Guide to the Papers of William Macmahon Ball

MS 7851

National Library of Australia

Date completed: May 2000
Last updated: May 2000

Table of Contents

Collection Summary


Scope and Content



Copying and Publishing

Preferred Citation


Related Material

Biographical Note

Series List and Descriptions

Series 1 Correspondence, 1934-1985

Series 2 University of Melbourne, 1921-1979

Series 3 Australian Administrative Staff College, 1968-1970

Series 4 Second Division Seminars, 1960-1974

Series 5 Australasian Political Studies Association, 1966-1970

Series 6 Australian Institute of International Affairs, 1963-1977

Series 7 Book Censorship Abolition League, 1933-1935

Series 8 Royal Institute of Public Administration, 1968-1970

Series 9 General writings, talks and broadcasts, 1936-1985

Series 10 United Nations Conference, San Francisco, 1945

Series 11 Foreign policy and the Royal Commission on Australian Government Administration, 1943-1977

Series 12 Asia, 1945-1984

Series 13 Japan, 1945-1977

Series 14 Subject files, 1962-1982

Series 15 Writings by others, 1954-1983

Series 16 Press cuttings and printed matter, 1925-1980s

Series 17 Miscellaneous

Container List

Collection Summary

Creator: Ball, William Macmahon, 1901-1986
Title: Papers of William Macmahon Ball
Date Range: 1921-1985
Collection Number: MS 7851
Extent: 6.44 m (46 boxes)
Repository: National Library of Australia
Abstract: Correspondence and memoranda (with many copies of Ball's replies), typescript diaries, drafts of talks, broadcasts and articles by Ball and others, lecture notes, reports, seminar and conference papers, subject files, press cuttings and photographs.


Scope and Content

The papers include correspondence and memoranda (with many copies of Ball's replies), drafts of talks, broadcasts and articles by Ball and others, lecture notes, reports, seminar and conference papers, subject files and press cuttings. While there is no sequence of diaries in the usual sense, amongst the highlights of the collection are typed diaries documenting events in 1945, 1946 and 1947. (Series 12, Folders 1-5). There are only a handful of photographs.

While the coverage of Ball's career is uneven, there is some good material on his diplomatic appointments. There is disappointingly little on the United Nations Conference in San Francisco. Noticeably absent also are complete manuscripts of his books.


Ball's filing system was erratic and at times non-existent. There were numerous files with one or more titles unrelated to the diverse or sparse contents. Staff faced the choice of splitting files and distributing the contents across series or keeping the files intact and consigning them to the series which related to the bulk of the contents. The latter option was adopted. Unexpected items therefore appear in files in all the series. Folder titles are largely based on Ball's own file headings. Where these are brief, such as the surname of a lecture subject, they have been expanded to make the guide more meaningful.

In 1983 a member of Manuscripts staff spent several days at Eltham listing the Ball Papers in his study and in the house. Not all the papers listed on that occasion were contained in the consignment which arrived in the Library in 1987. The unevenness of the collection is probably due to some files being retained by family or associates. The Melbourne University Press files, for example, are not as extensive as they once were (Series 14, Folders 4-5).


The collection is partly available for reference, partly restricted and partly closed. The Melbourne University Confidential staff files (Series 2, Folders 20-30) are restricted, while two External Affairs files (Series 11, Folder 13) are closed until 2006 and 2008.


The collection was purchased in 1987 from Ball's widow, Katrine.

Copying and Publishing

Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.

Related Material

Interview between Hazel de Berg and Ball in 1971 (Oral History Collection, DeB 542)

Preferred Citation

Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of William Macmahon Ball, National Library of Australia, MS 7851, [series and/or folder number]'.

Biographical Note

William Macmahon Ball was born in Casterton, Victoria, on 29 August 1901. Educated first at Caulfield Grammar School and then at the University of Melbourne, he obtained a Bachelor of Arts (First Class Honours) in 1923. From 1924 to 1929 Ball was a research scholar in psychology at the University of Melbourne, lecturing in Psychology, Logic and Ethics.

On 20 December 1929 Ball married Katrine, daughter of J.T. Noble Anderson, who was a friend and business partner of Sir John Monash.

In the same year, Ball won a Rockefeller Fellowship to the London School of Economics. While on this fellowship, Ball made a special study of public opinion and propaganda methods in Germany. He spent 1929-1932 in London, Germany, France and Italy, studying European politics.

On his return to Australia, Ball secured a post at the University of Melbourne, lecturing in Modern Political Institutions. This period lasted from 1932 to 1938, when he again went abroad, this time on a Carnegie Fellowship. Between 1938 and 1939 Ball spent several months attached to the BBC studying its methods of programming talks and collecting and broadcasting world news. At the time of the Munich crisis, Ball went through Sudetenland with the German Army, visited Prague and spent a day in Sachenhausen concentration camp, the first foreigner allowed to visit such a camp for several years.

From 1940 to 1944, Ball was Controller of Short Wave Broadcasts for the Commonwealth Government. In February 1940 he was granted special leave to take charge of the broadcasting work in the Department of Information. His unit recorded, translated and analysed enemy broadcasts.

In 1945, shortly before the end of the Pacific War, Ball returned to Melbourne University as Senior Lecturer in charge of the Department of Political Science. Also in 1945, Ball was sent to San Francisco as Adviser to the Australian Delegation at the United Nations Conference, and from November to December was Australian Government Political Representative in the Netherlands East Indies.

Ball's diplomatic work continued after the War, taking him to Japan from 1946 to 1947 as Member of the Allied Council for Japan, representing jointly UK, India, Australia and New Zealand. In 1948 he led the Australian Government Goodwill Mission to countries in East and South-East Asia.

