United States congressional publications and information

The National Library receives major U.S. government documents including annual reports, serials and Congressional publications. These documents are collectively known as the SUDOC (U.S. Superintendent of Documents) Collection.

This guide provides information on how to access this large collection, the majority of which is received in microfiche format. Works available in the Main Reading Room Reference Collection have call numbers pre-fixed with 'RF'. Hard copy serials (pre-fix 'S') are ordered online through the catalogue. Requests for microfiche material should be directed to the Newspapers and Microforms Reading Room.

The Library of Congress has produced a comprehensive online guide to the U.S. Congress called THOMAS.

The U.S. Government Printing Office website GPO Access provides links to Congressional publications.

The U.S. Reference Service provides reference and referral services for Australians on U.S. policy and federal legislation. It has offices in Canberra and Sydney.

Recent news and information on the Congress

  • CQ weekly (Congressional quarterly weekly). The last year is held in the Library's Reference Collection at RF 328.73 CQW. Each year these issues are consolidated to produce the Congressional Quarterly Almanac which is held at RF 328.7300025 CON.
  • Resources for Legislative Researchers - News Services
    Links to The Congressional Quarterly, The Hill, FedNet (Federal Network, Inc.), C-SPAN (Cable Satellite Public Affairs Network) and All-Politics (CNN, Time).

Directories and guides

  • Office of the Clerk - House of Representatives Directories
  • United States Senate - Senate Directories
  • Congressional Staff Directory (RF 328.73 CON)
  • Congressional Quarterly's Washington Information Directory (RF 917.530025 WAS)
  • Congress A-Z: A ready reference encyclopedia (RF 328.73003 C749-2)

Historical works

Further information

  • Hardy, Gayle J. Subject guide to U.S. government reference sources 2nd ed. Englewood, Colo. :Libraries Unlimited,1996 (RF 025.1738 H269-2)
  • Herman, Edward Locating United States government information : a guide to sources Second edition. Buffalo, N.Y. :W.S. Hein,1997 (RF 025.1734 H551-2)
  • Monthly catalog of United States government publications Washington, DC :Cataloging Branch, Library Division, Library Programs Service, Superintendent of Documents. (RF 015.73053 UNI 1928+ On CD ROM)
  • Morehead, Joe Introduction to United States government information sources Fifth edition. Englewood, Colo. :Libraries Unlimited,1996 (RF 015.73053 M838-5)
  • Stubbs, Walter Congressional committees, 1789-1982 : a checklist /compiled by Walter Stubbs Westport, Conn. :Greenwood Press,1985 (RF 328.73076509 S929)

Congressional schedules and calendars

House of Representatives and Senate agendas are in each Calendar for every day that Congress is in session. The House Calendar has weekly and sessional cumulations, and is useful for the history of Bills and Resolutions. The Senate Calendar is not cumulated.

Calendars of the United States House of Representatives and history of legislation

Time Period

Format

Call Number

Dec. 13th, 1982+(97th Congress, 2nd Session)

Paper

S 328.73 UNI

1993-1994 (103rd Congress, 1st-2nd Sessions) - Imperfect holdings

Microfiche

Mc SUDOC Y 1.2/2:

1995+ (104th Congress+)

Internet

Senate calendar

Time Period

Format

Call Number

1994+ (103rd Congress, 2nd Session) Imperfect holdings

Microfiche

Mc SUDOC Y 1.3/3:

104th Congress (1995+)

Internet

Congressional debates

The Library holds the debates of the US Congress from 1776 onwards. Debates of the Congress are held in the following formats:

Time Period

Format

Call Number

Annals of the Congress (1st Congress, 1776 - 18th Congress, 1834)

"The Annals were not published contemporaneously, but were compiled between 1834 and 1856, using the best records available, primarily newspaper accounts. Speeches are paraphrased rather than given verbatim, but the record of debate is nonetheless fuller than that available from the House and Senate Journals" (for which see below).

Paper

Some of the early years are on the Internet.

Sq 328.73 UNI

 

Debates of Congress (18th Congress, 2nd Session, 1834 - 25th Congress, 1st Session, 1837)

Paper

Sq 328.73 UNI

Congressional Globe (23rd Congress, 1833-35 - 42nd Congress, 3rd Session, 1872/73)

Paper

Sq 328.73 UNI

Congressional Record (43rd Congress, 1873 to 1988)

Paper

Sq 328.73 UNI

Congressional Record from 101st Congress 1989+ as well as the indexes for the same period.

Internet

Congressional Record 1975 +

Microfiche

Mc SUDOC X/A 101.2

Resumes of Congressional activity 1969-1997

Internet

Journals of the Senate and the House of Representatives

Proceedings of Congress are recorded in:

Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States of America

Time Period

Format

Call Number

1836-37, 1875-1981

Paper

Sq 328.73 UNI

1817-1952 (15th Congress to 82nd Congress, 2nd Session) : The House Journal is included in the Congressional Document Set. See this section of the guide for information on how to verify and locate these publications.

