Puppets or Patriots? Mongol Armies and the Japanese in Manchuria, 1932–1945
Dr Narangoa Li
Tuesday 11 March 2008
Conference Room, free
In 1932, in the Japanese struggle for hegemony in East Asia, Japanese armies occupied eastern Inner Mongolia, incorporating it into the new state of Manchukuo (Manchuria). With a potentially hostile Soviet Union to the north and a hostile China to the south, the Japanese recruited thousands of Mongols into their military forces to serve as garrisons and frontline troops. Although the Mongol troops were dismissed as mere puppets of the Japanese, many joined the military with the aim of working towards self-determination for the Mongols. Their aspirations, however, were overwhelmed by the end of the war in 1945 and they had to seek their political future within China. In this presentation, Dr Li draws on the Library’s rich Asian collections to explore new aspects of the struggle for Inner Mongolian self-determination. Dr Narangoa Li is a Reader in Japanese Studies at The Australian National University.