Returning again to the University of Melbourne, Ball held the post of Professor of Political Science from 1949 to his retirement in 1968. During this time, in 1955, he travelled to the UK on a British Commonwealth Fellowship, stationed at Chatham House and St Anthony's College, Oxford.

Throughout his career, Ball was a regular commentator on world affairs for the ABC. He also broadcast many times for the BBC. He contributed articles on international affairs to British and Australian newspapers.

Ball died in Melbourne on 26 December 1986, aged 85. Katrine died in October 1991. They had one daughter, Jenny (Ellis).

Possible peace (Melbourne University Press, 1936)
Editor and part-author of Press, radio and world affairs (Melbourne University Press, 1938)
Contributor to Paths to peace, edited by Victor Wallace (Melbourne University Press, 1957)
Japan, enemy or ally? (Cassell and John Day, 1949)
Nationalism and Communism in East Asia (MUP 1951; Second Edition Iwanami Shoten, Tokyo, 1956)
Australia and Japan (Melbourne, Thomas Nelson, 1969)
Intermittent diplomat: the Japan and Batavia diaries of W. Macmahon Ball, edited by Alan Rix (MUP, 1988)

Rix, Alan. W. Macmahon Ball: a pioneer in Australian Asian policy (Centre for the Study of Australian-Asian Relations, Griffith University, 1988)
Ryan, Peter. William Macmahon Ball: a memoir (MUP, 1990). This is a 'reprint' of the introduction to Intermittent diplomat.

Series List and Descriptions

Series 1 Correspondence, 1934-1985

William Macmahon Ball's correspondence files do not follow a clear-cut sequence. Many of the files have been re-used and the contents often bear no relation to the one or more titles which appear on the covers. Occasionally there are carbon copies of Ball's letters, and also many enclosures and some unrelated material. For the most part, file titles and dates listed below have been supplied by staff. The date ranges indicated below are often erratic and the correspondence does not cover all the years in the span. Nevertheless, file contents have not been disturbed, covers have been retained and Ball's file titles have been cited where relevant.

The general correspondence files have been arranged in rough chronological sequence, followed by files with topics. The descriptions below include names of some selected correspondents, but those names may also occur in other correspondence files. It should be remembered that letters also appear in other series, sometimes incidentally in unrelated files.

Folder 1-2 Answered letters, 1934-1939

Correspondents range from students and brief acquaintances to overseas academics and include Heinz Arndt, Kenneth Bailey, Sir Thomas Bavin, J.F. Boyer, Tristan Buesst, Noel Goss, Hartley Grattan, Wilfrid Oldham, William Radford, G.O. Reid, Raymond Watt, W. Farmer Whyte, Bert Wyllie. Many of the letters comment on Ball's lectures and radio talks or seek to arrange speaking engagements. There is a letter dated 4 May 1937 from the Prime Minister, J.A. Lyons, acknowledging a submission on foreign policy issues which Ball and five others had suggested could be discussed at the forthcoming Imperial Conference.

Folder 3 Various letters, 1934-1977

There are few letters in this file, which mainly comprises programs and cuttings. Correspondents include Nettie Palmer.

Folder 4-5 Personal letters, mainly 1935-1977

Correspondents include Robert Ball (a cousin), R.J.F. Boyer, Herbert Brookes, Alfred Condon, L.F. Crisp, W.D. Forsyth, Hartley Grattan. This file contains a passport dated ca.1963, together with business cards from numerous people and a few photographs.

Folder 6 Personal correspondence, 1940-1944

Included in this file are many copies of Ball's letters on business and employment matters, as well as some articles and broadcasts. Correspondents include T.W. Bearup, R.J.F. Boyer, Sir Henry Gullett, Angus McLachlan, Charles Moses.

Folder 7 Correspondence and 'scraps', 1940-1976

Correspondents include Tristan Buesst, Winston Lewis, Sir Robert Fraser, Sir Henry Gullett, Peter Ryan.

Folder 8 Personal correspondence, chiefly 1944

This file includes many copies of Ball's letters. Correspondents include R.J.F. Boyer, A. Boyce Gibson, B.H. Molesworth, Charles Moses.

Folder 9 Sydney - miscellaneous correspondence, 1944-1945

This file includes many copies of Ball's own letters. The main correspondent is A.H. McDonald (University of Sydney).

Folder 10-11 Personal correspondence, 1946-1951

'Personal and private correspondence No. 2'. Many of the letters were written to Ball in his capacity as Member of the Allied Council for Japan. This file includes copies of Ball's letters, notably those to H.V. Evatt and John Burton. Other correspondents include Sir John Barry, Herbert Brookes, Arthur Calwell, Manning Clark, William Dunk, T.W. Eskersley, W.D. Forsyth, R.A. Hohnen, E. Longfield Lloyd, L.R. McIntyre, H. Vere Redman (British Embassy, Tokyo), G.O. Reid, Sir Frederick Shedden, Alan Watt, Sir William Webb.

Folder 12 Various letters, 1947-1966

Three small files and some loose letters. Correspondents include Herbert Brookes, Creighton (here signed as 'Crayton') Burns, L.F. Crisp, Sir Frederic Eggleston, Sir Charles Moses, G.O. Reid, E.J. Ward. Topics include Community Aid Abroad and business matters.

Folder 13-15 Personal correspondence, 1947-1979
Folder 16 Correspondence, 1948

Small file. Correspondents include C.S. Bavin.