Paper

Consult the CIS US Serial Set Index 1789 to 1969. Washington, Congressional Information Service. RF 328.73 CON

1789+ (and eventually to 1873)

Internet

1979+ (96th Congress, 1st Session+)

Microfiche

Mc SUDOC XJH:

Journal of the Senate of the United States of America

Time Period

Format

Call Number

Journal of the of the Senate of the United States of America

Paper

1873-74, 1877-1981

Sq 328.73 UNI

1817 - 1952 (15th Congress to 82nd Congress, 2nd Session) : The Senate Journal is included in the Congressional Document Set. See this section of the guide for information on how to verify and locate these publications.

Paper

Consult the CIS US Serial Set Index 1789 to 1969. Washington, Congressional Information Service. RF 328.73/CON

1979+ 96th Congress, 1st Session +

Microfiche

Mc SUDOC XJS:96+

1789+ (and eventually to 1873)

Internet

 

Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate of the United States of America

Time Period

Format

Call Number

1805-1820, 1891-1977

Paper

Sq 328.73 UNI

97th Congress, 2nd Session (1982) – 103rd Congress, 2nd Session (199?)

Microfiche

Mc SUDOC Y 1.3/4:

Bills and the legislative process

An excellent source on the legislative process in Congress is:

How Our Laws Are Made by Charles W. Johnson, Washington :U.S. G.P.O, 1998 (YY 328.73079 J66)

A bill or resolution is introduced by a member and generally referred to a Congressional committee as part of its passage to approval. The first printing of a bill or resolution bears the number and session of the Congress, the designation, the number of the bill, the name of the body in which it was introduced, date of introduction, the name of the member who introduced it and, the Committee to which it was referred.

Library Holdings/Access to Congressional Bills / Resolutions

Time Period

Format

Call Number

Bills: 1789 -1879(1st Congress-46th Congress, 1st Session)

Microfilm

Mfm 903

Digest of Public General Bills Hold 1936-1980, 1987

Paper

S 328.73 UNI

Bills: 1961 -1965 (87th Congress, 1st Session - 89th Congress, 1st Session)

Microcard

Mp 9

Bill summaries 1973-1992 (93rd Congress, 1st Session - 102nd Congress, 2nd Session)

Internet

 

Bills: 1982+ (97th Congress, 1st Session+)

Microfiche

House: Mc SUDOC Y 1.4/6: (97th Congress, 2nd Session - 101st Congress, 1st Session)

Senate: Mc SUDOC Y 1.4/1: As Above

Bills and Resolutions: 1993/94+ (103rd Congress+)

Internet

Joint Resolutions – as with bills, they become law after approval by both houses and the President. There is no practical difference from bills, but joint resolutions generally deal with more limited matters.

Microfiche

House Joint Resolutions (H.J.Res.)

Mc SUDOC Y 1.4/8: (97th Congress, 2nd session - 101st Congress, 1st session)

Senate Joint Resolutions (S.J.Res.) Mc SUDOC Y 1.4/3: (97th Congress, 2nd session - 101st Congress, 1st session)

Concurrent Resolutions – Deal with matters that affect the operations of both chambers. They must have both chambers’ approval, but do not require Presidential support.

Microfiche

House Concurrent Resolutions (H.Con.Res.) Mc SUDOC Y 1.4/9: (97th Congress, 2nd session - 101st Congress, 1st session)

Senate Concurrent Resolutions (S.Con.Res.) Mc SUDOC Y 1.4/4: (97th Congress, 2nd session - 101st Congress, 1st session)

If hearings are held, and the transcripts of the hearings are printed, they can be located in the sources listed below. On conclusion of consideration in committee, a report is made (see the section on Committee Reports) and the bill printed a second time if changes are made.

House and Senate versions of the same bill often differ because each chamber amends the bill before enacting it.

Committee reports are identified by Congress and report number. To find a report number use any of the following printed sources, or see the section on Committee Reports further on in this guide.

* It is important to note that approximately 20-25% of bills and joint resolutions pass into law. Nonetheless there are many guides and Internet sites to track the movement of bills.

Tracking the passage of Bills through Congress

Publication Details

Contents

THOMAS (Library of Congress)

Full text and summaries of bills and resolutions, links to text of amendments in the Congressional Record, amendment summaries, full text of public laws (enrolled bills). Full text files available from 101st Congress; summary files from the 93rd. All bills and resolutions browsable and searchable. Browsable lists of bills, sequential by bill type and number, and lists of public laws, browsable by P.L. number. Bills and resolutions searchable by bill number, keyword, index term, sponsor, committee, stage in the legislative process and/or date

GPO Access (Government Printing Office)

Full text of bills and resolutions and public laws. Amendment text searchable in the Congressional Record. Files available from the 103rd Congress. Searchable

CIS annual (RF 328.73 UNI) Held from 1970+

From 1970 to 1983 includes legislative history citations as a section of the Abstracts volume. From 1984 onwards, detailed legislative histories are published in a separate volume called Legislative Histories of U.S. Public Laws. References are made to all relevant documents for every law enacted during a session of Congress.

United States code congressional and administrative news (S 328.73 UNI)

Contains a "Table of Legislative History and Index" arranged by public law number referencing the date approved, Statutes at Large citation, bill number, House and Senate reports numbers, abbreviations for the names of the House and Senate committees reporting, dates of consideration and passage in the Congressional Record, and citations for Presidential signing documents.

