MS 6681

Papers of Harold S. Williams (1898-1987)

Scope and Content Note

Reference number: MS 6681
Title: Papers of Harold S. Williams
Date range: c.1867–1995
Quantity: 16.4 metres (80 boxes + 60 folio items)
Access conditions: Available for research. Not for loan.

Harold and Gertrude (Jean) Williams between 1978 and 1995 donated the collection to the Library in numerous instalments.

The collection includes subject files, correspondence, scrapbooks, articles, lectures, notes, drafts of works by Williams, drafts of works by others, photographs, programs and other papers relating to the history of foreign settlement in Japan and its influence on, and adaptation to, Japanese society. The papers also relate to Japanese culture, individual expatriate residents, other foreigners, foreign businesses, communities and clubs in Japan until the 1980s. These papers contain the primary material used by Williams in his many published books and articles.

Also included are the papers of Gertrude Williams and personal and family papers that document Harold Williams’ life and the life of both Harold and Gertrude Williams in Japan.

Biographical Note

Harold Stannett Williams was born in Melbourne in 1898 and died in Kobe in 1987. Williams went to Japan for a visit in 1919. He decided to stay and, except during World War II when he served in the Australian Army, he lived there until his death. After the War he was a member of the Occupation Forces in Japan; on his return to civilian life in 1949, he renewed his business interests and, with his wife Gertrude, began his research into the history and culture of the foreign settlements. He was the author of numerous books on Japan including Tales of Foreign Settlements in Japan (1958) and Foreigners in Mikadoland (1963). A list of his published books can be found in Appendix 1.

For about thirteen years Williams contributed articles to the Mainichi Daily News in the series‘Shades of the Past’; he was also a frequent contributor to other English language newspapers, both in Japan and other countries.

In 1967 he was awarded the International Cultural Award of the Hyogo Prefectural Government. In 1972 he was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) for his services to historical research.

Gertrude F. (Jean) Williams shared her husband’s interests and contributed to the development of his collection. Together they traveled extensively throughout Japan and overseas, visiting libraries and other institutions, undertaking research and copying from English language newspapers. After his death she published a two-volume collection of their writings entitled West Meets East: The Foreign Experience of Japan (1992). She died in Queensland in 1999.

Related Holdings

In addition to the papers and manuscripts held in the Manuscript Section, the Asian Studies Section of the National Library holds the Harold S. Williams Collection of monographs and a number of pictorial works.

The Harold S. Williams Collection of monographs contains over 3,000 volumes; its particular strength is the history of foreigners and foreign settlements in Japan. It includes directories, travel books and works on Japanese foreign relations, foreign business houses, missions, foreign clubs and societies, customs, fine arts, festivals, natural disasters, the army, politics, economic conditions, local history, laws, education and many other themes. It also contains books on other parts of East Asia, including China, Hong Kong and Korea. In most cases in which Williams included both monographs and manuscripts in the same folders the monographs have been removed. Such items have then been added to the monograph collection.

The Williams Collection also contains 16 framed etchings by the Japanese artist Hiroshi Kambara, an album of his original sketches and watercolours and a published collection of his works. Kambara’s pictures are of both artistic and historical interest and thus complement the books and manuscripts of the Williams Collection.

Series List

Series 1 Subject files

Series 2 Additional subject files

Series 3 Persons and firms

Series 4 Newspaper cuttings and notes

Series 5 Photographs

Series 6 Writings of Harold S. Williams

Series 7 Manuscripts, typescripts and articles by other authors

Series 8 Papers of Gertrude F. Williams

Series 9 Publications

Series 10 Cards, brochures, maps, plans and programs

Series 11 Indexes

Series 12 Personal and family documents

Series 13 Miscellaneous

Appendix 1 Williams’ published books

Box List

Folio List

Photograph albums – microfiche list

Series Descriptions

Series 1 Subject files

This series comprises the research files compiled by Harold Williams from 1949 to 1987, which he called ‘the green files’. They contain his research and writings on the foreign settlements of nineteenth-century Japan, the history of foreign communities and their influence on, and adaptation to, Japanese culture and society. The files include correspondence, notes, references, press cuttings of his own articles and articles by other writers, copies of typescripts of Williams’ published articles, photographs and other miscellaneous material assembled in the course of his research. These files are arranged alphabetically by the subject names given to them by Harold Williams.


1 Adams, William (1564–1620)

First recorded English visitor to Japan.

Notes, references, press cuttings (1957–80) and a photograph of his memorial at Gillingham, Kent (England).

2 S.S. Albion and other ships

The S.S. Albion sailed from Sydney to Yokohama in 1868. The S.S. Haya Maro, a British ship used in the Japan coastal trade, and the S.S. City of Yedo were wrecked in 1870.

Correspondence (1971–72), notes, articles, references, press cuttings and two typescripts about the Haya Maro and the death of the Rev. E.D. Cornes of the American Presbyterian Church; a typescript on the coaching companies of Cobb & Co., Sutherland & Co. and William Rangan & Co.; and a photograph of the wreck of the City of Yedo.

3 Amateur theatricals

Dramatic societies in the foreign settlements of Kobe, Yokohama, Tokyo and Nagasaki.

Correspondence, articles (1959–79), notes and references, including notes and correspondence concerning performances of ‘Cool as a Cucumber’ and ‘Ticket of Leave’, the professional company Bandmann Opera Co. and the American professor, Roy H. Smith.

4 American Chamber of Commerce in Japan (Kansai Chapter)

Membership lists, 1972–1981.

5 Articles published in the journal of the American Chamber of Commerce in Japan, 1965–80

There is a list inside the folder.

6 Asama-san and Karuizawa

The volcano, Mount Asama, and the summer resort, Karuizawa, near Tokyo.

Correspondence, press cuttings (1956–59), references, typescript by W.B. Mason and article by W.P. Fegen on the history of the Mount Asama eruptions.

References, notes and press cuttings (1956–78) relating to the early history of Karuizawa, early baseball matches played there, missionary activities and tourism.

7 Baseball

Typescript, articles, photographs, press cuttings (1960–76) and references relating to the introduction of baseball into Japan; typescript of article on Ewell

William Slade (1895–1980).

8 Bavier, C.S. (1890–1977)

Resident of Kyoto.

Correspondence (1966–78), notes and annotated excerpts from C.S. Bavier’s autobiographical manuscript.

9 Beato, Felix (fl.1865–1881)


Correspondence, notes, references and press cuttings (1957–81) relating to Beato; two albums of his photographs of Japanese views (1860–1870) presented to the British Embassy and the Mayor of Yokohama by F.D. Burrows. There are lists of the photographs in the albums.

10 Beer

Article, references, notes, correspondence, press cuttings (1965–78) and a typescript relating to the development and history of the beer industry and breweries in Japan, including Spring Valley Brewery Co., Japan Brewery Co., Kirin Brewery Co. and Dai Nippon Beer Co., with photographs. Spring Valley Brewery was established by the American, William Copeland.

11 Black, J.R. (d. 1880)

Pioneer journalist in Japan.

Notes, references, genealogy, correspondence, press cuttings and articles (1960–78) relating to the pioneer journalist and his descendants. His son J.J. Black (Ishii Black) became a professional entertainer and story-teller in Japan. Included are Ishii Black’s obituary, biographical details, a typescript of a paper, press cuttings and photographs relating to him. There are press cuttings and notes relating to J.R. Black’s English language newspaper The Far East, vols 1–6 (1870–1878), reprinted in Tokyo in 1966.

12 Boehringer, Carl H. (1903–1972)

American journalist, diplomat and collector of Japanese prints, maps and other items relating to early American contacts with the Far East.

Notes, press cuttings, correspondence (1965–70) and articles by Lewis Bush.

13 Boy Scouts

Notes, correspondence, press cuttings and articles by Lewis Bush (1962–81) relating to the Boy Scout movement in Japan and to a pioneer of the movement, Clarence Griffen.

14 British Embassy, Legations, Consulates

Correspondence and press cuttings (1960–81), references, articles and photographs concerning former British consuls and the history of legations and consulates at Kobe, Nagasaki, Osaka, Tokyo (Yedo), Yokohama and Shimonoseki.

15 British naval officer Lake’s grave on Hiro Island

Notes, press cuttings and a photograph taken in 1967 relating to a British seaman from the surveying vessel HMS Sylvia, who was buried on Hiro Island in 1868.

16 British troops in Japan during 1860s and 1890s

Letter, notes and references relating to the British Garrison troops in Yokohama.

17 British troops in Japan

Bound scrapbook with index, published lists (1865), press cuttings and notes relating to British troops in Japan.

18 Broughton, Captain W.R., HMS Providence and Seaman Hans Oldson’s grave

Notes, press cuttings (1955–74), correspondence and photographs relating to the visit of HMS Providence to Muroran in 1796.

19 Buddhism, Zen

Notes, press cuttings (1955–78) and articles relating to Buddhism, cremation, funerals, burials, commercial aspects of Buddhism and foreigners who have converted to Buddhism.

20 Burrows, Francis Dickeson (1883–1960)

English expatriate businessman.

Biographical notes, press cuttings (1961) and photographs of a memorial service for Burrows in Yokohama.

21 Bush, Lewis (b. 1907)

English journalist and writer for the English language newspapers in Japan; resident of Japan from before World War II.

Biographical notes, press cuttings and correspondence (1956–74).

22 Butterfield & Swire

British shipping firm operating in the Far East.

Notes, press cuttings, correspondence (1958–72) and pamphlets relating to the firm, Butterfield & Swire, and the shipping line, P&O.

23 Chamberlain, Basil Hall (1850–1935)

English author and writer about Japan.

Notes, press cuttings and correspondence relating to Basil Chamberlain and his book Things Japanese (1890), and to H.J. Griffiths, the lost Chamberlain manuscript and the article by Williams, ‘Things Japanese: The Story Behind the Story’.

24 Churches in Japan

Press cuttings (1963–81) and notes relating to Christ Church, Yokohama; Union Church, Yokohama; Roman Catholic Church, Yokohama; Episcopal Church, Tokyo; Churches in Osaka; and the Russian Orthodox Church. There is also a typescript from Mrs Willis Hoekje on the establishment of the first Protestant Church in Yokohama.

25 Clothing

Notes, references, press cuttings (1962–72) and articles relating to foreign dress, women’s clothing, the kimono, ‘Mother Hubbards’, formal Japanese dress, pants, modern fashions, student uniforms, tailors, sea bathing, laundry of foreign clothing, fundoshi, hats, wigs and boots.

26 Clubs in Kobe

Business cards, chronological table with notes (1868–1972), correspondence and press cuttings (1960–81) relating to the After-Luncheon Club, the Canoe and Dinghy Club, the Kobe India Club, the Masonic Club, the Monday Club (with list of members 1962–63), the Kobe Lawn Tennis Club, the Kobe Sailing Club, the Kobe Women’s Club and the Kobe Yacht Club.

27Clubs in Yokohama

Articles, correspondence and press cuttings (1956–63) relating to the Club Germania, the Yokohama Country and Athletic Club, the Yokohama Cricket Club, the Yokohama United Club, the Yokohama Amateur Rowing Club, the Women’s Club and other clubs. There are two photographs of the Yokohama United Club.

28Columbia Society, George Washington Society

Notes, press cuttings (1971–76), invitations, photographs and typescript relating to the Societies and the history of the George Washington Society ball.

29 Cooper & Co.; Cooper Findlay & Co. Ltd; Findlays Properties Ltd; Findlay Richardson & Co. Ltd

Business papers, references and photographs relating to the history of these firms and one of their first directors, F. D. Burrows. There are also notes on the Kobe Club in 1920.

30 Cowra Japanese POW Camp

Notes, typescripts, press cuttings, manuscript and typescript of Williams’ diary (1944) and articles (1969–79), correspondence and photographs relating to the mass escape of Japanese prisoners in 1944, the Military Court of Inquiry, the Japanese War Cemetery at Cowra, NSW and the establishment of the Japanese Garden in 1975. There are also notes on the riot at the Featherstone Japanese POW camp in New Zealand in the early years of World War II.

31 Currency, Exchange rates, Gold, the Mint, Osaka, Silver, Yen

Notes, press cuttings (1962–80), typescript and articles relating to the history of currency in Japan.

32 Dogs

Notes, references, articles, correspondence and press cuttings (1961–75) relating to the myth ‘No dogs or Chinese’ in Shanghai, the canine beachcomber of Nagasaki, the legend of the canine Hachiko and the monument at Shibuya.

33 The drowning of Rear Admiral Bell

Correspondence and notes (1957–76) relating to the drowning outside Osaka on 11 January 1868 of Rear Admiral Henry H. Bell and ten United States seamen; photographs of tombstones and memorials and a typescript of the story of the drowning are included.

34 The Dutch in Deshima and Hirado

Notes and press cuttings (1953–74) relating to early Dutch and German settlers at Deshima, Nagasaki and the port of Hirado, and to the Netherlands Trading Society and the Dutch East India Company; also notes and photographs of anchor stones for Dutch vessels. There are references to J. Cock Blomhoff and family, M. Donker Curtius, Hendrik Doeff, Engelbert Kaempfer, Dr Philipp Franz von Siebold and Isaac Titsingh.

35 Emperors

Press cuttings (1954–76), notes and references relating to Emperor Hirohito’s visit to the United States in 1975, the history of Japanese customs and attitudes to the Emperor and anecdotes about the life of the Emperor and the Emperor’s role in the Japanese surrender in 1945. There are references and press cuttings on the Emperors Meiji and Komai and Crown Prince Akihito, and on the history of performances of ‘The Mikado’ in Japan.

36 The English Mission School; St. Michael’s International School; F.B. Walker

St. Michael’s International School in Kobe was formerly called the English Mission School. F.B. Walker was master and headmaster from 1903 to 1941 and again after 1950.

Correspondence and press cuttings (1967–81), pamphlets, invitations and references on the history of St. Michael’s International School, Kobe and F.B. Walker (1878–1978).

37 Fauchery, Antoine (1827–1861)

French-Australian photographer.

Photographs, typescript, article, correspondence and press cuttings (1961–73) relating to Fauchery, the circumstances of his death in Yokohama and the location of his grave.