Folder 17-18 Correspondence, 1950

From box file. Mostly to and from Ball in the Department of Political Science, University of Melbourne. Copies of Ball's replies are included. Correspondents include Sir Herbert Gepp, Paul Hasluck, Mary Healy (Institute of Pacific Relations) R.W. Hornabrook, Patrick Jubb (BBC), D.W. McNicol, B.H. Molesworth (ABC).

Folder 19 Correspondence and other papers, 1953-1961

Correspondents include Creighton Burns, Patricia Healy.

Folder 20 Correspondence, 1945-1955

Small file of letters written mainly when Ball lived in London. Correspondents include Christopher Rowland (BBC).

Folder 21 Correspondence, 1955-1964

Correspondents include L.F. Crisp, Admiral Sir Denis Boyd, Manning Clark, Paul Hasluck, B.H. Molesworth, Sir Patrick Shaw.

Folder 22 Correspondence, 1962-1964

'Leave, America etc.' Letters are chiefly to and from organisations in North America and concern itineraries and engagements. Correspondents include Hartley Grattan, Edward Greathead (Canadian Institute of International Affairs).

Folder 23 Correspondence, illness, 1966-1967

In addition to get-well letters and cards and several 'Nurse's daily reports', there are letters on numerous other topics. Correspondents include Creighton Burns, Manning Clark, Brian Howe, J.D.B. Miller, Peter Ryan.

Folder 24 Personal letters, 1968-1970

Correspondents include Norman Freehill, Norman Harper, Richard Refshauge, Noboru Imajo (Consul-General for Japan, Melbourne), David Sissons, Kylie Tennant. The file contains some references for academic colleagues.

Folder 25 Personal letters, 1969-1972

Correspondents include Lord Casey, Clem Christensen, Eric Fry, R.H. Molesworth, Clem Semmler.

Folder 26 Miscellaneous letters, mostly, 1970-1971
Folder 27 Various letters, 1972-1985
Folder 28 Correspondence, 1973-1978
Folder 29 ABC and personal correspondence, 1940-1946
Folder 30 Correspondence with David McNicol, 1947
Folder 31 Institute of Pacific Relations Correspondence, 1948-1953
Folder 32 Correspondence, ANU and allsorts, 1968-1970
Folder 33 Letters of Nettie Palmer to Ball, 1925-1952

Series 2 University of Melbourne, 1921-1979

Ball began his teaching career at the University of Melbourne in 1924. He lectured in Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology. Another period of lecturing, this time in Political Science, followed his trip overseas on the Rockefeller Travelling Fellowship in 1929-1931. He was involved in the establishment of the Department of Political Science at the University of Melbourne and in March 1939 became its head. Ball's academic career was punctuated by various other posts, and even when he was not attached to the University of Melbourne he was giving lectures to organisations, the seminars given to Public Service Board Second Division staff being notable amongst these. Papers relating to the Second Division seminars, to the Australian Administrative Staff College and to Ball's involvement with political associations have been placed in separate series. There are numerous general lecture notes in this series, but of special interest are Ball's notes and essays as an undergraduate (Folder 53). Lecture notes on Japan have been placed in Series 13.

There are many carbons of Ball's own letters and applications. The letters are largely administrative and addressed to university and institute officials. Occasional correspondents include Sir Kenneth Bailey, L.F. Giblin, Gordon Greenwood (Institute of Commonwealth Studies, London), Geoffrey Hawker (Canberra College of Advanced Education), Karl Heinz Pfeffer (Institute of Commonwealth Studies, London), R. Priestley (Vice-Chancellor, University of Melbourne) and W.C. Wentworth. A file relating to Ball's farewell in 1968 (Folder 17) includes short letters and testimonials from Manning Clark, David Kemp, Stephen Murray Smith, Sir Patrick Shaw and Sol Encel.

Subseries 2.1 General files

Folder 1 Correspondence, 1929-1939

The earliest item is a letter of referral, with seal, stating that Ball is in receipt of a Rockefeller Fellowship.

Folder 2 Personal correspondence and testimonials, 1939-1940; General correspondence, 1937-1939
Folder 3 Australian Institute of Political Science Summer School - correspondence and programs, 1935-1940
Folder 4 Mixed correspondence, 1948-1970

Including copies of Sir Frederick Wheeler's circular letters on the Public Service Board's treatment of sub-professional work and pay rates.

Folder 5 Regional study of Indonesia (the teaching about Indonesia in various departments of the University of Melbourne), 1952-1954
Folder 6 Canberra University College: Lecturer in Political Science applications and referee reports, 1959
Folder 7 Australian National University, 1966; Finance Committee, 1966; Council's Committee on the Jeanneret Report
Folder 8 Various articles and papers, 1968-1974; Australian Institute of International Affairs Foreign Policy Study Group, 1973
Folder 9 Correspondence, primarily with Geoffrey Hawker, 1970-1977
Folder 10 Study group: Role of Bureaucracy in Australia's foreign relations, 1976-1979
Folder 11 University of Melbourne: correspondence, 1952-1966
Folder 12 Articles sent for Ball's attention, including Australian Institute of International Affairs
Folder 13 University of Melbourne: examinations and essays, 1935-1970
Folder 14 Conference on South East Asia 1955
Folder 15 Miscellaneous correspondence and papers, 1956-1982

Including comments on theses and Melbourne University Staff Association papers.

Folder 16 Melbourne University correspondence, chiefly on Vietnam, 1963-1967
Folder 17 Personal letters and testimonials, 1963-1968
Folder 18 University of Melbourne correspondence, 1935-1939, 1968
Folder 19 University of Melbourne, University of California 1939

Subseries 2.2 University of Melbourne Confidential staff files. RESTRICTED.

