Australian extension to LCSH

Australian geographic subdivisions

Libraries Australia practice is to include Australia in the countries which are subdivided by first order political division. When subdividing topics by Australian geographic places, subdivide directly through the relevant state or territory, ie

Family--New South Wales--Sydney

Nationalities in Australia 

Establish headings for individual nationalities living in Australia in the composite form:

[qualifier designating country of origin] Australians (May Subd Geog)

Vietnamese Australians (May Subd Geog)

Do not hyphenate these headings.

Such headings represent the permanent residents of Australia, including naturalised citizens. For aliens living in Australia, students from abroad, etc., assign a heading of the type e.g. Japanese--Australia.

Reference pattern

Always provide the following references for nationality headings in Australia, e.g.

[Nationality] Australians (May Subd Geog)
450 [Nationality] Australians--Australia
450 New Australians
450 [Alternative nationality adjective] Australians
550 Ethnology--Australia
550 [Nationality]--Australia
551 Australia--Emigration and immigration
551 Australia--Population

British Australians (May Subd Geog)
450 British Australians--Australia
450 New Australians
450 Anglo Australians
550 Ethnology--Australia
550 British--Australia
551 Australia--Emigration and immigration
551 Australia--Population

For information on nationalities in foreign countries including the United States see the Library of Congress Subject Cataloguing Manual H1919.5.

ABN-approved subject headings 

Aboriginal Australian languages 

Headings for the major Aboriginal Australian languages have been verified with references on Libraries Australia. Australian approved subject headings which differ from LCSH carry a 'z' code in the 008/11 field.