Congressional committee publications

Online information:

Congressional committee hearings

Committee hearings contain the full records of the proceedings of congressional committees.

Committees are subsidiary organizations of the Congress established for the purpose of considering legislation, conducting hearings and investigations, or carrying out other assignments as instructed by the chamber. “Standing” committees generally have legislative jurisdiction, and most operate with subcommittees that handle a committee's work in specific areas. “Select” and “joint” committees are chiefly for oversight or housekeeping tasks.

The most authoritative listing of Congressional committees is Congressional committees, 1789-1982 : a checklist compiled by Walter Stubbs. Westport, Conn. :Greenwood Press,1985 (RF 328.73076509 S929). From 1983 onwards, the CIS Annual (RF 328.73 CON) should be checked for new committees or changes of names in committees.

Summary of the Library's holdings of Congressional Hearings

Time Period

Format

Call Number

1940’s – 1985 (98th Congress, 3rd Session).

A few hearings are held for the 1920’s and 1930’s.

Paper. Check with staff. Congressional hearings were received regularly since the mid 1940s, depending on the particular committee.

Various. There are Call numbers for each committee. See the table below "Call Numbers of U.S. Congressional Hearings".

From 1986 (99th Congress 1st Session) to 1996 (104th Congress 2nd Session), hearings have been catalogued individually in the Library’s online catalogue.

Paper. Hearings for this period can be searched by title, committee and subject on the Library’s online catalogue.

The Call number is on the catalogue for each individual hearing publication.

1981/82 + (97th Congress, 1st Session)

Microfiche. For the Mc SUDOC call numbers, see the table below "Call Numbers of U.S. Congressional Hearings".

Various. As part of the Mc SUDOC collection in the Newspaper/Microform Reading Room

1995+ (104th Congress, 1st Session)(Limited number)

Internet

Selected recent transcripts (1997 +)

Internet

How to identify a congressional hearing

Time Period

Publication Details

Prior to 1945 (79th Congress, 1st Session) -

* Very few hearings are held by the Library prior to 1945.

Index of Congressional committee hearings (not confidential in character) prior to January 3, 1935 in the United States Senate Library Washington :U.S. G.P.O.,1935 (RFq 328.73 U57)

Cumulative index of Congressional committee hearings:… from Seventy-fourth Congress (January 3, 1935) through Eighty-fifth Congress (January 3, 1959) in the United States Senate Library Washington :U.S. G.P.O.,1959 (RFq 328.73 U57)

Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications. Washington, Superintendent of Documents, 1929 to date. (RF 015.73053 UNI)

From 1945 (79th Congress, 1st Session) to 1969 (91st Congress, 1st session)

Congressional Committee Hearings Index, 1945 (79th Congress) to 1969 (91st Congress, 1st session). (RF 328.73 UNI)

To retrieve an individual hearing, you will require

  1. Title of the congressional committee (not the subcommittee)
  2. Title of individual hearing
  3. The Library’s call number for the committee Number, session and date of the Congress.

1970+ (91st Congress, 2nd session +)

CIS Index to Publications of the United States Congress. Washington, Congressional Information Service, 1970 (91st Congress, 2nd session)+. (RF 328.73 CON) – contains abstracts of the hearings

You will require the same information for the above.

1995+ (104th Congress 1st Session(Limited number)

Internet

Selected recent transcripts (1997+)

Internet

Call numbers of U.S. congressional hearings and prints

Below is an authoritative listing of the Library's holdings of Congressional Hearings and Prints. Each entry contains the call number for retrieval from the book stacks or for microfiche versions from the Newspapers and Microforms Reading Room and the dates held.

House of Representatives Committee Hearings

Online information.

Committee Name

Call Number for Paper Versions catalogued as a serial (up to 1985) * Call No's for Prints are the same unless indicated otherwise

Dates Held (From 1986-1996 catalogued individually)

SUDOC Microfiche Call

Number (1981/82 to date)

Aging, Select

S 362.600973 UNI

1975-93

Y 4.Ag4:

Agriculture

S 630.973 UNI

Prints held

1939+

Y 4.AG8/1:

Appropriations

S 336.73 UNI

1941+

Y 4.AP6/1:

Armed Services (Changed to: National Security)

S 355.0973 UNI Prints held

1947-1995

Y 4.Ar5/2:

Assassinations

S 364.1524 UNI

1977-1978

Not on microfiche

Astronautics and Space Exploration, Select

S 629.1388 UNI

1958

Not on microfiche

Banking and Currency (Changed to: Banking, Currency and Housing)

S 332.10973 UNI

Prints held 1963+

1939-1974

(1941-42 not held)

Y 4.B22/1:

Banking and Financial Services (Formerly: Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs)

Not on paper

1995+

Y 4.B 22/1:

Banking, Currency and Housing (Formerly: Banking and Currency

S 332.10973 UNI

1975-1976

Not on microfiche

Banking and Financial Services (Formerly: Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs)

Not on paper

1995+

Y 4.B22/1:

Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs (Formerly: Banking, Currency and Housing)

S 332.10973 UNI Some Prints held

1977-1995

Y 4.B 22/1:

Budget

S 353.00722 UNI Prints held

1974+

Y 4.B 85/3:

Campaign Expenditure

S 324.273 UNI

1943-1946, 1951-1958

Not on microfiche

Children Youth, and Families, Select

S 361.00973 UNI

1983+

Y 4.C 43/2:

Civil Service (Changed to Post Office and Civil Service)

S 351.10973 UNI

1943-45

Not on microfiche

Commerce

Not on paper

1995+

Y 4.C 73/8:

Commission of Administrative Review of the House of Representatives

S 353.008 UNI

1977

Not on microfiche

Committees

S 328.7304 UNI

1973-1979

Not on microfiche

Communist Aggression

S 335.4 UNI Prints held

1953-1954

Not on microfiche

Conservation of Wildlife Resources

S 333.780973 UNI

1944-1946

Not on microfiche

Crime, Select

S 364.973 UNI

1969-1973

Not on microfiche

District of Columbia

S 354.753 UNI

1943+

Y 4.D63/1:

Economic and Educational Opportunities (Formerly: Education and Labor , then, Changed to: Education and the Workforce)

Not as a serial

1995-1996

Y 4.ED 8/1:

Education and Labor (Changed to: Economic and Educational Opportunities)

S 370.973 UNI Prints held

1947-1995

Y 4.Ed8/1:

Education and the Workforce (Formerly: Economic and Educational Opportunities)

Not as a serial

See Catalogue

1997+

Y 4.ED 8/1:

Energy and Commerce (Changed to Commerce)

S 343.087 UNI

1981-1994

Y 4.En 2/3:

Executive Agencies, Special Committee to Investigate

S 351.71 UNI

1943-1944

Not on microfiche

Expenditures in Executive Departments

S 351.71 UNI

1943-1952

Not on microfiche

Foreign Affairs (Changed to International Relations 1975-1979, then back again for 1979-1994)

S 327.73 UNI

Prints held.

Selected Executive Sessions hearings (Historical Series) 1951/56+ at S 353.0089 UNI

1939-1974 and –1979-1994

Y 4.F76/1:

Government Operations (Changed to: Government Reform and Oversight)

S 354.73 UNI

Prints held

1951-1994

Y 4.G74/7:

Government Reform and Oversight (Formerly: Government Operations)

Not on paper

1995+

Y 4.G 74/7:

Government Research, Select

S 507.2 UNI

Only two Committee Prints held

1963-1965

Not on microfiche

House Administration (Changed to: House Oversight)

S 328.73 UNI Prints held

1947-1994

Y 4H81/3:

House Oversight (Formerly: House Administration)

Not as a serial

1995+

Y 4.H81:3

Hunger, Select

S 338.19 UNI

1985-1993

Y 4.H89:

Immigration and Naturalization

S 325.73 UNI

1923-1924, 1939-1940, 1942, 1945-46

Not on microfiche

Insular Affairs

Changed to : Interior and Insular Affairs)

S354.73 UNI

1943-1947

Not on microfiche

Intelligence, Permanent Select

S 327.120973 UNI Prints held at S 328.730765 UNI

1979-1996

Y 4.In 8/18:

Interior and Insular Affairs (Changed to: Natural Resources)

S 354.738 UNI Prints held

1951-1992

Y 4In8/14:

International Relations (Formerly Foreign Affairs then back again in 1980)

S 327.73 UNI Prints held

Selected Executive Sessions S 327.73 UNI

1975-1979, 1995+

Y 4.In 8/16:

For 1975-79

Y 4.In 8/18:

For 1995+

Interstate and Foreign Commerce

S 380.973 UNI Prints held

1939+

Y 4.In8/4:

Irrigation and Reclamation

S 631.60973 UNI

1943-1946

Not on microfiche

Judiciary

S 328.73 UNI Prints held

1943+

Y 4.J89/1:

Labor

S 331.0973 UNI

1943-1946

Not on microfiche

Lobbying Activity, Select

S 328.368 UNI

1949-1950

Not on microfiche

Merchant Marine and Fisheries

S 387.50973 UNI Prints held

1943+

Y 4.M53:

Migration of Destitute Citizens, Select

(Changed to: National Defense Migration)

S 331.0973 UNI

1940-41

Pts 1-10

Not on microfiche

Military Affairs

Changed to: Armed Services

S 355.0973 UNI

1943-1946

Not on microfiche

Narcotics Abuse and Control, Select

S 353.00765 UNI Prints held

1976+

Y 4.N16:

National Defense Migration, Select

(Formerly: Migration of Destitute Citizens)

S 331.0973 UNI

1941-47

Pts 11-43

Not on microfiche

National Security (Formerly: Armed Services)

Not on paper

1995+

Y 4.SE2/1A:

Natural Resources (Formerly Interior and Insular Affairs then, Changed to: Resources)

Not as a serial

1993-1994

Y 4.R31/3:

Naval Affairs

S 359.0973 UNI

1943-1946

Not on microfiche

Outer Continental Shelf, Ad Hoc Select

S 333.820973 UNI

1977-78

Not on microfiche

Outer Continental Shelf, Select

S 333.80973 UNI

1979-1980

Not on microfiche

Population

S 301.32 UNI

1977-1978

Not on microfiche

Post Office and Civil Service

S 351.10973 UNI

Prints held

1947+

Y 4.P84/10:

Post-War Military Policy, Select

S 355.0973 UNI

1943-1946

Not on microfiche

Public Lands

S 333.10973 UNI

1945-1950

Not on microfiche

Public Works

See below:

S 352.50973 UNI

Prints held

1947

Y 4.P96/11:

Public Works and Transportation

S 352.50973 UNI

1947-1994

Y 4.P96/11:

Resources (Formerly Natural Resources)

Not as a serial

See Catalogue

1995+

Y 4.R31/3:

Rules

S 328.372 UNI

Prints held

1951+

Y 4.R86/1:

Science (Formerly: Science, Space and Technology)

Not as a serial

See Catalogue

1964

Y 4.SCI 2:

Science and Astronautics (Formerly Astronautics and Space Exploration then Changed to: Science and Technology)

S 629.1388 UNI

1959-1974

Y 4.Sci 2:

Science and Technology (Formerly: Science and Astronautics then changed to: Science , Space and Technology)

S 629.1388 UNI

1975-1987

Y 4.Sci2:

Science, Space and Technology (Changed to: Science)

Not as a serial

1987-1994

Y 4.SCI2:

Small Business

S 338.70973 UNI

Prints held

1947+

Y 4.Sm 1:

Standards of Official Conduct

S 328.73076 UNI

1970-1971, 75-76, 78

Y 4.St2/3:

Tax exempt foundations and comparable organizations

S 378.31 UNI

1952, 1954

Not on microfiche

Transportation and Infrastructure (Formerly: Public Works and Transportation)

Not as a serial

See Catalogue

1995+

Y 4.T 68/2:

Un-American Activities

S 323.60973 UNI Prints held

1939-1968

Not on microfiche

Veterans Affairs

S 355.1150973 UNI

Prints held

1947+

Y 4.V64/3:

Ways and Means

S 330.973 UNI

Prints held

1935, 1939+

Y 4.W36:

World War Veterans Legislation

S 355.1150973 UNI

1945-46

Not on microfiche

Senate committees

Committee Name

Call Number for Paper Copy catalogued as a serial up to 1985 Call No.’s for Committee Prints are the same

Dates Held (1986-1996, catalogued separately, then microfiche only access)

SUDOC Microfiche

Number (1981 to date)

Aeronautical & Space Sciences Changed to: Commerce)

S 629.1388 UNI

1959-1961

Not on microfiche

Aging, Special

S 301.43573 UNI

1961+

Y 4.AG 4:

Agriculture and Forestry (Changed to: Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry)

S 630.973 UNI Prints held

1939-1977

Y 4.Ag8/2:

Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry (Formerly: Agriculture and Forestry)

S 630.973 UNI

1977+

Y 4.Ag 8/3:

Appropriations

S 336.73 UNI Prints held

1941+

Y 4.Ap6/2:

Armed Services

S 355.0973 UNI Prints held

1947+

Y 4.Ar5/3:

Atomic Energy, Special

S 341 UNI

1945-1946

Not on microfiche

Banking and Currency

Changed to below:

S 332.10973 UNI Prints held

1954-1970

Not on microfiche

Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs

Previously: Above

S 332.10973 UNI Prints held

1970+

Y 4.B22/3:

Budget

S 353.00722 UNI

1975+

Y 4.B 85/2:

Civil Service (Changed to: Post Office and Civil Service)

S 351.10973 UNI

1943-48

Not on microfiche

Commerce (Changed to: Commerce, Science and Transportation)

S 380.973 UNI

1945-1949, 1961-1976

Y 4.C73/2:

Commerce, Science and Transportation

S 380.0973 UNI Prints held

1977+

Y 4.C 73/7:

Crime in Interstate Commerce, Select

S 364.374 UNI

1949-1952

Not on microfiche

District of Columbia

S 354.753 UNI

1943-1976

Y 4.D63/2:

Education and Labor

Changed to: Labor and Public Welfare

S 370.973 UNI

1935-1946

Not on microfiche

Energy and Natural Resources (Formerly: Interior and Insular Affairs)

S 354.738 UNI

Some prints

1977+

Y 4.En 2:

Environment and Public Works

S 333.70973 UNI Prints held

1979+

Y 4.P96/10:

Ethics, Select (Formerly: Standards and Conduct, Select)

S 172 UNI

1978-1981

Not on microfiche

Expenditures in Executive Departments (Changed to Government Operations)

S 351.71 UNI

1943-1952

Not on microfiche

Finance

S 336.73 UNI

Prints held

1937+

Y 4.F49:

Study the Foreign Aid Program, Special Committee to

S 338.91 UNI

1956-1957

Not on microfiche

Food Shortages, Select

S 338.10973 UNI

1945-1946

Not on microfiche

Foreign Relations

S 327.73 UNI

Prints held

Executive Sessions (Historical Series)

