Background

This report offers a review of recent significant acquisitions by the National Library. It covers the period from July to December 2011. It does not describe the large volume of acquisitions of both Australian and overseas materials that are routinely acquired through deposit, purchase or donation.

Australian Publications

 The depth and strength of the foundation collections of Sir Rex Nan Kivell, E.A. Petherick and Sir John Ferguson, mean that the Library is more often seeking quite obscure Australiana, often of European origin, to fill collection gaps. Our efforts to identify and acquire material that is either listed, or is eligible for inclusion, in Ferguson’s Bibliography of Australia have included a number of outstanding editions with an emphasis on early exploration, natural history and European discovery.

The Library is the only known Australian public institution to have complete collection copies of the following editions:

  • Isidore Etymologiarum opus; Idem de summo bono an early 16th century version of Isidore of Seville’s great medieval encyclopedia published in Venice by Bonetus Locatellus for the heirs of Octavianus Scotus. Isidore theorised that the world was globular and the work deals with the fabled fourth continent or Antipodes. The illustrations include a “T-O” world map: the earliest known representation of the medieval world map.
  •  A very rare 16th century, first French edition proposing a voyage to colonise the incogneu southern land: L’Amiral de France. Et par occasion, de celuy des autres nations, tant vieiles que nouuelles by Henri Lancelot-Voisin de la Popeliniere (Paris : Chez Thomas Perier…, 1584).  La Popeliniere was a foundation writer for French interest in the Pacific who mounted an attempt to found a colony. He may have been the first French explorer to search for Terra Australe.
  •  Nederlandsche Reizen, tot bevordering van den Koophandel (Amsterdam : Petrus Conradi, Te Harlingen, V. van der Plaats, 1784-1787), an anthology in 14 volumes on Dutch explorers, merchants, and voyagers of the 17th and 18th centuries, including Schouten, Le Maire, Abel Tasman.
  • Sonderbare Naturerscheinungen zur Unterhaltung und Belehrung für die Jugend. Nebst einem naturhistorischen Räthselbuche. Erster Theil (Gotha, 1803), a rare German children’s book with a description and illustration of the platypus based on Blumenbach’s Abbildungen naturhistorischer Gegenstände The plate is a re-engraving of the Abbildungen illustration, hand-coloured in light brown. The colouring would appear to be based on Frederick Nodder’s illustration of the animal in Shaw’s Naturalists’ Miscellany.

In addition to a selection of vintage travel posters (including works by poster artists Percy Trompf, A. Amspoker, Ralph Warner and James Northfield) a large cache of contemporary music posters for acts touring Australia from 1992-2010 was acquired from a private collector. The collection includes individual Australian performers and bands, international artists and the high profile Australian music festivals.

Ephemera generated in response to the August 2011 ‘Convoy of No Confidence’ protest about theGillard government’s proposed carbon tax, suspension of Indonesian live exports and power-sharing arrangements with the Independents and Greens; as well as the October Royal visit (Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Phillip) and November 2011 visits by the US President Barack Obama, Danish Crown Prince Frederik and Princess Mary was also taken into the collection.

 Although supply of ephemera featuring Australian performers appearing in the United Kingdom has slowed following the cessation of the Library’s London-based acquisitions consultant, interesting programs and other ephemera were acquired for appearances by Joan Sutherland and Dame Edna Everage (who made her pantomime debut in December 2012 as ‘The Saviour of London’ in a production of Dick Whittington).

The Library continues to build its collection of Australian serial titles by donation and retrospective purchasing of issues to fill gaps in existing holdings and also by identifying and acquiring titles not previously held by the Library.  The Library places a particular focus on obtaining serials that reflect popular culture, as these are often difficult to acquire and provide researchers with an important source of information on Australian history and society.  Some significant acquisitions during the period included a number of aviation-related titles including copies of newsletters from the Early Birds Association from 1972-1981;19 volumes of the Draper of Australasia a clothing trade magazine from Melbourne; 32 issues of the Catcher a 1980s magazine about the Mbug computing language; 46 issues of Commodore Network a serial from the 1990s for Commodore 64 users; Volumes 4 & 5 (January-December 1838) of the serial Jugend-Blatter : Monatschrift zur Forderung wahrer Bildung, a German children’s magazine with woodcut illustrations of Australian and South Pacific views; 20 issues of Keeping Trax a magazine devoted to the collecting of Australian diecast model cars; and 15 issues of Australian tattoo from the 1990s.