Code Libraries Australia LCSH
150 Adnyamathanha language Adynyamathanha language
150 Alawa language As in LCSH
150 Alyawarra language As in LCSH
150 Ami language (Australia) As in LCSH
150 Anindilyakwa language As in LCSH
150 Anguthimri language As in LCSH
150 Anindilyakwa language As in LCSH
150 Anmatyerre language As in LCSH
150 Aranda language As in LCSH
150 Awabakal language As in LCSH
150 Awngthim dialect under review
150 Baagandji language (previous ABN approved heading) SEE Barkindji language  
150 Bandjalang language As in LCSH
150 Banyjima language  
150 Bardi language As in LCSH
150 Barngarla language As in LCSH
150 Barkindji language As in LCSH
150 Bidjara language As in LCSH
150 Burarra language  
150 Central Paman languages As in LCSH
150 Chaap Wuurong language (previous ABN approved headings) SEE Djabwurrung language  
150 Coastal Paman languages As in LCSH
150 Daly languages As in LCSH
150 Darumbal language As in LCSH
150 Darlwangu language  
150 Dhangu languages As in LCSH
150 Dharawal language As in LCSH
150 Dharug language  
150 Dhauwurd wurrung language As in LCSH
150 Dhay'yi languages  
150 Dhungutti language As in LCSH
150 Dhurga language As in LCSH
150 Dhuwal languages As in LCSH
150 Dhuwala languages  
150 Diyari language As in LCSH
150 Djabugay language  
150 Djabwurrung language As in LCSH
150 Djambarrpuyngu language  
150 Djangu languages  
150 Djapu language As in LCSH
150 Djaru language As in LCSH
150 Djingili language As in LCSH
150 Duungidjawu language Duungidjawu dialect
150 Dyangadi language (previous ABN approved headings) SEE Dhungutti language  
150 Dyirbal language Djirbal language
150 Erre language As in LCSH
150 Gabi language (previously ABN approved) See Gubbi Gubbi language  
150 Galpu language As in LCSH
150 Gamilaraay language (previously ABN approved) See Kamilaroi language  
150 Ganai language (previously ABN approved heading) See Kurnai languages  
150 Ganalbingu language  
150 Garwa language As in LCSH
150 Gidabal language As in LCSH
150 Giimbiyu languages As in LCSH
150 Gubbi Gubbi language As in LCSH
150 Gugada language Gugada dialect
150 Gumatj language As in LCSH
150 Gumbaynggir language (previous ABN approved headings) SEE Kumbainggar language  
150 Gungabula language As in LCSH
150 Gunwingguan languages As in LCSH
150 Gunya language As in LCSH
150 Gupapuyngu language As in LCSH
150 Gurindji language As in LCSH
150 Guugu Yimithirr language As in LCSH
150 Iwaidja language As in LCSH
150 Jaminjung language in process
150 Jaminjungan language As in LCSH
150 Jawoyn language As in LCSH
150 Kala Lagaw Ya language As in LCSH
150 Kalaw Kawaw Ya language  
150 Kalkatungu language As in LCSH
150 Kamilaroi language As in LCSH
150 Kanyara languages As in LCSH
150 Karajarri language As in LCSH
150 Kattang language As in LCSH
150 Kaurna language As in LCSH
150 Kaytetye language  
150 Kogai language As in LCSH
150 Kokoberra language As in LCSH
150 Kuku-Yalanji language As in LCSH
150 Kumbainggar language As in LCSH
150 Kunbarlang language As in LCSH
150 Kunjen languages Gundjun dialects
150 Kunwinjku language Gunwinggu language
150 Kurnai languages As in LCSH
150 Kuuk Thayorre  
150 Kuurn Kopan Noot language As in LCSH
150 Lamalama language As in LCSH
150 Larrakia language As in LCSH
150 Larrakiyan languages As in LCSH
150 Lardil language As in LCSH
150 Madhimadhi language  
150 Malak Malak language As in LCSH
150 Malak Malak language As in LCSH
150 Maranunggu language As in LCSH
150 Margany language As in LCSH
150 Mari languages (Australia) As in LCSH
150 Marrakulu language  
150 Marrangu language  
150 Marri Amu language As in LCSH
150 Marri Amu (Australian people) As in LCSH
150 Marri Ngarr language As in LCSH
150 Marrngu languages Marngu languages
150 Martu Wangka language  
150 Maung language As in LCSH
150 Mayapic languages As in LCSH
150 Mengerrdji language As in LCSH
150 Miriwoong (Australian people) As in LCSH
150 Mpakwithi dialect (Previously approved ABN heading) SEE Anguthimri language  
150 Maranunggu language As in LCSH
150 Mudburra language As in LCSH
150 Murrinhpatha language As in LCSH
150 Murundi language (previous ABN approved heading SEE Ngayawung language) Murundi language
150 Muruwari language As in LCSH
150 Nakkara language Nakara language
150 Ndjebbana language As in LCSH
150 Ngaanyatjarra language As in LCSH
150 Ngaliwuru language As in LCSH
150 Ngandi language As in LCSH
150 Ngankikurungkurr language (previous heading) SEE Ngangikurunggurr language As in LCSH
150 Ngarinjin language As in LCSH
150 Ngarinyman language As in LCSH
150 Ngarla language  
150 Ngarluma language As in LCSH
150 Ngawun language As in LCSH
150 Ngarrindjeri language Narrinyeri language
150 Ngayawung language Murundi language
150 Ngaymil language  
150 Nggerikudi language As in LCSH
150 Ngiyambaa language  
150 Ngumbin languages As in LCSH
150 Noongar language As in LCSH
150 Northern Paman languages As in LCSH
150 Nukunu language  
150 Nunggubuyu language As in LCSH
150 Nyangumarta language As in LCSH
150 Nyikina language As in LCSH
150 Nyulnyulan languages As in LCSH
150 Nyungar language (previous ABN approved heading) SEE Noongar language  
150 Oykangand language As in LCSH
150 Pama-Nyungan languages As in LCSH
150 Paman languages As in LCSH
150 Parnkarla language (previous ABN approved heading) SEE Barngarla language As in LCSH
150 Payungu language  
150 Peek Whuurong language  
150 Pintupi language  
150 Pitjantjatjara language Pitjandjara language
150 Pitta-Pitta language As in LCSH
150 Rembarrnga language As in LCSH
150 Rirratjingu language  
150 Ritharrngu language As in LCSH
150 South West languages (Australia) As in LCSH
150 Tasmanian languages As in LCSH
150 Thargari language (Previous ABN approved heading) SEE Tharrkari language As in LCSH
150 Thayorre langage (previous ABN approved heading) See Kuuk Thayorre  
150 Tharrkari language As in LCSH
150 Tiwi language (Australia) As in LCSH
150 Uradhi languages As in LCSH
150 Urningangg language As in LCSH
150 Wada Wurung language (previous ABN approved heading) SEE Wathawurrung dialect  
150 Wajarri language  
150 Walmajarri language As in LCSH
150 Waka-Kabic languages As in LCSH
150 Wakka Wakka language Wakawaka language
150 Walmajarri language As in LCSH
150 Wangkumara language Wangkumara (Galali) dialect
150 Wangurri language  
150 Warlang language (previous ABN approved heading) SEE Kunbarlang language  
150 Warlpiri language Walbiri language
150 Warndarang language  
150 Warramiri language  
150 Warumungu language As in LCSH
150 Warungu language  
150 Wathawurrung dialect As in LCSH
150 Wemba Wemba language As in LCSH
150 Wembawemba language (previous ABN approved heading) SEE Wemba Wemba  
150 Wergaia language  
150 Western Desert languages Western Desert language
150 Wik-Mungkan language As in LCSH
150 Wiradjuri language As in LCSH
150 Wodiwodi language As in LCSH
150 Worora language As in LCSH
150 Yalarnnga language As in LCSH
150 Wotjobaluk language As in LCSH
150 Yalarnnga language As in LCSH
150 Yankunytjatjara language  
150 Yanyuwa language  
150 Yaygir language As in LCSH
150 Yidiny language As in LCSH
150 Yindjibarndi language As in LCSH
150 Yinhawangka language As in LCSH
150 Yolngu languages As in LCSH
150 Yugambeh language Yugambeh dialect
150 Yuin-Kuric languages As in LCSH
150 Yulbaridja language  
150 Yura languages As in LCSH

Aboriginal Australians and subdivisions

The following guidelines should be used for making additions to this heading:

Phrase headings 

Follow the patterns under ethnic groups or under Aboriginal Australians LCSH. Do not use the 'as' form except where the alternative form would otherwise be clumsy or ambiguous (e.g. Aborigines, Australian, as consumers).