38 Fenollosa, Ernest F.; William S Bigelow; James H. Woods

Bostonian expatriates who lived in Japan.

Correspondence, press cuttings (1974–78), articles, index of selected letters of Bigelow referring to Japan, photographs (1974) and typescript of article relating to the Americans Dr William Sturgis Bigelow (1850–1926), Ernest F. Fenollosa (d.1908), Dr Edward S. Morse (d. 1926) and James Haughton Woods (1844–1935). There are notes on the Homyo-in Buddhist Monastery at Otsu.

39 Foreigners in Japan and Shanghai, 1940–45

Typescript copies of letters from C. Blyth and press cuttings (1941–43) relating to the life of foreigners in Japan before and during World War II.

40 Frazar & Co., Sale & Frazar Ltd, Sale Tilney (Japan) Ltd

Import-export firm established in Yokohama in 1878.

Correspondence (1972–76), notes, references, advertising leaflets and photographs on the history of these firms.

41 The history of Sale Tilney (Japan) Ltd

A published limited edition copy of this book by M.J. Piper (1975).

42 Freemasonry

Correspondence, press cuttings (1964–78), photographs, pamphlets, notes and certificates relating to the establishment and history of freemasonry in Tokyo, Yokohama, Kobe and Nagasaki. Reference is made to the first Japanese to have embraced Freemasonry, Professor Amane Nishi. Included is a photocopied typescript of ‘The History of Rising Sun Lodge 1401 EC Kobe Japan’ by William Lackie.

43 Fuji San

Press cuttings (1942–81), notes, pamphlets and references relating to the history of the climbing of Mount Fuji.

44 Fujiya Hotel , Miyanoshita

Opened in 1878.

Notes, references, press cuttings (1958–69) and pamphlets.

45 Gaijin and Furyo Gaijin—Foreigners in Japan

Notes, press cuttings (1957–80) and typescript relating to foreigners in Japan and the use of the word ‘Gaijin’ as a derogatory term.

46 Geisha

Notes, article, correspondence and press cuttings (1956–81) relating to the the romance and marriage of the Japanese geisha, Morgan O-Yuki, to the American, George Denison Morgan (cousin of John Pierpont Morgan), and to the Japanese musical plays ‘The Geisha’ and ‘Morgan O-Yuki’.

47 German community

Notes, references, typescript, correspondence and press cuttings (1961–81) relating to the history of the German Consulate in Kobe, early German residents including Arthur Greppi, the German Club (Club Concordia), the Union Club, the German School in Kobe and the German community in Japan

See also Folio 61

48 The Glover family—Glover & Co.

Pamphlets, notes, portrait photograph, correspondence, press cuttings (1961– 79) and copy of Japanese document concerning Thomas Blake Glover (1838–1911), the Takashima Coal Mine, Glover & Co. and the Glover House in Nagasaki.

49 The Good (?) old days

Typescripts, press cuttings (1962–77) and notes on trade and living conditions in Japan during a century of change.

50 Griffiths, Harry John (1882–1944)

Resident of Kobe, collector and scholar of Japanese history.

Inventory of Griffiths’ lost collection, internee documents and documents concerning his estate and war claims compensation.

51 Griffiths, Harry John

Scrapbook containing correspondence and press cuttings (1957–73), notes, articles, photographs and postcards.

52 Hakodate

Press cuttings (1861, 1957–80), notes, correspondence and typescript relating to the port city of Hakodate, the Hakodate Foreign Cemetery and the murder in 1874 of Ludwig Haber, the first German consul to Hokkaido. There are also research notes on Christopher Pemberton Hodgson (1821–1865) forwarded to the editor of the Australian Dictionary of Biography.

53 Heco, Joseph (1837–1897)

Author and publisher of Japan’s first newspaper, Kaigai Shimbun, and the first Japanese to become a citizen of the United States.

Correspondence and press cuttings (1960–77), notes and articles in English and Japanese.

54 The Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation

Notes, references, correspondence and press cuttings (1959–79) relating to the history of the Corporation. Drawings of the bank by the artist C.B. Bernard are also included.

55 Horse racing

Press cuttings (1960–69) and letter (1975) relating to the history of horse racing in Nagasaki, Osaka and Yedo (Tokyo), the Hiogo and Osaka Race Club, the Nippon Race Club and horses.

56 Hunting

Press cuttings (1959–70), notes, references and photographs (1870s) relating to Foxhunting and game and bird hunting.

57 Ijin-kan and Meiji-mura

Notes, references and press cuttings (1960s–70s) relating to Japanese architecture and the Meiji village.

58 Ijin-kan and Meiji-mura

Japanese language journals, press cuttings (1960s–1970s), notes, references, photographs and illustrations relating to Japanese architecture and the Meiji village.

59 Imperial Hotel, Tokyo and Frank Lloyd Wright

Press cuttings (1958–76), articles and references relating to the Imperial Hotel and its architect, Frank Lloyd Wright.

60 The International Committee of Kansai

Correspondence and press cuttings (1971–77), notes, references and typescripts of an article and speech relating to the history of the Committee.

61 The International Relief Committee

Press cuttings (1947–77) and reports relating to the International Relief Committee of Kansai.

62 International Town Meeting, Kobe

Correspondence, press cuttings (1976) and a program of the International Town Meeting held in Kobe in 1976 as a feature of the United States Bicentennial celebrations.

63 Iwasaki and the Yeppoon acquisition of land

Yohachiro Iwasaki, Japanese businessman in Australia.

Press cuttings (1978–80), notes and typescript relating to the proposed tourist development in Yeppoon, Queensland.

64 James, David Henry (1881–1970)

Elder brother of Ernest W. James and resident of Japan.

Correspondence (1970), typescript of speech (1958), extracts of letters, copy of newspaper report, photographs and press cuttings (1910–1925).

65 James, Ernest William (1889–1952)

Founder of the James Estate, a housing estate, at Shioya.

Correspondence, press cuttings (1961–76), notes and legal documents relating to the Estate and Harold Williams’ actions as Trustee.

66 ‘Jap’ and other contractions

Notes, press cuttings (1945–79) and typescripts relating to the use of the abbreviation ‘Jap’.

67 Japan–Australia trade

Notes, references, press cuttings, correspondence and typescript relating to the early history of trade between Japan and Australia. The commodities included camels, coal, Japanese swords and rifles, meat, silk, tea and wool.

68 Japanese prostitutes in Australia

Press cutting and typescript of ‘Karayuki-san: The Japanese Prostitutes in Australia 1887–1916’ by D.C.S. Sissons (1976).

69 Japanese visitors to places abroad

Notes, references, typescript and press cuttings (1953–77) relating to the first Japanese citizens to travel outside Japan, Japanese tourists, businessmen and residents abroad.

70 Jardine Matheson & Co. and the Keswicks

William Keswick established a branch of the firm, Jardine Matheson & Co., the first major British trading company in Yokohama, in 1859.

Correspondence, press cuttings, typescript (1958–75), notes and references relating to the history of the firm and its beginnings in Yokohama.

71 Jewish community in Japan and China

Correspondence, copies of two journals (1957–58), press cuttings and photocopies of articles by others (1974–80) relating mainly to the Jewish community in Japan. There are separate sub-files on Kobe, Nagasaki and Yokohama.

72 Journal of Father Pierre Mounicou, 1856–1864

Catholic priest (d. 1871) who was in Yokohama, Nagasaki and Kobe from 1860–71.

Copy of the journal written in French with a typescript of the translation of part of the journal from 1860 to 1864. There is an index to individuals mentioned in the translation.

73 Kagoshima bombardment August 15, 1863; Shimonoseki Naval Operation 1864

Anglo–Japanese naval battle fought in Kagoshima Bay, Kyushu and European naval bombardment at Shimonoseki

Press cuttings, references and copies of articles (1966–75).

74 Kawakami Otojiro (1864–1911), Sada Yacco

Japanese actors and their troupe who performed in Japan, America and Europe.

Notes, references, typescript (1966) and photographs.

75‘Kimigayo’ (national anthem), Bandmaster J.W. Fenton, Franz Eckert

Press cuttings and correspondence (1958–76) relating to the Japanese national anthem Kimigayo, its origins and composers, and to the bandmaster J.W. Fenton, who arrived in Japan in the 1860s, and the composer and musician Franz Eckert.

76 Kirby Family photographs

77 Edward Charles Kirby, Alfred Kirby, Japanese Imperial Naval Yard Ono-hama

78 W. Lackie’s papers and notes relating to his research into the Kirby Family

79 Edward Charles Kirby, Alfred Kirby

Edward Charles Kirby and Alfred Kirby were the founders of the Kobe Engineering and Ship Building Works, formerly the Kobe Iron Works Co.

Folders 76–79 contain three notebooks of Alfred Kirby, ten Cabinet prints of Kirby family members, correspondence, legal documents and the typescript of Williams’ Shades of the Past article ‘The Englishman Who Built a Shipyard and Japanese Warships in Kobe’. Included are the research notes and letters of William Lackie.

80 Kobe Chronicle, Japan Chronicle

Photographs, press cuttings, notes and extracts from letters (1962–79) regarding the history of the Kobe Chronicle and the Japan Chronicle and the editor Robert Young and other editors.

81 Kobe Churches, Kobe Mission to Seamen

Press cuttings, pamphlets, correspondence (1956, 1961–80), typescripts of articles by Williams on the churches and Christianity in Kobe and a typescript (1977) by Mioko Kadota, ‘My Memories During December 8, 1941 and 1945’. There are also notes, references and press cuttings relating to the history of the organization ‘The Mission to Seamen’ in Kobe.

82 Kobe Women’s Club and Saturday Morning Club

Notes, press cuttings, photographs and pamphlets (1974–86) with a 1952 press cutting.

83 Kobe Clubs

Notes, references, business papers, photographs and press cuttings relating to the Kobe Club and other clubs in Kobe.

84 Kobe foreign cemeteries

Notes, references, press cuttings, copy of Williams’ article and a Japanese translation, pamphlets and photographs (1953–77) on the foreign cemeteries of Kobe.

85 Kobe foreign international schools

Notes, references, correspondence and press cuttings (1964–79).

86 Kobe International Hospital

Correspondence, press cuttings, brochures and photographs (1933–1979).

87 Kobe newspapers and journals

Hiogo News, Hiogo and Osaka Herald, Japan Chronicle, Kackling Kagmag, Kobe Advertiser and Shipping News, Kobe Chronicle, Kobe Daily News, Kobe Herald, Nippon Standard.

Notes, press cuttings and references to locations of holdings of Kobe newspapers, including two sample issues from 1931.

88 Lackie, William (1902–1978)

Scottish expatriate resident in Japan from 1926 to 1942 and 1950 to 1966.

Correspondence with Williams (1964–78).

89 Lady Washington (ship)

American trading ship which arrived in Oshima, Kushimoto on 6 May 1791.

Typescript and press cuttings (1972) relating to the 1791 visit and the United States – Japan Amity Memorial Hall built in its memory at Kushimoto. Included are two pamphlets in Japanese on Kushimoto.

90 Lafcadio Hearn (1850–1904)

Greek expatriate author and journalist

Press cuttings and typescripts of articles by Williams with listing (1958–68).

91 Lighthouses

Extract of letter, press cuttings (1963–80), notes and references relating to the history of lighthouses in Japan, and to lighthouse-keeper Joseph Dick (1842– 1914) and lighthouse-builder Richard Henry Brunton, who worked in Japan from 1868 to 1877.

92 Macao

Tourist guides and brochures, press cuttings and typescripts of articles and talks (1959–81).

93 MacDonald, Ranald (1824–1894)

First American teacher in Japan.

References, notes, photographs, map and correspondence (1959–67).

94 Madame Butterfly and the ‘Madame Butterfly House’ at Nagasaki

Press cuttings, typescript, notes and references (1955–62, 1980).

95 Missionary work in Japan

Notes, references, press cuttings and a photograph with individual references to Guido F. Verbeck (b. 1830), James Hepburn (1815–1911) and W.E. Griffis, an author and missionary who arrived in Yokohama in 1870.

96 Morrison, George Ernest (1862–1920)

Australian-born journalist, doctor and traveler.

Notes, press cuttings, articles and correspondence with Cyril Pearl, D. MacFarlane, W.A. Morrison, Lo Hui-min and C. P. Fitzgerald (1963–70).

97 Murdoch, James (1856–1921)

Scottish–Australian historian, classical scholar and orientalist.

Copies of 1888 press cuttings, press cuttings of articles by Murdoch, notes and references.

98 Nagasaki

Correspondence, typescript, press cuttings, notes and references (1964–66) relating to the Dutch residents of Nagasaki, James Rhynhoud (1816–1870) and Gustav Wilckens (d. 1869), and to their gravestones in the Dutch cemetery at Inasa at Nagasaki.

99 Nestorians

Press cuttings, correspondence, notes and references (1954–81) relating to the introduction of Christianity to Japan and its history.

100 Oriental Hotel, Kobe from 1870

Press cuttings, typescript (1968), notes, references, postcards and photographs (1908, 1930s and 1945).

101 Patton, Emily Sophia (1831–1912)

Author and teacher of music, singing and dancing, who went to Japan in about 1887.

Typescript, notes, references, correspondence, photocopies and photographs (1964, 1974).

102 Photography

Notes, press cuttings, correspondence and article (1957–81) relating to the history of photography in Japan. There is also a copy of Williams’ index to the photographic albums.

103 Poole, Otis Manchester (1880–1978)

American author, one-time resident of Yokohama.

Correspondence with Williams (1964–80).

104 Prostitution

Notes, press cuttings, typescripts, correspondence and photographs (1956– 80) relating to the history of prostitution and Japanese prostitutes.

105 Protestant Christianity

Press cuttings, articles and notes (1957–65) relating to the Episcopal Church at Nagasaki, the Protestant centenary in 1959 and the history of Christian schools.

106 Richardson affair (Namamugi incident) 1862

Notes, press cuttings, correspondence, article and photographs (1962–80) relating to the murder of Charles Lennox Richardson near the village of Namamugi.

