Yu yan jian she) Language planning

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1999, no. 5: 57-61

ISSN: 1001-8476

NLA Call Number: OCS 5069 0314

Synopsis of Content: Australia is a country in which many languages are spoken. The article discusses methods adopted in Australia to maintain high levels of English proficiency while accommodating Australia's linguistic diversity. Australian language policy is described as a model emulated by other English-speaking countries. The article looks into the role of the education system, the teaching of English to migrants and the indigenous population, and Australia as a provider of English teaching in the Asian region. It also looks at research into indigenous Australian languages and their conservation, the teaching of languages other than English and the services provided in other languages (such as SBS television).

Subject of Work: Australia as model

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 冯春龙, 王宇博 (Feng Chunlong and Wang Yubo)

Title: 19世纪澳大利亚牧羊业与民族经济的形成 (19 shi ji Aodaliya mu yang ye yu min zu jing ji de xing cheng)

Title translated into English: 19th Century Australian sheep industry and changes in the national economy

Periodical Title: 洛阳师专学报 (Luoyang shi zhuan xue bao), as contained in 复印报刊资料全文资料光盘, '语言文字类' (Fu yin bao kan zi liao quan wen zi liao guang pan, 'yu yan wen zi lei') Journal of Luoyang Teacher's College

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1999

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCD 54

Synopsis of Content: A historical piece discussing Australia's development from a British convict colony to an independent nation and the fundamental role played by the sheep industry in this transition. Its focus is the influence of Australia's convict and colonial foundations on the development of Australia's capitalist economy.

Subject of Work: Economics, and Politics

Background information: Fuyin baokan ziliao contains a selection of unshortened full-text articles from PRC journals in all fields of the humanities and social sciences. The National Library of Australia holds a CD ROM for 1999 (OCD 54) and hard copy versions. Original journal details: 1998, no. 6: 84-87.

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 王宇博, 张曙 (Wang Yubo and Zhang Shu)

Title: 试析早期澳大利亚民族经济 (Shi xi zao qi Aodaliya min zu jing ji)

Title translated into English: An analysis of Australia's early national economy

Periodical Title: 南京理工大学学报: 社科版 (Nanjing li gong da xue xue bao: she ke ban) Journal of Nanjing University of Science and Engineering, as contained in 复印报刊资料全文资料光盘, '语言文字类' (Fu yin bao kan zi liao quan wen zi liao guang pan, 'yu yan wen zi lei')

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1999

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCD 54

Synopsis of Content: This historical piece discusses Australia's economic and social development from 1788 to the early 1930s. The author describes these developments as unique, emphasising Australia's strong economic dependence on Britain. The tailoring of Australia's economy to British interests, and early but protected exposure to the world market are two reasons given for this uniqueness. Australia's peaceful transition from a British colony to an independent nation is also taken as significant.

Subject of Work: Economics and Politics

Background information: Fuyin baokan ziliao contains a selection of unshortened full-text articles from PRC journals in all fields of the humanities and social sciences. The National Library of Australia holds a CD ROM for 1999 (OCD 54) and hard copy versions. Original journal details: 1999, no. 3: 64-67

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 张建新 (Zhang Jianxin)

Title: 澳大利亚出兵越南: 原因, 后果和教训 (Aodaliya chu bing Yuenan: yuan yin, hou guo he jiao xun)

Title translated into English: The sending of Australian troops to Vietnam: reasons, consequences and lessons

Periodical Title: 世界历史 (Shi jie li shi) World History, as contained in 复印报刊资料全文资料光盘, '语言文字类' (Fu yin bao kan zi liao quan wen zi liao guang pan, 'yu yan wen zi lei')

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1999

ISSN: 1002-011X

NLA Call Number: OCD 54

Synopsis of Content: Examines Australia's entry into the Vietnam War, placing Australia's involvement in the context of the cold War, anti-Communism, and Australia's relationship with the United States. The author's view is that outside military involvement in Vietnam was wrong, and therefore Australia's involvement in the war was a mistake. The article criticises the dependent nature of the Australian government's security alliance with the United States and the resulting lack of independence in foreign affairs. While outlining lessons for Australia from the Vietnam War, the author stresses the importance of calculating all possible outcomes and acting in the 'national interest', of acting independently, and of gaining historical and cultural understanding. The author recommends that the best way for Australia to contribute to stability and peace in Asia is to work towards mutual understanding and respect through political, economic and cultural exchange.