Scope notes

Provide scope notes in cases where the heading subdivision and another form of the heading are both valid, e.g. Art, Australian--Aboriginal artists

Here are entered works on art by Aboriginal Australian artists who have turned to non-traditional forms and materials under the influence of Western art. Works on Aboriginal Australian art in traditional forms and utilizing traditional materials are entered under Art, Aboriginal Australian.

Aboriginal Australian literature

Here are entered collections of works by Australian authors in Aboriginal languages. Collections of works in a specific Aboriginal language are entered under the corresponding heading for the literature. Collections of works by Aboriginal Australian authors in non-Aboriginal languages are entered under the specific non-Aboriginal literature with the subdivision Aboriginal authors, e.g. Australian literature--Aboriginal authors.

Aboriginal Australian poetry

Here are entered collections of poetry written by Aboriginal Australians in Aboriginal languages. Collections of poetry about Aboriginal Australians are entered under Aboriginal Australians--Poetry. Collections of poetry by Aboriginal Australian authors in non-Aboriginal languages are entered under the specific non-Aboriginal poetry with the subdivision Aboriginal authors, e.g. Australian poetry--Aboriginal authors.

Aboriginal Australians in art

Here are entered works about or collections of illustrations of Aboriginal Australians in art. Collections of portraits are entered under Aborigines, Australian--Portraits.

Aboriginal Tasmanians

The heading Aboriginal Australians serves as a pattern heading for Aboriginal Tasmanians.


Valid subdivisions for Aboriginal Australians can be found under the list of free-floating subdivisions for Ethnic groups (H1103) of the Library of Congress Subject Cataloguing Manual. The list of most commonly used form and topical subdivisions (H1095) of the manual are also applicable. Cross-references listed under Ethnic groups should be used as pattern references when verifying Aboriginal Australian headings on Libraries Australia. If you have any questions please contact us.

Previously approved ABN subdivisions under Aboriginal Australians which are no longer current 

Below is a list of previously approved ABN subdivisions which have been replaced by headings formulated in accordance with current LCSH policy.

Due to subdivisions still under review the below list is incomplete. The SHRP is working to deliver final decisions as quickly as possible

Previously approved ABN subdivisions LCSH approved subdivision/heading
--Adoption --[Australian geographic qualifier] with additional headings for Children, Aboriginal Australian and/or Aboriginal Australians
--Aesthetics Aesthetics, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Aged Older Aboriginal Australians (MSG)
--Appropriations Federal aid to Aboriginal Australians (MSG)
--Arbitration and award Arbitration and award--Australia
--Armor under review
--Art Art, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Arts Arts, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Astronomy Astronomy, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Basket making Baskets, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Beadwork Beadwork, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Beverages --Food
--Boxing --Sports
with additional heading Boxing--Australia
--Business enterprises Business enterprises, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Calendar Calendar, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Captivities Prisoners, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Child welfare Child welfare--[Australian geographic qualifier] with additional subdivision to Children, Aboriginal Australian / Aboriginal Australians
--Children Children, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Children--Day care Day care centers--[Australian geographic qualifier]
Child care--[Australian geographic subdivision]
Children, Aboriginal Australian
--Civilization Aboriginal Australians
--Citizenship Citizenship--Australia
--Constitutional law --Legal status, laws, etc.
--Councils Councils, Aboriginal Australian
--Courts --Legal status, laws, etc. (MSG)
--Crime Crime--[Australian geographic qualifier] with an additional heading Aboriginal Australians
--Dances Dance, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Dentistry Bibliographic items under this subdivision were changed to Dental Anthropology--[Australian geographic qualifier]. Please consult LCSH for most suitable subdivisions/headings.
--Dogs --Domestic animals (MSG)
--Ethics Ethics, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Families Families, Aboriginal Australian
--Family law under review
--Financial affairs --Finance
--Handicapped Aboriginal Australians with disabilities (MSG)
--Incantations --Music
--Joking --Humor
--Juvenile delinquency Juvenile delinquency--[Australian geographic qualifier]
Juvenile delinquents--[Australian geographic qualifier]
Youth, Aboriginal Australians
Youth, Aboriginal Australians--Legal status, laws, etc.
--Land transfers --Land tenure (MSG) / Native title (Australia)
--Legends --Folklore
--Magic Magic, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Mass media Aboriginal Australians in mass media (MSG)
--Mines and mining Authorised LCSH
--Mortuary customs --Funeral rites and customs
--Names Names, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Painting Painting, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Philosophy Philosophy, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Photographs --Photographs
--Physical characteristics --Anthropometry
--Pottery Pottery, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Property Aboriginal Australian property (MSG)
--Removal under review
--Reserves --Reservations
--Shell engraving Shell engraving--Australia
--Sculpture Sculpture, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Teeth Dental anthropology--[Australian geographic qualifier]
Teeth--Care and hygiene--[Australian geographic qualifier]
Aboriginal Australians--Dental care
--Textile industry and fabrics Textile fabrics, Aboriginal Australia (MSG)
Textile industry--[Australian geographic qualifier]
Aboriginal Australians--Industries
--Treatment under review
--Water rights Native title (Australia)
Water rights--Australia
--Weapons Weapons, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Wife abuse Wife abuse--[Australian geographic qualifier]
Women, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
Family violence--[Australian geographic qualifier]
--Wills Wills--Australia
--Women Women, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Wood-carving Wood-carving, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Writing Writing, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)
--Youth Youth, Aboriginal Australian (MSG)