Folder 20 K.G. Armstrong; R.C. Anderson
Folder 21 W.J. Byrt; C.L. Burns; Ball's superannuation
Folder 22 L.F. Crisp; Lloyd Churchward; D. Corbett
Folder 23 S.R. Davis; A.F. Davies; Phillip Darby
Folder 24 S. Encel; S. Fraser; A.J.A. Gardner; Bruce Grant
Folder 25 Marjorie Jean Holmes; A.E. Huck; P. Healy; History Chair; K. Holgate
Folder 26 R.H. Ireland; J. Jupp; H. Mayer; D.F. Miller
Folder 27 Newspaper clippings; J.M. Power; T. Pyman; S.D.E. Plant
Folder 28 N.M. Richmond; P. Ryan (Melbourne University Press); W.O. Reiners
Folder 29 D.C.S. Sissons; A.A. Staley; R.W. Staveley; selection of Senior Lecturer, 1949
Folder 30 Senior Lecturer applications 1966; R. Terrill; Elizabeth Vickers; H. Wolfsohn; K. Wheare

Subseries 2.3 Lecture notes

Folder 31 International relations, external aid, 1966
Folder 32 Fascism, Italy, 1930s
Folder 33 Australia
Folder 34 Public administration
Folder 35 Bernard Bosanquet
Folder 36 Pacific
Folder 37 Japan
Folder 38 USA
Folder 39 Russia, Europe
Folder 40-41 Diplomatic history, 1914-1949
Folder 42 Industrial groups, 1950s
Folder 43 Political institutions, 1940s, 1950s
Folder 44 Sovereignty
Folder 45 1930s: Communism
Folder 46 Jeremy Bentham
Folder 47 Foreign policy, Italy
Folder 48 Political philosophy 1937; Rousseau
Folder 49 Political philosophy - Honours 1935
Folder 50 Economy, international relations
Folder 51 Finance, modern political institutions 1935
Folder 52 Industrial relations
Folder 53 Ball's notes and essays as an undergraduate, 1921-1923
Folder 54 Political institutions, 1932-1933
Folder 55 Political philosophy, Hobbes
Folder 56 Foreign policy, Germany, 1930s
Folder 57 Sociology
Folder 58 Political institutions
Folder 59 Select Committee on Constitution Alteration 1950
Folder 60 Australian foreign policy and defence, 1930s
Folder 61-62 International relations
Folder 63-64 Britain
Folder 65-66 Germany
Folder 67 Disarmament, Public opinion
Folder 68-70 Political science: general
Folder 71 Metaphysics, Feeling and force, Public Administration
Folder 72 Liberty, Liberal theory
Folder 73 Australian Associated Press, Political institutions, House of Lords
Folder 74 Political philosophy, inaugural lecture, mixed
Folder 75 Robert MacIver, Friedrich Nietzsche, J.S. Mill
Folder 76 T.H. Green, Harold Laski, Niccolo Machiavelli
Folder 77 Plato, Henry Sidgwick, Herbert Spencer
Folder 78 India, China
Folder 79 Communism, Democracy
Folder 80 Right and might, Obligation and obedience
Folder 81 Ethics
Folder 82 Labour Party today
Folder 83 Russia
Folder 84 Disarmament and war
Folder 85 China, International relations
Folder 86 Mixed
Folder 87 International relations, mainly between wars; Locke
Folder 88 The State and economic life
Folder 89 Britain, political parties

Series 3 Australian Administrative Staff College, 1968-1970

Founded in 1955 and situated at Mount Eliza in Victoria, the Australian Administrative Staff College provided residential courses for senior managers, administrators and younger executives. Ball gave occasional talks on foreign relations. The correspondents are officials of the College, discussing timetables and topics for the talks.

Folder 1-5 Correspondence, reports, notes, session papers, lists of seminar members, 1968-1970

Series 4 Second Division Seminars, 1960-1974

The Second Division of the Commonwealth Public Service comprised officers who assisted and supported the Permanent Head (First Division) in policy-making and Departmental administration.

The Seminars, designed to provide the knowledge base for policy-making and to foster discussion, covered such topics as public administration, defence, foreign affairs, industry, finance. Ball was on the Board of the Second Division Seminars. While the series consists predominantly of background papers and reports, there are also details of session leaders and numerous carbons of Ball's approaches or acknowledgements to contributors, together with a few replies. Correspondents include R.N. Allen (Public Service Board), Arthur Brown (PSB), J.C. Conway (PSB), Bill Hayden, Joe Loudon, A.B. Milne (PSB) and Sir Frederick Wheeler. The series includes papers by Sir Edward Boyle, R.E. Bullock (Deputy Clerk of the Senate), Sir John Crawford, Sir James Dunnett, L.F. Crisp, B.W. Hartnell, T.B. Millar, Geoffrey Sawer and W.C. Wentworth.

Folder 1-2 Background papers, 1968
Folder 3-4 Background papers, correspondence, 1969
Folder 5 Reports, notes, correspondence, programs, planning papers, 1960-1969
Folder 6-7 Reports, correspondence, notes, background papers, 1969-1972
Folder 8-10 Background papers, 1969-1971
Folder 11 Reports, correspondence, programs, notes, 1970-1974
Folder 12 Correspondence, programs, background papers, 1970-1972
Folder 13 Correspondence, programs, background papers, notes, undated photograph of participants, file dated June 1972, June 1972
Folder 14 Background papers, 1973
Folder 15-16 Background papers, March-July 1974
Folder 17-19 Background papers, programs, correspondence, notes, undated

Series 5 Australasian Political Studies Association, 1966-1970

Founded in 1952, the Association's membership consists of those who hold teaching posts in Political Science and related subjects. Although Ball was a member, the series contains no conference papers by him. Authors include David Butler, L.F. Crisp, Roy Forward, George Molnar, G.S. Reid and Sir Frederick Wheeler.

