MS 8346
Papers of John Black (1908-1988)



Scope and Content Note

  • Black, John Russell, 1908-1988
  • Papers of John Black
  • 1933-88
  • 2.76m. (20 boxes)
  • Available for research. Not for loan.

The collection was bequeathed to the Library by John Black in 1988. At the request of the family, to enable Robin Radford to complete her research, it remained in Adelaide until 1992. In 1999 Dr Bill Gammage added a substantial collection of photographs taken on the Hagen-Sepik Patrol of 1938-39. They have been placed in Series 3.

The papers were arranged and listed by Ms Radford. The Library's list is based on the guide prepared by Ms Radford

Other records on the Hagen-Sepik Patrol are held in MS 8254 (Ian Downs), MS 9218 (Jim Taylor), MS 9219 (Pat Walsh) and MS 9220 (Bill Gammage). The National Film and Sound Archive holds movie film taken on the patrol.

Biographical Note

John Russell Black was born on 12 May 1908 at North Adelaide, South Australia. He was educated in Adelaide, including Pulteney Street School and St. Peters College. In 1926 he was appointed Cadet under Sir Douglas Mawson and Dr C.T. Madigan, Department of Geology and Mineralogy at the University of Adelaide. He was forced to leave because of the depression and took over the management of a family farm at Mt. Compass, south of Adelaide. In 1928 he was commissioned in 48 Bn Militia AMF as a lieutenant and by 1932 had passed all subjects for the rank of captain.

In 1933, Black was appointed Cadet Patrol Officer in the Department of District Service and Native Affairs, Mandated Territory of New Guinea. During the war he served with ANGAU in New Guinea and with the British Borneo Civil Affairs Unit in Borneo. From 1946 to 1948 he was Assistant Director (Planning and Research) in the Department of District Services and Native Affairs in the Provisional Administration of the Territory of Papua New Guinea. He resigned to pursue business in timber, gold and salvage enterprises.

Black returned to South Australia in 1953 to farm near Maitland on Yorke Peninsula, the family property of his wife Dawn Reid Smith who he had married in 1946. He retired from active farming in 1985 and devoted his attention to working on his New Guinea papers. Black never lost interest or contact with New Guinea. In 1972 he returned to the Finintegu area (now Henganofi) on behalf of the Commonwealth Arts Board and in 1975 was invited to be present at the Independence celebrations in Port Moresby. He kept in touch with former colleagues, particularly Jim Taylor and Apo, once his personal assistant.

In 1985 Black was granted visiting Research Fellow status at the Annexe of the South Australian Museum. He was Fellow of the American Geographical Society, of the Institute of Public Administration, and of the Royal Anthropological Institute.

Black died suddenly on 6 April 1988, only a few weeks before his 80th birthday. His wife Dawn had died on 2 June 1986. He was survived by his five children, Rita, Ian, Alistair, Helen and Christopher.


Series List

  1. Curriculum vitae and autobiographical notes
  2. General administration, 1933-37
  3. Hagen-Sepik Patrol, 1937-39
  4. War service - New Guinea, 1940-47
  5. War service - Borneo, 1945
  6. Post - war administration, 1946-47
  7. Post - war business, 1948-51
  8. Post New Guinea, 1951-88

Series Descriptions

Series 1 Curriculum vitae and autobiographical notes

This series contains several forms of Black's curriculum vitae prepared at different times, together with cut and paste versions combined with more detailed autobiographical notes and copies of supporting documents from Black's files. Also included here are miscellaneous 'aides memoire'. (1 folder)

Series 2 General administration 1933-1937

John Black arrived in Rabaul, New Guinea in June 1933 to commence his appointment as Cadet Patrol Officer with the Administration of the Mandated Territory of New Guinea. He was one of the ten cadets selected from 1659 applicants. His ten diaries are a comprehensive record of his life in New Guinea from his arrival until September 1937, when he went on leave to Australia prior to the Hagen-Sepik Patrol (see Series 3). Black was then administering 'uncontrolled' territory. During this period Black was involved in significant activities in the uncontrolled regions, on patrol, in charge of Finintegu Police Post after McGrath's death, and in pacification work in the Chimbu area.

This series also includes personal papers and notebooks, patrol reports by Black, A.F. Kyle and J.L. Taylor; official printed material; Lutheran and Roman Catholic material probably acquired from mission stations during the war; and various lecture notes from his study leave in Sydney in 1935.

Folders                                                                 

1.    Notes on lectures by E.W.P. Chinnery to New Guinea cadets, 1933,     
      including Pidgin English vocabulary

2.    Investigations into the activities of L. Schmidt                     

3.    A.F. Kyle, diary 1934-35 (re Schmidt investigation)                  

4-5   Personal files. Of special interest are several patrol and station  
      reports from Finintegu, correspondence with A. Nurton, R. Melrose,
      T.G. Aitchison and others, notes on the indenture system in New 
      Guinea                    

6.    Copy of memo of 7 December 1934 from Black, at Finintegu Base Camp,  
      also progress and patrol report of activities in the Purari area, 
      1 September-1 December 1934 (BUR 16 of 1934). Photocopy from 
      Australian Archives, AA AS13/26 item 49, 14 pp. page 6 missing.
      An original of this report is in Black's personal papers, 2/4-5.
      This report was forwarded to the Director of District Services and
      Native Affairs in Rabaul with a covering letter of 5 January 1935
      (photocopy). Includes a letter from Bill Standish to JRB, 13 
      January 1982.                                                          

7.    Reports of two patrols made by Black in 1937 to Lae and Bukaua        

8.    Ordinances and regulations, TNG, 1937                                

9.    Mingende Mission notebook, by P. Erdweg. n.d.                        

10.   Various roneoed Lutheran Mission papers contained in a Raipinka     
      station file, 1929-35                                                          

11.   Lecture notes, ASOPA, Sydney, 1935 - Anthropology  I and II and     
      Tropical Medicine                                                               

12.   Miscellaneous newspaper cuttings and notes

13.   Rabaul Times 25 August - 15 September 1939                          

14.   Bena Bena to Mount Hagen patrol, 1933

      1. Add J.L. Taylor's report of patrol. Pages number 1-74 (21 and 24    
      appear to be missing) are retyped from original, pages 75-101 are     
      photocopies of original

      2. Photocopy of typescript of Taylor's diary of this patrol, entries   
      from 27 March 1933 to 19 October 1933, pages numbered 102-208.

      3. Resume of patrol, photocopy of typescript, pages 209-223 (Copies    
      made from Papers in Meg Taylor's possession)                          

15.   J.J. Murphy & R.A. Murphy, "Mata Bele". Typed manuscript            

16.   Extracts from Pacific Islands Monthly on Beazley's explorations in  
      New Guinea                                                              

17.   University of Sydney Law School lectures, 1929. Notes for "Judicial
      Evidence" and "General View of Evidence." (Possibly used by JRB for
      exams taken on 19 November 1942)
18    3 pocket diaries used as notebooks, 1934-36
19    Personnel diary, 1933 and loose papers                       

Diaries                                                     
           
Black illustrated his daily journals with photos, and news clippings. He annotated 
and clarified points at a later date.

