Established in the early 1990s, the Australian Newspaper Plan (ANPlan) aims to ensure that newspapers published in Australia are collected and preserved for permanent access.
ANPlan is a cooperative initiative of National and State Libraries Australasia (NSLA). It relies on collaboration between Australia's national, state and territory libraries. The National Library of New Zealand has observer status.
Under ANPlan, primary responsibility for a newspaper rests with the ANPlan library in the state or territory of the newspaper's origin. The National Library of Australia shares responsibility for ACT newspapers with the ACT Heritage Library and has assumed responsibility for a number of newspapers that are national in scope, coverage and distribution.
The Australian partners report to NSLA annually against a set of Key Indicators in the areas of collecting, preserving and providing access to newspapers. ANPlan’s second Five Year Plan (2010-1015) is intended to provide impetus to ANPlan libraries’ endeavours in those areas which are not currently well met. It is also intended to provide focus to current efforts to address certain key ‘at risk’ newspapers and to ANPlan libraries’ outreach activities.
A minor review was undertaken in early 2013 and actions related to digital collecting were added.
ANPlan libraries will continue to enlist the help of community groups and the public in finding missing newspapers. The following goals have been identified for July 2010 – June 2015:
To identify all Australian newspapers which are entirely missing, in any format, from the national collection held within the ANPlan libraries, or for which substantial portions are missing.
To investigate the technical and access issues associated with collecting the following two categories of Australian digital newspapers, for both their full-text content and the “look-and-feel”:
digital newspapers which are not associated with a printed version (see Appendix 2). This action will likely involve a collaboration with web archiving staff in each of the ANPlan libraries;
pre-press digital files used for production of hard copy newspapers; and keeping a ‘watching brief’ on those categories of Australian digital newspapers and news material which are not currently being addressed through ANPlan.
For some ANPlan libraries, preservation microfilming remains a key strategy for preserving permanent access to Australian newspapers. ANPlan libraries will continue to preserve their newspaper collections through preservation microfilming, re-filming poorly filmed material, copying from acetate microfilm to stable polyester microfilm, computer output microfilming as well as through digitisation.
ANPlan libraries will aim to store all newspapers (hard copy and microform masters) under optimal physical and environmental conditions to preserve ongoing access and take steps to ensure permanent access to those newspapers whose microfilm preservation masters are not currently owned by the ANPlan libraries responsible for these titles (e.g. by ensuring that there are catalogue records for these titles or by negotiating transfer of custody).
The following preservation goals have been identified for July 2010 – June 2015:
3. To preserve, for permanent access, the significant ‘at risk’ newspapers listed (in the Appendix 4 of this document).
4. To develop guidelines for the storage of newspapers which outline the impact of environmental conditions on the longevity of newspapers and which include critical factors which influence libraries’ ability to provide permanent access to newspapers.
5. To develop guidelines and standards for digitising newspapers for preservation purposes and to influence the development and promote the adoption of best practice guidelines in digital preservation to ensure permanent access to digitised and digital newspapers.
To ensure that Australian newspapers are universally accessible, ANPlan libraries will endeavour to catalogue all newspapers (hard copy, all generations of microfilm, digitised and digital) onto the national bibliographic database, including detailed and up-to-date holdings information.
The following goals relating to newspaper access have been identified for July 2010 – June 2015:
6. To ensure that all generations of newspaper microfilm titles which ANPlan libraries hold responsibility for are catalogued onto the national bibliographic database, according to the microform cataloguing guidelines developed by ANPlan libraries in 2006, with holdings attached to the correct format and generation.
7. To ensure that all digitised newspapers are catalogued onto the national bibliographic database, according to the Guidelines for Cataloguing Remote Electronic Resources.
8. To provide and maintain digital access to those titles and corresponding date ranges listed in the Australian Newspapers Digitisation Program, Phase 1.
9. To contribute all digitised newspaper content to digitised newspapers on Trove as outlined in the National Library’s Contributor Guidelines.
ANPlan libraries will continue to participate, as they are able, to raise awareness in the community of the role of libraries in collecting, preserving and providing access to newspapers.
The following goal relating to outreach has been identified for July 2010 – June 2015:
10. ANPlan libraries will work through their networks with public libraries to raise awareness of and knowledge about the national infrastructure which exists for collecting, preserving and providing access to Australian newspapers including how to contribute to and use Digitised newspapers on Trove. ANPlan libraries will play a key role in facilitating contributions from local libraries and organisations to the service, as outlined in the Contributor Guidelines, and in raising awareness of funding strategies that may be available for newspaper digitisation projects.
APPENDIX 1: DEFINITION OF A NEWSPAPER
A newspaper is a serial publication which contains news on current events of special or general interest. The individual parts are listed chronologically or numerically and appear frequently, usually at least once a week but sometimes fortnightly or monthly.
