Glossary - The Use and Influence of Science

This glossary includes words highlighted in bold throughout the module. Unless otherwise indicated, definitions and glossary entries come from the Maquarie Dictionary.

Definitions have been selected for best fit to context; some entries have multiple meanings in different applications.

Aerodynamic

1.  of or relating to aerodynamics

2.  able to travel through the air; designed for air travel

3.  of or relating to a shape that reduces drag, as of an aeroplane or sports car: an aerodynamic spoiler

Archaeological

(From Archaeology) the systematic study of any culture, especially a prehistoric one, by excavation and description of its remains

Bow drill

See Bow Drill with Annotations, Wikimedia Commons

Cochlear implant

an artificial hearing device which produces hearing sounds by stimulating inner-ear nerves by means of a pad of electrodes implanted into the cochlea; designed to restore some hearing ability to those with severe damage to the inner-ear nerves

CSIRO

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, the largest scientific research organisation in Australia. Although active in a wide field of scientific research, its main responsibility has been to support Australian primary and secondary industry, rather than engage in pure research.

Cyclical

of or relating to a cycle or cycles; revolving or recurring in cycles; characterised by recurrence in cycles

Collate

to compare (texts, statements, etc.) in order to note points of agreement or disagreement

Correlation

mutual relation of two or more things, parts, etc.

Deficiencies

(from deficiency)

1.  the state or fact of being deficient; lack; incompleteness; insufficiency

2.  the amount lacked; a deficit

Ether

a highly volatile and flammable colourless liquid, diethyl ether, (C2H5)2O, obtained by the action of sulphuric acid on alcohol, and used as a solvent and anaesthetic

Game

wild animals, including birds and fishes, hunted for sport or profit

Germinate

to sprout; put forth shoots

Ingenuity

the quality of being ingenious; inventive talent.

Innate

1.  inborn; existing or as if existing in one from birth: innate modesty

2.  inherent in the essential character of something

Innovative

new and original

Kinetic Energy

the energy which a body possesses by virtue of its motion; the energy which any system possesses by virtue of the motion of its components

Leverage

the mechanical advantage or power gained by using a lever

Maim

to deprive the use of some bodily part, mutilate; cripple

Mosaic

a pattern composed of diverse elements combined together

Mutton

the flesh of well gown sheep, as distinguished from lamb

Patented

acquired a government grant conferring exclusive rights to make, use and sell an invention or discovery

Polymer

a material made of long, repeating chains of molecules; often used to describe plastics (which are synthetic polymers)

Definition from Live Science: What Is a Polymer? https://www.livescience.com/60682-polymers.html

Prototype

the original or model on which anything is formed

Rotary

turning around on an axis; having a part or parts that rotate

Spoil

to become spoiled, bad, or unfit for use, as food or other perishable substances; become tainted or putrid

Suburbia

the suburbs collectively; the characteristic life of people in suburbs

Tuber

a fleshy, usually oblong or rounded thickening or outgrowth (as the potato) of a subterranean stem or shoot

Type Metal

an alloy for making printing types, consisting chiefly of lead and antimony, and sometimes small quantities of tin, copper, etc.

Virologist

a person who studies or deals with virology, the branch of medical science that deals with viruses and the diseases caused by them

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