Folder 1-2 Conference papers, 1966-1970

Series 6 Australian Institute of International Affairs, 1963-1977

The Institute was established in 1933 to promote the objective study and discussion of international affairs. Ball was on the Council of the Victorian Branch. Correspondents include A.G. Lowndes (Chairman of AIIA), Norman Harper, J.D. Legge and T.B. Millar. Authors of conference papers and speeches include Heinz Arndt, William Macmahon Ball, Hedley Bull, Paul Dibb, Bruce Grant, J.D. Legge, T.B. Millar, Andrew Peacock, and Senator Don Willesee. There is an article about Sir Alan Watt.

Folder 1 Meetings, lecture, study group, 1977
Folder 2 Chiefly research reports, 1968-1974
Folder 3 Correspondence, reports, conference papers, 1963-1974
Folder 4 Reports, conference papers, 1971-1974

Series 7 Book Censorship Abolition League, 1933-1935

The League was created in response to the actions of a Commonwealth Minister. In 1934, when Robert Menzies (Attorney-General) was overseas, the Minister for Trade and Customs, Thomas White, embarked on the practice of banning the import of political publications which were circulating freely overseas. Ball set up the Book Censorship Abolition League 'to protect the rights of readers and booksellers'. Late in 1937 Cabinet decided that the Attorney-General's Department was superior to the Department of Trade and Customs on the matter of censorship and the restrictions were lifted. Many members of the League, however, went on to join the Australian Council for Civil Liberties, formed in 1936.

Folder 1 Articles, correspondence, cuttings, lists of banned books, 1933-1935

Series 8 Royal Institute of Public Administration, 1968-1970

The papers in this small series emanate largely from the seminar held by the ACT Group of the Australian Institute of International Affairs at Thredbo in May 1970. Ball gave the initial talk at this seminar and it is included in the series. Other authors (1968-1970) include A.F. Davies, Rae Else-Mitchell, Walter Scott and Harry Whitmore.

Folder 1 Conference papers, correspondence, 1968-1970

Series 9 General writings, talks and broadcasts, 1936-1985

Ball once described himself as a 'publicist'. This epithet encompassed lecturing, broadcasting and journalism, and included his role as Controller of Short Wave Broadcasts in 1940-44. His work as a writer and speaker began in the 1920s and continued throughout most of his life. One highlight of his broadcasting career was when he worked for the ABC and BBC in 1938-39, travelling through Sudetenland and Czechoslovakia as a broadcasting observer. During the 1950s, in particular, he was an influential commentator on international affairs. He worked closely with the ABC from the 1930s to the 1960s. Ball wrote articles and reviews for several magazines and newspapers, including the Age, Melbourne Herald, Mainichi (Japan) and Nation (New York).

Because of the difficulty of distinguishing drafts and notes which were intended for articles from those intended for talks and broadcasts, they have all been brought together in this series, with some clustering according to dates, topics and the Australian Broadcasting Commission. As well as drafts and notes for articles, talks and reviews, this series contains related correspondence. Correspondents include Fred Alexander, Arthur Calwell, Tom Crutchley, M.F. Dixon (ABC), Tom Fitzgerald, Jack Gill (Australian Natives' Association), W.M. Gray, Gordon Greenwood, W.R. Hodgson, Arthur Lowndes, Carey McWilliam (Nation editor), B.H. Molesworth, Charles Moses, Sir Keith Murdoch, Bill Oostermeyer, Nettie Palmer, Rohan Rivett, Peter Ryan, Sir Patrick Shaw and Robert Whitelaw.

Folder 1 Articles, 1956
Folder 2 Articles, 1960
Folder 3 Articles, 1961
Folder 4 Articles, 1962-1963
Folder 5 Articles, 1964-1965
Folder 6 Articles, 1966-1967
Folder 7-10 Miscellaneous notes and talks
Folder 11 Miscellaneous notes, articles, cuttings on Indonesia, Formosa, China
Folder 12-13 ABC talks and synopses, 1936-1937
Folder 14 Letters on broadcasts, 1937
Folder 15 ABC policy, talks, 1937-1938
Folder 16 ABC talks, 1938-1957
Folder 17 ABC talks, 1939
Folder 18 Miscellaneous talks, lectures, notes, 1936-1966
Folder 19 Letters from ABC listeners, 1936-1939
Folder 20 ABC letters and talks, 1939-1981
Folder 21 ABC letters, memoranda, talks, 1939-1944
Folder 22 Department of Information, Broadcasting Division, 1940-1943
Folder 23 Broadcasts and correspondence, 1943-1944
Folder 24 Broadcasts, including short-wave, 1973-1944
Folder 25 ABC: 'The world as I see it', 1940s
Folder 26 ABC: historical fragments, journalism case, 1943-1945
Folder 27 ABC talks, 1948-1966
Folder 28 ABC 'News Commentary', 1948-1954
Folder 29 ABC talks, 1952-1954
Folder 30-31 ABC talks and discussions, 1950s
Folder 32 ABC talks, 1952-1960
Folder 33 ABC talks, 1952-1961
Folder 34-35 ABC 'Australia and the Pacific', 1950s-1960s
Folder 36 Writings for Austral-Asiatic Bulletin, 1937
Folder 37 Articles, addresses, broadcasts, 1940s-1950s
Folder 38 Articles, talks, cuttings, 1940s-1970s
Folder 39 Articles for Mainichi, Nation and Labor call, 1930s-1950s
Folder 40 Articles, talks, some letters, 1930s-1970s

Correspondents include Karl Heinz and John Hilvert.