Headings and references approved

The following headings and references were approved by the ABN Standards Committee's Subject Headings Review Panel as ABN authority file headings, additional to LCSH. The full reference structure can be ascertained by consulting Libraries Australia on-line. Where ABN has amended a scope note or a subdivision note on an LC heading, the amended note is included in this list.

Abalmin (New Guinea people) use Ngalum (New Guinea people)

Aboriginal Australian cricket players (May Subd Geog)

Aboriginal Australian English (May Subd Geog)

Aboriginal Australian Farmers (May Subd Geog)

Aboriginal Australian police (May Subd Geog)

Aboriginal Australian soldiers (May Subd Geog)

Aboriginal Australian stockmen (May Subd Geog)

Aboriginal Australian teachers (May Subd Geog)

Aboriginal deaths in custody use Prisoners, Aboriginal Australian--Death

Aborigines, Australian (May Subd Geog) see Aboriginal Australians

Aboriginal Australians, Treatment of (awaiting LC approval)

Aboriginal Australians in literature

Aboriginal Australians in motion pictures

Aboriginal deaths in custody SEE Prisoners, Aboriginal Australian--Death

Aboriginal Tasmanians (May Subd Geog)

Acacia harpophylla (May Subd Geog)

Acanthaster planci use Crown-of-thorns starfish (LC)

Africa, British East use Africa, East (LC)

Allan Border's Cricket (Game)

Amoy dialect

Amusement arcades (May Subd Geog)

Anzac Day sermons

Approved deposit funds (May Subd Geog)

Aristotelia (May Subd Geog)

Aristotelia chilensis (May Subd Geog)

Art unions use Lotteries (LC)

Ashes (Cricket test series) use Test matches (Cricket) (LC)

Audio books use Talking books (LC)

Audiobooks use Talking books (LC)

Australian (Aboriginal) ... (LC) use Aboriginal Australian ...

Australian aboriginal ... (LC) use Aboriginal Australian ...

Australian aborigines in ... (LC) use Aborigines, Australian, in ...

Australian aborigines (LC) use Aborigines, Australian (May Subd Geog)

Australian football coaches (May Subd Geog)

Australian football injuries (May Subd Geog)

Australian letters (May Subd Geog)

Australian long-tailed parrots (May Subd Geog)

Australian Mine Sweeping Game (May Subd Geog)

Australian property (May Subd Geog)

Australian Second Language Proficiency Ratings (May Subd Geog)

Australian stock horse (May Subd Geog)

Australopithecus africanus

Autobiographical fiction, Australian (May Subd Geog)

Automotive engineering use Automobiles--Design and construction (LC); Motor vehicles--Design and construction (LC)

Baccharis (May Subd Geog)

Baccharis linearis (May Subd Geog)

Badge industry (May Subd Geog)

Banksia integrifolia (May Subd Geog)

Barcelona chairs (May Subd Geog)

Binumarien (Papua New Guinea people) (May Subd Geog)

Blind, Writings of the, Australian (May Subd Geog)

Blue tongued lizards (May Subd Geog)

Body corporate

Books, Audio use Talking books (LC)

Botanical gardens (LC) -- Interpretive programs

Brick-veneer houses (May Subd Geog)

Brigalow lands (May Subd Geog)

British East Africa use Africa, East (LC)

British New Guinea use Papua

Broca's aphasia (May Subd Geog)

Brownies (Girl Guides) (May Subd Geog)


Bush fires use Forest fires (LC)

Bush medicine use Traditional medicine -- Australia (LC); Medicine, Popular--Australia (LC); Aborigines, Australian-Medicine

Bushcraft (May Subd Geog)

Bushfires use Forest fires (LC)

Camper vans use Motor homes (LC); Truck campers (LC)

Campervans use Motor homes (LC); Truck campers (LC)

Canadian literature--Italian Canadian authors

Caravan parks use Trailer camps (LC)

Cattle stations use Ranches (LC)

