It's International Map Year

It's International Map Year
The value of maps in our lives
14 July 2015

This year is International Map Year.

In my role as a reader’s assistant at the Library, I am privileged to work closely with both our collections and our readers, and to see the myriad ways in which our collections are used and interpreted by others.

FerdinandVerbiest, [World map] [cartographic material], 1674, 1 map : col. ; 2 hemispheres 141.5 cm. and 143.0 cm. in diam., on 2 scrolls each 176.5 x 263.0 cm, Double hemispherical world map with Chinese pictorial representation of relief, Wood block prints on silk, hand-painted, Hardy Wilson Collection, nla.map-rm3499

Maps, I have observed, can engender a particular kind of response in people—intense examination followed by a wish to share and discuss discoveries with others.

That maps are highly valued, communicative and affective cultural artefacts is an observation that has been made by many (and more learned) others than I.

Ludwig Leichhardt, [Map of part of the South Queensland Downs, Balonne and Dawson Rivers cartographic material / Ludwig Leichhardt], 1847, 1 map ; 29.3 x 38.3 cm. on sheet 32.6 x 41.7 cm, lithograph, Maps Collection, nla.map-rm3929

As J.B. Harley writes in the introductory volume to The History of Cartography:

‘As mediators between an inner mental world and an outer physical world, maps are fundamental tools helping the human mind make sense of its universe at various scales. Moreover, they are undoubtedly one of the oldest forms of human communication. There has probably always been a mapping impulse in human consciousness…’

We humans, in other words, are inherently mapping creatures. Paper and screen; inherited, revised, invented; beautiful and plain: across cultures and eras, we continually and compulsively create, collect, collate and share maps of all shapes, sizes and formats.

[Stick chart of the Marshall Islands] [cartographic material], 1974, map, 1 model :  wood ; 55 x 56 cm, Maps Collection, nla.map-rm4388

[Publisher: Printed by R. Norton for Walter Kettilby, London], Physical map of Eastern Hemisphere, 1684, 1 map : col. ; 30 x 35.7 cm, Maps Collection, nla.map-rm3106

[Publisher: Tokyo, Japan? : Shoju Chart Co. Ltd.?], Dainihon kotei oezu [cartographic material] = Great illustrated map of Japanese roads, 1973, Facsimile of the 1857 reissue of the original published in 1843, 1 map : col. ; 33.2 x 239.8 cm, Maps Collection, nla.map-rm1759

The National Library has an extensive map collection. My colleague, Erika Mordek, recently created a beautiful slideshow for the Library’s Main Reading Room that showcased some of our special and unusual holdings. I have included some of the images from the slideshow here.

Gerard de Jode, Hemispheriu ab ?quinoctiali linea, ad circulu poli arctici [cartographic material] : Hemispheriu ab ?quinoctiali linea, ad circulu poli atarctici, 1593, 1 map : col. ; 2 hemispheres 25.3 and 25.4 cm. in diam., on sheet 39.5 x 54.0 cm, Maps Collection, nla.map-rm4350

Sir Henry Mangles Denham, Balls Pyramid, South Pacific [cartographic material] : from H.M.S. s. Herald & Torch, 1853, Map, 8 ms. views : mounted on linen ; on sheet 122.0 x 101.3 cm, Maps Collection, nla.map-rm649

My favourite map? One not held in the Library’s collection, I’m afraid. In fact it no longer exists, except as a kind of blueprint in my memory. It’s an amalgamation of the many dirt maps I remember from my childhood, drawn by my father on our farm.

 ‘Here is where I’ll need you to be when the sheep first come over the rise—at the top of the hill near the old snow-gum,’ my father would say as he drew lines and circles; ‘here’s the gate to open’; ‘here’s the trough you’ll need to check’. These maps, exercises in visual (and verbal) brevity, allowed me, as I leaned over my father’s shoulder, to ‘see’ how the narrative of the muster would unfold in time as well as space.

Such maps make up the other great map collections in our lives—those of memories and imaginations, perfect and impossible representations of worlds that no longer or will never exist.

Cornelis de Jode, Novae Guineae forma, & situs [cartographic material], 1593, 1 map ; 28.2 x 19.1 cm, Maps Collection, nla.map-rm389

Those supreme cartographers of the imagination, writers, have long been fascinated by, and bequested to their readers, many of these kinds of maps. Think of A.A. Milne’s Thousand-Acre Woods, C.S. Lewis’s Narnia, William Faulkner’s Yoknapatawpha County, and Terry Pratchett’s Discworld.

Think, also, of the vivid depictions of childhood space in David Malouf’s 12 Edmondstone Street, the unsettling landscape of Gerald Murnane’s The Plains, and that uncanny river-world of Peter Carey’s Oscar and Lucinda.

Johann Bayer, Ioannis Bayeri Rhainani I.C. Uranometria [cartographic material] : omnium asterismorum continens schemata, nova methodo delineata, aereis laminis expressa, 1603, from 1 atlas ([8] p., 51 folded leaves of plates) : ill., 51 maps ; 37 cm. (fol.), Maps Collection, nla.map-ra307

I leave you with an amusing mapping passage from literature. I’d love to hear what your favourite maps are, or map-related stories. Post about them in the comments below. Happy International Map Year!

 “What do you consider the largest map that would be really useful?”

“About six inches to the mile.”

“Only six inches!” exclaimed Mein Herr. “We very soon got to six yards to the mile. Then we tried a hundred yards to the mile. And then came the grandest idea of all! We actually made a map of the country on the scale of a mile to the mile!”

“Have you used it much?” I enquired.

 “It has never been spread out, yet,” said Mein Herr: “the farmers objected: they said it would cover the whole country and shut out the sunlight! So we now use the country itself, as its own map, and I assure you it does nearly as well.”

Lewis Carroll, Sylvie and Bruno Concluded

 

 

 

 

 

Comment: 
Thanks Alison wonderful piece. Check out these maps created by intrepid children for the International Map Year, displayed at “The Power of Maps” conference at the National Library earlier this year! http://mappingsciences.org.au/barbara-petchenik-childrens-map-competition-2015/