Folder 41 Articles, addresses, 1950s
Folder 42-43 Articles, 1950s
Folder 44 Articles, some letters, 1950s-1960s
Folder 45 Articles, addresses, loose drafts, 1950s and undated
Folder 46 Articles, 1950s
Folder 47 Correspondence with publishers, 1951-1952
Folder 48 Articles for Nation, 1958-1959
Folder 49-53 Articles, including some for Nation, 1960s
Folder 54-57 Articles, talks, 1970s
Folder 58 Articles, talks, cuttings, some correspondence, 1930s-1970s
Folder 59-60 Articles, cuttings, a few letters, 1970s-1980s
Folder 61 Reviews by Ball, 1970s-1980s
Folder 62 Drafts of Paths to peace; letters and reviews of Possible peace
Folder 63 'Australia in the world'
Folder 64 Articles about newspapers and the Australian press
Folder 65-68 Articles, loose drafts, press extracts, mostly undated

Series 10 United Nations Conference, San Francisco, 1945

From April to June 1945 Ball visited San Francisco as Adviser to the Australian Delegation at the United Nations Conference. He accompanied H.V. Evatt, and there were signs of the friction which characterised their relationship in the ensuing years.

Folder 1 'Documentation for meetings of Committee' and published report.

Series 11 Foreign policy and the Royal Commission on Australian Government Administration, 1943-1977

The papers in this series are very mixed in subject matter and date range, and the original file titles are often irrelevant. They have been combined in this series because the issues merge to some extent. The first part of the series consists of papers gathered by Ball for research purposes and correspondence on foreign affairs. They provide some background to Ball's diplomatic appointments, particularly his relationship to officers in the Department of External Affairs.

The second part of the series consists of reports, printed material and correspondence relating to the Royal Commission on Australian Government Administration, 1974-1976. This inquiry, also known as the Coombs Commission, investigated the administration of Australian government departments, statutory authorities, the principal instruments for the coordination of policy, and the Public Service. The members were H.C. Coombs, P.H. Bailey, E. Campbell, J.E. Isaac and P.R. Munro. The inquiry resulted in 337 recommendations. Ball's intention in gathering the documents was possibly to write a 'reflective piece' on the Inquiry, as referred to in a letter from Sir Frederick Wheeler.

Folder 1 Various papers and cuttings on Australian foreign policy, 1944

The file includes some early papers such as an address by R.G. Menzies in 1944, a letter by J.D.L. Hood (Department of External Affairs) in 1944, an undated comment on the Australia-New Zealand Agreement and papers of the Royal Institute of International Affairs.

Folder 2 The main items in this file are copies of directives for political warfare against Japan and Netherlands Indies, 1943 and undated.
Folder 3 Department of External Affairs correspondence, lists and personal records, 1943

The papers include curricula vitae and offers by citizens to help with he war effort. One of the lists is headed 'Particulars of persons qualified for foreign language monitoring'.

Folder 4 South Pacific Commission, 1949

Letter from Trevor Pyman enclosing background material on the SPC for a proposed broadcast by Ball on the work of the Commission.

Folder 5 Research on Australian foreign policy, 1973

This file includes notes made by Ball from press reports and the text of a statement on foreign investment in Australia by Gough Whitlam in 1973.

Folder 6 Published articles on Australian foreign policy, 1970s and a statement by the Minister for External Affairs, Sir Garfield Barwick, on West New Guinea
Folder 7 Various papers and letters, 1976-1977

Correspondents include J.W. Foley, Geoffrey Hawker and Garry Whitley.

Folder 8-10 Copies of submissions, appendices and related documents
Folder 11-12 Drafts, notes, correspondence, reports and published articles, 1975-1977

Correspondents include Sir Lawrence McIntyre, R.G. Neale, K.C.O. Shann and Sir Frederick Wheeler. Topics include administrative matters and conditions of overseas employment.

Folder 13 Department of Foreign Affairs, 1975

Letter from Alan Renouf to Dr Coombs dated 31 January 1975, concerning foreign policy matters. CLOSED UNTIL 1/1/2006.

Folder 13 Public Service Board, 1975-1977

Internal memoranda 'in confidence' concerning staff movements in 1975 and 1977. CLOSED UNTIL 1/1/2008.

Series 12 Asia, 1945-1984

From October to December 1945 Ball went on a mission to Netherlands East Indies and Malaya. He was for six weeks the Australian Political Representative to Batavia, and reported to Commonwealth Cabinet on the mission. From March 1946 to August 1947 he was a member of the Allied Council for Japan, representing jointly the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and India. He held the personal rank of Minister, but from April to September 1947 he was concurrently Head of the Australian Mission in Japan. In 1948 Ball was leader of the Australian Government Goodwill Mission which visited East Asia.

Because many papers documenting these posts have been integrated, they are combined under the general heading 'Asia'. Ball's Batavia Diary and the diary of his period in Japan are very significant and were edited for the publication Intermittent diplomat: W. Macmahon Ball and Asia, 1945-48 (Melbourne University Press, 1988). Further papers on Japan are in Series 13.

There was some tension between Ball and the Minister for External Affairs, Dr H.V. Evatt. Their opinions differed and Evatt was critical of Ball's performance in Netherlands East Indies and Japan. Difficulties with Evatt made Ball's resignation inevitable and he left Japan in August 1947. This series documents some of the friction and Ball's defensive statements.