107 Rickshaws/Jinrikisha

Notes, references and press cuttings (1964, 1980) relating to the history of rickshaws.

108 The Ringers of Japan and the Ringer House

Frederick Ringer (1838–1907) came to Nagasaki in 1864 and with R. Holmeestablished the trading firm, Holme Ringer & Co.

Typescript, notes, press cuttings, family tree and correspondence relating to Frederick Ringer and his family, and to Williams’ publication The Story of Holme Ringer & Co. Ltd in Western Japan 1868–1968 (1968).

109 Rokko-San and the Kobe Golf Club

Notes, references, press cuttings, correspondence and typescript of lecture (1959–78) relating to Mount Rokko, golf in Japan, the Kobe Golf Club and the Kobe Walking Society.

110 St. George’s Church, Shioya

Church of England church established 1950, closed 1977.

Notes, references, correspondence, press cuttings and photographs (1951–81) relating to the Church, its closure and the transfer of the altar ornaments to the Cathedral Church of St. Nicholas at Newcastle-upon-Tyne in England.

111The Sakai massacre 8 March 1868

Press cuttings, correspondence and notes (1965, 1971) relating to the massacre of eleven French sailors at Sakai in 1868.

112 Satow, Sir Ernest M. (1843–1929)

British diplomat and author.

Correspondence (1981), press cuttings and notes (1962).

113 Shinto; Yasukuni shrine; Ise shrines

Correspondence, notes and press cuttings (1962–75) relating to Shinto shrines, including the Yasukuni shrine, the Ise shrines and the shrine of the Universe.

114 Shioya

Press cuttings, correspondence, notes, references, typescripts and articles (1953–81) relating to the history of Shioya, the Shioya Country Club, St. George’s Church of Shioya, rentals and the James Estate and its water supply.

115 Shioya Country Club

Press cuttings, correspondence, notes, references, typescript and article (1934– 81) relating to the history of the Shioya Country Club. Included are the Articles of Association of the Club.

116 Slade, Ewell W. (1895–1980) and Dr Harold Slade (1860–1908)

Ewell W. Slade was a Japanese-born American resident of Shioya from 1916 until about 1940. His father was an American expatriate doctor, dentist and missionary in Japan.

Correspondence with E.W. Slade and Samuel Sokobin (1955–80); notes, typescript and obituaries (1980) for Ewell Slade.

117 Sokobin, Samuel

American diplomat and scholar and last United States Consul-General in Kobe prior to 1941.

Correspondence with Sokobin (1957–81). There is also one item on J.O.P. Bland, British author and journalist, and a file containing Christmas cards, with accompanying essays, from Sokobin.

118 Solomon, Stuart (Y. Hoshino) (1857–1907)

Irish resident of Yokohama and proprietor of the Shoji Hotel; he was also known as Harry Solomon and Y. Hoshino.

Press cuttings (1895), notes, correspondence (1967–69), typescripts and photographs relating to Solomon and his partner Herbert William Brockbank (d. 1895).

119 Sorge, Richard (1885–1944)

Russian spy of German nationality in Japan.

Notes, press cuttings (1965–80) and photographs of his grave. Included is a copy of the book The man with three faces by Hans-Otto Meissner (1955).

120–21 Steam vessels sold or reportedly sold to Japan to 1870

Listings, notes and photographs compiled by T.M. Milne (1963–64).

122 Suma, Ichinotani, Tarumi, Maiko, Akashi

Places in and around Kobe.

Typescript and press cuttings (1964, 1974–75).

123 Suttor, John Bligh (1859–1925)

New South Wales Government Commercial Commissioner in the East 1903–22.

Typescript, correspondence (1975–77) and photographs of his grave in the Shuhogahra Foreign Cemetery in Kobe.

124 The Takasuka family in Australia

Typescript of ‘An Immigrant Family’ by D.C.S. Sissons (1977); notes and reprint of an article in Hemisphere relating to Jo Takasuka, a Japanese migrant to Australia in 1905, and his family.

125–26 J.L. Thompson & Co. Ltd

Retail store, bookshop and book publishing firm.

Photographs and reproductions of the firm (1878, 1919, 1930 and 1959); notes from nineteenth-century directories, correspondence (1966–74) and press cuttings relating to the firm and foreign pharmacies in Japan. There are lists of books published by J.L. Thompson Ltd and legal documents with correspondence (1951–53).

127 Tor Hotel, Kobe; other hotels in Kobe

Press cuttings, notes and nineteenth-century references relating to the early history of the Tor Hotel and other hotels in Kobe. The hotels listed are the Tor, the New Port, the Koshien, the Lyman, the Sandborn, the Hiogo, the Mikado (Jiutei), the Belle Vue, the Hotel des Colonies and the Globe.

128 Trade

Press cuttings, notes, references, typescript and published articles (1957–76) relating to commercial relations between Japan and Britain (from 1599) and Japan and the United States. There is specific material on trade with Kobe, Nagasaki and Yokohama.

129 Tsukiji (Tokyo foreign settlement) and Tokyo Union Church

Press cuttings, notes, references, typescripts, publications and correspondence with G. L. Snodgrass (1965–66), a former resident of Tokyo, relating to the history of the Tokyo Foreign Settlement.

130 United States Embassy, legation and consulates in Japan

Press cuttings, notes, references and correspondence (1960–81) relating to the history of the Embassy from 1859 to 1976. There are also typescripts of profiles of American ambassadors (1966), United States consular officers and consulates at Hakodate, Kobe, Nagasaki, Osaka and Yokohama.

131 Unzen (Shimabara)

Summer resort near Nagasaki.

Press cuttings, notes and references (1960s, 1980–81).

132 Van Reed, Eugene (1835–1873)

American consulate clerk, consul at Hawaii and resident of Japan from 1859 to 1872.

Correspondence, press cuttings (1956, 1968), notes and references about Van Reed, his role in the Japanese emigration to Hawaii, the visit of King Kalakaua of Hawaii to Japan in 1881 and the S.S. Scioto, the first steamer to take emigrants from Japan to Hawaii.

133 Walsh Hall & Co.; Thomas Walsh, John Walsh; Kobe Paper Mill

Formerly Walsh & Co., founded in 1868 in Kobe by the Walsh brothers.

Notes, references, correspondence and articles (1957–76) relating to the history of the firm and the development of the paper-making industry in Japan.

134 Wenceslau de Moraes (1854–1929)

Portuguese diplomat and author who settled in Japan in 1889.

Press cuttings, notes, references and photographs (1955–81).

135 Whaler Lady Rowena; the Ladoga; the brig Cyprus

Press cuttings, notes and correspondence (1968–81) relating to the history of whaling in Japanese waters. Included is a reprint of ‘A Sydney Whaler 1829–32: The Reminiscences of James Heberley’ in the Journal of Pacific History, vol. 10 (1975).

136 Wirgman, Charles (1832–1891)

English journalist, artist and cartoonist that arrived in Nagasaki in 1861.

Press cuttings, notes, references, correspondence and typescripts (1968–78). There are photographs of Wirgman’s cartoons from the Japan Punch and sketches published in the Illustrated London News.

137 Yokohama Foreign General Cemetery

Photographs of graves (1968), press cuttings and correspondence (1958–80) relating to the history of the cemetery from 1853.

138 Van Zandt, Howard, F.

American resident of Japan from about 1945 to 1972. Author of ‘Random Thoughts’—articles on ‘Things Japanese’ published in the monthly issues of Kokusai Denshin Denwa from 1966 to 1979.

Press cuttings, correspondence, notes and reviews of his book New Facts about

Japanese and Americans (1971); press cuttings (1980) relating to the scandal of Kokusai Denshin Denwa Co. (KDD).

Series 2 Additional Subject Files

This series contains additional subject files, most of which were originally in spring-back folders with a few in scrapbook form. Like Series 1, the files include copies of typescripts of Williams’ published articles, correspondence, notes, references, press cuttings of his own and other people’s articles, photographs and other miscellaneous material assembled in the course of his research from 1949 to 1987. These files are arranged alphabetically by the names given to them by Harold Williams.

Folder / Piece

1 Ailion Family.

Correspondence, press cuttings (1960–82) and photographs (including a portrait of Isaac Ailion) relating to the Ailion Family, Isaac Ailion and amateur dramatics in Kobe in 1894.

2–6 Asiatic Society of Japan

Copies of the Bulletin of the Society (1971–83) including notes and press cuttings, with indexes to the journal from 1971 to 1980.

7–10 Australia–Japan relations

Press cuttings (1867–68), notes and articles (1961–78) concerning the history of Australia–Japan relations and specific individual events and subjects including immigration, the 1964 Olympics and the development of the Australia–Japan Society.

11 Australian Pavilion at the 1970 EXPO in Japan

Press cuttings and notes.

12–16 Cemeteries

Press cuttings, notes, typescripts and photographs (1961–80) relating to the history of cemeteries in Japan and individual graves of foreign residents and foreigners. Folder 16 contains copies of the typescripts The Foreign Cemeteries of Kobe and Osaka and ‘The Forgotten Grave’ by Williams, with accompanying correspondence, notes and cuttings relating to the story of Antoine Pierre Van der Aa, a Belgian who died in 1870 and was the first foreigner to be buried in Osaka.

17 Cemeteries of Nagasaki

Correspondence, notes, press cuttings (1957–78) and lists of nineteenth-century

graves in the foreign cemeteries.

18–20 Cobb & Co.; United Yeomen for Sutherland Coaching Companies in Japan; Sutherland stamps

Correspondence, journal extracts, press cuttings and stamp bulletins relating to the history of the Sutherland Coaching Company and early transport in Japan. There is material relating to the origin of rare Sutherland stamps.

21 Cornes, Frederick (b. 1837)

English silk expert who founded the firm of Aspinall, Cornes and Co. in Yokohama.

Scrapbook compiled after 1981 containing photographs, notes, typescripts, photocopies and press cuttings (1909–36) relating to Frederick Cornes and the company he founded.

22 European intercourse with Japan; Japan–Netherlands relations

Notes and press cuttings (1898–1981) relating to the history of Europe–Japan relations, in particular the relations between the Netherlands and Japan.

23–26 Food, drinks and menus

Notes, press cuttings and articles relating to the influence of European culture on Japanese food from the 1860s. Subjects include food, drinks, menus, banquets, bars and restaurants, food prices, housekeeping, sake, tea and beef.

27 Foreign cemeteries in Osaka

Scrapbook containing correspondence, minutes, photographs (1950–78), press cuttings, notes and a printed copy of The Foreign Cemeteries of Kobe and Osaka (Folio 1).

28–30 Foreigners in Japan

Scrapbooks of press cuttings on contemporary foreigners living or visiting Japan: vol. 1 (1968–71), vol. 2 (1971–73), vol. 3 (1974–84).

31 Townsend Harris (1804–1878) and Okichi-San (1841–1891)

Townsend Harris was the first United States Consul General to Japan from 1856 to 1862. Okichi-San was the alleged Japanese mistress of Harris. Scrapbook with index containing notes, press cuttings, correspondence and journal extracts (1860, 1936, 1953–73) relating to Harris and the story of Okichi- San (Folio 2).

32–33 Holme Ringer & Co.

Notes, press cuttings (1968–76) and correspondence (1980) relating to the company, which was established in Nagasaki in 1868, and to writing the book, The Story of Holme Ringer & Co. Ltd in Western Japan 1868–1968 (1968).

34 Japanese midget submarine raid on Sydney Harbor May 1942

Typescript and press cuttings (1968) relating to the visit to Australia of the mother of a crewmember.

35–36 Japanese – United States relations from 1853; the first foreign envoy to the United States in 1860

Notes and press cuttings (1960, 1980) relating to voyage of the Kanrin Maru and the first Japanese diplomatic mission in the United States.

37 Japan – United States Amity and Trade Centennial (May 1960)

Press cuttings and journal articles relating to the centenary and history of the first Japanese diplomatic mission to the United States (Folio 3).

38 Kagoshima bombardment 15 August 1863; Shimonoseki Naval Operation 1863–64; Chino–Japanese war; Russo–Japanese war

Press cuttings from the Illustrated London News (1863), photographs and postcards assembled in a scrapbook in 1964 (Folio 4).

39 Kobe

Kobe—a book of illustrations published by the Kobe City Office and an illustrated pamphlet on Kobe, both containing Williams’ annotations of interesting photographs (1980).

40–43 Kobe

Notes, typescripts of articles and speeches, references, press cuttings and correspondence (1953–81) relating to the history of Kobe, indexed alphabetically by subject.

44 Kobe Regatta and Athletic Club

Correspondence (1971) concerning the publication of Williams’ book The Kobe Regatta and Athletic Club: The First Hundred Years.

45 Kobe Club

Documents, notes and cards relating to the Club. They include a typescript of a chronological table (1868–1972) of the history and origin of the Kobe Club with references to Japanese English language newspapers.

46–47 Kobe Regatta and Athletic Club

Two scrapbooks of programs, reports, notes, press cuttings, documents, photographs and correspondence (1911–71) (Folios 5–6).

48 Kobe Regatta and Athletic Club—reports etc.

Copies of the pamphlet The Kobe Regatta and Athletic Club 1870–1927, published in 1927; articles of association and notes (Folio 7).

49 Kobe Regatta and Athletic Club

Album containing copies of reports, press cuttings, photographs, typescripts and contract documents (1925–83).

50 Kyoto

Notes, references and press cuttings (1959–73) relating to the history of Kyoto.

51–52 Nagasaki

Notes, references, press cuttings, correspondence and population statistics


53 Nagasaki: List of foreign Hongs and residents at Nagasaki in 1867

54–56 Osaka

Notes, press cuttings with reproductions of nineteenth-century photographs of Osaka, typescript of lecture, articles and Japanese language journal (1957–79) relating to the history and foreign communities of Osaka. Included is a nineteenth-century press cutting. Folder 54 contains a list of the main subjects of the file.

57–59 The press: the foreign press in Japan

Press cuttings, notes and correspondence (1941, 1957–60) relating to the history of English language newspapers and journals in Japan. Notes and typescript drafts of articles by Williams on newspapers in Japan are included in Folder 49. There is a name index to the newspapers and journals.