Traditionally newspapers are printed on newsprint paper, usually appear without a cover, folded rather than bound together, with a masthead, and are normally larger than 297 mm x 420 mm in size. They may include supplements such as colour magazines, or other inserts for special features or events.  
With the advent of digital publishing, digital newspapers are being produced, and are increasingly popular while readership of print newspapers is generally in decline. A digital newspaper is a newspaper created digitally (i.e. born digital) and available online via the Internet. Digital newspapers may be accessed as apps on mobile devices. Digital newspapers are often in the form of integrating resources, with new material integrated into the resource and older content being removed; or they may be serial publications.
- pre-press digital files used for production of hard copy newspapers;
- digital editions of hard-copy newspapers. Differences between these editions and the corresponding printed version of the newspaper are generally:
- continuous stream of content and updates;
- updates not in editions but headline by headline, article by article;
- incorporation of multimedia video, audio and other dynamic content;
- content sourced widely which may include:
- locally produced or syndicated content;
- third party-produced content and applications;
- reader or user-produced content.
They may be accessed through apps on mobile devices.
- online newspapers that do not have a printed version, or no longer have a printed version.
Rapid changes in the news environment have created considerable complexity in the way news is distributed and accessed. There are news services that compile news from external services (e.g. news.google.com.au); journalism websites (e.g. The Global Mail); and news websites which are not associated with a printed newspaper but may be associated with some other media entity (e.g. ABC news website; Yahoo! 7 news).
APPENDIX 2: DIGITAL NEWSPAPERS WHICH DO NOT HAVE A PRINTED VERSION
New South Wales
- Dunoon & District Gazette,http://dunoongazette.com/wp/ (pdf)
- Kangaroo Valley Voice, http://kangaroovalley.nsw.au/kangaroo-valley-voice (pdf)
- The Guardian – Australian Edition, http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/australia
- INDAILY, Adelaide Independent newswww.indaily.com.au
- New life (a Christian newspaper): http://www.nlife.com.au
- Poowong Press: http://www.poowong.org.au - not updated since Dec 2011
APPENDIX 3: DEFINITION OF AN ‘AT RISK’ NEWSPAPER
A newspaper which has not been microfilmed may be considered to be ‘at risk’ if the hardcopy:
- is not held within an ANPlan library
- is in poor condition at risk of losing information; and
- is a unique set or all other sets are in the same condition;
- is heavily used; or
- is inadequately stored.
If the newspaper title has been microfilmed and the microfilm:
- is incomplete,
- is of poor quality,
- is subject to deterioration – e.g. on acetate,
- does not exist on 3 generations,
- master is not stored optimally – e.g. is not held by an ANPlan library,
the newspaper may also be considered to be ‘at risk’.
APPENDIX 4: SIGNIFICANT ‘AT RISK’ NEWSPAPERS
Titles nominated in 2010
- Blyth Agriculturalist 1912-1969 (State Library of South Australia; SLSA)
- Copper Age 1906-1908 (SLSA)
- Daily Herald 1910-1924 (SLSA)
- Evening Journal/Journal/Saturday Journal 1869-1923 (SLSA)
- Glenelg Guardian 1914-1936 (SLSA)
- Jamestown Star and Farmers' Journal 1903-1946 (SLSA)
- Mining Standard 1904-1909 (SLSA)
- South Australian [South Australian Liberal Federation] 1925-1929 (SLSA)
- South Australian Times 1883-1885 (SLSA)
- Transcontinental January-June 1951 (SLSA)
- Wakefield Sun 1910-1912 (SLSA)
- West Australian 1955-1972 (State Library of Western Australia; SLWA)
- West Suburban Echo 1923-1924 (SLSA)
- West Torrens Gazette 1913-1914 (SLSA)
Titles nominated in 2011
- Adelaide Aeroplane 1919-1920 (SLSA)