Manuscripts

Our holdings relating to Louis de Freycinet continue to grow with the acquisition of thirteen letters to Freycinet from Joseph Paul Gaimard and Jean Rene Constant Quoy. Gaimard and Quoy wrote while serving as senior scientists on the second Pacific voyage of Dumont d’Urville aboard L’Astrolabe. Their correspondence provides valuable insight into the daily activities of the expedition, confirmation of the exact location of the wreck of the La Perouse expedition, as well as a valuable narrative of the friendship between the men. In addition there are also two significant letters concerning the French ‘July Revolution’ of 1830 and an outbreak of cholera in Russia.

There was a significant addition to the records of Federal Secretariat of the Australian Labor Party, including records on election policy, proceedings of national conferences and the national platform.

The latest transfer of Hugh Gilchrist’s papers concern his research on Greek-Australian relations and are a valuable addition to our multicultural holdings. Gilchrist’s diplomatic posts included being Ambassador to Greece, as well as many offices in the Department of External Affairs. 

The records of the Australian Reproductive Health Alliance were transferred when the Alliance ceased operation in September 2011. The Alliance aimed to advance the status of women by promoting improved sexual and reproductive health in Australia and the Asia Pacific. The collection provides an important insight into the complex issues and lobbying involved in the work.

The papers of biographer and literary scholar the late Axel Clark including correspondence with his network of family, colleagues, students and friends, and his research material on Christopher Brennan and Henry Handel Richardson. There was also a separate addition to the papers of his mother, linguist Dymphna Clark, including significant correspondence between Manning and Dymphna Clark from 1937 to 1989 which provides valuable insight into their world. Material relating to poet Peter Porter increased with the transfer of small but significant collections of correspondence between Porter and poets and friends Douglas Houston and Anthony Thwaite.

The Library acquired the extensive archive of the Mackay family, owners since the 1860s of Wallendbeen Station, Cootamundra. The archive offers insights into individual family members’ activities, such as politician and author James Mackay’s command of the Light Horse Brigade, and his brother Donald’s expeditions to Central Australia and Papua New Guinea in the 1930s.

Maps

Two superb pairs of Georgian celestial/terrestrial floor globes, manufactured by the premier English globe-maker J & W Cary between 1799 and 1825, were acquired from Arader Galleries in New York. The Library holds most of the key maps for the period leading to the European discovery and mapping of the Australian continent, however there is no cornerstone collection for globes of this era in any Australian library. Globes were highly sought-after educational tools and, in some cases, status symbols produced in limited numbers. The two pairs are of the highest quality: one covers the immediate post-Cook era, the other immediate post-Flinders.  The Library already holds a pocket globe dated 1791 and a celestial pocket globe (c.1820) produced by this firm. With these acquisitions the Library now holds the fullest possible range from the Cary partnership.

Indiae Orientalis nova descriptio printed by the Dutch Jansson publishing house in 1630, was purchased from Hordern House. Covering all of South-east Asia, it is the earliest map to include traces of Jansz's 1605 Duyfken voyage to the East Indies and the northwest coast of Australia. With the two 1620s maps by VOC cartographer Hessel Gerritsz (collected by E A Petherick), the three are the earliest known printed maps showing the Australian discoveries. The 1630 map, a now exceedingly rare first edition, includes many decorative features.

A private donor was the source of ‘Military Map compiled in the Surveyor General’s office 1889’. Printed on cloth and signed ‘G.W. Goyder Sur. General’, it was originally produced as a supplement to a South Australian government report. Colonial military mapping is rare, and this map is unrecorded in Australian libraries. It shows in extraordinary detail all coastal features for Adelaide and surrounding districts; military installations, major roads, tramways, waterways, mills, fences, building names, cemeteries, terrain, land use and vegetation.

The Library received the last of a significant consignment (some 600 items) of Victorian and southern New South Wales cadastral mapping, acquired from a defunct south coast property business. City of South Melbourne, published by the Victorian Department of Lands and Survey in 1885 and showing all landholders adjacent to Albert Park, is characteristic of property plans dating from the 1840s to the early 1900s, which track the development of town infrastructure and give details of land ownership.