Cattle trails (LC) use Stock routes (May Subd Geog)

Central Provinces and Berar (India) use Madhya Pradesh (India) (LC)

Ch'ao Shan dialect

Chinbok language

City councillors use City council members (LC)

Colin and Cecily Rigg Craft Award

Colleges of advanced education (May Subd Geog)

Collusive tendering (May Subd Geog)

Commercialization (May Subd Geog)

Community broadcasting (May Subd Geog)

Community radio (May Subd Geog)

Company directors use Directors of corporations (LC)

Contract of employment use Labor contract (LC)

Convicts (May Subd Geog) use also Prisoners (LC)

Cooking (Camels)

Cooking (Emus)

Cooking (Ground meat)

Cooking (Kangaroos)

Cooking (Sultanas)

Cooking for diabetics use Diabetes--Diet therapy--Recipes (LC)

Corned meat

Corned pork


Coryphaenidae (May Subd Geog)

Counseling in elementary education (LC) use Counseling in primary education (May Subd Geog)

Croatian language

ABN scope note:
'This heading should be used for works about the Croatian language. Use the heading Serbo-Croatian language for works which state they are about the Serbo-Croatian language'


Da'a dialect

Dasyurus maculatus (May Subd Geog)

Data/C++ (Computer program language)

De (The Chinese Word) use Ti (The Chinese Word) (LC)

Deaths in custody use Prisoners--Death (LC)

Decentralisation (May Subd Geog)

Dendroglyphs (May Subd Geog)

Distinguished Service Order

Dockers use Stevedores (LC)

Domestic relations (LC) use Family law (May Subd Geog)


Droving (May Subd Geog)

Dyarcyops fuscipes (May Subd Geog)

Dysoxylum (May Subd Geog)

Dysoxylum lenticellare (May Subd Geog)

Easter Islanders (May Subd Geog)

Eastern freshwater cod (May Subd Geog)

Easy to read materials

Education, Elementary (LC) use Education, Primary (May Subd Geog)

--Education (Elementary) (LC) use --Education (Primary) (May Subd Geog)

Electric railroads--Cars (LC) use also Trams (May Subd Geog)

Elementary school administration (LC) use Primary school administration (May Subd Geog)

Elementary school buildings (LC) use Primary school buildings (May Subd Geog)

Elementary school counselors (LC) use Primary school counselors (May Subd Geog)

Elementary school dropouts (LC) use Primary school dropouts (May Subd Geog)

Elementary school facilities (LC) use Primary school facilities (May Subd Geog)

Elementary school graduates (LC) use Primary school graduates (May Subd Geog)

Elementary school libraries (LC) use Primary school libraries (May Subd Geog)

Elementary school principals (LC) use Primary school principals (May Subd Geog)

Elementary school teachers (LC) use Primary school teachers (May Subd Geog)

Elementary school teaching (LC) use Primary school teaching (May Subd Geog)

Elementary schools (LC) use Primary schools (May Subd Geog)

Enneagram (Game)

Enterprise agreements use Collective labor agreements (LC)

Enterprise bargaining use Collective bargaining (LC)

Espionage, Egyptian (May Subd Geog)

Ethnic broadcasting

Eucalyptus microtheca

Ex-convicts (LC) use Ex-offenders (May Subd Geog)

Fabian socialism

Family--Effect of war on (May Subd Geog)

Family courts (May Subd Geog)

Family law (May Subd Geog)

Fantastic literature, Australian (May Subd Geog)

Fe'i banana (May Subd Geog)

Fire brigades use Fire departments (LC)

First Fleet, 17871788

Five-a-side soccer use Indoor soccer (LC)

Five-man soccer use Indoor soccer (LC)

Flap-footed geckos use Pygopodidae (LC)


Flystrike (May Subd Geog)

Fruit machines (Gambling) use Slot machines (LC)

G.S.T. use Value-added tax (LC)

Geopsittacus (May Subd Geog)

Georgiana Mutiny, Geelong, Vic., 1852

German New Guinea use New Guinea (Territory)

Giant Gippsland earthworm use Megascolides australis (LC)

Gold mining towns

Gold nuggets

Goods and services tax use Valued-added tax (LC)

Goss porcelain

Grand Port (Mauritius), Battle of, 1810

Graziers use Ranchers (LC)

Greek Australians--Newspapers

Green parties

Ground meat

GST use Value-added tax (LC)

Guides and guiding (Youth movement)

Gum, Rose use Eucalyptus grandis (LC)


Handicapped--Orientation and mobility (May Subd Geog)

Heineken, Franz (Fictitious character)

Helichrysum diosmifolium (May Subd Geog)

Historic towns

Home help

Home room guidance (Elementary) (LC) use Home room guidance (Primary) (May Subd Geog)

Home units


Hope chests (May Subd Geog)

Horse railroads (LC) use Horse tramways (May Subd Geog)

Horse railroads--Cars (LC) use Horse trams (May Subd Geog)

Horse trams (May Subd Geog)

Horse tramways (May Subd Geog)

Hyperlipidaemia use Hyperlipidemia (LC)

Ihalmiut (Eskimo people)

Industrial tribunals use Labor courts (LC)

Intercultural education use Multicultural education (LC)

Intermediate Certificate examination (N.S.W.)