Subject of Work: Australia/Asia

Background information: Fuyin baokan ziliao contains a selection of unshortened full-text articles from PRC journals in all fields of the humanities and social sciences. The National Library of Australia holds a CD ROM for 1999 (OCD 54) and hard copy versions. Original journal details: 1999, no. 1: 40-48

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 王晓凌 (Wang Xiaoling)

Title: 澳大利亚现代派文学的发轫 (Aodaliya xian dai pai wen xue de fa ren)

Title translated into English: The beginnings of contemporary Australian political literature

Periodical Title: 学术界 (Xue shu jie) Academic circles, and as contained in 复印报刊资料全文资料光盘, '语言文字类' (Fu yin bao kan zi liao quan wen zi liao guang pan, 'yu yan wen zi lei')

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1999, no. 1: 81-86

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 4001 7260, and OCD 54

Synopsis of Content: The introduction states: 'The 1920s marked the beginning of contemporary Australian political literature, the twenty years between the two world wars being its burgeoning period. During these twenty years, Australians experienced the Depression, the recovery of the 1920s, and the worldwide crisis of the 1930s. These changes smashed popular ideology, thereby bringing a period of literary renewal and a flow of cultural and political ideas from overseas. The newly developing schools of thought provided the breeding ground for contemporary political literature.'

Subject of Work: Politics

Background information: Fuyin baokan ziliao contains a selection of unshortened full-text articles from PRC journals in all fields of the humanities and social sciences. The National Library of Australia holds a CD ROM for 1999 (OCD 54) and hard copy versions. This article can be found in both the original journal and the 1999 Fuyin baokan ziliao CD ROM.

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 吴忠 (Wu Zhong)

Title: 澳大利亚维多利亚州的教育改革 (Aodaliya Weiduoliya zhou de jiao yu gai ge)

Title translated into English: Educational reform in Victoria, Australia

Periodical Title: 外国中小学教育 (Wai guo zhong xiao xue jiao yu), as contained in 复印报刊资料全文资料光盘, '教育类' (Fu yin bao kan zi liao quan wen zi liao guang pan, 'jiao yu lei')

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1999

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCD 54

Synopsis of Content: Describes the 'Schools of the future' plan implemented in Victoria during the early 1990s. The plan passed administrative and financial control from the Victorian Ministry of Education to individual schools. The authors view this as a positive development and one necessary to meet modern demands on the education system. They comment that it gives schools more flexibility to develop suitable curriculum for their staff and students.

Subject of Work: Australia as model

Background information: Fuyin baokan ziliao contains a selection of unshortened full-text articles from PRC journals in all fields of the humanities and social sciences. The National Library of Australia holds a CD ROM for 1999 (OCD 54) and hard copy versions. Original journal details: 1999, no. 4: 37-39

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 赵中建 (Zhao Zhongjian)

Title: 澳大利亚高等教育财政浅析 (Aodaliya gao deng jiao yu cai zheng qian xi)

Title translated into English: A basic analysis of Australian higher education funding

Periodical Title: 外国教育资料 (Wai guo jiao yu zi liao) Foreign education material, as contained in 复印报刊资料全文资料光盘, '教育类' (Fu yin bao kan zi liao quan wen zi liao guang pan, 'jiao yu lei')

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1999

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCD 54

Synopsis of Content: Outlines the financing of Australian universities, comparing it with the financing of primary, secondary and technical education. In particular, it discusses the division of federal and state responsibilities in terms of education funding, the HECS system, and the various sources of funding for universities.

Subject of Work: Australia as model

Background information: Fuyin baokan ziliao contains a selection of unshortened full-text articles from PRC journals in all fields of the humanities and social sciences. The National Library of Australia holds a CD ROM for 1999 (OCD 54) and hard copy versions. Original journal details: 1999, no 6: 53-58

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 秦德占 (Qin Dezhan)

Title: 澳大利亚工党 '白澳' 政策探析 (Aodaliya gong dang 'bai Ao' zheng ce tan xi)

Title translated into English: The Australian Labor party and the 'White Australia' policy

Periodical Title: 河南师范大学学报: 哲社版 (Henan shi fan da xue xue bao: zhe she ban) Journal of Henan University: philosophy and social sciences edition, as contained in 复印报刊资料全文资料光盘, '教育类' (Fu yin bao kan zi liao quan wen zi liao guang pan, 'jiao yu lei')

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 1999

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCD 54

Synopsis of Content: Researching the White Australia policy, says the author, not only provides a better understanding of the Labor party but is also useful in understanding the racialism promoted by the One Nation party. This critical study discusses the racially discriminatory attitude of the trade union movement, and hence the Labor party's support and promotion of the White Australia policy. It also discusses the party's change of position in the 1970s and the ongoing influence of the White Australia mindset.