- Adelaide City Reporter 1984 (SLSA)
- Adelaide Echo 1877 (SLSA)
- Adelaide Electric Tramways Journal 1911 (SLSA)
- Adelaide Times 1984 (SLSA)
- Adelaide Truth, the People's Popular Paper, to no Party Tied 1906 (SLSA)
- Arab Orient 1979 (SLSA)
- Ardrossan News 1911 (SLSA)
- Bridge Mercury 1984-1986 (SLSA)
- Broughton Echo 1887-1888 (SLSA)
- City of Adelaide Times 1955 (SLSA)
- Clarion 1980 (SLSA)
- Deltion Pharoy 1935- 1936 (SLSA)
- Desert Sun (Port Pirie, SA) 1973-1974 (SLSA)
- Direct Action 1928-1930 (SLSA)
- District Reflector 1921-1922 (SLSA)
- Eagle 1894 (SLSA)
- East Suburban Advocate 1919 (SLSA)
- Eastern Star 1937 (SLSA)
- Eastern Trader 1925 (SLSA)
- Enfield - Prospect Gazette 1986-1987 (SLSA)
- Free Press 1895 (SLSA)
- Gateway 1946 (SLSA)
- Glenelg News Pictorial 1964 (SLSA)
- Hamley Bridge Express 1908 (SLSA)
- Hausfreund 1894 (SLSA)
- Illustrated Sport and Drama 1894 (SLSA)
- Industrial Solidarity 1920 (SLSA)
- Lameroo Weekly News 1922 (SLSA)
- McMahon News 1923 (SLSA)
- Mining Review and Investors Guide 1896 (SLSA)
- Mod Scene 65 1965 (SLSA)
- Nation 1981 (SLSA)
- New Adelaide Gazette 1933 (SLSA)
- Northern Districts Souvenir 1930 (SLSA)
- Norwood Advocate 1919 (SLSA)
- Norwood Standard 1908 (SLSA)
- Our Times 1968 (SLSA)
- Port Adelaide Gazette 1930 (SLSA)
- Port Adelaide Post Shipping Gazette, Farmers and Commercial Register 1876 (SLSA)
- Port Broughton Echo 1887 (SLSA)
- Pt Wakefield Times and Balaklava, Hoyleton Blyth and Lochiel Advertiser 1876 (SLSA)
- Question Mark Newspaper 1988 (SLSA)
- Ratepayer 1939 (SLSA)
- Review 1871 (SLSA)
- SA Scottish Standard 1966-1967 (SLSA)
- South Australian Bulletin 1898 (SLSA)
- South Coast News 1965 (SLSA)
- South Coast Sports News 1969 (SLSA)
- South Sider (Panorama, SA) 1985 (SLSA)
- Southern Freeman (Port Elliot, SA) 1889 (SLSA)
- Southern Star 1894 (SLSA)
- Southern Suburban Recorder 1928 (SLSA)
- Sporting Bulletin 1898-1899 (SLSA)
- Standard 1894, 1896 (SLSA)
- Star (Stirling, SA) 1983 (SLSA)
- Sturt Telephone 1894 (SLSA)
- Sunday Mail 1985-1991 (SLSA)
- Sunday Times 1904 (SLSA)
- Teetulpa News and Golden Age 1887 (SLSA)
- Thursday Review - A Weekly Journal of Politics, Literature, Science and Art 1860-1861 (SLSA)
- Traders' Courier and Free Lance 1878-1879 (SLSA)
- Tribune 1875-1876 (SLSA)
- Truth 1890 (SLSA)
- Truth 1915-1917 (SLSA)
- Truth 1928, 1934 (SLSA)
- Turf Review 1937 (SLSA)
- Unley Review 1919-1920 (SLSA)
- Voice of Pontos 1983 (SLSA)
- Warrigal Review ('Being an account of the Voyage of the Steam Troopship Warrigal from Adelaide to Durban, 4th to 27 April, 1901') (Natal, South Africa) 1901 (SLSA)
- Weekly Mail 1863 (SLSA)
- Western People and Tumby Bay Times 1912 (1901)
- Western Times 1924 (SLSA)
- Willunga Bulletin 1909 (SLSA)
Titles nominated in 2013
- Adelaide Hills producer and gazette (Stirling West) 1931-1932 (SLSA)
- Adelaide News (Adelaide) Aug 1920-Apr 1921 (SLSA)
- Area express (Cleve) 1959-1960 (SLSA)
- Area express and farmers journal (Booyoolee) 1929-1948 (SLSA)
- Broughton Star (Snowtown) 1909-1912 (SLSA)
- Challenger (Port Lincoln) 1932-1934 (SLSA)
- Christian Colonist(Adelaide)1878-1894 (SLSA)
- City of Moorabbin News (Cheltenham/Moorabin) 1950-1976 (SLV)
- Clarion (Yorketown) Jun 1902-May 1931 (SLSA)
- Croydon mail and Mount Dandenong advertiser (Ringwood) 1924-1939 (SLV)
- Daylight (Adelaide) 1919-1928 (SLSA)
- Evening Post (Adelaide)Feb 1909-Jun 1913 (SLSA)
- Examiner (Kilmore) 1858-1867 (SLV)
- Express (Adelaide)1946-1951 (SLSA)
- Express and Journal (Adelaide)1929-1945 (SLSA)
- Express and Telegraph war edition (Adelaide)1916-1917 (SLSA)
- Farmer (Moonta) 1933-1947 (SLSA)
- Footscray Mail (Footscray) 1924-1994 (SLV)
- Glenelg Leader (Glenelg) 1938-1940 (SLSA)
- Glenelg news, Brighton and Seacliff advocate/Glenelg News (Glenelg) 1923-1924 (SLSA)
- Jeparit Leader (Jeparit) 1893-1988 (SLV)
- Journal (Adelaide) 1912-1923 (SLSA)
- Korumburra Times (Korumburra) 1892-1973 (SLV)