Intermittent custody (May Subd Geog)

International English Language Testing System (May Subd Geog)

Invalid pensions

Ipomoea purpurea (May Subd Geog)

JOIAS (Indexing system)

Journalism, Elementary school (LC) use Journalism, Primary school (May Subd Geog)

Kadu language (Burma)

Kam-Tai language

Kangaroo paw (Plants)


Laizo language

Large print books

Large type books (LC) use Large print books

Larrikins use Hoodlums (LC)

Legless lizards use Pygopodidae (LC)

Lepiotaceae (May Subd Geog)

Leptospermum laevigatum (May Subd Geog)

Linton Medal

Literary theory use Literature--History and criticism--Theory, etc. (LC)

Life sheep export industry

Local government boundaries

Log-chopping (Sports) (LC) use Woodchopping (Sports)

Long service leave (May Subd Geog)

Lygon (Computer program language)

Macropus robustus (May Subd Geog)

Macrotis (May Subd Geog)

Macrotis lagotis (May Subd Geog)


Magistrates (May Subd Geog)

Mallee lands (May Subd Geog)

Marsupials use Marsupialia (LC)

Medal industry (May Subd Geog)


Medicare (Australia) (May Subd Geog)

Medium density housing (May Subd Geog)

Mek languages (LC) use also Eipo language

Melbourne Western Suburban Region (Vic.)

Mentally handicapped--Orientation and mobility (May Subd Geog)

Metal foil industry (May Subd Geog)

Metatheria use Marsupialia (LC)


Micro Models (Toys) (May Subd Geog)

Microfusion (Computer system) (May Subd Geog)

Mineral sand mines and mining (May Subd Geog)

Mini-soccer use Indoor soccer (LC)

Mining towns (May Subd Geog)

Molluscs... use Mollusks... (LC)

Moloch (May Subd Geog)

Moloch horridus

Moral education (Elementary) (LC) use Moral education (Primary) (May Subd Geog)

Morelia spilotes

Mulga lands (May Subd Geog)

Multifunction polis (May Subd Geog)

Murray cod

Mulesing (May Subd Geog)

Mycotic dermatitis (May Subd Geog)

Nalum (New Guinea people) use Ngalum (New Guinea people)

Nalumin (New Guinea people) use Ngalum (New Guinea people)

National estate (May Subd Geog)

Natural 2 (Computer program language)

Neoregelia (May Subd Geog)

New Guinea (Territory)

ABN scope note:
'Here are entered works that discuss that part of Papua New Guinea that corresponds to the area formerly known as German New Guinea until 1914, and then known as the Territory of New Guinea. Topics are geographically subdivided by the current jurisdiction name, Papua New Guinea'

Ngalum (New Guinea people) (May Subd Geog)

Night parrot (May Subd Geog)

Niobium -- Hydrogen content

Notechis ater (May Subd Geog)

Notechis scutatus (May Subd Geog)

Nuclear scientists (May Subd Geog)

Nukunu (Australian people) (May Subd Geog)

Oil lamps

One day cricket (May Subd Geog)

Order of Australia

Ornithorhynchus (May Subd Geog)

Orthoplex health products (May Subd Geog)

Outlaws in popular culture (May Subd Geog)

Outsourcing use Contracting out (LC)

Owner building--HANBDooks, manuals, etc. use House construction--Amateurs' manuals (LC)

Owner-building--HANBDooks, manuals, etc. use House construction--Amateurs' manuals (LC)

Palladium--Hydrogen content


ABN scope note:
'Here are entered works that discuss that part of Papua New Guinea that corresponds to the area formerly known as British New Guinea until 1906, and then known as Papua. Topics are geographically subdivided by the current jurisdiction name, Papua New Guinea'

Papua New Guinea

ABN scope note:
'Here are entered works that discuss the combined areas of Papua and New Guinea, both before and after the merger of the two jurisdictions in 1949. The National Identity Bill changed the name to Papua New Guinea in 1971. For works discussing only that part of Papua New Guinea that corresponds to the former Papua, use the heading Papua. For works discussing only that part of Papua New Guinea that corresponds to the former New Guinea, use the heading New Guinea (Territory). Topics are geographically subdivided by the current jurisdiction name, Papua New Guinea'

Papua New Guinea (Territories) use Papua New Guinea

Paranthropus crassidens

Paranthropus robustus

Pastoral industry use Agricultural industries (LC); Animal industry (LC); Produce trade (LC)

Pastoral properties use Ranches (LC)

Periodic detention (May Subd Geog)

Perna canaliculus

Petrol sniffing (May Subd Geog)

Physicians writings, Australian (May Subd Geog)

Pirlangimpi (N.T)