Folder 1 Batavia Diary, 1945-1948

Typescript diary by Ball dated 7 November 1945 to 5 December 1945, followed by a copy of part of a letter from Ball to Chifley, a 15-page analysis of Indonesia, loose pages about the Goodwill Mission in 1948, a copy of a letter from Ball to John Burton dated 7 June 1948 and interim notes on Netherlands East Indies. Also in this file is a copy of Ball's official report on Netherlands East Indies, dated 1946.

Folder 2-5 Typescript Introduction by Peter Ryan to the publication Intermittent diplomat: W. Macmahon Ball and Asia, 1945-48 (MUP, 1988) edited by Alan Rix; typed notes by Ball on Intermittent diplomat, headed 'Eltham 21 September 84'

These notes include recollections about H.V. Evatt's attitude to Ball. The typed diary which follows begins at 'Friday, 5th April, 1946 (Contd.)' and ends with 'Thursday, January 9th, 1947', covering Ball's period in Japan. Included with the diary are copies of telegrams between the Allied Council for Japan and the Australian Government as well as a typed news statements by Ball.

Folder 6 File titled 'Australian Goodwill Mission to Malaya', containing press cuttings, typed press extracts, mostly from Malayan newspapers, 1948
Folder 7-8 Goodwill Mission, 1948

Includes a letter of referral by John Burton (with seal) dated 19 May 1948, for Ball in his role as leader of the mission to South East Asia, a typed report 'Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; a project for study of national attitudes toward the United Nations', correspondence, cables, administrative arrangements, reports and press extracts. There is a copy of a letter from Ball to Evatt, 21 June 1948. Correspondents include Ray Mitchell of the Australian Commission for Malaya and John Burton.

Series 13 Japan, 1945-1977

From 1946 to 1947, Ball was a member of the Allied Council for Japan (see introduction to Series 12). Ball regarded this as the most important post of his career. While Ball's Asian diaries have been placed in the previous series, this series contains files specifically on Japan. Because Ball's interest in Japan was not confined to the 1946-1947 period, all material on this topic has been brought together in this series. Included are official reports, letters and articles. Many of the talks and letters are from a much later period, when Ball was called upon to discuss his recollections. At the end of the series are numerous published cuttings and pamphlets on Japan.

Folder 1-7 Allied Council for Japan: agenda, minutes and reports, 1946-1948

In Folder 7 there is a letter from Ball to General Douglas McArthur, dated 10 September 1947 concerning operations of the Australian Mission in Japan, together with 'Notes on a talk with General McArthur, evening of March 26th, 1948'.

Folder 8 Allied Council for Japan; Reference Data, Volume 1
Folder 9-11 Allied Council for Japan: monthly reports, 1946-1947
Folder 12 Summation of non-military activities in Japan, April 1946
Folder 13 'A picture of the Japanese Army - Most Secret', undated, but post 1942
Folder 14 Correspondence, 1945-1947

Correspondents include H.V. Evatt and Tatsuma Hashimoto (Representative of the Shiunso). Some carbons of Ball's letters are present.

Folder 15 Correspondence, 1946

Correspondents include R.J.F. Boyer, Sir Douglas Copland, Rupert Hornabrook. There are carbons of many of Ball's letters.

Folder 16 Correspondence, Japan, 1947

Correspondents include Clem Christensen, Sir Frederic Eggleston, W.D. Forsyth, Sir John Latham, Crosbie Morrison, G.O. Reid, H.C.H. Robertson. There are numerous carbons of Ball's own letters.

Folder 17 Copies of secret and personal cables from Japan, 1947, photograph of Ball, letters and memoranda, 1946-1947
Folder 18 Correspondence about Japan, 1966-1977

One file concerns Ball's plans to travel to Tokyo University as a Visiting Fellow. For health and other reasons, he did not take up the post. The other concerns talks, articles and research on Japan. Correspondents include Peter Edwards, David Sissons, Stuart Sayers.

Folder 19-38 Notes, articles, lectures, talks, seminar papers and background material on Japan
Packet 37a, 39-40 Publications on Japan

Series 14 Subject files, 1962-1982

In this series have been placed files with specific titles which do not fit into other series. The contents of the files include correspondence, articles by Ball and others, cuttings and pamphlets.

Folder 1 Brotherhood of St Lawrence, 1964; Australian Party, 1966-1967

Unrelated items in this file are an article entitled 'The Asian Viewpoint' and reports on educational television, 1963

Folder 2 Conservation, especially Fraser Island, 1975
Folder 3 Immigration, 1962-1979
Folder 4-5 Melbourne University Press, 1963-1982

Ball was involved with the Press over a long period, beginning in about 1956. Gwyn James, who was also a lecturer in History at the University of Melbourne, nominated Ball for election to the board. Ball later replaced James and was chairman of the Press for the last few years of his official involvement. In later years, he advised the Press on manuscripts submitted for publication. The main correspondents in these files are Norman Harper and Peter Ryan.

Folder 6 Vietnam - pamphlets, 1965-1968

Series 15 Writings by others, 1954-1983

This series is comprised of handwritten, typescript, roneoed and printed articles, talks, offprints, conference papers, reports, student essays and broadcasts, many of which were sent to Ball for information or comment. Some have been kept together as thematic files (for example the Indian Ocean material in Folder 8 and the Eggleston material in Folder 15), but the majority of articles are loose.

Folder 1 Draft article by L.F. Crisp on the Fulton Report ('Public administration as profession'), 1968; list of ALP federal personnel, 1901-1954, by Crisp and S.P. Bennett, September 1954
Folder 2 Typescript articles, 1968 and undated

By Anthony Clunies Ross, J.D. Legge, D.P O'Connell and I.A. Shearer, Julius Stone, Sir Alan Watt.