60 Shanghai and Macao

Scrapbook of press cuttings, journal articles, photographs and postcards relating to Shanghai and Macao in the 1950s and 1960s, and to China in the 1980s.

61–62 Shipping companies

American President Line

Ben Line

Kiodo Unyu Kaisha

Messageries Maritimes

NDL (North German Line)

NYK (Nippon Yusen Kaisha)

P&O (Peninsular and Oriental),

Mackinnon Mackenzie & Co.

Pacific Mail Steamship Co.

Royal Interocean Lines

Teikoku Senpaku KK

Notes, references, press cuttings, correspondence and excerpts from letters and journals (1859, 1954–77) relating to the history of the shipping companies.

63–66 Ships and shipping

Press cuttings, correspondence (1954–80), notes and references relating to individual ships that were part of the history of shipping in Japan, including early British ships and vessels on the Pacific run; there are photographs of the Chusan, the Delta and the Massilia. A list of the ships mentioned appears at the front of Folder 63.

67 Teachers—foreign teachers in Japan

Scrapbook with name index containing press cuttings of articles on the history of foreign teachers in Japan by Sir Vere Redman in the Asahi Evening News from 1964 to 1966. Press cuttings and extracts from journals of articles by others (1965–78) are also included.

68–70 Tokyo (Yedo)

Notes and references from nineteenth-century newspapers, and press cuttings, correspondence and articles (1950–76) relating to the influence of western customs and society and the history of Tokyo in the context of the foreign settlements. Comparisons with the Japan of the 1960s to the 1980s are sometimes included in press cuttings. There are two pamphlets; one an illustrated tourist pamphlet relating to the 1964 Olympic Games, entitled Tokyo Invites, published by the Organizing Committee for the Games of the Eighteenth Olympiad; the other a pamphlet in Japanese and English entitled Oriental Goddess (1974–75), by Japanese businesswoman Mama Ginbasha.

71 ‘Where They Now Rest Peacefully’

Series in the Mainichi Daily News (1967–68).

Scrapbook of press cuttings of biographical details and locations of tombs of noted Japanese as published in the series ‘Where They Now Rest Peacefully’. A listing is at the front of the file.

72 White Australia

Press cuttings from Australian newspapers (1953–61) and typescript of a speech by the Australian politician, Arthur Calwell.

73 Willis, William

The first British doctor in Japan, who arrived c.1862 as medical officer for the British Legation.

Correspondence, photocopies from Japanese microfilm (1982–83) and a typescript of a speech by Sir Hugh Cortazzi in 1983.

74–79 Yokohama

Postcards, press cuttings (1958–68), notes and references relating to Yokohama’s history and foreign influence. Included is a copy of Kanagawa Community News, Japan vol. 15, (Nov. 1968), with an article relating to various phases of Yokohama settlement. There is also a typescript of a paper on the hospitals of Yokohama by D. Malcolm Edwards. A subject index to the file is in folder 74 (a–f) and folder 77 (g–z).

80 Miscellaneous

Typescript (1968) and press cuttings (1982) collected by Williams to add to his collection. The subjects are: Dutch–Deshima, H.J. Griffiths, the Kirby Case, Jardine Matheson, Nagasaki cemeteries, Commodore Perry, Professor F. Starr and Japan – United States trade relations.

81 Miscellaneous: nineteenth-century Japan

Published articles on life in nineteenth-century Japan, including references to John Reddie Black and the Australian, Alfred H. Prince.

82 Miscellaneous

Press cuttings, photographs and typescript relating to the Japanese ‘Love’ hotels at Shioya.

Series 3 Persons and firms

Originally in twenty spring-back folders, this series contains notes, references, press cuttings, correspondence and occasional photographs (1946–1980) arranged alphabetically by the name of the person or firm associated with Japan. Folders 62 to 65 contain research on Australian firms in Japan and Australians with a connection to Japan. Williams’ titles have been retained.


1 Abegg-Gubser, Lily

Abraham, L.D.

Abraham, Bennie

Adams, Will

Ailion Family

Ainslie, Dr

2 Akutagawa, R.

Alcock, Rutherford

Alexander, W. (W.A. Finnin)

Allardyce, R.M., Dr

Alt, W.J. (Alt & Co.)

America–Japan Society

American Trading Co.

D’A, Anna

Angst, Harry C.

Antaki Family

Archer, T. & Archer, Wm.

Argall, Phyllis (C.B.K. Argall)

Arnold, Sir Edwin

3 Ascherson, W., Dr

Ashton, F.T. – Watkins, G.

Kansai Asiatic Society of Japan

Arthur & Bond, Yokohama

Baden-Powell, Frank

Babcock, Winnifred Eaton

Baelz, E., Dr

Bailey, M. Buckworth, Rev.

Baldwin, G.W., Major

Baldagh, James

Baldwin, Charles

Bandmann Opera Co.

Banuvar, J.M.

Barbe, J.M. Gabriel

Bardens, F.J.

Barr, Pat

Barrington, E.

Basil, Bishop of Kobe

Batchelor, John, Dr

Batchelder, J.M., Capt.

Baty, Thomas, Dr

Baudin, A.F.

Bavier, C.S.

4 Beard, James

Beasley, W.G., Prof.

Beato, Felix

Beck, Adam, Mrs

Belgium Embassy – Consulate

Bell, Eric S.

Bell, Ethel

Bennett, W.G.

Benson, E.S.

Berigny, Th. de (Berigny & Co.)

Bernard, C.B.

Berry, Reginald G.

5 Bickart (Rene and Denise)

Biddle, James, Commodore

Bigelow, W.S.

Bigot, G.F.

Binder, Gus

Bird, Isabella L.

Birnie, C.M. (The Birnie Family)

Black, J.R.

Black Eyed Susan

Blake, George C.

Blanckensee, Julius

Bland, J.O.P.

Blakiston Marr & Co.



Blyth, C.

6 Blyth, R.H.

Blum, Paul C.

Blunden, Edmund

Boag, J.T.

Bodley, R.V.C. Major

Boehringer, Carl E.

Bond of Arthur & Bond

7 Bose, Subhas Chandra

Bose, Rash-Bihari

Bostwick, Lieut.

Bougoin, Capt.

Bowden, Vivien Rothwell

Boxer, C.R., Prof.

Boxer, C.R., Mrs (Emily Hahn)

Box of Curios

Boyer, A.G., Dr

Braga, V.E.

Brett, M., Mrs

Brinkley, J.R.

Brinkley, F., Capt.

8 British Association

British Council

Britton, D. Guyver, Miss

Brockbank, Herbert William

Brockbank, R.W.

Britons (V.I.Ps)

Brooke, John M., Capt.

Brooke, J.H.

Broughton, W.R., Capt. (HMS Providence)

Brown, S.R., Dr

Brown, Don

Browne & Co.

Browne, H. St. John

Brunton, R.H.

Bryan, Samuel M.

Bunt, George

Burrows, F.D.

Bush, Lewis

Bushell, Prof.

Butterfield & Swire

9 Cahusac, B.

Cameron, Alexander

A. Cameron & Co.

Campbell, W.W.

Campanella, P.A.

Capron, Horace, General

Cardew, Colin

Carroll, James D.

Cary, Otis, Prof.

Cary, Frank

10 Casal, U.A.

Casson, E.W., Rev.

Chamberlain, B.H.

Charlie Prop (Hinkelman)

Chaplin, Charlie

Chartered Bank, Kobe

Chartered Mercantile Bank of India, London & China

Chikamatsu Monzaemon

Chikamori Harayoshi

China & Japan Steam Navigation Co.

China & Japan Trading Co.

Chinnery, George

Cholmondeley, L.B.

Christine and Irene (madams)

11 Clancy, R.E.

Clark, Cyrus A.

Clark, E. Warren

Clark, Gregory

Clark, Hodd

Clark, W.S., Dr

Clarke, E.B., Prof.

Clarke, Willie

Clausen, C.B.

Clifford Wilkinson Tansan

Cobb & Co.

12 Cocking, Samuel

Cocks, Richard

Columbia Society

Conder, J.

Cook, Harold J.

Thos Cook & Son

Cooper, E.A.

Cooper & Co.

Cooper Findlay & Co.

Copeland, William

Cornes & Co.

Cornes, E.D., Rev.

Corrigan, Joan

Cousens Case

Courtney Browne

Crane Family

Crawcour, E. Sydney, Prof.

Crosland, T.W.H.

Curtis, A.W.

13 Costa, Mario Da

Daerr, Hans Joachim

Daerr, Anne Alexa

Daimaru Department Store

Daniels, Kurt

Dare, George M.

Dart, Justin

Daunt, H.E.

Date, M. (Hyogo Police H.Q.)

Davis, T.P. (National City Bank)

David Thomas

De Ath, A.

De Becker, J.E., Dr (Kobayashi Beika)

De Becker, E.V.A.

De Benneville, J.S.

De Garis, Frederick

De Roos, W.H.

Dankirche, Dankutci, Dan Kenkichi

14 Denkichi (interpreter)

Denig, Robert M.

Dening, Sir Esler

Dening, Walter

Dennys, N.S.

Denton, Florence

Dessall, Dorothy

Dick, Joseph

Dixon, J.H.

Dodwell & Co. Ltd

Doeff, Hendrik

Donald, W.H.

Donker Curtius

Doshisha University—Amherst House, Kyoto

Doucherty and Reed (schooner Caroline E. Foote)

Drummond, James

Durgin, R.L.

Dutch East India Co.

Dunn, Edwin

Dutronquoy (Dutrongliois)

Duus Family

Duval, Frank

15 Earhart, Amelia

Ebira, Joey

Eckert, Franz

Edinburgh, Alfred, Duke of

Edwards, D. Malcolm

Elgin, Lord

Ellerton Family

Ells, F.C.

16 English East India Company at Hirado

Enright, D.J.

Enslie, J.J.

Eusden, R.

Evans, Sam

Ewing, Prof.

Eyton, J.L.O.

Farsari, A

Fauchery, Antoine

Favre, Brandt

Fearon Family

Fearon Low & Co.

Fegen, W.P.

Fenollosa, Ernest F.

Fenton, John William

Figgess, Sir John

Findlay Richardson & Co.

Finnin, William A. (W. Alexander)

17 First National City Bank

Fisher, G.S., United States Consul General

Fleisher, B.W. (Wilfrid Fleisher)

Foss, Bishop

Foulk, G.C.

Fox, Grace E.

Frame, United States Marshal

Frank, Paul, General

Frazar & Co.

Fraser, Hugh, Mrs

Fraser, John

Freame, H

Frey Family

Friebe, H.

Fujiwara, Yoshie

Fujiya Hotel

Fukushima, Major

Furusawa Hajime

18 Gadelius & Co. Ltd

Gadsby, John

Gaschy, J.B.

Galinsky, Wolfgang

General Motors, Osaka

General Silk Importing Co. (George C. Blake)

Royal Society of St. George

George, Cornelius

Gerland, W.

Gese, A. Dr

Gilbert and Sullivan (The Mikado)

Gill (Australian businessman)

Girard, Abbe

Girard (The G.I. of the Girard Case)

Glaiserman, Michael

19 Glover & Co.

Glover, Thomas Blake

Glover, Alfred Berry

Glover, George

Glover, F.

Gluck, Jay

Goble, Jonathan

Gordon, G.A., Mrs

Gorham, John

Gowland, W.

Graham, W.

Grauert Family

Grant, Ulysses, General

Graver, Sir Hubert A.

20 Gray, W.M., Major

Greenwood, V., Mrs

Greey, Edward

Greppi, Arthur

Gribble, H. (H. Gribble & Co.)

Griffin, Clarence

Griffis, William E.

Griffiths, H.J.

Griffiths, A.E., Miss

Groom, A.H.

Grove, S.K., Lt. Commander

Gubser Family

Gulick Family

Gurlitt, Manfred

21 Haber, Ludwig

Habersham, Lieut.

Hack, Wilton

Hann, Emily (Mrs Boxer)

Hail, J.B. (Rev. A.D. Hail)

Hall, Jock

Hall, John W.

Hansard, A.W.

Hansell, A.N.

Happer, John S.

Harris, Townsend

Hart, J.W.

Hartley, John

Hatakeyama, Yuko

Hatch, Arthur, Rev.

Hauchecorne, Jean Pierre

Hayashi, Count

Hawes, A.G.S., Lieut.

Hawley, Frank

22 Heard & Co.

Hearn, Lafcadio

Heco, Joseph

Hegt, Nordhoeck

Hellyer, T.W.

Helm Bros.

Henderson, H.G.

Henry, Prince of Prussia

Hetherington, Capt.

Heusken, Henry

Hinkelman (Charlie ‘Prop’)

Hirano Mineral Water

Hiroshige Ando

Hitotsubashi (Keiki)

Hoare, J.E., Dr.

Hodgson, C. Pemberton

Hodgson, C.P.

Hobson (British Embassy)

Hodnett, P.

Hoekje, Annie Hail, Mrs

23 Hokusai Katsushika

Holme Ringer & Co.

Holmes, Capt.

Holland Ni-ban, Yokohama

Holland, John

Holstein, C.

Hongkong & Shanghai Bank

Hornby, Robert Sidney

Houghton, William A.

House, E.H.

Howell, W.G.

Hoyt Brothers

Hudecsek, R.H.

Hughes, Henry, Mr and Mrs

Hughes, Richard

Hunter, E.H.

24 Ieyasu

Ii-Taira (Ii-Kamon-No-Kami)

Ikenaga Hajime

C. Illies & Co.

Ing, John, Rev.

Ion, A. Hamish

International Banking Corporation

Irwin, Richard

Irwine, E.C., Rev.

Irwine, H. York

C. Itoh & Co.

Itoh, Rose and Eikichi

Ito Shunske, Prince

Ito Hirobumi, Prince

Iuye, Toshio

Iwai, Yujiro

Iwakichi, Kyukichi, Otokichi

25 Jacoulet, Paul

James Family

James, David H.

James, H.D., Capt.

James Estate

James – Yama

James, Ernest, W.

James, M.D., Miss

James, J.F.