20.   1. 1933 - December 1933                                             

21.   2. 10 March 1934 - 7 June 1934                                      

22.   3. 17 June 1934 - 15 October 1934                                   

23-24 4. 16 October 1934 - 20 January 1935                             

25-26 5. 21 January 1935 - 18 February 1935                             

27.   6 12 October 1935 - 7 November 1935                                

28.   6a. 11 November 1935 - 27 January 1936                              

29.   7. 21 February 1936 - 18 May 1936                                   

30.   8. 19 May 1936 - 2 September 1936                                  

31.   9. 5 September - 8 January 1937                                     

Series 3 Hagen-Sepik Patrol 1937-1939

This major exploratory expedition into the highlands west of Mount Hagen took place from 9 March 1938 to 19 June 1939 under the leadership of J.L. Taylor (Hagen-Sepik Patrol 1938-39: Interim report, Annual Report Territory of New Guinea, 1938-1939: 137-49). The expedition operated as one party until 13 June 1938 when it then split in order to cover as much ground as possible. Black led a party westward to Telefomin, completing this exploration in April 1939 when he rejoined Taylor in Wabag. For security and other reasons, little publicity was given to Taylor and Black, and details of their discoveries were suppressed. Of particular interest in this section are Black's patrol diaries, two large volumes of written and illustrated information and comments. Correspondence about a re-enactment of the patrol in 1988 and publishing a book is also included here.

Folders

1.    Miscellaneous papers and maps, collected for book on patrol.         

2.    Correspondence 1979-85 relating to Map of Journeys of the            
      Hagen-Sepik Patrol 1938-39.

3.    Survey books (8) February 1938- April 1939.                          

4.    Survey book, Ogelbeng, February 1938, and Tari, May 1938.          

5.    Miscellaneous papers 1937-41, including report on fossils.           

6.    Letters to father, Mr A.L. Black, from Holyevia, 11 June 1938,
      and to mother, Mrs B. Black, from Kelifomin [sic] 25 October 1938.

7.    Correspondence re publication of book on patrol.                     

8.    Hagen-Sepik Patrol field notes, April-June 1939.                     

Diaries
                      
These large volumes are a detailed, illustrated account of Black's part in the
Hagen-Sepik Patrol. They require special care.

9.   October 1937 - 10 November 1938

10.  Printout of above, not proofed. (The disks are in the SA Museum Archives)

11.  11 November 1938 - May 1939

Addition 8 February 1999

Photographs

12.  Hagen - Hoiyevia, March-April 1938 (prints 29-52); Hoiyevia Base Camp,
     May-June 1938 (prints 1-27)
13.  Madang - Telefomin, February-August 1938 (prints 53-158).
14.  Telefomin, August 1938 - January 1939 (prints 159-273).
15.  Sirunki - Madang or Rabaul, March 1938-July 1939 (prints 274-519).

For a detailed description of the photographs, see the item list for this addition.

Series 4 War Service - New Guinea 1940-1944

After completion of the Hagen-Sepik Patrol, Black went to Australia on leave but spent most of this time completing the map of the patrol. He tried to enlist in the army, but was ordered to return to New Guinea. He was posted to the Madang District, first as Assistant District Officer, Bogia, and later at Madang as District Officer with the rank of Captain in ANGAU. After the Japanese had landed at Madang, he operated in the region between Madang and Goroka. Between November 1943 and September 1944 he was based at Bena Bena. He was then transferred to Talasea, New Britain. He had leave in January 1945 after which he joined LHQ Directorate of Research and Civil Affairs.

Folders                                                                 

1.    Personal records. Includes correspondence with R. Melrose,       
      General Sir Ivan McKay, D.M. Fienberg and J.L. Taylor.                             
2.    Bogia diary 10 October 1940 - 11 June 1941                           

3.    Bogia diary 12 June - 30 September 1941
                              
      a) June - July                                                         

4.    b) August - September                                                

5-6.  Bogia 1 October 1941 - 10 January 1942                            

7.    Bogia December 1941, official circulars and Government Gazette.      

8.   '1942 Events', Bogia and Madang. Includes letters from F. Benjamin   
      and Benedict Damanangu of Bogia; from T. Aitchison, J. Reid, 
      P. England re 'Sepik Insurrection'.                                                         
9.    ANGAU radiograms, June - December 1942.                              

10.   Miscellaneous papers, Madang and Ramu, December 1942 - January 1943.                                                                 
      Letters from E. Taylor, Reverend Inselmann and others, statements 
      for War Damage Commission 1943.                                                

11.   Miscellaneous papers, ibid. mainly March - June 1943. Correspondents
      include E. Taylor, H. Hamilton, Lieuts. Snook and Rooke, A. Ewing,
      Reverend Helbig, J. Costelloe, Warner Shand, P. England and D. Leahy.                      
12.   Diaries, patrols to Faita and Atemble, December 1942 - January 1943.                                                                   
13.   Miscellaneous memos and papers, March - June 1943, in file marked   
     'Asaloka', relating to the ANGAU Ramu District HQ at Bena Bena (near
      Goroka). Poor condition.                                                             
14-16'Bena Force 1943-44'. Memos, letters (including from D. Cleland;  
      from B. Damanangu re cargo cult, Bogia.                                       

17.  'Last Days at Bena'. 19 September 1944 - 23 December 1944 (mostly   
      September 1944, including some relating to Talasea).                   

18.   Letter book 1943-44. Correspondents include J.L. Taylor, D. Cleland,
      Apo, P. England; Black's submission re necessity for a new native
      policy.   

19.   Traverse of Ramu Valley, Evan Stanley, 1921.                        

20.   Talasea notebook, 11 June 1944 - 21 January 1945, includes 'Batari  
      and his soldiers'                                                              

21.   Report on the activities of ANGAU, 1942-44, Port Moresby, 1944      

22.  'Notes on ANGAU Organisation', File 18. Roneo, 1944.                

23.   T.P. Fry, 'Relief and Rehabilitation in Australia's Territories in  
      New Guinea', AIIA, Roneo, 1945.

24-26'Cargo Cult'. Includes statements and memos on the "Batari Cult of 
      Talasea", 'Kilim Kokaruk' cult of Kranket Island, Madang; 'Notes on
      Native agitation', Talasea Monthly Report for November 1944; 
      B. Damanangu, Advent Tarosi, W. Gavera.
                   
27.   Miscellaneous letters, extracted by JRB from original place in this
      group of papers.                                                                

Series 5 War Service - Borneo, 1945

Black transferred to the Army School of Civil Affairs, Duntroon, Canberra where military government personnel were trained for Papua New Guinea and Borneo. In mid 1945 he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in command of Task Force Detachment 3B, BBCAU (British Borneo Civil Affairs Unit). He was located in Labuan, Brunei, Sarawak and British Borneo until mid 1946. The papers in this series are largely roneoed notes issued to personnel.

Folders                                                                

1.    Contents of original file "Borneo Records", PX130 Lt-Col. J.R. Black,
      BBCAU. Contains memos and correspondence concerning Black's tour of    
      duty in Borneo in 1945. Papers include preparatory material, J.K.      
      McCarthy's official diary of the outgoing voyage on US Liberty ship
      Joseph Calligan and arrival in Borneo, July 1945; Black's loose-leaf
      diary 15 September-15 November 1945; papers recitations,
      correspondence 1975-76 with R.H. Reece re A.A. Conlon and BBCAU.