Folder 3 Articles and speeches, 1960, 1970 and undated

Authors include Heinz Arndt, Gordon Bryant, J.A.C. Mackie, Ralph Retzloff, William McMahon.

Folder 4 Speeches, articles, reports, 1967-1970

Authors include W.T.R. Fox, John McEwen, Peter Robinson, D.C.S. Sissons. Included is a brief report of discussion at the India-Japan Australia Conference at ANU, 1967.

Folder 5 Typescript draft entitled 'Chapter 5: The nature of appeasement'
Folder 6 Typescript articles and lectures, 1975-1982 and undated.

Authors include J. L. Knott, Larry Lamb, R.G. Neale.

Folder 7 Typescript articles and talks 1968-1982 and undated.

Authors include Alan Carmichael, R.R. MacIntyre, J.O. Stone. There is also a paper by Rex Mortimer 'Australia's Liberal Impasse', with comments by Ball.

Folder 8 Cuttings and two articles by G. Jukes and Derek Verrall, 1968-1976

The topic is the Indian Ocean and the defence of Australia's western shores.

Folder 9 Articles and journal issues, 1973-1974

Authors include Hedley Bull, James Richardson, R.F. Smith.

Folder 10 Typescript articles, 1968 and undated.

Authors include Ruth Atkins, Don Aitkin, Francis Castles, A. Jarman, N.S. Thornton.

Folder 11 Typescript articles, 1967-1968 and undated.

Authors include Henry Albinski, C.P. Fitzgerald, B.B. Schaffer.

Folder 12 Typescript and printed articles 1968-1983 and undated

Authors include Hartley Grattan, Clive Nield, Milton E. Osborne, E.G. Whitlam. There are also comments by Ball dated 1983 on David Horner's High command (1982).

Folder 13 Typescript draft by Norman Harper entitled 'Occupation and control of Japan', with comments by Ball, 1982
Folder 14 Typescript articles and lectures, 1976-1979 and undated.

Includes paper by Reg Stock and handwritten notes by Ball; lecture by K.C.O. Shann.

Folder 15 Typescript and handwritten articles, 1953-1981

Authors include Warren Osmond. Topics include Osmond's study of Sir Frederic Eggleston. Kept with this group are letters between Eggleston and Ball dated 1941 and 1947, letters between Osmond and Ball, and comments by Ball.

Folder 16 Printed and typescript articles, 1972-75 and undated.

Authors include Ian Castles, D.J. Hibberd, R.H. Snape.

Series 16 Press cuttings and printed matter, 1925-1980s

Files of cuttings and pamphlets arranged by Ball in year order.

Folder 1 1925 (empty), 1928, 1929, 1932
Folder 2 1931-1932
Folder 3 1936-1938
Folder 4 1939-1940
Folder 5 1941
Folder 6 1943-1945
Folder 7 1946-1948
Folder 8 1949
Folder 9-10 1950
Folder 11-12 1951
Folder 13-14 1952
Folder 15 1953
Folder 16 1953-1954
Folder 17 1954
Folder 18-19 1955
Folder 20 1956
Folder 21 1957
Folder 22 1958
Folder 23 1959
Folder 24-25 1960
Folder 26 1961
Folder 27 1962
Folder 28 1963
Folder 29-30 1964
Folder 31 1965
Folder 32 1966
Folder 33 1967
Folder 34 1968
Folder 35 1969
Folder 36 1970
Folder 37 1971-1972
Folder 38 1973-1974
Folder 39 1975
Folder 40 1976-1978
Folder 41 1979-1980s
Folder 42-45 Cuttings dated 1932-1975, some from the foreign press.

File titles are absent or unreliable, but topics include Socialism, Indian Ocean and Ball's period in Japan.

Folder 46-48 Drafts and cuttings of reviews by Ball, together with some general cuttings
Packet 49-51 General press cuttings

Series 17 Miscellaneous

Notebook of German-English phrases, typed 'diary' of experience with a car malfunction in 1977, typed document by Australian Mining Industry Council 'Industry policy on mineral processing', list of Ball's books, untitled notebook, typed proceedings of the Conciliation and Arbitration Commission, 1971, draft pages on Australian foreign policy, typescript article by Ball entitled 'A visit to France', four small snapshots and photocopies of two snapshots. Also copies of biographical information gathered by National Library staff when visiting Ball.

3 folders.

Container List

Series Folder/Item Box
1 1-8 1
1 9-16 2
1 17-25 3
1 26-33 4
2 1-10 5
2 11-19 6
2 20-30 7
2 31-39 8
2 40-48 9
2 49-57 10
2 58-66 11
2 67-74 12
2 75-83 13
2 84-89 14
3 1-3 14
3 4-5 15
4 1-7 15
4 8-16 16
4 17-19 17
5 1-2 17
6 1-4 17
7 1 18
8 1-2 18
9 1-4 18
9 5-11 19
9 12-19 20
9 20-27 21
9 28-35 22
9 36-44 23
9 45-52 24
9 52a-59 25
9 60-68 26
10 1 27
11 1-7 27
11 8-13 28
12 1-8 29
13 1-7 30
13 8-15 31
13 16-24 32
13 25-32 33
13 33-37a 34
13 38-40 35
14 1-6 36
15 1-8 37
15 9-16 38
16 1-7 39
16 8-15 40
16 16-22 41
16 23-29 42
16 30-36 43
16 37-44 44
16 45-49 45
16 50-51 46
17 1-3 46