- Liberal leader (Adelaide) 1918-1925 (SLSA)
- Maffra Spectator (Maffra) 1921-1981 (SLV)
- Mid north courier (Riverton) 1928-1942 (SLSA)
- Moira Independent (Moira) 1883-1938 (SLV)
- Mordialloc City News (Mordialloc) 1926-1966 (SLV)
- New Adelaide News (Adelaide) 1919-1921 (SLSA)
- Northern district times (North Adelaide) 1937-1938 (SLSA)
- Northern Review 1949-1970 (SLSA)
- Northern sportsman (Rose Park) 1924-1931 (SLSA)
- Norwood News (Norwood) 1927-1928 (SLSA)
- Oakleigh and Caulfield Times (Oakleigh) 1923-1965 (SLV)
- Orroroo enterprise (Orroroo) 1935-1970 (SLSA)
- Pasquin 1867-1870 (SLSA)
- Rochester Irrigator (Rochester) 1912-1969 (SLV)
- Quiz/Quiz and the Sporting Life (Adelaide) 1910-1914 (SLSA)
- Sandringham News (Sandringham) 1946-1971 (SLV)
- Saturday express (Adelaide)1914-1929 (SLSA)
- Seymour Telegraph (Seymour) 1890-1955 (SLV)
- Shepparton Advertiser (Shepparton) 1921-1953 (SLV)
- South Australian farmer (Moonta) 1948-1968 (SLSA)
- South Australian Sentinel (Adelaide) Oct 1886-Nov 1889 (SLSA)
- South Australian Weekly dispatch (Adelaide)1853-1855 (SLSA)
- South Australian worker (Adelaide) 1924-1959 (SLSA)
- Southern Yorkes Peninsula Clarion (Yorketown) Feb-May 1902 (SLSA)
- Southerner (Woodside) 1905-1906 (SLSA)
- Stawell Times (Stawell) 1888-1961 (SLV)
- Unley City Star (Unley) 1938-1940 (SLSA)
- Wallaroo wheatsheaf (Wallaroo) 1911-1921 (SLSA)
- Warragul Guardian (Warragul) 1901-1974 (SLV)
- Weekly news, sports record and licenced victuallers gazette/Weekly News (Adelaide) 1903-1918 (SLSA)
- Welfare times (Adelaide) 1924-1925 (SLSA)
- West Adelaide News (Adelaide) Apr 1921 - Dec 1921 (SLSA)
- Western Mail (Ceduna) 1928-1930 (SLSA)
- West Torrens News (Adelaide)Sep 1912, 1919-1921 (SLSA)
- Yorkes Peninsula farmer (Moonta) 1923-1933 (SLSA)
 Australian (national edition), Australian Financial Review, National Times, Nation Review and Independent Monthly.
 International Organization for Standardization (ISO) definition of a newspaper quoted in CONSER Cataloguing Manual (Library of Congress, 2002 edition, updated to 2006), 33.1 What is a newspaper?
 This definition includes:
- all general interest newspapers mainly reporting events that have occurred within the 24-hour period before going to press;
- non-daily general interest newspapers (e.g. local and neighbourhood newspapers) that provide news covering a longer period of time, and also serve their readers as a primary source of general information due to their local origin;
- newspapers that contain current news of special interest, in addition to general information, and are targeted to clearly identified groups. More common types of special interest newspapers include those directed to ethnic or racial groups, labour unions, farming community, religious groups, and political groups;
- newsletter publications that are intended to report only news of a particular organisation or institution, or that are specifically limited to coverage of a business, industry, craft, market, etc.;
- shoppers and other publications issued primarily for advertising purposes (CONSER Cataloguing Manual (Library of Congress, 2002 edition, updated to 2006), 33.1 What is a newspaper?).
 ‘Future of Journalism’, CQ Researcher, March 27, 2009, Vol 19, No. 12, pp. 273-296, CQ Press; and
Media, Entertainment and Arts Alliance, ‘Life in the Clickstream II The Future of Journalism’ December 2010; http://www.thefutureofjournalism.org.au/foj_report_vii.pdf, accessed 1 February 2013.
 National and State Libraries Australasia Digital Collecting Framework, 2013, Appendix Two: Definitions table.
 Preserving News in the Digital Environment: Mapping the Newspaper Industry in Transition. A Report from the Center for Research Libraries, April 27, 2011, http://www.crl.edu/sites/default/files/attachments/pages/LCreport_final.pdf, accessed 22 January 2012.
 National and State Libraries Australasia Digital Collecting Framework, 2013, Appendix Two: Definitions table.