Plant variety rights use Plant-breeding--Law and legislation (LC); Plants, Cultivated--Patents (LC); Plant varieties--Law and legislation (LC)

Plants--Physiology use Plant physiology (LC)

Platycercidae use Broad-tailed parrots (LC)

Poker machines use Slot machines (LC)

Pokies use Slot machines (LC)

Polyphony (Literary theory)

Pomatostomidae (May Subd Geog)

Pomatostomus (May Subd Geog)

Pomatostomus temporalis (May Subd Geog)

Port Jackson (N.S.W.) (LC)

ABN scope note:
'Here are entered works on Port Jackson which comprises all of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour and North Harbour'

Premiers (May Subd Geog) use also Prime ministers (LC)

Prices and incomes policy use Wageprice policy (LC)

Primary (replaces 'Elementary' in education subject headings, both main heading and subdivisions - ABN/SC/1988/RES/25)

Primary industries (May Subd Geog)

Prime ministers (LC) use also Premiers (May Subd Geog)

Prisoners (LC) use also Convicts (May Subd Geog)

Prisoners, Aboriginal Australian--Death (awaiting LC approval)

Property trusts use Real estate investment trusts (LC)

Psophocarpus tetragonolobus

Public servants use Public officers (LC)

Public service use Civil service (LC)

Queensland Core Skills Test (May Subd Geog)

Radio in elementary education (LC) use Radio in primary education (May Subd Geog)

Railway Strike, Queensland, 1948

Rais (Nepalese people) (May Subd Geog)

Ranchers (LC) use Stockmen (May Subd Geog)

Rasch model

Rattus fuscipes (May Subd Geog)

Readers (Elementary) (LC) use Readers (Primary)

Reading (Elementary) (LC) use Reading (Primary) (May Subd Geog)

Reception (Theology) (May Subd Geog)

Refuse collection -- Contracting out (May Subd Geog)

Repetition strain injury use Overuse injuries (LC)

Retirement villages use Retirement communities (LC)

Riang language

Road maps (LC)

ABN subdivision note:
'See also subdivision Road maps under names of countries, cities, etc.'

Road safety use Traffic safety (LC)

Road trains (May Subd Geog)

Roofing tile industry

Rope drives (May Subd Geog)

Rose gum use Eucalyptus grandis (LC)

Roundabouts (Traffic intersections) (May Subd Geog)

RSI use Overuse injuries (LC)

ABN scope note:
'Here are entered works on professional and amateur rugby played with 13 players. Works on amateur rugby played with 15 players are entered under Rugby Union football'

Rugby League football fans (May Subd Geog)

Rugby League football injuries (May Subd Geog)

Rugby League football players (May Subd Geog)

Sacred sites (Aboriginal Australian)

Santo Niño Jesus de Cebu (Cebu City, Philippines)

Scalextric model automobiles

Scaly-footed lizards use Pygopodidae (LC)

School councils use School boards (LC)

School dental service (May Subd Geog)

School holiday activity programmes and centres (May Subd Geog)

School leavers (May Subd Geog)

Schools of arts (May Subd Geog)

Schools of the air (May Subd Geog)

School supervision, Elementary (LC) use School supervision, Primary

Scottish Collieries Strike, Collie Burn, W.A., 1911

Second Fleet, 1789-1790

Self build housing--HANBDooks, manuals, etc. use House contruction--Amateurs' manuals (LC)

Self-build housing--HANBDooks, manuals, etc. use House construction--Amateurs' manuals (LC)

Self-reliant living (May Subd Geog)

Serbian language

ABN scope note:
'This heading should be used for works about the Serbian language. Use the heading Serbo-Croatian language for works which state they are about the Serbo-Croatian language'

Serbo-Croatian language

ABN scope note:
'This heading should be used for works which state they are about the Serbo-Croatian language. Use Croatian language or Serbian language, as appropriate, for works which state they are about one of these languages'

Sheep shearing industry (May Subd Geog)


Sillago (May Subd Geog)

Skaracarida, Fossil

Snake lizards use Pygopodidae (LC)

Social service administration use Social work administration (LC)

Soldier settlements (May Subd Geog)

Songs, Anindilyakwa (May Subd Geog)

Songs, Burarra (May Subd Geog)

South East Queensland Electricity Board Strike, 1985

Statehood (Australian politics)

Statutory authorities use Corporations, Government (LC)

Stock and station agents (May Subd Geog)

Stock horses (May Subd Geog)

Stock routes (May Subd Geog)

Stockmen (May Subd Geog)

Stolen generations (Australia) (awaiting LC approval)

Strata titles (May Subd Geog)

Street-railroads (LC) use Tramways (May Subd Geog)

Strikes and lockouts--Tramways (May Subd Geog)

Study and teaching (Elementary) (LC) use --Study and teaching (Primary) (May Subd Geog)

Study leave (May Subd Geog)

Sugar gum (May Subd Geog)

Sultanas (May Subd Geog)