2.    Maps of S.E. Asia and Borneo.                                        

3.    File 11: General Introduction to CASO'                               

4.    File 23: Languages and vocabulary of Sea Dyak'.                      

5.    S.Y. Han, 'Report on Education in Labuan', typescript, 1945.         

6.    Guide to Bazaar Malay for Military Magistrates                       

7.    5OCAU price list, 1945                                               

8.    Media articles.                                                      

9.    The School of Civil Affairs, Duntroon. First School, 1945,           
      curriculum notes, includes J.K. Murray's Inaugural Address.                              

Series 6 Post-war Administration, 1946-1947

In June 1946 Black returned to Papua New Guinea, joining the Provisional Administration of the Territory as Assistant Director (Planning and Research) in the Department of District Services and Native Affairs, based in Port Moresby. Now married to Dawn Reid Smith, they lived at Hanuabada.

Folders                                                                 

1-2.  Important letters, 1947-8. Correspondents include H.E. Hamilton, Yali,
      J.K. McCarthy, J.L. Taylor, Ian Hogbin, Apo, D. Fienberg; Black's       
      paper 'The Aim of Policy". File, "Forces opposing my post War PNG appointment'.

3.    Letters from D. Fienberg, Colonial Office, 1947.                   

4.    The Territorian, nos. 1-2, 4-5, 7-11, 13, 15, 17-18.                 

5.    Correspondence and other papers of J.L. Taylor, D. Fienberg, J. 
      McLeod and Patrol to Upper Markham 1937-8.

6.    Circular Instructions, Department of District Services and Native    
      Affairs, 26 November 1946 - 16 December 1947, most of which were 
      drafted by Black.

7.    D.D.S & N.A., Reading Series, 1946.                                  

8.    Maynard Lock, 'Police Motu' Roneo, n.d.                              

9.    H. Plant, Notes on Law and Government, LHQ School of Duntroon Civil  
      Affairs, Duntroon                                                      

10.   J.R. Black, 'Notes on Native Administration and Native Labour',     
      Duntroon.                                                               

11.   Gus O'Donnell's notebook on postwar administration policy.          

12.   Social Welfare Committee, 1947.                                     

13-14 Miscellaneous papers re postwar administration, mostly 1945-47.  

15.   Fienberg letters etc.             

16.   Notes on Apo.                                                       

Series 7 Post-war Business, 1948-1951

Black resigned from the Administration in May 1948 'to pursue business interests in Port Moresby and Lae', including the timber industry in the Markham Valley, Porgera goldfield and general business in Port Moresby where he continued to live.

Folders                                                                 

1.    Strickland Syndicate, March 1948-May 1950. Correspondence and other
      papers, mostly official, regarding Black's involvement with the        
      Syndicate, formed to prospect for gold in the Porgera area of the 
      Western Highlands.                                                              

2.    Diary of prospecting trip to Porgera, 1947-48                        

3.    Applications for dredging and sluicing claims etc. 1948.             

4.    House plans, Port Moresby, c. 1948.                                  

5.    Papers re business interests, Lae, 1947-50                           

6.    Legal Documents and correspondence, 1948-51                          

7.    Leaflets for JRB's candidature, Legislative Assembly, 1951.          

8.    Work books, No. 1 Ford, 1950-1951                                    

9.    Record book for No. 2 Ford, worked on half-share basis with Sepa     
      Simoi, Hanuabada, 1949-50.                                                    

Diaries                                                                 

10.   1. Lae, March - December 1949                                       

11.   2. Lae and Port Moresby, 1949-1950                                  

12.   3. Lae, March - May 1951                                            

Letter Books                                                            

13.   1. January - June 1949                                              

14.   2. July - September 1949                                            

15.   3. July 1949 - March 1950                                           

16.   4. March - November 1950                                            

17.   5. March - June 1951                                                

Staff Work Books                                                        

18-19 1949, 1950 - 1951                                                

Series 8 Post New Guinea, 1953-1988

Black 'went finish' in 1953. He returned to his home state, South Australia and settled on a family property near Maitland in the wheat belt of Yorke Peninsula. He maintained his deep interest in Papua New Guinea, and returned for visits in 1972 and 1975, and at the time of his death on 6 April 1988 he was planning another trip later that year to coincide with the re-walk of the Hagen-Sepik Patrol. After his wife's death in 1986 he spent more time in Adelaide working on his papers in an office made available to him at the South Australian Museum Annexe. His 'work in progress' included autobiographical excerpts and an article on sorcery.

Folders                                                                 

1.    1972, Visit to TPNG for the Commonwealth Arts Board, by which he was
      commissioned to collect representative art from the Heganofi region    
      of the Eastern Highlands. Correspondence and notes.                           

2.    Miscellaneous papers, 1972-74.                                       

3.    Diary, 1972.                                                         

4.    ANZAAS, Adelaide (August 1969); Section 25 abstracts; 
      Some impressions of a resident New Guinea Australian;
      The range of foods used by the Central Highlanders                

5-6.  1975, Visit to TPNG for Independence celebrations.                 

7.    1981, Black and J.L. Taylor at ANU. Includes some rough notes by JRB,
      publicity re visit; correspondence with Bill Gammage, Hank Nelson,     
      Mick Leahy, Peter Ryan; papers re the ABC production "Taim bilong
      Masta", articles re the NG Highlands, 2 photos (B&W) of Black and
      Taylor at work at ANU, one colour print of Black taken at the same 
      time.                 

8.    Miscellaneous papers, including extracts re Black's appointment as a
      cadet and Elkin's report on cadets dated 21 August 1935, obituaries   
      for J.K. Murray and J.K. McCarthy, and letter from Jean McCarthy.
      Drafts of a review of McCarthy's Patrol into Yesterday intended 
      for Nation, 31 December 1963; 3 original cartoons by McCarthy of
      Lucy Mair, Camilla Wedgwood and James McAuly, papers re Michael
      Leahy. Journal of the Anthropological Society of SA, 8 October 1970
      with Black's "The Hagen-Sepik Patrol, 1938-39" with notes added by
      JRB.                                           

9.    Draft and autographed copy of Warren Steel's typescript "My war in   
      New Guinea and Borneo" {c, 1986} and related correspondence.               

