For English and Welsh convicts, the Criminal Registers 1792 -1892 of the Home Office at HO 26 & HO 27 give the convict’s
name and age,
crime, date and place of trial,
when and where received,
date of execution or release,
by whom committed and to whom delivered.
Convict's birth place may be listed on later records.
These records are indexed and digitised in Ancestry.com, under UK records, and are also on the microfilm copies in the Australian Joint Copying Project in the NMRR. Use the date of trial from the Convict Indent to identify the correct microfilm from the AJCP Guide for the Home Office.
Records of London trials are available at The Proceedings of the Old Bailey at www.oldbaileyonline.org/.
Information about the crimes of some Irish convicts may be available in the Irish Transportation Records. An index is available at http://findingaids.nationalarchives.ie/ and records on microfilm in the NMRR.
For Scottish convicts search the National Archives of Scotland catalogue at www.nas.gov.uk/onlineCatalogue/ using the convict’s name. Various catalogue records may be found including those for the precognition records which usually state the crime and other some personal details of the accused.
For convicts convicted in military Courts Martial, see the Registers of Courts Martial at WO86, WO89, WO90, WO92 and WO93 on microfilm in the Australian Joint Copying Project(AJCP). Some civilians may have been tried at Courts Martial if the country or area was under Martial Law. See the AJCP War Office Handbook for microfilm numbers.
A report of the convict’s trial may appear in a newspaper of the time. Try the online newspaper services in eResources:
- 19th Century British Library Newspapers
- British Newspaper Archive,
- Times Digital Archive and the
- Irish Newspaper Archive via eResources and/or check the Library’s catalogue for relevant newspapers on microfilm.