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A round figure of 162,000 can be taken as a good approximation for all convict arrivals between 1788 and 1868, when the last shipment went to Western Australia. See Convicts and the British colonies in Australia from the Australian Government australia.gov.au website for a brief description of the convict system.
There are several good websites devoted to convict matters, if you need further information. These include the following:
Convicts to Australia - a guide to researching your convict ancestors.
Convicts Australia - indexes and links.
Convicts - a page of recommended links on convicts.