10.   Obituaries and other papers re J.L. Taylor, died 27 June 1987.      

11.   J.J. Murphy, correspondence (1985-86) and articles (1972).          

12.   Professor T. Harding, correspondence re Advent Tarosi, 1970-87.     

13.   P. Munster, correspondence 1981-83 re Finintegu, EHP.               

14.   J. Emery, correspondence 1972-77, short story and paper on Gerald   
      Manley Hopkins.                                                               

15.   Correspondence 1972-87 H. Nelson, A & R Rumsey, G. Trompf. K. Croker,
      R. Harvey, J. Pyam.                                                    

16.   Correspondence with J. Davis and others re Hagen-Sepik Patrol, 1985,
      letters re Black family history.                                               

17.   Mineral company brochures re PNG 1976, 1980's.                      

18.   Correspondence with Professor D.A.M. Lea and papers re Enga, Rural  
      Development Project, 1980.                                             

19.   Correspondence with B. Craig re Telefomin, Interpreter Suni, 1983.  

20.   Correspondence with B. Jinks re post-war administration, 1982.      

21.   G. Pretty, S.A. Museum, correspondence and papers, 1975-87.         

22.   H. Wetzel, correspondence, 1987.                                    

23.   Bill Standish, correspondence, 1978.                                

24.   Correspondence with A&R Radford, 1987.                              

25.   Melbourne University Press, correspondence, 1984.                   

26.   Notes and letters to Meg Taylor re 'First Contact', 1988.           

27.   ANZAAS Conference, Adelaide, 1969, brochures and copy of Black's    
      papers delivered in Section 25, Anthropology.                                 

28.   Miscellaneous newspaper articles re New Guinea 1959-84.             

29.   Miscellaneous correspondence.                                       

30.   Second Waigani Seminar, UPNG "The History of Melanesia", {1968}     
      roneoed papers.                                                                

31.   Notes on material in Series 5, 7 and 8                                  
32.   Correspondence book no. 1 1975-81                                   

33.   Correspondence book no. 2 1976-77                                   

34.   Correspondence book no. 3 1981                                      
      Australian Walkabout 1948
      London News 1933-36
                                                    


ITEM LIST  for  Series 3:    Photographs 1938-39
(Addition 8 February 1999)

This collection contains photographs Black took on the Hagen-Sepik Patrol, 
comprising 1938-39 prints, and 1938-39 single negatives and rolls of negatives from 
some of which prints were taken between 1939 and 1996. The last 28 prints (491-519) 
were taken by others.

At Wabag, in August 1938, Taylor told Walsh to develop and caption photographs 
that patrol members took and make sets for official purposes and personal records. 
Some of Black's prints therefore show Walsh's hand.  Of the sets Walsh made, only 
Black's survived.  Taylor's and the official sets were lost during World War II; Walsh's 
were lost in the 1974 Brisbane flood.

Folder 12 (photos 1-52):  Conceivably, Walsh took these photographs. They show his 
format and print paper, their captions are by him, some of his photographs for the 
period are missing, Black appears in two prints, and Walsh's prints and these address 
similar subjects. Nonetheless, almost certainly Black took them: no gaps can be found 
for them in Walsh's print numbers (MS 9219/1), and comparing print 3 below with 
Walsh's roll 7/2 print shows the same moment by two differently placed cameras. 
Print numbers follow Walsh's where possible, even when not chronological. Where 
they exist, Walsh's numbers are in brackets, eg: 2 (A2).

Folders 13-14 (photos 53-273).  In 1998 Gammage attributed these photographs to 
Black, put them in approximate chronological order, and captioned them. Prints 237-
273, taken in Dufaycolor by Black between Feramin and Enga, may be the only colour 
photos ever taken at first contact.  The colour negatives have not been found.

Folder 15 (photos 274-519) comprises 13 rolls of Black's negative film, 217 contact 
prints and 14 prints of these done in 1939-96, and 28 prints (491-519) Black possessed 
but did not take.  In 1938-39 prints were taken from some of the negative rolls and 
appear in Black's diary, in folders 12-14, and elsewhere.  In 1987 Black could not 
recall who took prints 491-519.  Possibly 491-495 are by Kevin Sheeky while on a 
Hoiyevia air drop; 496-504 and 507-519 by Mick Leahy; 505-506 by George Greathead.

Original captions are in quotation marks; other captions were added in 1998 by Bill 
Gammage, whose book, The sky travellers (MUP 1998), contains additional information.

Black's Hagen-Sepik diary contains some photographs not included here.  Hagen-
Sepik photographs are also in MS 8254 (Ian Downs), MS 9218 (Jim Taylor), MS 9219 
(Pat Walsh) and MS 9220 (Bill Gammage). ScreenSound Australia holds movie film 
taken on the patrol.

Folder 12. Hagen - Hoiyevia, March-April 1938 (prints 29-52), and Hoiyevia Base 
           Camp, May-June 1938 (prints 1-27).