1941+

1947-1966

(Imperfect holdings)

Y 4.F76/2:

327.73 U57

and

Y 4.F76/2:Ex3/2/

Government Operations (Changed to: Governmental Affairs)

S 354.73 UNI Prints held

1951-1977

Y 4.G74/6:

Governmental Affairs (Formerly: Government Operations)

S 354.73 UNI

Prints held

1977+

Y 4.G74/9:

Human Resources (Formerly: Labor and Public Welfare) (Changed to Labor and Human Resources)

S 360.973 UNI

1977-1978

Not on microfiche

Indian Affairs, Select

Indian Affairs

S 970.5 UNI

1977-1984

Y 4.IN2/11:

Intelligence, Select

S 323.40973 UNI Prints held at S 328.730765 UNI

1976-1982

Not on microfiche

Interior and Insular Affairs

S 354.738 UNI Prints held

1947-1977

Not on microfiche

Interstate and Foreign Commerce (Changed to: Commerce)

S 380.973 UNI Prints held

1947-1961

Not on microfiche

Interstate Commerce

(Changed to: Interstate and Foreign Commerce )

S 380.973 UNI

1944-1947

Not on microfiche

Irrigation and Reclamation

S 631.60973 UNI

1943-1946

Not on microfiche

Judiciary

S 328.73 UNI Prints held

1943+

Y 4.J89/2:

Improper Activities in the Labor or Management Field, Select

S 331.880973 UNI

1957-1958

Not on microfiche

Labor and Human Resources

S 360.973 UNI Prints held at S 353.0083 UNI

1979+

Y 4.L11/4:

Labor and Public Welfare (Formerly: Education and Labor then Changed to: Human Resources)

S 331.0973 UNI Prints held

1947-1977

Not on microfiche

Military Affairs

S 355.0973 UNI

1943-1946

Not on microfiche

National Defense Production, Special

S 355.0973 UNI

1943-44

Not on microfiche

National Water Resources, Select

S 551.48 UNI

1959-61??

Not on microfiche

Naval Affairs

S 359.0973 UNI

1944-45

Not on microfiche

Organised Crime in Interstate Commerce, Special

S 364.374 UNI

1947-1952

Not on microfiche

Post Office and Civil Service (Formerly: Civil Service)

S 351.10973 UNI Prints held

1947-1976

Not on microfiche

Post-War Economic Policy and Planning, Special

S 330.0973 UNI

1943-46

Not on microfiche

Production, Transportation and Marketing of Wool, Special

S 338.1763 UNI

1939-1946

Not on microfiche

Public Works

(Changed to: Environment and Public Works)

S 352.50973 UNI

1947-1977

Y 4.P96/10:

Rules and Administration

S 328.70973 UNI Prints held

1947+

Y 4.R86/2:

Small Business, Select

S 338.70973 UNI Prints held

1943+

Y 4.Sm 1/2:

Space and Astronautics

S 629.1388 UNI Prints only

1958-1959

Not on microfiche

Territories and Insular Affairs, Special (Absorbed by: Public Lands)

S 354.73 UNI

1945-1946

Not on microfiche

Unemployment Problems, Special

S 331.137973 UNI

Prints held

1959-1960

Not on microfiche

Veterans Affairs

S 355.1150973 UNI

1971-1984

Y 4.V64/4:

Joint committees

Committee Name

Call Number for Paper Copy catalogued as a serial

Dates Held (1986-1996, catalogued separately)

SUDOC Microfiche

Number (1981 to date)

Atomic Energy

S 539.76 UNI Prints held

1947-1964

Not on microfiche

Congressional Operations

S 328.73 UNI

Prints held

1971-1974

Not on microfiche

Defense Production

S 355.260973 UNI Prints held

1949-1976

Not on microfiche

District of Columbia

S 336.753 UNI

1947-1964

Not on microfiche

Economic

S 330.973 UNI Prints held at S 328.7304 UNI)

1947-1996

Y 4.Ec7:

Library

Not as a serial.

1986-1996

Y 4.L 61/2:

Organization of Congress

S 328.73 UNI

Prints held

1945-1946, 1965-1966, 1993

Y 4.3:OR 3/

Pearl Harbor Attack

See microfiche reference

1945-1946

Mc 1702 and Mc 1703

Printing

S 655.173 UNI Prints held

-1992

Y 4.P93/1:

Woman Suffrage

Not in paper form

1912

Mfm 1424 (History of Women Collection Item no. 7087)

Congressional committee prints

Congressional committees often require background information to aid their deliberations. They also need to keep informed about developments in their areas of concern. Some committees have their own research staff; others make use of the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress. The results of these research activities are published as Committee prints. These publications often contain valuable statistical and historical information and legislative analysis.

As these publications are mainly for use by the committee members themselves, not many copies are made available to the public. It was only from the mid-1970’s that committee prints became depository publications and distributed more widely. Committee prints are still selectively distributed.

Those few committee prints available in paper copy are mainly filed after the hearings in each congress and session (see the section above on Committee Hearings for a list of call numbers).

