The National Library of Australia has a new Fellowships and Scholarships program.

This program replaces the former Harold White Fellowships scheme. It provides a range of new opportunities for established and emerging researchers, practising writers and artists, and younger scholars to undertake work based on the Library's rich and varied collections.

The Harold White Fellowships supported annual fellowships to established researchers and writers. It supported 150 researchers until 2014. Established by the Council of the National Library of Australia in 1983 as the National Library Fellowships, the first Fellows commenced their research at the Library in 1984. The fellowships were renamed in honour of Sir Harold White CBE (1905-1992), the first National Librarian, in 1985.

The fellowships scheme aimed to promote the Library as a centre of scholarly activity and research, encouraged scholarly and literary use of the Library’s collections and production of publications arising from that scholarship, and promoted the Library’s rich and varied collections. Four to seven fellowships, of periods from three to six months, were awarded annually.

The Library will continue to honour Harold White's legacy in other ways.