1.         The 'Ford' parachuting supplies, 2 June 1938.  Looking W (+ negative).
2. (A2)    The 'Ford' dropping supplies, 2 June 1938.  Carriers and local men watch. 
           Looking SE (+ negative and 1987 print).
3. (A3)    "Dropping supplies - Hoiyevia", 2 June 1938.  Carriers and local men 
           watch (+ negative and three prints of detail, two with Black's 1987 
           captions).  Taken at the same time as Walsh's roll 7/2 (MS 9219/1).
4. (A4)	   "Parachutes coming down Hoiyevia", 2 June 1938.  Shows part of camp. 
           Looking N (+ negative and 1987 print).
5.         [no print]
6. (A6)	   "Dropping supplies Hoiyevia", 2 June 1938.  Looking E.  Shows Ford and 
           carriers running to collect supplies (+ negative and two 1987 prints).
7. (A7)    "Dropping supplies Hoiyevia", 2 June 1938 (+ negative and 1987 print).
8. (A8)    "Plane - Hoiyevia", 2 June 1938.  Looking SE (+ negative and 1987 print).
9. (A9)    "Dropping supplies Hoiyevia", 2 June 1938 (+ negative and 1987 print).
10.        The 'Ford' dropping supplies, 2 June 1938.  10 & 11 form a sequence (+ 
           negative).
11.        The 'Ford' dropping supplies, 2 June 1938.  10 & 11 form a sequence (+ 
           negative).
12.        [no print]
13.        The 'Ford' dropping supplies, 2 June 1938.  Carriers and local men watch 
           (negative and 1987 print).  Taken at the same time as Walsh's roll 7/2 
           (MS 9219/1).
14. (A14)  "The Market. Hoiyevia", c.23-26 May 1938  (+ 1987 print).  Shows local 
           men and boys lining the banis (fence) to sell food, a pile of kaukau (sweet 
           potato), the theodolite under shade, the strip before it was covered with 
           grass on 27 May, and smoke seaming from carriers' huts.  Looking SE.
15. (A15)  "Natives trading Hoiyevia", c.23-26 May 1938.  Shows Black with 
           Constable Serak, food buying at the banis, the theodolite under shade, and 
           the strip before covered with grass on 27 May (+ negative and three 1987-
           88 prints).
16. (A16)  "Buying food Hoiyevia", c.23-26 May 1938.  Sgt Boginau buying bananas 
           with small cowrie (+ negative and two 1987-8 prints).
17. (A17)  "Men Hoiyevia", c.23-26 May 1938.  Men lining the fence to sell food or 
           to look.  In 1988 the adult first on the left was identified as Tabagwa of 
           Toanda.  The wigged man to the right of the stick also appears in Walsh's 
           roll 2/5 and X2 (MS 9219/1) (+ negative and two 1987-8 prints).
18. (A18)  "Natives trading Hoiyevia", c.23-26 May 1938  (+ negative and 1988 print).
19. (A19)  "Dropping supplies by Parachute Hoiyevia", 2 June 1938 (+ negative and 
           1988 print).
20. (A20)  "The 'Ford' over Hoiyevia", 2 June 1938.  Carriers and local men watch 
           (+ negative and 1988 print).  Taken at the same time as Walsh's roll 7/2
           (MS 9219/1).
21.        The 'Ford' dropping supplies, 2? June 1938.  Carriers and local men 
           watch.  Looking W.
22.        The 'Ford' dropping supplies, 2? June 1938.  Carriers race to collect 
           cargo.  Looking W.
23. (A23)  Hoiyevia Base Camp, 5 June 1938.  Shows Walsh (l.) and camp activities 
           (+ 1987 print).
24.        Carriers' headdresses, possibly for the singsing of 4 June 1938 (negative 
           and 1988 print).
25.        An old man, possibly Hilu the priest, May-June 1938 (negative and 1987 
           print).
26.        An old man, May-June 1938 (negative and 1987 print).
27. (A27)  "Group of Men Hoiyevia", May-June 1938.  Includes the man in print 26 
           (+ negative and three 1987-88 prints).
28.        [no print]
29. (A29)  "Men Tomba, Nabilyer - Gai divide", 12 March 1938.  Tomba is on the Nebilyer 
           - Minyamp divide; the Minyamp is a tributary of the Lai (+ negative and 1988
           print).
30.        [no print]
31. (A31)  "Natives gathered for a sing sing Tomba, Nabilyer - Gai divide", 12 March 
           1938 (+ negative and 1988 print).
32.        Tomba people with pandanus rain mats (not in focus) (negative and 1987 print).
33. (C5)   "A couple of natives of the Lagaiap valley have a rest."  Near Panduaka, 
           Waga Valley, 18? April 1938: the same men are in Walsh X26-27 (MS 9219/1).
34. (C6)   "Burial platform Southern slopes Central Range", Arugu, E of Tari Gap, 
           27 April 1938.  The same coffin is in Walsh X9 and X11-13 (MS 9219/1).
35. (C7)   "Type of native Bridge", possibly Waga headwaters, c.14 April 1938.
36. (C9)   "Type of native Bridge", Waga Valley, 24? April 1938.
37. (C10)  "Crossing a river on the southern slope of Central Range", ? Waga Valley, 
           April 1938.
38. (C13)  "The Mascot of the Patrol a Hagen Youth [Baraka]", Biviraka, 1-4 April 1938.
39. (C14)  "Mr Black seeking information from Lagaiap Valley natives", Biviraka, 2 
           April 1938 (+ 1987 print).
40. (C15)  "A native musician Biviraka Lagaiap Valley", 2 April 1938.  Men and boys, 
           one playing pan pipes.  The same group is in photo 39.
41-42. (C16-17) Similar; group includes women.
43. (C18)  "Man wearing wig Tori Gai [Lai] Valley", 22 March 1938.
44. (C19)  "Man in singsing dress Tomba Nabilyer-Gai divide", 12 March 1938.
45. (C20)  "Girl in male attire Biviraka Lagaiap River", 2 April 1938.  
           This was a sign of mourning.
46. (C21)  "Types of women's dresses Biviraka Lagaiap River", 2 April 1938.  
           One wears a man's laplap in mourning.
47. (C22)  "Native with smoking pipe Biviraka Lagaiap River", 2-4 April 1938.
48. (C23)  "Crossing a swamp on the Central Range", S of Yumbisa, Waga Valley, 
           17 April 1938.  Shows Black and the carrier line.
49. (C24)  "Looking over the Gai [Lai] river from the Gai - Ambom divide", 
           23 March 1938.  Probably looking S to Sopas.
50. (C25)  "Looking South from near Cherunki Gai - Lagaiap divide", 27-28 March 1938.
           Looking c.NW from near Sirunki, towards Lake Iviva.
51. (C26)  "Swamp and Lake at Cherunki Gai - Lagaiap divide", 29 March 1938. 
           Looking N over Sirunki swamp to Lake Iviva.  The distinctive low hill 
           in print 50 is centre r.
52. (C27)  "Looking up the Waga valley Southern fall of Central Range", Looking N 
           from ? Mangoba, N of Margarima, 21 April 1938?   Shows a camp banis (fence).

Folder 13  Madang - Telefomin, February-August 1938 (prints 53-158)

