Cataloguing Standards

Descriptive cataloguing standard

The standard for descriptive cataloguing in Libraries Australia is Resource Description and Access.

Subject heading classification standard

The standard for subject heading classification in Libraries Australia is the Library of Congress Subject Headings and the following subject cataloguing manual should be used:

  • Subject cataloging manual : subject headings / prepared by the Cataloging Policy and Support Office, Library of Congress. 5th ed. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1996.

Australian subject headings (authorised in LCSH) are listed in the Australian extension to LCSH.

Note: Australian subject headings should be coded using the Australian Content Indicator.

Name heading classification standard

The standard for name heading classification in Libraries Australia is the Library of Congress Name Authorities:

  • Library of Congress name authorities (LCNA), in the most current cumulated edition and latest supplement. Freely available online:

LCNA will take precedence over name, title and series headings which have already been verified as authorities in Libraries Australia, and these headings may be retrospectively changed to conform with LCNA. The exception is for Australian name, title and series headings, because authority records for Australian names, titles and series will usually be established earlier and more accurately by Australian libraries. Therefore, authorities for Australian names, titles and series, which conform to RDA and the Library of Congress rule interpretations, should not be changed retrospectively simply to conform with LCNA.

Standards for non-Roman scripts

Romanisation should follow the Library of Congress standards (see: Note that the Library of Congress will continue to follow the McCune-Reischauer system to romanise Korean with the exceptions noted in . For the McCune-Reischauer system, see Romanization of the Korean Language: Based upon its Phonetic Structure by G.M. McCune and E.O. Reischauer ([S.l.: s.n., 1939?), reprinted from Transactions of the Korea Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (pdf, 2.1 MB) (made available with the kind permission of the Korea Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society).

Please also refer tothe following sections of the Cataloguing Client Manual:

  • Non-Roman scripts specific information for details on how to create records in non-Roman scripts in the ANBD, and,
  • Appendix 8 for Unicode fonts, keyboard layouts and Imput Method Editors for a range of Windows operating systems.

Additional standards & guidelines

  • MARC21 format for bibliographic data : including guidelines for content designation / prepared by Network Development and MARC Standards Office, Library of Congress in cooperation with Standards and Support, National Library of Canada. 1999 ed. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress Cataloging Distribution Service, 1999- . Freely available online:

Members assigning classification numbers from Dewey Decimal classification or Library of Congress classification must use the latest editions of the appropriate schedules:

  • Dewey decimal classification and relative index / devised by Melvil Dewey. Ed. 21 / edited by Joan S. Mitchell, Julianne Beall, Winton E. Matthews, Jr., Gregory R. New. Albany, N.Y. : Forest Press, a division of OCLC Online Computer Library Center, 1996 (latest changes to the Dewey schedules are published in Dewey decimal classification additions, notes, and decision. Albany, N.Y. : Forest Press, 1981- ). Online access via OCLC Connexion (called WebDewey)

In addition to all of the above, we have also produced a set of guidelines specifically for our cataloguing service. It is important that you familiarise yourself with these guidelines as they provide specific instructions for cataloguing onto the ANBD. They are all accessible from our manuals, guidelines & user guides page.

Tools for cataloguing specific materials

The following tools might be found useful for cataloguing specific types of material:

Contributing libraries are encouraged to contact the Help Desk regarding additional tools they find useful in the cataloguing of particular types of material.