The Library receives regular enquiries as a result of recent improved cataloguing of Australian aerial photographs, and occasionally accepts donations filling gaps in our collection of some 800,000 prints. An interesting donation was received from a botanist working on climate and forestation of the Snowy Mountains region. The photographs of early partial developments in the Falls Creek area in the late 1930s show snowbound areas which have long since ceased to receive falls. The donor’s work is typical of recent uses of the collection in identifying past vegetation or climatic conditions.

A group of six hand-drawn charts signed by Henry Parish, marine surveyor on Earl Macartney's embassy to China in 1792 was acquired. Though considered a failure, the mission returned to Britain with detailed observations, including harbour drawings of Turon Bay (Da Nang in modern Vietnam) prepared for publication by H.W. Parish in 1793. His coastal and harbour drawings of St Paul’s Island in the Indian Ocean, parts of Sumatra, and the Sunda Straits remain unpublished.

Recent acquisitions from Defence have included mapping of Nauru, updating the Library’s holdings for a country for which existing post-1960s holdings were deficient; also Iran 1:100,000 and Kuwait 1:100,000 topographic series produced by the US military during the Gulf War. Two topographic series of East Timor produced in the late 1990s for the INTERFET multinational peacekeeping taskforce incorporate Indonesian and Australian government sources, and were updated as military operations unfolded.

Music and dance

The strength of the Library’s collecting activity in the performing arts continued with the acquisition of the papers of jazz pianist and composer Paul Grabowksy. The collection comprises scores for Grabowsky’s piano concerto; opera, film and television, the Pram Factory theatre, and the multi-media work Theft of Sita, created for the 2000 Melbourne International Arts Festival; as well as scores and business records of the Australian Art Orchestra.

The contemporary Indigenous dance collection was expanded with oral history interviews with Stephen Page, artistic director of Bangarra Dance Theatre, and choreographers Gina Rings, Gary Lang, Tim Newth and David McMicken.

The addition of new material to the papers of the choreographer Rex Reid provides new insights into his career and partnership with Natasha Kirsta  and her Cairo-based ballet company Les Contemporains in the 1950s. Significant additions were also made to the papers of performer and arts administrator Robyn Archer and composer Larry Sitsky.

New performing arts collections include country music pioneer Tex Morton, a gifted showman, who performed as a singer, hypnotist, sharpshooter and whip cracker, and vaudeville entertainers Bobby and Gracie le Brun.

Oral history and folklore

Many recent interviews with former politicians have been commissioned in a partnership with the Museum of Australian Democracy, including with former Ministers Jeannette McHugh, Gary Johns, Ben Humphreys, John Sharp and Jim Carlton and former Speaker, David Hawker.  The 97 year old Andrew Moffatt, a long term New South Wales Labor Party member, was the first person to be interviewed for a project to document and investigate the historical motivations behind political party membership.

Queenslanders Brian Davis, Lew Wyvill QC, Bill Hayden, Manfred Cross, Malcolm McMillan, Terry White and Greg Chamberlin were the final interviewees for the Decades of Division project about state politics in the Bjelke-Petersen period.

By the end of 2011 more than 100 interviews had been completed for the Forgotten Australians and Former Child Migrants project.  The interviews reveal the diversity of experiences and life outcomes of people who were in care as children, as well as the experiences of some teachers, administrators, employees and religious personnel who worked in the homes.

Eminent Australians interviewed included astrophysicist Professor Harvey Butcher, sculptor Bert Flugelman, entrepreneur Michael Edgely and cook Maggie Beer. Former members of the Church of Scientology Michelle Sterling and Lana Mitchell were interviewed for a project about cults; and teacher Eric Johns and academic John Lynch were interviewed about the experience of Australians in Papua New Guinea. Author and folklorist Vivienne Sawyer, horticulturalist Bob McInnes, artist Andy Saunders and midwife Iris McLachlan were interviewed for the Voices of the Bush project.

Oral History lends itself to the documentation of Indigenous culture and history, and interviews were recorded with East Kimberley leader Frank Chulung, educator Noel Butler and singer songwriter Bob Randall.  Stephen Corporal, Wesley Enoch, Michael Quall, and Simone Liddy were interviewed for the Seven years on: continuing life stories of Aboriginal leaders project.