Subject of Work: Politics

Background information: Fuyin baokan ziliao contains a selection of unshortened full-text articles from PRC journals in all fields of the humanities and social sciences. The National Library of Australia holds a CD ROM for 1999 (OCD 54) and hard copy versions. Original journal details: 1999, no. 2: 13-17

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 李学江 (Li Xuejiang)

Title: 澳大利亚与共和政体失之交臂

Title translated into English: Australia and the republic's missed opportunity

Periodical Title: 人民日报 (Ren min ri bao) People's daily

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 8 November 1999: 6

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 9986 8764

Synopsis of Content: According to the writer, 'The birth of the republic "baby", long-awaited by many Australians, did not happen as scheduled. In the general referendum held on the sixth, one and a half century's worth of republic activity once again suffered defeat - the battle was lost 46% to 54%. Between six states, only Melbourne's state of Victoria passed it by a slender majority of 50.1% … Many people put the blame on Prime Minister Howard's stubborn protectionist attitude toward the monarchy and cunning political tactics'. This article discusses the issues surrounding the 1999 referendum for a republic. The author seeks to uncover the reasons for the republic's failure, looking into the role of the Prime Minister, the divide in the 'yes' case, and problems with the model proposed in the referendum.

Subject of Work: Politics

Background information: 缩印合订本 (Suo yin he ding ben) Bound micrographic edition. People's daily is also available on microform (mfm X911).

Translation Required: Yes

Translation Type: Partial

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 王霞光 (Wang Xiaguang)

Title: 第27届奥运会在悉尼隆重开幕 (Di 27 jie kai Ao yun hui zai Xini long zhong kai mu)

Title translated into English: The opening ceremony of the 27th Olympic games in Sydney

Periodical Title: 人民日报 (Ren min ri bao) People's daily

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 16 September 2000: 1, 4

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 9986 8764

Synopsis of Content: Details the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games opening ceremony. It describes the opening ceremony as very successful, being the biggest opening ceremony in the history of the Olympic games. The performances displayed Australia's unique history and culture.

Subject of Work: Olympic games

Background information: 缩印合订本 (Suo yin he ding ben) Bound micrographic edition. People's daily is also available on microform (mfm X911).

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 王霞光, 郑红深, 李学江 (Wang Xiaguang, Zheng Hongshen, and Li Xuejiang)

Title: 第二十七届奥运会在悉尼闭幕 (Di er shi qi jie ao yun jui bi mu)

Title translated into English: The closing ceremony of the 27th Olympic games in Sydney

Periodical Title: 人民日报 (Ren min ri bao) People's daily

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 2 October 2000: 1

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 9986 8764

Synopsis of Content: A brief summary of the 2000 Sydney Olympic games. It praises the standard of the 2000 games, emphasising its unprecedented scale.

Subject of Work: Olympic games

Background information: 缩印合订本 (Suo yin he ding ben) Bound micrographic edition. People's daily is also available on microform (mfm X911).

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 李建兴 (Li Jianxing)

Title: 有竞争力的经济: 澳大利亚经济一瞥 (You jing zheng de jing ji: Aodaliya jing ji yi pie)

Title translated into English: A competitive economy: a quick glance at Australia's economy

Periodical Title: 人民日报 (Ren min ri bao) People's daily

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 13 November 2000: 10

ISSN: Unknown

NLA Call Number: OCS 9986 8764

Synopsis of Content: A short descriptive article about Australia's economic situation in relation to imports and exports.

Subject of Work: Economics/trade/management/labour/industrial relations

Background information: 缩印合订本 (Suo yin he ding ben) Bound micrographic edition. People's daily is also available on microform (mfm X911).

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland

Author: 中国农业代表团著, 张红宇执笔 (Zhongguo nong ye dai biao tuan zhu, Zhang, Hongyu zhi bi) Undertaken by the Chinese agriculture delegation, written by Zhang Hongding

Title: 变革中的澳大利亚新西兰农业 (Bian ge zhong de Aodaliaya, Xinxilan nong ye)

Title translated into English: Agricultural reform in Australia and New Zealand

Periodical Title: 中国农村经济 (Zhongguo nong cun jing ji) Chinese rural economy

Volume / Date / Page Numbers: 2000, no. 8: 70-74

ISSN: 1002 8870

NLA Call Number: OCS 4380.1 5654

Synopsis of Content: Investigates changes taken by Australian and New Zealand agricultural industries to meet changes in the world market.

Subject of Work: Economics/trade/management/labour/industrial relations

Translation Required: No

Contributor's Name: Christine Eckhardt

Category of Research: Chinese-language periodicals and newspapers in simplified characters from the Chinese Mainland