Superannuation use Retirement (LC); Old age pensions (LC); Pensions (LC)

Superb parrot (May Subd Geog)

Suzuki method

Swagmen (May Subd Geog)

Swainsona formosa (May Subd Geog)

Synergetic systems use Self-organizing systems (LC)

Tantanoola tiger (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on aluminium (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on antimony (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on axes (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on axles (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on boilers (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on building materials (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on calcium carbide (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on canned tomatoes (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on ceramics (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on chains (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on cutlery (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on files and rasps (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on firearms (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on foundation garments (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on gloves (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on incandescent gas-lighting (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on lead (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on metal foils (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on metal powders (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on motorcycles (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on organic compounds (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on pipe fittings (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on plasticizers (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on plywood (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on protective clothing (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on screens (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on tanks (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on timber (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on tinsel (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on tools (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on wire products (May Subd Geog)

Tariff on yarn (May Subd Geog)

Tax reform (May Subd Geog)

Television in elementary education (LC) use Television in primary education (May Subd Geog)

Theologia crucis

Tifal (Papua New Guinea people) (May Subd Geog)

Tiger snakes (May Subd Geog)

Timber trade use Lumber trade (LC)

Tinned (Topic) use Canned (Topic) (LC)

[Topic] (Primary) etc., for education subject headings

[Topic]--Study and teaching (Primary)

Tourist accommodation (May Subd Geog)

Town houses (May Subd Geog)

Traffic circles (LC) use Roundabouts (Traffic intersections) (May Subd Geog)

Trams (May Subd Geog)

Tramways (May Subd Geog)

Transportation of convicts

Travelling stock (May Subd Geog)

Two-up (Game) (May Subd Geog)

Universities and colleges--Amalgamations (May Subd Geog)

Universities and colleges--Mergers (LC) use Universities and colleges--Amalgamations (May Subd Geog)

Value-added tax (LC)

ABN scope note:
'Here are entered works on a tax levied on the value added to products, goods and services at each stage of the production and distribution cycle ...'

VDIs use Computer terminals (LC)

VDM (Computer program language)

VDTs use Computer terminals (LC)

VDUs use Computer terminals (LC)

Verandas (May Subd Geog)

Victorian Certificate of Education examination

Video arcades (May Subd Geog)

Video display input use Computer terminals (LC)

Video display terminals use Computer terminals (LC)

Video display units use Computer terminals (LC)

Vietnamese language--Writing--Nôm

Villa homes (May Subd Geog)

Visakha Boja use Wesak (LC)

Visual display input use Computer terminals (LC)

Visual display terminals use Computer terminals (LC)

Visual display units use Computer terminals (LC)

Visually handicapped children--Orientation and mobility (May Subd Geog)

Visually handicapped--Orientation and mobility (May Subd Geog)

Wage determination (May Subd Geog)

Wages--Tramways (May Subd Geog)

Waistcoats use Vests (LC)

Walbiri (Australian people) (LC) use Warlpiri (Australian people) (May Subd Geog)

Warlpiri (Australian people) (May Subd Geog)

Wave skiing (May Subd Geog)

Welcome Stranger (Gold nugget) (May Subd Geog)

Western Australian Citizen of the Year

Wetsuits (May Subd Geog)

Whistlers (Birds) (May Subd Geog)

Women convicts (May Subd Geog)

Women in local government (May Subd Geog)

Woodchopping (Sports)

Work aspect preference scale

Workplace agreements use Collective labor agreements (LC)

Workplace bargaining use Collective bargaining (LC)

World Communications Year, 1983

World Cup (Cricket) (May Subd Geog)

World Cup (Rugby Union football) (May Subd Geog)

Xanthorrhoea (May Subd Geog)

Xanthorrhoea australis (May Subd Geog)

Xanthorrhoeacae (May Subd Geog)

XLNET (Local area network system)



Yabby culture

Yolngu (Australian people) (May Subd Geog)

Young Australian of the Year

Youth groups use Youth--Societies and clubs (LC)

Zimbabwe--History--Shona Insurrection, 1896-1897

Zotung language

Development policy for Australian subject headings

The future development of the Australian extension to LCSH should take account of the changing environment of Australian cataloguing. Australian libraries are obtaining their cataloguing data from a variety of sources (Libraries Australia, overseas databases, library supplier databases) and they need to contain the cost of maintaining the authority files in their local systems. Accordingly, the development of the Australian extension to LCSH should follow these guidelines:

(a) Where a term already exists in LCSH, an equivalent Australian term may be adopted as a reference to the LCSH term. Australian terminology should not be substituted for synonymous LCSH terms.

(b) Australian subject headings which have previously been substituted for existing LCSH terms, should be reviewed in order to reduce the variations from LCSH. The review should take into account the cost of converting back to standard LCSH, which may outweigh the savings of being consistent with LCSH.

(c) The Australian subject headings which have already been adopted, should be continuously monitored for opportunities to reduce the variation from LCSH.