Many women have been interviewed as part of the Australian Research Council funded project Women and leadership in a century of Australian democracy. They include philanthropist Carol Schwartz; botanist Professor Adrienne Clarke; physician Jill Tabart; feminist Wendy McCarthy; educator Sister Joan Healy; lawyer Professor Hilary Charlesworth; Victorian Liberal Minister Louise Asher; trade unionist Mary Bluett; former Police Commissioner Christine Nixon; sports administrator Beverly Knight; Marion Lau, Chair of the Ethnic Communities Council of Victoria; Bishop Barbara Darling; Voula Messimeri-Kianidis, CEO of the Australian Greek Welfare Society; and Melba Marginson, activist for Filipino brides and those exploited in Australian-owned sex tour venues.

Pictures

A rare wax medallion portrait of Captain James Cook was acquired from
Charles Leski Auctions, further enhancing the Library’s collection of early images of Cook. This 1775 image by Thomas R. Poole is believed to have been presented to Princess Caroline of Brunswick, then Princess of Wales.

Two new pictures were added to the Library’s collection of artist portraits.  A pencil portrait of Fred Williams by his friend John Brack was produced in 1979 and was a precursor to a 1980 oil portrait.  A 2003 portrait of author Tim Winton, painted from life, was purchased from the artist Peter Wegner.

Two important pictures by Aboriginal artists depict life in rural Victoria. A pen and ink work, Ceremony (1900), is by Tommy McRae, who lived and worked in the Corowa region during a period of great change for his culture and people. Living along the River Murray… (2008) by Ian Abdullah is a colourful diptych recording the artist’s recollections of bathing in the River Murray before going to school.

A very rare painting by James Northfield featuring a koala and cub from the 1930s complements the Library’s print produced for the Australian National Travel Association. A Hans Heysen watercolour of a bushfire that threatened the Adelaide Hills in 1913 was purchased at auction. Heysen painted this attractive work soon after moving to the region and signed it ‘To Sallie’ (his wife) immortalising the reportedly frightening time for the family.

John Rider Roberts’ watercolour of Enoch Fowler’s pottery business (still known today as Fowler Ware) is believed to have been commissioned by Fowler. The thriving business, at its third location since it began in 1837, is shown with pottery items laid in an orderly fashion on the site at the corner of Parramatta Road and Australia Street, Camperdown.

An oil floral study by Ellis Rowan titled Chrysanthemums (c.1890) purchased at auction complements the Library’s extensive collection of the artist’s watercolours. This work was painted soon after Rowan won the Gold Medal at the 1888 Melbourne Centennial exhibition, at which the international jury commented: ‘Her masterly delineations of the Australian and New Zealand flora have excited general admiration and have secured for her the highest honours’.

A rare early 1860s Sutton panoramic curved-glass plate of the Australian gold mining town Dunolly southwest of Bendigo was purchased at auction. The image shows in detail the Colonial Bank, hotels and slab constructed buildings, surrounding landscape and townspeople. An attractive glass plate negative of a thylacine held in London Zoo at the turn of the 19th century was also purchased.

Two type C photographic prints Australia: Isle of Refuge and Cronulla were acquired from photographer Anne Zahalka. The works from the series Return to Homeground!provide a satirical commentary on Australian identity.

Online Publications

To provide on-going access to Australian documentary material in digital form the Library collects significant Australian websites and other online documents and makes them available for use through the PANDORA archive. In the six months to December 2011, 3,535 new online publications and websites were added to the collection. The following examples of resources recently added to the Archive show the diversity of the material being collected.

  • 100 Years of Australian Antarctic Expeditions (http://nla.gov.au/nla.arc-128609). Website managed by the Australian Antarctic Division documenting news and events relating to the celebration of the centenary of the 1911-1914 Australasian Antarctic Expedition lead by Douglas Mawson.
  • Dutch Australians at a Glance (http://nla.gov.au/nla.arc-128608). A website with the objective of preserving the experience of Dutch migrants to Australia and providing a focal point for academics engaged in research on Dutch Australians.
  • Human Rights Law Centre (http://nla.gov.au/nla.arc-127871). Website of the leading national community legal centre which promotes and protects human rights in Australia.
  • Four Corners (http://nla.gov.au/nla.arc-129911). Website of the premier ABC news and current affairs television program. The site includes information and transcripts of all episodes from 2000 until the present. The archived copy also includes the web pages celebrating 50 years of 4 Corners.
  •  R U OK? (http://nla.gov.au/nla.arc-129332). Website of the independent, not-for-profit organisation inspired by the death of Barry Larkin in 1995 and which has the stated aim of providing a national focus and leadership on suicide prevention by empowering Australians to have open and honest conversations and stay connected with people in their lives.
  •  Social Media Blog – Bureau of Meteorology (http://nla.gov.au/nla.arc-127889). The BOM’s blog featuring articles, information and multimedia designed to share the work of the Bureau with the public and to seek feedback and ideas for developing a social media conversation between the public and the Bureau.