53.        John Black reading, possibly in the Single Officers' Quarters, Madang, 
           February 1938 (+ 1938? negative).
54.        P.O. Murray Edwards hears a young girl complain at being hit by a stone 
           a carrier threw, Ogelbeng Base Camp, 6 March 1938.  J.L. Taylor is at left, 
           Sgt Lopangom at right (+ 1938 negative).  This photo is similar to Walsh 
           X39 (MS 9219) and may be the missing X38.
55.        Edwards (l.), Taylor, Taylor's dog Sparker, and the theodolite stand, 
           probably Ogelbeng, March 1938 (negative and 1988 print).
56.        Black and his servant Siauvutei at the banis (fence), where people have 
           brought sugar cane and pitpit to sell, Ogelbeng Base Camp, February-March 
           1938 (negative and four 1988 prints).
57.        Taylor and his servant Banonau outside Taylor's tent, Ogelbeng Base Camp, 
           4 March 1938 (two 1988 prints).
58.        Black, his servant Kologei, and mission schoolboys among piles of food 
           bought to commence the patrol, Ogelbeng Base Camp, 4 March 1938 (negative 
           and four 1988 prints).
59-60.     Police wives and food sellers at the Ogelbeng Base Camp banis, February-
           March 1938 (negative and 1988 print).
61.        Ogelbeng scenes superimposed on one negative, February-March 1938 (negative 
           and 1988 print).
62.        Local people watch at the banis, Ogelbeng Base Camp, February-March 1938
           (negative and 1988 print).
63.        Police and carriers at a rest stop.  Details not known.
64.        A distant view of a patrol camp, possibly Nebilyer - Minyamp area, March 
           1938 (+ 1987 print).
65.        Lake Iviva, near Sirunki, Enga, 1939?; on reverse information Constable 
           Kobubu gave in 1987 - see Gammage p.93.
66.        Pandanus and kaukau (sweet potato), possibly upper Waga Valley, April 1938 
           (+ negative).
67.        Ungushibi country, upper Waga Valley, 18 April 1938.
68.        Patrol on the march south of Ungushibi, c.18 April 1938.
69.        Local people and carriers watch Taylor writing, Panduaka area, upper Waga 
           Valley, 18? April 1938.
70.        Patrol and people at Hoiyevia, possibly awaiting a plane drop, 31 May-3 
           June 1938.
71.        People at Hoiyevia, 3 June 1938.
72.        (L. to r.) Makis, two Hoiyevia wigmen, Taylor, Banonau, Hoiyevia, June 
           1938 (two negatives, 1987 print and 1988 print).
73.        Taylor: detail from above (1996 negative and print).
74.        Hoiyevia man smoking a bamboo pipe, May-June 1938 (Black diary 26 May 
           1938; + negative).
75-76.     ? Tagari Valley country near Munima?, 15 June 1938.
77.        Porti and local men, Munima?, 15 June 1938?
78-82.     Black's line building a camp, possibly Munima, 15 June 1938?
83.        Man making fire, Munima - Kureba area, c.15-16 June 1938.
84-86.     Tangi of Kureba ferries Black's line across the Nagia, 16 June 1938.
87.        'Aerial coffin', Kureba near the Tagari - Nagia junction, 16 June 1938 
           (+ negative and 1988 print).
88.        'Aerial coffin', possibly Kureba area, June 1938 (+ negative).
89.        ? Tumbudu Valley country, June 1938? (+ negative).
90.        ? Tumbudu Valley men, June 1938? (+ negative).
91.        Tumbudu Valley man, June 1938 (+ negative).
92-93.     Tumbudu Valley men, 30 June 1938 (+ negative and 1987 print).
94.        Tumbudu Valley men who guided the patrol on 30 June 1938 (+ negative).
95.        Tumbudu Valley men, 30 June 1938.
96.        Tumbudu Valley men, 30 June 1938? (+ negative and 1987 print with 
           image reversed).
97.        Tumbudu Valley men, 30 June 1938 (+ negative).
98-99.     Pandanus on skyline, details unknown (+ negatives).
100-101.   The python Black's line walked under, Strickland crossing camp, 6 
           July 1938.  100 shows Constable Serak (+ negatives).
102.       Strickland crossing camp under Mt Yering, 7 July 1938 (+ negative and 
           1988 print).
103-111.   Black's Strickland Bridge being built, 10-13 July 1938 (+ negatives; 
           105 and 111 + extra print; 108-110 show the bridge awash in the flood of 
           13 July).
112-120.   Crossing Black's Strickland Bridge, 14-16 July 1938 (+ negatives; 114 
           has no negative but three prints; 119-120 have negative + three prints, 
           119 including one with Black's 1987 caption).
121.       The S trickland Gorge from above the W bank, looking upstream, 16 July 
           1938 (two prints, one with Black's caption).
122-123.   The Strickland Gorge from above the W bank, looking upstream, 16 July 
           1938 (+ negative).
124-125.   Police meet Min men, Yendanap area, Bak Valley, 19 July 1938.  
           125 l. to r. Kwangu, Wosasa?, Kobubu?, Orengia (+ negatives).
126.       Patrol members and local men at Sembati camp, Tekin Valley, 3 August 1938.  
           In 1988 the man at far right was identified as Huneng, who died in 1978.
127-138.   Men at Sembati camp, Tekin Valley, 3 August 1938.  127 shows kaukau the 
           patrol planted, which made the Sembati friendly; 133-135 show Black, so 
           are by a New Guinean (127-133, 135-138 + negatives).
139-140.   Oksapmin man visiting Sembati, Tekin Valley, August 1938 (+ negatives).
141-142.   Sembati area men, Tekin Valley, August 1938 (+ negatives).
143.       Sembati area man, Tekin Valley, August 1938.  In 1988 he was said to be 
           Guiam son of Bak, of Divinap (+ negative).
144-146.   Sembati area men, Tekin Valley, August 1938 (+ negatives).
147.       Tekin Valley camp, 15 August 1938, W end, possibly the location of 
           photos 141-146.   In 1988 the tree was identified as 'Tonga' (+ negative).
148.       Police and Tekin Valley men in country W of the valley, August 1938.
149-150.   The Sepik near Feramin, 22? August 1938 (+ negative).
151.       Black's line wading the Sepik near Feramin, 22 August 1938 (+ negative 
           and extra print).
152.       Feramin watchtower on Telefomin boundary, 23 August 1938.
153-156.   Telefol people at the fence of Black's first Telefomin camp, 24 August 
           1938. Police, carriers and Feramin visitors (Telefol enemies) are inside 
           the fence (193 negative and three prints; 194-196 + negative).
157.       "Pig shot with rifle to demonstrate to these new people the lethal nature 
           of firearms" [John Black caption], Telefomin, August 1938.
158.       Black and Telefol men at the first Telefomin camp, 24 August 1938 
           (negative + two prints).

Folder 14  Telefomin, August 1938-January 1939 (prints 159-273)

159.       Some of Black's police at Telefomin, August 1938.  L. to r. Kwangu, 
           Kobubu, Orengia, Wosasa, Kologei (+ negative).
160.       Black's police at Telefomin, August 1938, with Gammage's 1986 
           identifying caption from Black's diary (+ negative).
161.       Some of Black's police at Telefomin, August 1938.  L. to r. Serak, 
           Kwangu, Kobubu, Orengia, Wosasa, Kologei, Tembi, Kenai (+ negative).
162-164.   Black's police at Telefomin, August 1938.  L. to r. Kwangu, Serak, 
           Kobubu, Orengia, Kologei, Wosasa, Porti, Tembi, Kenai, Habana 
           (+ negatives).
165-172.   Watched by local people, Black's line build his house, Telefomin Base 
           Camp, August 1938.  171-172 show Constables Porti (ground), Tembi 
           (first floor), and Orengia (roof) (+ negatives).
173.       Telefomin Base Camp from c.SW, on the day it was first occupied, 
           25 August 1938.
174-175.   Telefomin Base Camp from c.SW, 14 November 1938.  Shows Black's two-
           storey house, carriers' huts (174) and cook huts (175).  In 1988 the 
           Community School occupied the site.
176-177.   Constable Kenai with a man said in 1988 to be Busomsep of Ankevip 
           No. 2 village, Telefomin, September 1938 (+ negatives).
178.       Kenai shows two Drolingen men, Mikidopnok (l.) and Brelopnok (identified 
           in 1988), photos of them which Black took and developed that day, 
           Atemkiakmin, 13 September 1938.
179-180.   Kenai shows Drolingen people the above photos, Atemkiakmin, 
           13 September 1938.  Shows Black's servant Kologei (r.) and Constable 
           Serak (l.) (179 negative and two prints with captions by Gammage obtained 
           from Black and at Telefomin in 1988; 180 + negative).
181.       Drolingen man, Atemkiakmin, 13 September 1938 (+ negative).
182.       Carriers and Telefol on Telefomin strip, September 1938 (+ negative).
183.       Telefol at the drain beside the strip; looking W at sunset, September 
           1938 (+ negative).
184.       ? The Sepik near Urapmin bridge, September? 1938 (+ negative).
185-186.   Senior men outside Telefomin village spirit house, September? 1938 
           (+ negatives).
187-188.   Telefomin village, September? 1938 (+ negatives).
189.       Telefomin village, 19 January 1939.
190a-190b. Karikmin village, showing at top the house of Black's friend Daringarl, 
           probably January 1939.  These two prints form a panorama.
191.       Daringarl's house, Karikmin, 14 November 1938.
192.       Daringarl outside his house, Karikmin, 5 January 1939.
193-195.   Carriers and Telefol outside a house, Borgelmin, 19 January 1939 
           (194-195 + negatives).
196.       Constables Kenai (l.) and Tembi (r.) with a shield, Urapmin, probably 
           1 November 1938.
197.       Nagarabib, the Urapmin spirit house, probably 1 November 1938.  
           The site is below the 1988 Urapmin Community School (+ negative).
198.       Telefol hamlet, place and date unknown (+ negative).
199-200.   Black and a constable (Habana?) with Telefol men outside Black's house, 
           Telefomin Base Camp, October? 1938 (200 + negative; negative and print 
           with whiteout marks).
201.       A constable (Habana?) with Telefol women outside Black's house, Telefomin 
           Base Camp, October? 1938 (+ negative).
202-203.   Black's police outside Black's house, Telefomin Base Camp, October? 1938.  
           At right is Black's cookhouse (203 also shows Black) (+ negatives and 
           203 extra print).
204.       Black's house, cookhouse and toilet, Telefomin Base Camp, 11 January 1939
           (negative only.)
205-207.   Telefol girls outside Black's house, Telefomin Base Camp, 11 January 1939 
           (206 + negative and two extra prints.)
208.       Telefol women, including Babinip (c.), outside the police house, Telefomin 
           Base Camp, 11 January 1939.
209.       Karikmin mother and child, c.12 September 1938 (negative and two 1987 prints)
210.       Telefol youth in marfum initiate's headdress, Telefomin Base Camp, October 
           1938-January 1939 (+ negative).
211.       "Telefomin youth with marfum headdress", Telefomin, 15 December 1938 
           (+ negative).
212-215.   Min men and boys, Telefomin Base Camp, October 1938-January 1939 (+ negatives).
216.       Telefol woman, Telefomin Base Camp, October 1938-January 1939 (+ negative).
217.       Black and a marfum initiate, Telefomin Base Camp, October 1938-January 1939.
218-224.   Telefol people, Telefomin area, October 1938-January 1939 (+ negatives).
225.       Black's police paraded on the road to the strip, Telefomin Base Camp, October 
           1938.  L. to r., front: Serak, Kwangu?, Orengia, Porti, Tembi, Habana; back: 
           Kobubu?, Kenai?, Kologei, Wosasa? Cairn at rear (+ negative).
226-232.   Almost 360 degree panorama of Telefomin camp and strip, October? 1938.  
           226 looks c.NE, 227 is reversed (+ negatives).
233.       View from Black's house c.SW to Borgelmin? (c.) and Karikimin (r.), October 
           1938-January 1939.
234.       View from strip area c. WNW to Karikmin, 19 January 1939 (+ negative and two 
           1939 prints with Black's captions).
235.       Karikmin village: police and carriers outside the house of Black's friend 
           Daringarl, October 1938-January 1939 (+ negative).
236.       Woman outside her house, probably Karikmin village, October 1938-January 
           1939 (+ negative).
236A-236B. Feramin visitors in marfum headdresses at Black's camp, W end of Tekin valley, 
           15 August 1938 (+ negatives).