James, Leonard

James, Albert

Japan British Society

Japan–America Society of Osaka

Japan British Society of Kansai

Japan Society, London

Japan Society in New York

Japan Paper Making Co. Ltd

26 Jardine Matheson & Co. Ltd

J.\AWS (Japan Animal Welfare Society)

Jonas, F.M.

Jones, Griffith

Jones, George, Rev.

Joosten, Jan

Jordan J.F. (Jordan Family)

Joseph, Kenny, Rev.

Jucheim Family


27 Kaempfer

Kaemmerer, E.A.

Kagawa, Toyohiko

Kameso (mistress of Richard Cocks)

Kanaya Hotel, Nikko

Kansai Asiatic Society

Kappin, Karl

Katsube, Liliias and Toshio

Kawakami, Otojiro

Kawamoto, Komin

Kawasaki, Ichiro

Kawasjee, E.B.

Keene, Donald

Keep Kyokai, Zaidan Hojin

Keill, O.O.

Keiki (Hitotsu Bashi) Tokugawa

Keith, Elizabeth

Kelly & Co. (Kelly & Walsh)

Kempthorne, O.I.

Kennard, E.A.

Kendrick, John, Capt.

Kenrick, Vivienne

Keppel, Sir Henry, Admiral

Keswick Family

28 Kidd, David

Kilby Family


King, Francis

Kipling, Rudyard

Kirby, Alfred

Kirby, E.C. (E.C. Kirby & Co.)

Kirby, Richard J.

29 Kirin Beer

Kirkup, James

Kisch, Louis

L.K. Kniffler & Co.

Kobe Iron Works

Kodama, Yoshio

Kodayu, Daikokuya

Kodera, Hawano, Mrs

Konoe, Ayamaroe, Prince

Lake (HMS Sylvia)

Lake, G.W.

Lambuth, W.R.

Lane Crawford

Lay, Arthur Hyde

La Perouse, Jean-Francois, Comte

Leach, Bernard

30 Lensen, G.A.

Lescasse, J.

Liebermann Waelchli


Lloyd, J.O.

Lloyd’s Agent

Lloyd’s Register of Shipping

London, Jack

Longfellow, Henry

Loti, Pierre

Lothrop, Francis B.

Lovell-Smith, E.M.

Loxton, Walter

Lucas, H.B.

Lumley, A.C.

Lunt, Carroll

31 Macarthur, Douglas, General

MacDonald, Sir Claude

MacDonald, Ranald

MacGowan, Dr (missionary)

MacKinnon MacKenzie & Co.

Madame Butterfly

Mahlmann, J.J., Capt.

Malcolmson, W.L.

Mancini, C.

Manjiro Nakahama (John Mung)


Manley Family

Mason, P.

32 Maraini, Fosco

Marco Polo

Margesson, H.D.

Marks & Co.

Marks, H.

Marks, Alexander

Mark Twain

Marsh, Stephen Hale Alonzo

Marshall, John

Marshall v. Marshall

Martin, Peter

Martin, Victor

Martyr, Graham

Maruya, Z.P.

Mason, W.B.

33 Matheson, Donald

Matsukata, Kojiro

Matsumoto, Narao

Maugham, Somerset

McEwan, John

McMaster, John

McLellan, Edmund

McLeod, N.

Mees, R.A.

34 Meiji-Ya

Meissner, Hans Otto, Dr

Meiji, Emperor

Melbourne, A.C.V.

Menpes, Mortimer

Meyer, A.H., United States Ambassador

Michiner, James A.


Mikimoto, Kokichi

35 Miller, A (Allyn Miller)

Milne, A.

Milne, John

Milne, Terry (See also file of papers and letters inside front cover)

36 Mishima, Yukio

Mitchell, J.B.

Mitford, A.B.

Mitsukoshi/Mitsui Clothing Store

Miura, Tamaki

Mock Joya

Mody, N.H.N.

Mollison, J.P.

Moore, Lewis Wingfield (Baron De Heez)

37 Morel, Edmund

Morgan O-Yuki (Mrs George Morgan)

Morgan J.P.

Morgin, N.

Morozoff, Valentine F.

Morrison, Robert, Rev.

Morrison, George Ernest, Dr

Morse, E.S.

Moses, J.

Moss Family

Moss Case

Mounicou, Pierre, Father

Muller, Harold and Barbara

Mulhauser, Roland A.

Munro, N.G., Dr

Murdoch, James, Prof.

Musgrove, E. M., Mrs

38 Muto, Makoto (Hyogo Police H.Q.)

Myburgu, Dr

Myer, Kenneth

Myers, William

39 Naito, Hiroshi

Namba, Mrs (and Jun-Chan)

Netherlands Trading Society


Newwitter, N.J.

Newton, Dr (Royal Navy)

New Zealand Girl – Nuriya

Nickel & Lyons

Nickles, Alfred

Nicomala/Nikonmara (Debecker)

Nikolai, Archbishop

Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK)

Nippon Electric Co. (NEC)

Nitobe, Inazo, Dr

Norman, E.H.

Norman, Arthur

Northrop, B.G., Dr

Nose Densha Kaisha

Nuriya Family

Nuzum, Lionel J.

Nyhuus (The Nyhuus Case)

NYK Steamers

40 OAG (Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Natur und Volkesskunde Ostasiens)

O’Dell, D.H.

Oliphant, Laurence

Oliver, W.P.

Oliver Evans Co.

Omi Brother Co.

Oppenheimer & Co.

Oriental Bank Corp.

Oriental Beer Co.

Oriental Hotel

Osborne, Sherard, Capt.


Ouchterlony, H.W.A.

Oyster Mary

41Pakenham, C

Parbury Henty & Co.

Parfit, Clifford

Paris, John

Parker, Mordaunt M.

Parkes, Sir Harry

Paske Smith, M.

Patch, Sam

Patton, Emily Sophia

Paul of Nagasaki

Peacock, Peter, Inspector

Pearson & Mackie

Pemberton Hodgson, C.

Pedler, Neil

42 PEN

Penson, Edgar C.

Perkins, P.D.

Perry, Charels E.

Perry, M.C., Commodore

Peters, Vincent

Petzold, Bruno

Pinto, Fernando Mendez

Pfoundes, C

Piggott, Marjory

Pinder, A.C.

Pinder, William George

Pinto, Menders

Plummer, John

Poole, O.M.

Ponsonby Fane, R.A.B.

43 Porter, Hal

Porter, W.N.

Pratt, Peter

Pumpelly, R.

Purcell, T.A.


44 Rabbitt, James A. (see also scrapbook at Folio 61)

A’Rabbitt, Shamus

Rangan, W.

Raymond, Antonin

Redman, H. Vere

Reed and Dougherty

Reddelien Family

45 Reed, E.J.

Reid, G.A.

Reid, N.B.

Reid, Sam

Reischauer, E.O., Prof.

Rhynhoud, Janes

Richardson, C.L.

Rickerby, Charles

Rikidozan (wrestler)


Rising Sun Petroleum Co.

Risley, Prof.

Rizal, Jose P.

Rizzeti, A.

Robertson Scott, J.

Robertson, D.F.

Robertson, James

Robinson, Gower

Robinson, W.J.

Rodin, Auguste

Roeper, George A.

Ross, A.J., Dr

Ross, D.M.

Rotary Club

Royal Interocean Line

Rubinstein, Serge

Rusch, Paul

Russell, Alfred

Russell, Oland D.

Russo, Peter, Dr

Rutz, Jean

46 Sadler, A.L.

Sahovsky, Chatherin, Mrs

Saigo Takamori

Saionji, Prince

Sakamoto, Katsuhiko

Sakamoto, Masaru

Sakuragawa, Dekonosuke

Sale & Frazar Ltd

Sale & Co.

47 Salvation Army

Samuel Samuel & Co.

Samuelsen, Oswald

Sands, W.G.

Elizabeth Sanders Home (Saunders?)

Sansom, Sir George B.

Shunkichi Akimoto (Santaro)


Sapporo Beer

Saris, John, Capt.

Sasaki, Ruth

Satchell, T.

Satow, Sir Ernest

Sawada, Miki, Mrs

48 Scidmore, E.R., Miss

Schoyer, R.

Schroeder, F.


Scoales, R.A.

Scott Family

Sebald, William J.

Seidensticker, E.G.

Semenov, Grigorii

Seton, Alistair

49 Shakespeare, William

Shand, W.J.S.

Shaw, A.C., Archdeacon

Shaw, George Bernard

Shaw, Glen W.

Shettle, A.W.R., Lt. Col.

Shieras, G. (Shi-ra-su- Coaching Company)

Shibaraku Club

Shioya Tochi K.K.

Shoji Hotel

Von Siebold

Von Siebold, Philipp Franz

Sim, A.C.

Simpson, B.L.

Simpson, C.R.

Singleton, T.A.

Singleton Benda & Co.

Sissons, D.C.S.

Skinner (barrister)

Skrimshire, E.P.W.

Sladen, Douglas

50 Smith, W.H. (Public Spirited Smith)

Smith, E. Peshine

Smith, Harcourt Stanly, Capt.

Smith, Neil Skene

Smith, Roy, of Bandman Opera Co.

Smyth, Annie, Major

Snodgrass, Grace L.

Sokobin, Samuel

Solomon and Shoji Hotel

Sophia University

Sorge, Richard

Soseki, Natsume


Spinks, Charles N.

51 Starr, F. Prof.

Statler, Oliver

Steedman, John, Capt.

Steichen, Michael

Stephens, Gordon

Stephens, Sydney

Stewart, T. Scott, Col.

Da Souza, F.S.

Strachan, W.M.


Stranks, C.J.

Strauss (Belgian consul)

Strickland, Bob

52 Strauss & Co.

Strong & Co.

Struve, Ch. de

Stuyt, P. (Holland Ni-ban)

Summers Family

Summers, J., Rev.

Sutherland, J.W.

Suttor, J.B.

Suzuki, Hidesaburo

Syle, Edward

53 Takarazuka Girls Opera

Takashima Coal Mine

Takasuka, Sho

Talcott, Eliza

Tambo, Tsuneo


Taylor, D.B.

Taylor, George Y.

Taylor, James K.

Temm, Peter N.

Tenganipah Coconut Estate

Testro Bros.

Teusler, R.B., Dr

54 Thomas, Gottfried

Thomsen, Andreas, Capt.

Thomson, R.A., Rev.

Thunberg, Carl Peter

Titlman, H.

Titsingh, Isaac

Tokayer, Marvin, Rabbi

Tommy (First Japanese Mission to United States)

Toms, William

Townsend, W.D.

Trevithick, Richard

Trotzig, Herman

Charles E. Tuttle Co.

Tyng, T.S.

55 Uchimura, Kanzo

Upton, F.

United States Forces in Japan


Van Brunt Family

Van Buren, Thomas B., General

Van Der Aa, Antoine Pierre

Van Gulik, Pieter

Van Doorn, C.J.

Van Reed, Eugene

Van Zandt, Howard F.

Verbeck, G.F.

Vincent Family

Von Engelken, F.J.H.

Vories, W.M.

Voss, Capt. (Sea Queen)

Vroman, A.C.

56 Wainwright, James E.

Wake, G.A.

Waley, Arthur

Walker, F.B.

Walkington, C.W.

Walsh, J.G.

Walsh & Co.

Walsh Hall & Co.

Walsh, Gordon John

Walters, T.T.

Ward, P.O. Douglas

57 Warner, Langdon, Dr

Warren, J.P.

Washington, George

Watanna, Onoto

Waters, Thomas J.

Watkins, H.K., Mrs

Watson, E.B.

Watson, A.H. Cole

Watts (American merchant)

Watts, A.C.

Watts, F.E., Rev.

58 Weale, B.L. Putnam

Weatherby, Meredith

Weatherstone, E.M.

Weaver, Frank Loyal

Weed, D.T.

Weekes, J.

Welcome Society of Japan

Weston, Walter, Rev.

Weigand (brewer)

Wheeler, Edwin, Dr

Whistler, J.M.

White, Arthur

Whiteley, E.A.P.

Whistshed, J.H., Lieut.

Whymark, George. H.

59 Wiggins, Charles

Wilckens, Gustav

Wildes, H.E.

Wilkinson-Tasan, Clifford

Will, John Baxter, Capt.

Williams, C.J.

William, Robert

Williams, H.S.

Williams, Samuel Wells

Willis, William, Dr

Wilson, W.W.

Wiltgen, R.M., Rev. Dr

60 Wirgman, Charles

Wirths Circus

Woodard, William P.

Woodfield, H.W.

Woods, James Haughton

Wright, Frank Lloyd

Wynn, John, Capt.

Wynn, Robert W.

Xavier, St. Francis

Yacco, Sado

Vacovlievitch, George

Yamada Nagamasa

Yawata Iron Works



Yoshida Shoin

Young, Capt.

Young, Douglas M.

Young, A. Morgan

Young, Robert

Yokohama, Manabu

Zeniya Gohei

62 Birnie, C.M.

Black, J.R.

Black, Ishii

Blair, Goatie

Bowden Family

Bowen, Roy

Brooke, J.H.

Browne, H. St. John

Bushell, Prof.

63 Clark, Gregory

Clarke, Hood

Cocking, Samuel

Crawcour, E. Sydney, Dr

Drew, W.E.

Duval, Sir Frank

Frame (United States marshall)

Freame, W.H.

Freame, Harry

Hack, Wilton, Rev.

Hewitt, Cyrus

Holland, John

64 Kemp, Brian

Kempthorn, O.I.

Mahlmann, J.J., Capt.

Maloney, W., Dr

Marks, Henry

Myers, Christopher

Murdoch, James

Nuzum, L.

Peters, Vincent

65 Rayward, H.H.

Reid, Sam, Capt.

Risley (acrobat)

Russo, Peter, Dr

Singleton, T.A.

Sladen, Douglas

Suttor, J.B.

Watts, F.E., Rev.

Willis, Albert

Series 4 Newspaper cuttings and notes

Originally in springback folders, Williams arranged these press cuttings and notes in alphabetical order by subject. They relate to Williams’ research from 1949 to the 1980s. Most of the press cuttings are from the 1960s and 1970s and complement the subject files in Series 1 and 2, although there is some duplication. Included are copies of typescripts of some of his articles as well as copies of journal and newspaper articles.