 In addition, the Library provides access to a range of high quality, historically significant online resources and continued to expand this with subscriptions to the following collections: 

  • Zhongguo zi xun hang = [infobank : China content provider], published in Beijing. China infobank offers an advanced interface to reference, political, economic and geographical sources on China.The Chinese publishing industry is active, dynamic and continually developing new products for both the home and overseas market. Pricing and access conditions for online databases in particular are usually very competitive as Australia is considered a small market.
  • Xin fang zhi  = [Local gazetteers database of China] is an indispensable reference source containing factual data on 10,000 post-1949 provinces, cities, counties and townships of China with a comprehensive coverage of subjects on general surveys, economy, public finance, governance, public security, urban and rural development, agriculture, industry, transportation, business, natural science, social science, education, culture and sport, and public health. Users can search the contents across the database or browse individual gazetteers.
  • Findmypast Irish edition supports the increasingly popular field of genealogical research and complements our existing subscriptions to the Australian and UK editions of Findmypast.  The Irish edition includes land records, directories, wills, obituaries, gravestone inscriptions and marriages.  The earliest records date to the 13th century (wills) and include several important collections from the 18th century (e.g. the Elphin Census 1749 and the 1798 Rebellion records).  It is also expected that Prison Registers 1790-1924 will soon be added, which document over 4 million incarcerations throughout Ireland, "next of kin" and the names of victims where recorded, plus full physical descriptions of the plaintiffs in some cases.
  • JSTOR Arts and Sciences collection X adds to our existing subscription for the Arts and Sciences collections I-IX and provides access to a range of overseas journal titles in the subject areas of sociology, education, public policy and the history of science and technology. 
  • Making of the modern world, part II, 1851-1914 provides access to the full-text of monographs in the field of economics interpreted in the widest sense, including political science, history, sociology, and special collections on banking, finance, transportation and manufacturing.  It supplements our existing access to Part I of the database which covers the period 1450-1850. 
Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography includes biographies of mathematicians and natural scientists from all countries and from all historical periods.
 

Asian collections

Additions to the Asian collections showed their usual variety and scholarly interest.

Sophie Viravong of the Thai Unit took an acquisitions trip to Thailand and Cambodia from 25 July to 5 August 2011. Sophie visited the Southern Thailand region and sourced regional publications on the Muslim conflicts in southern Thailand; works which are not available in Bangkok.

Many scholars still enjoy print, and an important collection of unique sources on the Chinese Cultural Revolution period (1966-1976) was acquired in a set of 112 print volumes. Xin bian Hong wei bing zi liao = [A new collection of Red Guard publications] was published in the US, representing a comprehensive collection of primary sources on the Cultural Revolution period not previously available in any form, and not in China.

Two groups of twelve Chinese miniature watercolour paintings on pith paper dating from the late 19th century were acquired from the Asia Bookroom. The images, created for the Western tourist trade, are detailed and colourful illustrations of typical Chinese subjects such as mandarins, theatre scenes, flowers, birds and the ever-popular punishments. While not of high value they are a contemporary visual record, and reflect the Western traders’ fascination with China. The images have already been examined by a Harold White Fellow researching Chinese hairstyles.

A regional Japanese newspaper, the Okinawa Times (Okinawa taimusu) was acquired in microfilm for the period June 1948-December 2009. This newspaper is an important document of the history of the Occupation period and Japan’s relationship with the US.

Also from Japan, a delightful album of photographs of Yokohama dating from the late 19th century was acquired. The album, produced as a decorative item for the tourist trade contains high quality images of typical Japanese scenes.

Japanese pictures of Japanese life / [chosha ken hakkōsha Hasegawa Takejirō ; gakō Arai Yoshimune].Tokyo : Hasegawa Takejiro, Showa 4 [1929].  This crepe-paper picture book produced by one of Japan’s pre-eminent publishers in this genre includes coloured wood-block prints depicting various aspects of Japanese life for a foreign audience, for example, rice-planting, modes of transport, and an umbrella-maker.