237-273 are Dufaycolor prints:
237.       Black's line crossing the Sepik at Feramin, 22 August 1938.
238.       Black's line at a rest stop, somewhere E of the Strickland, June-July 1938.
239-240.   Min man, August 1938?
241-245.   Telefol man with arm decorations, Telefomin, October 1938-January 1939.
246.       Black's house at Telefomin Base Camp, October 1938-January 1939.
247-249.   Mountain country.
250-251.   The Lagaip river, looking upstream from near where Black crossed it on
           6 March 1939.
252-255.   Wabag people, Wabag, 7-11 June 1939.
256.       Wabag Base camp, 7-11 June 1939.
257.       Police at Bugler Gershon's grave, Wabag, 11 June 1939.
258-259.   ? Country E of Wabag, June 1939?
260.       Carrier's grave, at Ailamanda?, June 1939.
261.       Patrol members at a rest stop, June 1939?
262.       ? Looking W from Tekin-Sepik divide, 17-19 August 1938?
263.       Min men, August 1938? (262-263 + extra print).
264-265.   Nagarabib, the Urapmin spirit house, probably 1 November 1938. The site 
           is below the 1988 Urapmin Community School.
266-267.   Looking c.W from the upper floor of Black's house, Telefomin Base Camp, 
           October 1938-January 1939.  Shows the road the line made, and Drolingen 
           (l.) and Karikmin (c.) villages.
268-271.   Panorama of Telefomin plateau from the strip, October 1938-January 1939.  
           268 looks c.S, 271 c.NW (+ print 271a).
272-273.   Telefomin region country, possibly near Urapmin, November 1938.


Folder 15  13 rolls of negatives, 217 contact prints, 14 prints: Sirunki - Madang or 
           Rabaul, March 1938-July 1939. 
           28 photos not taken by Black: Mt Hagen, May-June 1938 and June 1939; 
           Hoiyevia, May-June 1938.

Roll 1.    Sirunki - Biviraka, March-April 1938
274-276.   View NNW from Sirunki camp to Lake Iviva, 27 March 1938 (275 + 1938 print).
277-278.   A stockade gate, Sirunki, 27 March 1938.
279-281.   [Over-exposed]. Local people crowding beind the patrol, S of Sirunki, 29 
           March 1938.
282.       Patrol on the march, S of Sirunki, 29 March 1938.
283-284.   View N over Sirunki swamp to Lake Iviva, 29 March 1938.  The patrol's line 
           of march was down the right side of these prints (283 + 1996 print and negative).
285.       View c.W down Lagaip Valley, 30 March 1938.
286.       People with a bi-coloured pig and kaukau (sweet potato) for sale to the patrol, 
           Yenini Kembodje, Lagaip valley, 30 March 1938.
287.       [Over-exposed].
288-290.   Women including widows in ash, Yenini Kembodle, 30 March 1938.
291-292.   [Over-exposed]. Men, probably at Biviraka, 1 April 1938.

Roll 2.    Biviraka, 2 April 1938
293-296.   View NW down Lagaip Valley from Biviraka.
297-306.   [Some over-exposed]. Biviraka men watching at the camp banis (fence).
307-310.   Biviraka men displaying charms to ward off the patrol's evil.  See Black 
           diary, 2 April 1938; Gammage p.65 & opposite p.61 (307 + 1938 print).

Roll 3.    Waga divide, April 1938 (prints are back to front)
311.       A servant pulls off Walsh's boots, Waruni-Kindrep area, 11-12 April 1938.
312-317.   Waruni-Kindrep area men, one with a mud headdress, 11-12 April 1938.
318-319.   Constable Kwangu buying sweet potato with money cowrie at the banis (fence), 
           Waruni-Kindrep area, 12-13 April 1938.
320.       Yarin of Kindrep, who briefly joined the patrol, c.12-14 April 1938 (+ 1996 
           print and negative).
321-326.   [Some under-exposed]. Upper Waga country, 13-16 April 1938.  322-323 show 
           Panduaka mountain from N.
327-328.   Lake and limestone outcrop on the upper Waga, called Tundok, a place for 
           killing pigs, between Ungashibi and Marapepa, 19 April 1938.

Roll 4.    Tekin Valley, July-August 1938
329-330.   Sembati Base Camp, c.24 July 1938.
331.       Man at Sembati Base Camp, c.11 August 1938. 
332.       Sembati Base Camp showing carriers' huts and the boundary fence. This 
           photograph is in Black's diary for 11 August 1938 (+ two 1996 print and 
           negative).
333.       Tekin men by the Tekin river, August 1938.
334.       [Under-exposed]. Tekin Valley country, August 1938.
335.       Black's recce line on the march, Tekin Valley area, 7-9 August 1938.
336-342.   Local men and boys meet the patrol at Tekap, W end of the Tekin Valley, 
           16 August 1938 (336 + 1996 print and negative).
343-345.   Black's line at Tekap, 16 August 1938.
346.       Local men and boys at Tekap, 16 August 1938.  In 1988 they were identified 
           as (l. to r.) Gweyam, Nengam wearing a Lifebuoy Soap packet, Bunat, Sigham 
           and Raben.
347-349.   [Under-exposed]. ? Country at W end of the Tekin Valley, August 1938.