Holdings of committee prints

Time Period

Format

Call Number

1911 (62nd Congress, 1st Session) - 1969 (91st Congress, 1st Session)

Microfiche

Mc 236

1970-1986 (Holdings are imperfect.)

Paper. Shelved with Congressional hearings (for which see above). Holdings are imperfect

Various. There are separate Call numbers for each committee. See the Committee Hearings listing directly above.

1986-1996 (Holdings are imperfect)

Paper. Those that are held can be found in the Library’s online catalogue

Catalogued individually

1981 + (97th Congress, 2nd Session)

Microfiche. Staff can assist in finding these numbers.

Various. See the table of Committee Hearings for the Mc SUDOC numbers.

How to identify and retrieve a congressional committee print

Time Period

Notes

1911 (62nd Congress, 1st Session) - 1969 (91st Congress, 1st Session) – Microfiche Only

A Bibliography and Indexes of United States Congressional Committee Prints, 1911–1969... Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1976. (RM MC 236 in the Newspapers and Microforms Reading Room)

Between 1911 and 1969, committee prints are identified in this publication and requested by microfiche number in the Newspapers and Microforms Reading Room.

From 1970 (91st Congress, 2nd Session) - Paper format

Committee prints should be checked or verified in CIS Index to Publications of the United States Congress (RF 328.73 CON) in the Main Reading Room.

To retrieve an individual committee print, you will require the information below from this publication.

  1. Title of the congressional committee (not the subcommittee)
  2. Title of the committee print
  3. Library’s call number for the committee
  4. Number, session and date of the Congress.

From 1982 (Microfiche)

Committee prints should be checked or verified in CIS Index to Publications of the United States Congress (RF 328.73 CON). Each entry in this index contains the MC SUDOC number for the microfiche that can be requested at the Newspapers and Microforms Reading Room Desk.

Retrieving a Committee Print

To retrieve an individual committee print, you will require

  1. The Call Number
  2. Title of the congressional committee (not the subcommittee)
  3. Title of individual hearing
  4. Number, session and date of the Congress eg . 97th Congress, 1st Session 1981
  5. If the committee print is published between 1986-1996, order through the Library Catalogue.

Congressional committee reports (House and Senate reports)

Reports describe committee findings and recommendations submitted by committees to the House or Senate following the conclusion of hearings. Reports also include factual analysis and opinions of minority members. Many reports are on bills and fiscal issues.

Committee reports are uniquely identified by the following pieces of information:

  • the numbers of the Congress and session,
  • the chamber (House or Senate),
  • the report number,
  • the bill or resolution number being reported on,
  • the committee, title, and date.

Committee Reports can be browsed in the CIS Index to Publications of the United States Congress. Washington, Congressional Information Service, 1970 to date ( RF 328.73 CON). Reports are listed for each year by committee with abstracts of the contents. The SUDOC microfiche numbers included in each entry can be used to retrieve reports from 1981+.

Committee report holdings

Time Period

Format

Call Number

1789 (1st Congress)- 1981 (97th Congress, 1st Session) House and Senate reports are contained in the Congressional Document Set (see this section below for further information on how to locate and retrieve committee reports for this time period).

Paper and Microcard (No printing is available from microcard)

Microcard

Mp7 – 1st-14th Congresses

Mp8 15th-35th Congresses

Paper: Sq 328.73 UNI

1981+ - (97th Congress+)

Microfiche

House Reports: Mc SUDOC Y 1.1/8:

Senate Reports: Mc SUDOC Y 1.1/5:

Senate Executive Reports: Mc SUDOC Y 1.1/6:

1995+ - 104th Congress

Internet

Congressional Document Set (CDS)

These publications are known in the National Library as CDS or the Congressional Document Set. In the United States they are more commonly referred to as the Congressional Serial Set, individual items being given a serial number. Many documents which are part of this set do not have their origin in Congress, but having been presented to Congress are then ordered to be printed.

The Set contains:

  • House and Senate reports - which consist of the reports of congressional committees on proposed legislation and other matters under investigation (see the section on Congressional Reports).
  • House and Senate documents - which include all the other papers ordered to be printed by either House of Congress (i.e. the House of Representatives and the Senate) and include many reports of executive departments and like establishments.

Senate Executive reports and documents

Value for Research

Like the congressional hearings, congressional documents include primary historical material about the United States, its relations with other countries,* its presence in the Pacific, e.g. the Philippine Islands, as well as information about many contemporary questions. The CDS also includes many historic census reports.

Note: *Foreign relations of the United States, published by the Department of State, contains all essential documents on United States foreign policy. Documents are usually not released to the public until 30 years after their initial publication. Bound volumes issued during the 1980s and 1990s contain material from the 1950s. These volumes are no longer being issued as part of the CDS set and are filed in the National Library stacks at S 327.73 UNI. Some copies are also being received in microfiche and can be retrieved by the SUDOC number (see explanation under Microfiche 1981-

National Library Holdings of the Congressional Document Set

Time Period

Format

Call Number

1789 (1st Congress) up to March 1859 (35th Congress).

The documents from the first 14 Congresses (to 1817) were known as American State Papers.

Microprint (Copies cannot be made from microprint collections held in the Library)

The CDS set to 1873 will be placed online in the coming years.