Several backsets of important Japanese journals were acquired to document an emerging area of new research, Japan in the 1950s including:

  • Shufu no tomo [women’s magazine], 1928 to 1956
  •  Chuo Koron [monthly current affairs magazine], 1939 to 1959
  • Shukan Asahi [weekly current affairs magazine], 1934 to 1963
  • Jiyu to seigi = Liberty and justice [legal affairs journal], 1950 to 1996.

Other Overseas Publications

The Library continues to collect a wide range of books and journals published overseas including: a number of dance books from the late Valrene Tweedie, who was the only Australian dancer to audition successfully for the Ballets Russes in the 1930s; five works by Professor Kruty on the work of Walter Griffin, his wife Marion Mahony and Frank Lloyd Wright, who owned the American architectural practice in which Griffin and Mahony worked for a time;  back issues of XX century and peace, originally published by the Soviet Peace Committee and covering a wide range of topics related to Russian history; missing volumes of Their name liveth containing pictures of war cemeteries from a number of conflict zones, including Gallipoli, Greece, the Pacific Islands, Japan, Thailand and Burma; and the complete 72 volume set of the Schottenstein edition of the Talmud which does not appear to be held by any other Australian library.

The Pacific continues to be a focus of overseas collection development activities and recent acquisitions include: a first edition of Coloured apostles: giving the Gospel to the cannibals of the South Seas by George Hosking Wicks and published by the London Missionary Society; a recently published edition of Murray Groves’ 1950 PhD thesis Motu of Papua: tradition in a time of change; and a detailed wall chart depicting New Testament Bible translations in Papua New Guinea languages.

To complement and enhance the print collection, the Library also acquires microform research collections. Many of these are issued in parts over a long period. During the last six months, we acquired:

  • Papers of colonial advisers on politics, culture and religion in the Netherlands Indies, c. 1895-1949. Part 3, Papers of Rudolf Aernoud Kern (1875-1958), period 1896-1955. The third part of this microfiche series contains copies of the papers of Rudolf Kern, who lived and worked in the Dutch East Indies for nearly 30 years in the early 20th century. The papers cover Kern’s career as controller and assistant-resident in Java and acting advisor for native affairs. The Library holds Kern’s collection of pre-20th century books about the Dutch East Indies.

The Library continued to selectively acquire significant rare items for the collection, both through purchase and donation. Titles acquired in this period include:

  • Voiage and travaile of Sir John Maundevile, Kt. : which treateth of the way to Hierusalem, and of marvayles of Inde, with other ilands and countryes. New York : Random House, 1928. This work was purchased from Hordern House’s Great South Land catalogue. Sir John Mandeville is the pen name used by the unidentified author of one of the most famous and widely read travel romances of Europe. It was first published in French in 1360 and by the end of the century had been translated into 10 major European languages. This edition, which is based on a late English edition of 1725, was printed by Grabhorn Press, a well-known American private press based in San Francisco.
  • On the best state of a commonwealth and on the new island of Utopia : a truly golden handbook , no less beneficial than entertaining / by the most distinguished and eloquent author Thomas More, citizen and undersheriff of the famous City of London, translated and edited by George M. Logan and Robert M. Adams ; introduced by Peter Ackroyd ; illustrated by Adam Simpson. London : Folio Society, 2011. First published in Louvain in 1516, this Folio edition follows the revised Cambridge University Press edition of 2002 (itself based on the Norton Critical Edition of 1975), with minor amendments. This was Thomas More’s best known and most controversial work. It was More who coined the word "utopia" – a name he gave to the ideal, imaginary island nation, whose political system he described in Utopia.
  • Tapa: the archives of Eden. Tahiti : Pacific Evenements, 2000. This rare work is not held any in any Australian or Oceanian library and contains samples of tapa cloth. Tapa cloth (or simply tapa) is a bark cloth made in the islands of the Pacific Ocean, primarily in Tonga, Samoa and Fiji, but as far afield as Niue, Cook Islands, Futuna, Solomon Islands, Java, New Zealand, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea (particularly in Oro Province around Tufi) and Hawaiʻi. In French Polynesia it has nearly disappeared, except for some villages in the Marquesas.
  • An extract of the Rev. Mr. John Wesley's journal, from September 3, 1741. to October 27, 1743. Bristol ; London : Printed by William Pine..., 1769. While the Library holds surrogates in microform and electronic formats, this association copy has notes pencilled in the margins by Richard Locke (1737-1806), an English agriculturalist and antiquarian. Locke is the great nephew of the philosopher John Locke (1632-1704).