1 Acupuncture, Addresses, Adoption, Adventurers, Advertisements, Aeroplanes, ‘Agony’ columns in early newspapers, Ainu, Aliens in Japan, AWA (women divers), Amagasaki, Amboina (massacre of etc.), Anglo–Japanese relations, Animals, Anti-foreign feeling, Architecture, Arima-Awaji, Arita pottery, Arms and munitions, Asama and Karuizawa, Asians, Assassinations, Atami, Auctioneers, Auld Lang Syne, Autographs, Avec, Awaji Island

2 Balls, Banks, Barbarians, Barbers, Barriers, Baths and lavatories, Beachcombers, Beards, Beds, Beer, Beppu

3 Bible, Bicycle, Birds, Blackened teeth, ‘Black’ ships, Blue books, O-bon, Japanese bonds, Bonins, Books

4 Books

5 Bowler hats, Bowling, Boy scouts, Bricks, Brighton pier, British Japanese relations, British poets in Japan, Buddhism, Bunraku, Burials, Bushido

6 Cabarets, Cafes, Bars, Cannibalism, Canada–Japan relations, Castles (pagodas)

7 Cats/Samisens, Centenaries, Changed living conditions, Charity, Cherry Trees (blossoms), Chinese in Australia, Chinese, Chino–Japanese war

8 Chits, ‘Chops’ (trade marks), Christmas, Christian schools, Churches, Persecution of Christianity, Christians in Japan, Charity (de Liefde) Ship, Chugen, Circuses

9 Clothing, Clubs, Coaching companies, Coaches, Coal, Coffee shops – coffee, Coiffure, Cocos Is., Coinage, Collections, Coloured men in Japan, Communications, Compromise–dakyo, Consensus, Constitution, Consular courts, Consular service

10 Coolies, Copper, Costs of living, Cotton – cotton spinning, Crazes, Cremation, Cricket, Crows, Cruelty to animals

11 Cultural assets, Counterfeits and curios, Currency, Customs houses

12 Daibutsu, Daimyo, Dancing, Calendar dates, Deer, Democracy, Demon tiles, Department stores, Diamonds, Dictionaries

13 Directories, Discovery of America, Discrimination, Disease in Japan in earlier days, Disfiguring monuments, Divorces, ‘No Chinese, no dogs’, Dogs, Dollars, Dutch, Dutch East India Co.

14 Earthquakes, Education (writing, language, slang), Electricity, Elephants, Eminent domain, Emigration, Emperor/Empress, Studying English

15 Impact of Englishmen in Japan, English regiments, Enoshima, Fujisawa and Katase, Erotica, Espionage, Eta

16 Etiquette, Examinations, Exchange rates, Executions–punishments, Exhibitions, Extra-territoriality, Eyes

17 Family records (Koseki), Famine, Far East, Fire brigades, Fire, Fire insurance, Fireworks, Firsts, and the Flag of Japan

18 Flower arrangements, Foreigners in Japan, Formosa, Fortune-tellers, Forty-seven ronin, Foxes, Freemasonry, Fuji-san, Fundoshi, Funerals, Furniture, Furoshiki, Furyo-Gaijin, Gaijin, Gambling, Gankero–Gankiro, Gangsters, Gardens, Geisha, Gilbert and Sullivan’s Mikado, Giri, Glass bottles, Glossary

19 Go, Goats, Go-home, Gold, Goldfish, Golf, Good old days, Gravestones, Grog shops, Guidebooks

20 Hakodate, Hanshin, Hara-kiri, Hawaii, Hats, Hepburn system – Romaji, Hibachi, Himeji, Himeji Castle, Hirado

21 Hiroshima, Hissing, History, Hokkaido, National holidays, Hongkong, Honjin, Hongs, Horses, Horse-racing – riding

22 Hotels – inns – boarding houses, Housekeeping in Japan, House-numbering system, Human rights, Hunky dory, Hunting, Hymns, Ice, Ice cream, Ijin-kan, Ikebana, Illegal trade, Immigration, Inaka, Infanticide, Ise shrines, Insurance, Jap-ken-pon, Japs–Japanese, Japanese abroad, Japan–America relations, Japan–Britain relations, Japanese immigration, Japan misrepresented

23 Learning Japanese language, Japlish, Japanese nationalism, Jews, Jinrikisha, Jizo, Judo-Jiujitsu

24 Kabuki, Kabuto-yama and Koroen, Kago (palanquin), Kagoshima, Kakiemon pottery, Kamtschatka, Kamakura, Kamikaze, Kangaroo, Kanji, Kansai–Kwanto, Kanto, Karuizawa, Katakana

25 Kerosene, Keto Jin, Kimigayo, Kimono, Kinki, Kipling and Japan, Kites, Kojiki, Komuso, Korea–Koreans, Koseki (family records), Koya-san, Kure, Kuro-shio, Kyokau, Labor problems

26 Land values and problems, Language items and problems, Lanterns, Laughter, Lavatories, Lawyers–legal, Leprosy, Letter carriers, Libraries, Lighthouses, Lions (shishi), Lion dancers, Liquor, Livers (cannibalism), Looting

27 Macau, Mah-jong, Mails, Mama-san, Maps, Mixed marriages, Marshall v. Marshall, Maru, Masonry, Matsue, Medicine, Merchants (akindo), Meiji shrine, Metric system, Mexico

28 Mikado, Mino, The Mint, Misbehavior on shore (rudeness), Misrepresented Japan, Missionaries, Mistresses, Miyajima, Fujiya Hotel (Miyanoshita), Moji, Monkeys, Motor cars, Movies, Mountaineering–walking, Moxa (moxybustion), Multinational corporations, Mummies, Music–opera, Musume, Myths.

29 Nakasendo, Narcotics, Names (family names), Nanten, Nara, Narikin, Naruto Whirlpool, Nationality, Necks, Neo-Confucianism (nationalism), Negroes in Japan, Nestorians, Netsuke, Newspaper howlers

30 New Zealand Embassy, Nihon-zipangu, Niigata, Nikko-Chuzenji-Nantai-San, Nikko crests upside down, Ninjutsu, Nisei, Nishigawa Island, Noise, Nojirim Nori, Nosatsu (stickers on temples), Noses, No dogs or Chinese

31 Nudity, O-bon, Occupation era, Odawara, Office boys (and shop girls), Okinawa, Oni-gawara (demon-tiles), Opening of Japan, Omine san (Mountt Omine), Onsen, Opera, Opium

32 Orient–oriental, Overcoat etiquette, Pachinko, Pagoda, Painting (early foreign), Palanquin (norimono), Pearls (Ama-pearl divers), Peke, Perpetual leases

33 Phallic worship, Philippines (Japanese Christians, wooden statue of Emperor and Empress Meiji, Rizal), Philately, Photography, Photograph albums, Pickpockets, Pidgin English, Pigeons

34 Pillows, Pillon books, Place names, Plastic surgery, Poetry, Pony express, Population, Portuguese, Postcards

35 Postal stamps, Postal service, Pottery, Presents and gifts, Presidents of the United States, Prices, Prime Ministers, Printing, Prisoners of War, Prostitutes, Prostitution, Proverbs, Punctuality

36 Rabbits, Racial discrimination, Radio, Railways

37 Rats, Religion, Religious performance, Remittance men, Responsibility, Restaurants, The Restoration (of 1868), Rice, Rickshaws, Rising Sun, Roads, Romaji, Romaji-kai, Ronin, Rugger (Rugby football)

38 Russians, Russians in Australia, Russo–Japanese War, Russian prisoners of war in Japan

39 Sado Island (Sado-shima), Sakhalin, Sailing (yachting), Saint Andrews, Takamori Saigo, Saint George, Saint Patrick, Saint Valentine's Day, Sake (O-sake), Sakura, Sakurajima, Salt, Salvation Army

40 Samurai (merchants), Sayonara, Scarecrows, Seals (Han), Sealers, Self-defense force, Servants, Setsubun, Sheep, Shimbara – Hara castle, Shibui

41 Shimoda, Shimonoseki naval operations, Shimansen, Shinto, Ships, Shipbuilding, Shipping, Shipwrecked Japanese and foreigners, Shogun, Shroffs, Silks, Silver, Smuggling

42 Soka-gakkai, Son-no-joi, Souvenirs, Soviets, Soya bean, Spinning industry, Spiritualism, Sports, Squatters, Statistics, Stomach upsets from food, Stones, Strikes

43 Suicides, Sukiyaki, Sumo, Superstitions, Sweden–Scandinavians, Sweet words – sour meaning, Swire & Sons, Swords

44 Takamatsu, Takarazuka, Taking off shoes, Tanegashima, Tattooing, Taxes–taxation, Taxis, Tea, Tea ceremony, Tea clipper, Tea houses, Teachers, Telegraphs, Telephones, Tennis, Tenrikyo, Theatricals – amateur dramatics, Japanese theater, Thursday Island, Tidal waves

45 Tipping, Tobacco, Toilets (lavatories), Tokaido, Tokei, Tokugawa Road, Tokusei, The Tommy polka, Topsy-turvydom, Torii, Tourists–tourism, Trade – Japan–British relations, Trade, Traffic – deaths – accidents, Transition, Transportation

46 Travel restrictions, Traveling, Treaty ports, Treaties, Trees and plants, Typhoons

47 Ukiyoe paintings, Christian universities, Universities, Unzen, V.I.Ps, Wake Island, Wages, Walking from Yokohama to Kobe, Weddings

48 Whaling–whalers, Whisky, Women, Woodblock prints, Wool trade, Wrestling, Yachts, Yakunin, Yamato-Damashi, Yap, Yasukuni, Yen, Yukata, War crimes, Zaibatsu, Zen

Series 5 Photographs

This series contains 36 photograph albums: Albums numbers 1–24, 29–30, and 33–42, as numbered by Harold Williams. The original album number is shown on the list with the prefix HSW, followed by the numbers of the photographs in that album.

There are no Albums 25 to 28 or 31 to 32 in the Collection.

Albums numbers 1–20, 22–24, 29–30, and 33–42 have been microfilmed and are on microfiche at McG 4244/1–202. A separate listing is attached. There is an index to Album 21 but no record of it having been microfilmed.

An index to the photograph albums is in Series 11/3—Indexes to Photographs. Each album has a list of photographs inside the front cover. Some albums have subject indexes to individual photographs. The photographs include original photographs, photographs of press cuttings and photographs of paintings and drawings. There are a few original wood engravings.

The rest of the series contains individual photographs, stereoscopic and aerial views, duplicate photographs and negatives of photographs in the albums and of other material in the collection.

Volume / Piece / Folder

1 Extracts from English language nineteenth-century newspapers with index (HSW Album no. 1, 1–69, Folio 8).

2 Extracts from English language nineteenth-century newspapers and postcards with index (HSW Album no. 2, 70–130, Folio 9).

3 The Kamakura murders 1864 (Major Baldwin and Lieut. Bird) (HSW Album no. 3, 131–149b, Folio 10).

4 General items and early newspaper cuttings relating to fire insurance agencies in Kobe and Yokohama, early foreign residents in Yokohama and amateur dramatic performances (HSW Album no. 4, 150–230, Folio 11).

5 General items (HSW Album no. 5, 231–324, Folio 12).

6 General items; Lake Shoji, Cowra POW camp 1944, Japanese garden in 1984 (HSW Album no. 6, 325–400, Folio 13).

7 Yedo (Tokyo) 1859–1919, 1960–75 (HSW Album no. 7, 401–499, Folio 14).

8 Yokohama 1865–1932 (HSW Album no. 8, 500–569, Folio 15).

9 Yokohama 1860s–1895, 1919, and undated (HSW Album no. 9, 570–699, Folio 16).

10 Nagasaki 1860s–1906, (HSW Album no. 10, 700–785, Folio 17).

11 Nagasaki and Shimonoseki 1872–1937, 1960 (HSW Album no. 11, 786–866, Folio 18).

12 Group photographs in Kobe 1890s, 1902–17, (HSW Album no. 12, 867–899e, Folio 19).

13 Photographs from various publications including Japanese and English language books, press cuttings and legal documents (HSW Album no. 13, 900–1022, Folio 20.)

14 Photographs from various publications including newspaper extracts; original press cuttings of C.B. Bernard’s sketches reproduced in the Japan Advertiser (HSW Album no. 14, 1030–1145, Folio 21).

15 Kobe 1890–1930, 1960s, 1975 (HSW Album no. 15, 1150–1196, Folio 22).

16 Kobe Club 1879–1952 (HSW Album no. 16, 1955–1999, Folio 23).

17 Kobe and Arima 1868–1930 (HSW Album no. 17, 2000–2053, Folio 24).

18 Kobe and Osaka 1868–1934, 1945–52 (HSW Album no. 18, 2055–2162, Folio 25).

19 Kobe and Osaka, mostly 1930, 1961 (HSW Album no. 19, 2165–2271, Folio 26).

20 Flood damage at Kobe, July 1938 (HSW Album no. 20, 2276–2350, Folio 27).

21 Pacific War damage, air raid damage and the Occupation period (HSW Album no. 21, 2351–2516, Folio 28).

22 Kobe group photographs, the Rokko Golf Club and E.W. James’s mansion, 1907–1937 (HSW Album no. 22, 2520–2539, Folio 29).

23 Colour tinted photographs of Japanese life (HSW Album no. 23, 2540–2580, Folio 30).

24 Views of Tokyo, early twentieth century (HSW Album no. 24, 2581–2629, Folio 31).

25 Extracts from publications and news cuttings, mostly from the nineteenth century (HSW Album no. 29, 3001–3100, Folio 32 ).

26 Miyanoshita, Hakone, Hakodate, Sapporo, Muroran, Chuzenji, Nikko, Kamakura, Kyoto, Miyajima, Okayama, Tomo and Enoshi 1860–1890s (HSW Album no. 30, 3101–3175, Folio 33).