Mp 7 for 1-14th Congresses.

Mp 8 for 15th-35th Congresses

 

1878 (45th Congress) to 1979 (96th Congress, 1st Session). Some bound volumes from the 15th Congress, 1818 to the 44th Congress, 1877 are also held.

Paper

Sq 328.73 UNI

For 1980 documents , contact the United States Information Service Library on (06) 6270 5874.

House and Senate Reports and Documents

1981+ - 97th Congress, 1st Session +

Microfiche

House Reports: Mc SUDOC Y 1.1/8:

House Documents: Mc SUDOC Y 1.1/7:

Senate Reports: Mc SUDOC Y 1.1/5:

Senate Documents: Mc SUDOC Y 1.1/3:

Senate Executive Documents: Mc SUDOC Y 1.1/4:

Senate Executive Reports: Mc SUDOC Y 1.1/6:

From 1995 onwards (104th Congress+), Committee Reports only

Internet

 

Finding aids and indexes

1. CIS US Serial Set Index 1789 to 1969. Washington, Congressional Information Service. The 36 volumes are located at RF 328.73 CON

American State Papers, the documents of the first 14 Congresses held by the National Library on Readex microcard, can be identified and located through the Serial Set Index. They are numbered in groups from 01 through to 038 and have the prefix ASP in the index. The Readex cards are arranged by these numbers. The Readex collection number for American State Papers is MP7. Please note that copying is not available from microcard format.

The CDS (Congressional Document Set, or Serial Set) has been given serial numbers (or CDS numbers) from the 15th Congress onwards. A number of single reports or documents may be bound into one volume and this volume, not the individual document, will carry the CDS number. Large documents, such as annual reports, which occupy whole volumes will have their own CDS numbers. The Readex cards for these documents are arranged by the CDS number. The Readex collection number for the CDS is MP8. Please note that copying is not available from microcard format

2. CIS Index to Publications of the United States Congress. Washington, Congressional Information Service, 1970 to date. (RF 328.73 CON)

3. Numerical lists and schedule of volumes of the reports and documents of the ... Congress 1933/34 (73rd Congress) to 1980 (96th Congress, 2nd Session) (RF 015.73 UNI)

4. United States congressional serial set catalog 1981 (97th Congress, 1st Congress) +. This catalog is generally 5 years out of date, so check the Monthly Catalog above for more recent publications. (RF 015.73 UNI)

How to identify and retrieve congressional documents

Ask Library staff for assistance with retrieval of documents.

Microcard (CDS documents 1789-March 1839)

To retrieve documents in microcard format, note the ASP or CDS number from the CIS Serial Set Index along with the Readex collection number, MP7 (1st-14th Congresses)or MP8 (15th to 35th Congresses), and go to the Newspaper/Microform Reading Room on the Lower Ground Floor 1.

Note: There is no copying facility from microprint.

Bound volumes

*Some bound volumes from the 15th Congress, 1818 to the 44th Congress, 1877 and:

1878 (45th Congress) to 1969 (91st Congress, 1st Session)

Bound volumes of the CDS are also arranged in the National Library by the CDS number, and shelved at the general call number S 328.73 UNI in the Hume warehouse.

To retrieve a bound volume of CDS up to 1969 use the CIS Serial Set Index:

  • Check the subject index of the volume covering the date you require.
  • Select your document, noting the CDS number and title

Note: All bound volumes before 1980 are at the warehouse. There could be several hours delay before they are supplied.

Bound volumes - from 1970 (91st Congress, 2nd Session) to 1979 (96th Congress, 1st Session)

To retrieve a bound volume dated between 1970 and 1979:

Use the CIS Index to Publications of the United States Congress or the Monthly Catalog to identify your publication. These indexes do not give the CDS number. Staff will assist if required.

Note the Congress number and session, and the House or Senate document number and use the appropriate Numerical List and Schedule of Volumes to identify the CDS number

Microfiche 1981+ (97th Congress, 1st Session)+

From 1981 all CDS documents are on microfiche. They are arranged by the number ascribed to them in the Monthly Catalog- United States congressional serial set supplement (RF 015.73 UNI) known popularly as the SUDOC number. The CIS Index to Publications...( RF 328.73 UNI) also quotes the SUDOC numbers.

Request these items by the Mc SUDOC number in the Newspapers and Microforms Reading Room.

Note: The National Library’s hard copy holdings stopped in 1979, whereas the microfiche commenced in 1981.

Internet - From 1995 onwards (104th Congress+), Committee Reports only

See the heading Committee Reports.

Congressional research reports

The Congressional Research Service (CRS) is part of the legislative branch of the federal government. CRS, which is a department of the Library of Congress, works exclusively as a nonpartisan analytical, research, and reference arm for Congress. Some of the work of the CRS is published in the form of Committee Prints (see the section above), for the Congresssional committees.

Selective reports from the CRS are available online.

Users can browse the reports by name, number, or subject, or conduct a keyword search. Subject areas include: Environment/Natural Resources, Economic Policy, Education, Government and Law, Foreign and Defense Policy, Health, and Science and Technology.

Back to the top