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Trove's Treasures: Indigenous
Week nine of Trove’s 50 objects project
31 August 2018
Please note: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People are advised that this page and links contain images and names of people who are deceased and historical viewpoints and terminology that may be considered offensive.
Our 10-part blog series is celebrating the 50th anniversary of the National Library of Australia's building with 50 interesting and important records in Trove. This week we're exploring items 41 to 45—all representing Indigenous Australia.
Read the other Trove's Treasures blog posts:
Week One: Print to Digital
Week Two: Arts
Week Three: Sports
Week Four: Adventure
Week Five: Family history
Week Six: Politics
Week Seven: Surprises
Week Eight: The Library
From the digitised school magazine of five remote communities of the Northern Peninsula Area to the lived experiences of separated children and families recorded as part of the Bringing them Home response, this week’s collection of items tell of Australia’s First Nation peoples.
41. Portrait of Nannultera, a young Poonindie cricketer
Painted in 1854, this painting of a young Indigenous boy, Nannultera, is telling of its context. Dressed in European attire, playing the English game of cricket, and depicted with a somewhat melancholy expression, Nannultera was a resident of the Poonindie Mission Station in South Australia. Just a decade later, we read the newspaper report of ‘the first cricket match played in Europe by aboriginal natives of Australia’.
This portrait was painted by English born artist, J.M. Crossland, who studied at the Royal Academy Schools in London before arriving in Port Adelaide in 1854.
42. Indigenous referendum poster
On 27 May, 1967, after years of campaigning, a referendum was held to change the Australian constitution. Symbolic of the ongoing struggle for justice, this campaign drew attention to the legislative and social limitations placed on the lives of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians.
On Trove you can also:
- view a poster advertising the first meeting of the Australian Aborigines’ Protection Society in October 1838,
- read Aborigines claim citizen rights!: a statement of the case for the Aborigines Progressive Association calling for the abolition of the Aborigines Protection Board and a Sesqui-Centenary Day of Mourning & Protest to be held on Australia Day 1938, and
- discover more about Rights campaigner, Faith Bandler.
43. Self portrait of Aboriginal photographer Mervyn Bishop
This self-portrait taken by First Nations photographer Mervyn Bishop in 1989 underlines the significant movement towards Indigenous self-representation in Australian photographic art. Whereas historic photographs presented Indigenous people as ‘nameless subjects in Australia’s traumatic history’ (see Jodie Dowd’s blog post, Behind the Lens), we can trace their replacement with more positive representations. In particular, the NADOC ’86 exhibition placed Indigenous Australians behind the lens and ‘empowered Indigenous artists for the first time to promote their rights and a vision of self-representation in an act of post-colonial intervention that openly challenged non-Indigenous propaganda…this exhibition was the first time that black faces were seen in photographs outside racially bogus scientific/anthropological journals, kitsch/postcard imagery and, more often than not, negative news and media stories.’ (Jonathan Jones, ‘Half light: portraits from Black Australia’).
Mervyn Bishop was the first Aboriginal photographer to work for the Sydney Morning Herald. His photography sits alongside that of others such as Tracey Moffatt, Brenda L Croft, Destiny Deacon, Ricky Maynard and Michael Riley who used humour as well as more serious techniques to represent Indigenous Australians. To learn more about Australian Indigenous documentary photographers and filmmakers, explore the resources in this companion Trove list.
44. Bringing them Home oral histories
Recording the diverse experiences of the Stolen Generations, this collection of oral histories comprises 340 interviews—including interviews with families and children who experienced separation as well as with those who cared for them, worked in institutions and were involved with administration, policy and implementation. The project to record these oral histories was part of the Commonwealth Government response to the recommendations of Bringing them Home, the report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from their Families. Visit our Trove list of the interviews that are available for listening online.
45. Bamaga State High School Magazines
Dubbed ‘Australia’s northernmost mainland high school’, Bamaga State High School—now the Northern Peninsula Area State College (NPASC)—lies just 40 kilometres from Cape York’s tip. The Bamaga State High School magazines were the first school year books to be digitised to Trove, a project achieved through a partnership between the NPASC, the National Library and the State Library of Queensland. According to project coordinator, Yanti Ropeyarn, ‘Digitising collections such as the Bamaga State High School Magazine, and making them available on Trove, enables Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives and voices to be visible, heard, and cherished—not just by family and friends to whom the collection matters most, but by a national and global audience.’
Read Yanti Ropeyarn’s blog about this project and explore the Bamaga State High School magazines on Trove:
- Bamaga State High School (1975-1977, 1983-1999)
- Bamaga High School magazine (1973-1974)
- Northern Peninsula Area State College magazine (2007, 2008, 2015, 2017)
What are your favourite objects in Trove?
What are your favourite Trove objects? We are still seeking suggestions for our People's Choice week in August. These can be any objects in Trove - they just have to be available online, and loved by you! Send your suggestions to email@example.com.