27 Kobe Regatta and Athletic Club, baseball and other sports 1870–1930s (HSW Album no. 33, 3530–3599, Folio 34).

28 Recreation ground Higashi-Yuenchi, cricket and baseball teams 1893–1930, 1955–73 (HSW Album no. 34, 3600–3663, Folio 35).

29 Korea; also a few of the Suez Canal and Port Said; some unidentified (HSW Album no. 35, 3665–3800, Folio 36).

30 Cobb & Co. and Australiana (HSW Album no. 36, 4000–4100, Folio 37).

31 Hong Kong, Macau, Shanghai, Chefoo, Port Arthur—reproductions of paintings, postcards and photographs 1838–1928 (HSW Album no. 37, 4101–4180, Folio 38).

32 James Estate, Shioya 1950s–1960s and E.W. James’s property at Kitano-cho, Kobe (HSW Album no. 38, 8000–8199, Folio 39).

33 E.W. James’s property, Shioya 1947 (HSW Album no. 39, 8200–8230, Folio 40).

34 Houses in the James Estate, Shioya (HSW Album no. 40, 8231–8260, Folio 41).

35 James Estate, Shioya 1947–76 (HSW Album no. 41, 8265–8330, Folio 42).

36 Collection of rare photographs of Japanese places and views, three of Hong Kong, pre-1900 (HSW Album no. 42, Folio 43).

37 Negatives of photographs in the collection including extracts from Nagasaki English language newspapers from 1860 with index; negatives of photographs in the photographic albums of extracts from Japanese English language newspapers from c.1868; negatives of photographs in the subject files in Series 1, with indexes.

38 Negatives of photographs of directories (1860–1930) held in the Williams’ Book Collection (1860–1930).

39 Duplicate photographs of a few pages from the Hong Kong Directory and Chronicle (1877, 1884–85, 1923, 1925) and the China Directory (1860, 1862, 1872) held in the Williams’ Book Collection.

40 Stereoscopic views of Japan.

41–42 Two small albums of photographs and postcards of Rio de Janiero.

43 Photolithographic portrait of Sir Ernest Satow from the Vanity Fair series ‘Men of the Day’ no. 875, entitled ‘Peking’, 23 April 1903 (Folio 44).

44–45 Two albums of photographs of Charles Ailion’s house and his flower arrangements.

46 Album of photographs of former residents of Japan (1920s–70).

47 Album of photographs and postcards of the Williams’ trips to mainland China (1964–65).

48 Panorama of Macao (Folio 45).

49 Aerial photographs of the old foreign settlement of Kobe (Folio 46).

50 Photographs of Peking, 1906 (Folio 47).

51 A collection of published lithographs entitled ‘The Beginning of Modern Civilization in Japan’ (1968) (Folio 48).

52 One box of spare photographs, originals of which are in the photographic albums.

53 One box of negatives of photographs in Photographic albums 1–2, 5–21, 29–30, 33–35, 36. Included are negatives of photographs of early Kobe which were used in an exhibition at the Kobe Club on the occasion of its centenary.

Series 6 Writings by Harold Williams

This series contains typescripts and press cuttings kept by Williams as a record of his articles and letters published in journals. Copies of many of them are included in the subject files in Series 1 and 2.

Williams compiled the eleven scrapbooks of his writings. They contain press cuttings of his letters and articles with associated letters, arranged in chronological order.

Scrapbooks that contain material by Williams and other authors and were arranged primarily with regard to subject matter have been relocated to Series 2, the subject series.

Folder / Piece

1–2 Typescripts and press cuttings of articles on various subjects, 1955–82, some of which were published in West Meets East (1996).

3 Typescripts and cuttings of articles in the series Shades of the Past, published in the Mainichi newspaper from 1953 to 1958; also published as a book in 1959.

4–5 Typescripts and cuttings for the book Tales of Foreign Settlements in Japan (1958).

6–8 Typescripts of lectures and talks given by Williams on various subjects from 1957 to 1976. A list of the topics and a subject index are at the front of folder 6.

9 Press cuttings of articles (1975) on the centenary of the Kobe Club, and the family tree and chronological table relating to the publisher and printer, Albert William Hansard (1821–1866). There is a photocopy from a Japanese language publication.

10 Photocopies of articles, mostly on the history of Kobe, published in the Japan Times (1983) and the Kobe Club’s Spotlight (1981–84).

11 Press cuttings of articles and letters on various subjects (1970–81). Included is an obituary on Ewell William Slade and two copies of The Foreign Cemeteries of Kobe and Osaka (1978).

12 Published articles on Shuhogahara, the use of the word ‘Jap’ and ‘Bob Hope’s Blunder’, with two letters (1973).

13 Published articles on various subjects (1979–1980s).

14 Published articles (1974–76) in the Japan Times Weekly, Journal of the American Chamber of Commerce in Japan and the Mainichi Daily News. Included is an article in the series ‘The Occupation of Japan’.

15 Photocopies of typescripts and articles, including a copy of the last article published in 1987 for his series ‘Shades of the Past’.

16 Typescripts and correspondence on ‘Rokko-san and Golf’ and ‘The Mountain Goats of Kobe’.

17 Scrapbook no. 1, 1953–59.

18 Scrapbook no. 2, 1960–82.

19 Scrapbook no. 3, 1957–61.

20 Scrapbook no. 4, 1964–66.

21 Scrapbook no. 5, 1955–57.

22 Scrapbook no. 6, containing articles by Williams which were published in Journal of the American Chamber of Commerce in Japan, 1968–82.

23 Scrapbook no. 7, 1963–68.

24 Scrapbook no. 8, 1970–75.

25 Scrapbook no. 9, 1976–82.

26 Scrapbook no. 10, 1982–86.

27 Typescripts and cuttings of articles on Kobe, many of which were included in West Meets East (1996).

28 Press cuttings and typescripts of lectures and articles on Communist China and Macao (1958–68), which have not been published in book form (Folio 49).

Series 7 Manuscripts, typescripts and articles by other writers

In the course of his research, Harold Williams collected and was given manuscripts, typescripts and articles by other writers.

Folder / Piece

1–3 Extracts of issues of ‘Random Thoughts’ by Howard F. van Zandt published in the monthly Kokusai Denshin Denwa (International Telecommunications Services), Tokyo, 1966–79. There is a list of subjects in front of Folder 1 with subjects relating to Japan highlighted.

4–12 Photocopied typescript of dissertation, ‘Selected Letters by Dr William Sturgis Bigelow’ vols. 1 and 2 (1964–65), by Akiko Murakata with an index by Williams.

13 Typescript of ‘A History of Kenroku-en’ by Toshitatsu Mayeda (1968).

14 Manuscript of ‘Developing Central Australia’, part 3, by an unknown author.

15 Three copies of a manuscript entitled ‘The Solution of our Desert Problem’ by

William Paterson (1963) (Folio 50).

16–21 Manuscript of ‘Hachisabro’ by Charles S. Bavier (d. 1977). Pages 1–757 of the manuscript were not received in the Library. Folder 16 also contains notes by Williams (1977) and two letters (1968, 1977) concerning the manuscript.

22–35 Typescript of ‘Hachisabro’ by Charles S. Bavier.

36 Photocopies of excerpts from Charles S. Bavier’s typescript and correspondence (1966–77).

37 Album of press cuttings of a series by Lewis Bush entitled ‘The Story of Modern Japan’ (1960).

Series 8 Papers of Gertrude F. Williams

This series contains material collected by Gertrude (Jean) Williams relating to her particular interest in the arts and crafts of Japan. There are also typescripts of articles on subjects relating to the history and culture of Japan with notes and references that were added to the papers from 1987 to 1995.

Folder / Piece

1 Press cuttings relating to paper making in Japan (1962–80).

2 Album of black and white photographs of the watercolours of the journalist and artist Charles Wirgman (1832–1891) with letters, a press cutting and biographical notes (1972–82).

3 Photocopy of ‘Temple “chops”’ obtained by G.F.Williams during her ‘pilgrimage’ to the Thirty-three Holy Places sacred to Kwannon (Saikoku Sanju-san-ka-sho) in 1937.

4 Bibliography on Japanese art and crafts.

5 Desk diary (1952) of Gertrude Williams and three small art catalogues.

6 Six prints of Takasa-buni (New Year treasure ships).

7 A collection of prints of the Judges’ selection at the 4th Art Exhibition by the Department of Education (n.d.) with list.

8 Articles on Japanese houses and papermaking, Chinese painting and Japanese pipe cases; four drawings by Enrique Castells Capurro; twelve colour prints of early Tokyo (1887–1891) (Folio 51).

9 Typescripts and notes by Harold and Gertrude Williams relating to gifts and gift-giving in Japan.

10 Typescript by Gertrude Williams on Isaac Ailion and his family, letters from the Ailion family (1945–46) and other correspondence (1983–95).

11 Typescripts and press cuttings relating to the Palaestra of Japan, the Sumo wrestlers and Kendo.

12 Postcards, photographs and typescript (1 p.) relating to cormorant fishing in Japan.

13 Typescripts of notes and extracts from publications (1907–57) relating to early Christianity in Japan, the Buddhist religion and Shinto Shrinic worship.

14 Typescript of article with suggested title ‘Equality of the Sexes—Is it a Fact or a Delusion?’, probably by Gertrude Williams.

15 Typescript excerpts from books about Japan with notes on various subjects.

16 Typescripts by Gertrude and Harold Williams relating to fakes and forgeries in Japanese art and antiques.

17 Notes, references and photograph relating to the site of Suma where many suicides took place.

18 Typescript excerpts from books, notes and press cuttings relating to Japanese women, prostitutes and prostitution.

19 Typescript excerpts from books and notes relating to Western medicine, foreign doctors and missionaries.

20 Notes and references (1872, 1926–40) about foreign residents, public morals, fires and fire brigades in Japan.

21 Manuscript notes and typescripts relating to Will Adams, Townsend Harris and the first Japanese Embassy in the United States in 1860.

22 Typescript, notes (1987) and extracts from publications relating to clothing, signs, labels, the use of fans and films in Japan.

23 Press cuttings and notes relating to the book by Isaiah Ben-Dasan The Japanese and the Jews (1970).

24 Press cuttings and notes relating to art and artists in Japan.

25 Typescripts and notes relating to Japanese food.

26. Typescripts and note relating to pottery and silk-weaving in Japan.

27. Typescripts and notes on Frederick Cornes, the nineteenth-century English silk expert; General Piggott; the Swiss L.A. Bischoff (Bish); Dr Thomas Batty and Paul Blum (residents of Japan before the second World War); and life after the war.

28. Typescript ‘The Emperor’s Clothes’, with related research material including notes and excerpts from publications on the Japanese emperors.

29. Notes, typescripts and press cuttings relating to Japanese culture, including travel for foreign residents.

30. Typescripts and notes relating to the 1923 earthquake and the book Journey by Junk by Willard Price (1953).

31. Manuscript, typescripts, notes and a published article relating to Japanese culture; topics include transportation in Japan and the origin of jujitsu.

32. Press cuttings (1955–81) and notes relating to Japanese preparations for World War II, the Japanese army, cannibalism and contemporary knowledge of the events of World War II.

33. Typescripts and manuscript notes relating to the Buddhist ceremonies of Kuyo, phallic worship, presents and funerals; there are also postcards and typescript notes on the diving women at the Bay of Goza.

34. Typescripts and notes (1979–1900) relating to foreign food and drink in early Japan, food rationing between 1939 and 1940 and salt in Japanese culture.

35. Manuscript, typescript and notes relating to baths and mixed bathing in Japan, Japanese dialects, western dancing and western students and tourists.

36. Typescripts and extracts from publications relating to Japanese women and children, geishas, marriage, children and pornography.

37. Typescripts, manuscript notes and press cuttings (1972–75) relating to Formosa, Korea and Korean pottery.

38. Press cuttings (1976), a typescript and manuscript notes relating to shrines, temples and Christianity in Japan.

39. Typescripts and notes relating to Japanese carpenters, builders and wood-carvers.

40. Typescript and manuscript notes relating to Kobe and Arima.

41. Typescripts and press cuttings (1970–79) relating to myths and superstitions.

42. Typescripts and press cuttings (1988) relating to education, health, the history of libraries and western houses in Japan.

43. Typescripts and manuscript notes relating to the origin of the tea ceremony and incense and its uses.

44. Typescript and press cuttings (1975) relating to flower-arranging, life in Japan for foreigners (1907, 1924), telegraph poles and the telephone.

45. Typescripts and manuscript notes relating to Japanese politeness.

46. Typescripts and extracts from publications relating to Japanese culture; topics include coffee parlors and tea cafes, inns and motels and attitudes to foreign travelers.

47. Typescripts and notes of a series of lectures given by Gertrude Williams at the Kobe Women’s Club regarding the environment of Kobe from 1935 to 1940.

48. Typescript and excerpts from publications relating to servants in early twentieth-century Japan.

49. Typescript and notes relating to foreigners’ houses and auction sales in Japan.

50. Manuscript and typescript notes and press cuttings relating to shops and shopping in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Japan.

51. Typescripts and extracts from publications (1971, 1978–79) relating to Japanese houses, the use of bamboo, the Japanese military in China and Japan and the opium trade.

52. Typescripts and notes relating to the Kawakami Company and the popular drama of Japan called ‘Kabuki’.

53. Typescripts and notes by Gertrude and Harold Williams on the following subjects: police, immigration, crime, post office officials, office workers, businessmen and the murder of Melville Cox, a Reuters correspondent in Tokyo in 1940.

54. Manuscript, typescript and notes relating to the cult of the Samurai and the Ichiriki teahouse, and to the Ronins in Kyoto (masterless fighting men).

55. Miscellaneous manuscripts, typescripts and press cuttings relating to the culture and life of Japan.

56. Typescripts and manuscript relating to the Ainu and the Eta people in Japan.

57. Typescripts and manuscript relating to the use of ‘chits’ instead of money, leaving Japan in 1940 and post-war Japan.

58. Typescript and manuscript notes relating to the history of Nagasaki together with a copy of an 1802 map of Nagasaki.

59. Press cuttings (1970s) relating to the expatriate artists, Brian Williams and Fred Harris.

Series 9 Publications

This series contains publications of particular relevance to Williams’ research and includes specimen issues of English language newspapers.

Folder / Piece

1 Specimen issues of Japanese newspapers

Asahi Evening News, 25 April 1959

Japan News Week, 8 March 1941

Japan Advertiser, 12 October 1940

Osaka Mainichi and the Tokyo Nichi Nichi (Express),September 1939

Mainichi, 12 November 1948

Mainichi Daily News, 12 April 1972

Japanese American Review (New York), 15 November 1941

British Gazette (London), 10 May 1926

Kwansei Gakuin Observer, 26 November 1934

2 Reprints of Gazettes and Queensland Parliamentary Papers referring to Japan (1885–1904).

3 Single issues of Life, Holiday, The Asahi Graph, Mainichi Graph (1950s–70s), press cutting from the Illustrated London News mostly relating to China (Folio 52).

4 Publications in German relating to the German community in Japan (1892–1977). They include several books, an album containing German text and photographs (1892), and postcards of German prisoners of war captured by the Japanese forces in China during World War I (Folio 53).

5 Copies of Overseas Newsletter (1942–46), a newsletter published in the United States by Ronald Russell and circulated among former pre-War residents of Japan (Folio 54).

Series 10 Cards, brochures, maps, plans and programs


1 Collection of Japanese postcards.

2 Postcards and photographs of views of China.

3 Copy of maps of Sannomiya (1868), Kobe Foreign Settlement (1867), notes relating to land sales, a plan of the Naval Academy in Kobe and modern postcards of South Kyushu.

4 Cards sent to Jean and Harold Williams showing reproductions of works by the artist George Chinnery (1774–1852) and nineteenth-century views of Hong Kong.

5 Cards and programs relating to the Coronation celebrations of 1953

and the autumn regatta of the Kobe Regatta and Athletic Club of 1892.

6 Australian political pamphlets and leaflets of the 1950s, 1966–69.

7 Pamphlets on Kobe labeled by Williams as ‘excellently illustrated and historically important’.

8 Pamphlets on Hikone Castle and city.

9 Map of Kobe 1868, reproduced in Williams book, The Kobe Club, and maps, leaflets and brochure of Hyogo Prefecture.

10 Postcards and leaflets relating to Yamaguchi-Ken, the Akiyoshidai and Shuhodo underground caves.

11 Brochures and pamphlets on Kobe.

12 Three Christmas cards.

13 Miniature book and set of stamps entitled ‘53 Stages of Tokaido’.

14 Scrapbook containing small posters, invitations, programs and notices relating to Coronation celebrations and events in Japan (1937–76).

15 Album of postcards of Japanese scenery.

16 Album of early postcards of Japan.

17 Christmas cards, many with reproductions of nineteenth-century and earlier images of China, received from Samuel Sokobin of Atherton, California from 1955 to 1979 (Folio 55).

Series 11 Indexes

Harold Williams was a meticulous researcher and kept indexes and lists of almost all the research material he compiled. This series contains his original indexes and lists of his collection. Copies of individual indexes were often placed at the beginning of the relevant files.

Folder / Piece

1–2 Indexes to H.S. Williams subject files

Indexes to individual subjects of Williams’ research and the contents of his files; subject and name indexes to books, journals, newspapers and other sources in his library. An index to the indexes is also included.

3 Indexes to photographs in the collection

List of spare copies of photographs in box of spares located in Series 5

Index of C.B. Bernard’s pictures in photographic albums

Index of photographs of Shioya and Shioya Country Club

Index to photographic albums numbers 1–42 in Series 5

Index to photographs in the collection but not in albums

4 Indexes to books in the Williams Collection on China, Korea and the Far East, and to brochures and pamphlets.

5–9 Indexes to Williams’ files on people, places and subjects in the collection, his lectures, nineteenth-century guide books and directories, journals and publications and to his own books and those of other writers.

10–14 Libraries and museums—sources

Mainly notes, references and lists of holdings of material relating to the history of foreign settlement in Japan in libraries and museums around the world. There are also correspondence with the institutions, press cuttings and brochures (1960–78).

15 Card index to holdings of directories in Australian, Japanese and overseas libraries (1832–1940).

Series 12 Personal and family documents

Folder / Piece

1 Scrapbook containing biographical information on Harold Williams, certificates and awards from 1911 (Folio 56).

2 Family scrapbook compiled in Japan during the Occupation (1945–54) containing programs, postcards and photographs (Folio 57).

3 Biographical notes and obituaries on Harold Williams and photographs of his burial.

4 Press cuttings of an article in Kobe Shimbun dated 3 November 1967, when Williams was awarded an International Cultural Award, with a typescript of a ‘rough translation’ by Gertrude Williams.

5 Manuscript and typescript relating to Harold Williams’ war service.

Series 13 Miscellaneous

Folder / Piece

1 Harold Williams’ bookplates.

2 Miscellaneous press cuttings and photocopies (1945–70). References to the Harradine Case in Australian newspapers (1968).

3 Business papers, agenda for the meeting of the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust, 1970.

4 Letter to D. McPherson in reply to family history inquiry (1984).

5 Letter from Frances H. Bray (22 June 1978) concerning the Lambuth Training School in Kobe.

6 Important documents including title deeds, a letter (1934) from B.H. Chamberlain to Thomas Satchell, reproductions and press cuttings (1868–73) relating to foreign residents and the settlements in Japan. There is a Pacific War souvenir (a RAAF map on silk of the South West Pacific Islands and Netherlands East Indies), a press cutting and correspondence relating to James W. Murray and a 1967 menu from the Prunier Grill (Folio 58).

7 Copies of documents from the Queensland State Archives. Included are a letter relating to a projected attack in 1878 of the Russian fleet on Australian ports, reports on Queensland industries, Japanese–Australian trade and Japanese– British trade (Folio 59).

8 China plate inscribed ‘Shades of the Past, Harold S. Williams, 1968’—a gift from a Japanese resident of Kobe, Mr Arimoto (Folio 60).

9 Miscellaneous correspondence, 1955–81

10 Scrapbook titled 'Pacific War and occupation of Japan and General Macarthur' (Folio 62).


Select Bibliography of Works by Harold S. Williams

(All of these publications are held by the National Library of Australia.)

Wiliams, Harold S., The Foreign Cemeteries of Kobe and Osaka. Kansai: The International Committee of Kansai, 1978.

—— Foreigners in Mikadoland. Tokyo: Charles E.Tuttle, 1963.

—— The Kobe Club. [Kobe]: The Kobe Club, 1975.

—— Kobe Regatta and Athletic Club: The First Hundred Years. Kobe: Kobe Regatta and Athletic Club, 1970.

—— Shades of the Past, or, Indiscreet Tales of Japan. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle, 1959.

—— The Story of Holme Ringer & Co., Ltd in Western Japan 1868–1968. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle,1968.

—— The Story of Shioya, of the James Estate and of the Shioya Country Club. [Kansai]: The International Commission of the Kansai, 1984.

—— Tales of the Foreign Settlements in Japan. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle, 1958.

Williams, Harold S. and Hiroshi Naito, The Kamakura Murders of 1864: Major Baldwin and Lieutenant Bird. Tokyo: 1971.

Williams, Harold S. and Jean Williams, West Meets East: the Foreign Experience of Japan, 2 vols. Sydney: Halstead Press,1996.

Box List

*For the microfilm reels listed in this table there are two numbers. The first is the National Library call number and the second (in brackets) is the number assigned to the reel by the Adam Matthews microfilming company.

*Folio items are not listed here. See separate folio list.




Microfilm reel no.
(Adam Matthews reel no. in brackets)




Mfm G 28377 (1)




Mfm G 28378 (2)




Mfm G 28379 (3)




Mfm G 28380 (4)




Mfm G 28381 (5)




Mfm G 28382 (6)




Mfm G 28383 (7)




Mfm G 28384 (8)




Mfm G 28385 (9)




Mfm G 28386 (10)




Mfm G 28387 (11)




Mfm G 28388 (12)




Mfm G 28389 (13)




Mfm G 28390 (14)




Mfm G 28391 (15)




Mfm G 28392 (16)




Mfm G 28393 17)




Mfm G 28394 (18)




Mfm G 28395 (19)




Mfm G 28396 (20)




Mfm G 28397 (21)




Mfm G 28398 (22)




Mfm G 28399 (23)




Mfm G 28400 (24)




Mfm G 28401 (25)


30, 32-36


Mfm G 28402 (26)




Mfm G 28403 (27)




Mfm G 28404 (28)




Mfm G 28405 (29)




Mfm G 28406 (30)




Mfm G 28407 (31 )




Mfm G 28408 (32)




Mfm G 28409 (33)




Mfm G 28410 (34)




















































































































Folio List

Folio numbers 8 to 27, 29 to 43 are the 35 photograph albums on microfiche at McG 4244/1–202. See Album list for individual numbers. Microfilms are to be used in preference to original albums. When ordering photographs, please quote Album Number and number of photograph if known.

Folio Series/Item
1 2/27
2 2/31
3 2/37
4 2/38
5 2/46
6 2/47
7 2/48
8 5/1
9 5/2
10 5/3
11 5/4
12 5/5
13 5/6
14 5/7
15 5/8
16 5/9
17 5/10
18 5/11
19 5/12
20 5/13
21 5/14
22 5/15
23 5/16
24 5/17
25 5/18
26 5/19
27 5/20
28 5/21
29 5/22
30 5/23
31 5/24
32 5/25
33 5/26
34 5/27
35 5/28
36 5/29
37 5/30
38 5/31
39 5/32
40 5/33
41 5/34
42 5/35
43 5/36
44 5/43
45 5/48
46 5/49
47 5/50
48 5/51
49 6/28
50 7/15
51 8/8
52 9/3
53 9/4
54 9/5
55 10/17
56 12/1
57 12/2
58 13/6
59 13/7
60 13/8
61 1/47
61 3/41
62 13/10

Photograph Albums—Microfiche List

Folio Album No. Photographs:
8 1 McG4244 /2–6 1–69 Extracts from English language nineteenth-century newspapers with index.
9 2 McG4244 /7–11 70–130 Extracts from English language nineteenth-century newspapers with index; postcards.
10 3 McG4244 /12–14 131–149b The Kamakura murders 1864 (Major Baldwin and Lt. Bird).
11 4 McG4244 /15–17 150–230 General items and early newspaper cuttings relating to Fire Insurance Agencies in Kobe and Yokohama and to early foreign residents in Yokohama and amateur dramatic performances.
12 5 McG4244 /18–22 231–324 General items.
13 6 McG4244 /23–26 325–400 General items; Lake Shoji; Cowra POW camp 1944; Japanese garden in 1984.
14 7 McG4244 /27–30 401–499 Yedo (Tokyo) 1859–1919, 1960–75.
15 8 McG4244 /31–34 500–569 Yokohama 1865–1932.
16 9 McG4244 /35–41 570–699 Yokohama 1860s–95, 1919, undated.
17 10 McG42444 /42–45 700–785 Nagasaki 1860s–1906.
18 11 /McG4244 /46–50 786–866 Nagasaki and Shimonoseki 1872–1937, 1960.
19 12 McG4244 /51–55 867–899e Group photographs in Kobe 1890s, 1902–17.
20 13 McG4244 /56–62 900–1022 From various publications including Japanese and English language books, press cuttings and legal documents.
21 14 McG4244 /63–67 1030–1145 From various publications including newspaper extracts; original press cuttings of C.B. Bernard’s sketches reproduced in the Japan Advertiser.
22 15 McG4244 /68–70 1150–1196 Kobe 1890–1930, 1960s, 1975.
23 16 McG4244 /71–76 1955–1999 Kobe Club 1879–1952.
24 17 McG4244 /77–84 2000–2053 Kobe and Arima 1868–1930.
25 18 McG4244 /85–94 2055–2162 Kobe and Osaka 1868–1934, 1945–52.
26 19 McG4244 /95–100 2165–2271 Kobe and Osaka, mostly 1930, 1961.
27 20 McG4244 /101–103 2276–2350 Flood damage at Kobe, July 1938.
28 21 2351–2516 Pacific War damage, air raid damage and the Occupation period (there is an index to this album but no record of it being microfilmed).
29 22 McG4244 /104–106 2520–2539 Kobe group photographs, the Rokko Golf Club and E.W. James’s mansion, 1907–1937.
30 23 McG4244 /107–108 2540–2580 Colour tinted photographs of Japanese life.
31 24 McG4244 /109–114 2581–2629 Views of Tokyo, from the early twentieth century.
32 29 McG4244 /115–117 3001–3100 Extracts from publications and news cuttings, mostly from the nineteenth century.
33 30 McG4244 /118–124 3101–3175 Miyanoshita, Hakone, Hakodate, Sapporo, Muroran, Chuzenji, Nikko, Kamakura, Kyoto, Miyajima, Okayama, Tomo and Enoshi 1860–1890s.
34 33 McG4244 /125–130 3530–3599 Kobe Regatta and Athletic Club, baseball and other sports 1870–1930s.
35 34 McG4244 /131–136 3600–3663 Recreation ground Higashi-Yuenchi, cricket and baseball teams 1893–1930, 1955–73.
36 35 McG4244 /137–138 3665–3800 Korea; a few of the Suez Canal and Port Said; some unidentified.
37 36 McG4244 /139–160 4000–4100 Cobb & Co. and Australiana (within the box there is manuscript material, news clippings and magazine articles relating to Australia).
38 37 McG4244 /161–177 4101–4180 Hong Kong, Macau, Shanghai, Chefoo, Port Arthur—reproductions of paintings, postcards and photographs 1838–1928.
39 38 McG4244 /178–182 8000–8199 James Estate, Shioya 1950s–60s and E.W. James’s property at Kitano-cho, Kobe.
40 39 McG4244 /183–186 8200–8230 E.W.James property, Shioya 1947.
41 40 McG4244 /187–190 8231–8260 Houses in the James Estate, Shioya.
42 41 McG4244 /191–194 8265–8330 James Estate, Shioya 1947–76.
43 42 McG4244 /195–202 Collection of rare photographs of Japanese places and views; three of Hong Kong, pre-1900.
Guide compiled by Corinne Collins 2000.