Roll 5.    Tekin Valley - Sepik headwaters, August 1938
350.       The two Telefol who agreed to guide Black's line W, Tekap, c.16 August 1938.  
           One holds a steel tomahawk.
351.       Tekin men with Black's line, ? Tekap, c.16 August 1938.
352-365.   The Yengimup family which greeted and fed Black's line, Sepik headwaters, 
           20 August 1938.  See Black's diary 20 August 1938; Gammage p.109 (355, 356, 
           359 + 1996 prints and negatives).

Roll 6.    Yengimup? - Telefomin, August 1938
366-376.   Yengimup hamlet?, possibly the first village the patrol saw, Sepik headwaters, 
           c.20 August 1938.
377-381.   Telefol people meet Black's line, Telefomin, 23 August 1938.

Roll 7.    Telefomin, August 1938
382-394.   Portraits of Telefol men and boys, possibly at Karikmin village, August 1938.  
           Some wear marfum initiate's headdress; 387-388 may be Femsep, a Telefol leader.
395-396.   Telefol girls; Karikmin village at rear, August 1938.
397.       Telefol children talk to the line near Karikmin village, August 1938.
398.       Karikmin village, August 1938.
399.       [Unclear on contact print.]

Roll 8.    Telefomin, August 1938-January 1939
400-405.   Borgelmin village houses, August 1938-January 1939.
406-408.   Telefomin village showing spirit house at centre rear, August 1938-January 
           1939 (406 + 1996 print and negative).
409-411.   [Over-exposed].  Telefomin village, August 1938-January 1939.
412.       [Over-exposed].  Telefomin plateau, August 1938-January 1939.
413.       ? Drolingen village?, August 1938-January 1939.
414.       Telefomin Base Camp from S, August 1938-January 1939.

Roll 9.    Hewa - Lagaip, March 1939
415-417.   Hewa communal house, north of the Lagaip, March 1939 (415 + 1996 print and 
           negative).
418.       A Hewa woman looks at the work of a steel axe, March 1939 (+ 1996 print and 
           negative).
419-421.   Black's line at a Hewa communal house, north of the Lagaip, 6 March 1939.
422.       Police inspecting an 'aerial coffin' north of the Lagaip, 6 March 1939 (+ 
           extra print).
423-427.   Black's line at the same Hewa communal house, north of the Lagaip, 
           6 March 1939.
428-430.   The Lagaip where Black's line crossed it, looking downstream, 7 March 1939 
           (429 + extra print with Black's 1987 caption, 'Wild orange here. Suspension 
           bridge c orange tree on return back into ENGA culture. "River beaches gold 
           bearing".' 428-429 show the orange tree at left.). 
431.       Sporran men from S of the Lagaip, 7 March 1939.

Roll 10.   Paiela area, March 1939
432-434.   [Over-exposed]. A crowd at the patrol banis (fence).
435-447.   High country, Paiela area, March 1939.  438 and 441-442 show a local man and 
           443 a policeman in foreground.

Roll 11.   Porgera Valley, March 1939
448-450.   [Under-exposed].
451.       Black's line and Porgera area men surround a kaukau pile, March 1939.
452.       [Under-exposed].
453.       [Under-exposed]. Police and local men at a camp, March 1939.
454-456.   Porgera man in bullock horn wig, March 1939.
457-459.   The line and local men watch Yumo, the line's pet cassowary, Porgera Valley, 
           March 1939 (457 + extra print).
460.       Stream, possibly a site of Black's gold finds, 25-29 March 1939.
461-464.   Porgera men watch the line, March 1939.

Roll 12.   Porgera Valley, March 1939
465.       Porgera man in bullock horn wig, March 1939.
466-467.   Porro men, some in bullock horn wigs, 31 March 1939.
468.       Black among Porro men, 31 March 1939.
469-470.   Porro men and boys, 31 March 1939. At the line's insistence, they are 
           sitting down.
471-481.   Police in front of sitting Porro men and boys, 31 March 1939.

Roll 13.   Madang or Rabaul, July 1939
482-486.   European houses.
487, 489.  John Black.
488.       Liwa (Leo) of the Waga Valley.
490.       P.O. Sam McWilliam, OIC Bena, (died on H.M.A.S. Sydney, 1941).


Photos not taken by Black, Mt Hagen, May-June 1938 and June 1939; Hoiyevia, May-June 1938.

491-493.   Loading the Ford Trimotor for an air drop on Hoiyevia, May-June 1938. Shows 
           the chute for the drop. P.O. Murray Edwards, OIC Hagen, is 492 centre; 493 
           centre may be pilot Tom O'Dea (with Black's 1987 captions).
494.       Hoiyevia Base Camp from the air (NW), May-June 1938.
495.       Highlands country from the air, May-June 1938.
496-504.   The Hagen-Sepik Patrol returns to Mt Hagen, 19 June 1939.  The sequence shows 
           the patrol coming down the strip (in 1998 Hagen CBD beside the Highlands 
           Highway), and being greeted by P.O. George Greathead, OIC Hagen (l. to r. 
           Black, Taylor, Walsh).  The distant views are from near Greathead's house, 
           in 1998 the water tower hill (each 1939 + 1997 print; 498 three 1939 + 1997 
           print; 501 two 1939 + 1997 print, one 1939 with Black's 1987 caption).  
           503 shows Walsh; 504 shows Taylor.
505.       L. to r. Constable Serak, Black, Kologei on return to Mt Hagen, 19 June 1939 
           (+ negative).
506.       Black on return to Mt Hagen, 19 June 1939 (with his caption, '... See worn out 
           straw hat.' + two 1985 prints of detail and negatives).
507-517.   Mt Hagen area, showing a patrol at a village kama or singsing ground, June 
           1939 (each 1939 + 1997 print).
507-508.   Dance houses for guests.
509.       Road with tree guards.
510.       Policeman buying food and timber with either girigiri (small cowrie) or salt.
511.       People lined for a census before a patrol officer (Greathead?) and his police.
512.       Men cutting up a pig.
513.       Men in tree oil, with tee kina and ropes of girigiri for an important occasion, 
           possibly related to the dance houses in 507-508 and the grave marker in 514-515.
514-515.   Grave marker.
516.       Hagen man in front of dance house.
517.       Wahgi woman.
518.       L. to r. Black, Mrs Gwen Gander of SDA Mission Sigoiya, Taylor, Miss Gander and 
           P.O. Sam McWilliam at Sigoiya SDA Mission near Bena Bena, 3 July 1939.
519.       Black helps weigh a servant for a flight from Bena to Madang, c.4 July 1939.  
           At l. Constable Tembi, at r. rear H.M. Kingsbury, New Guinea Gold Coy geologist.
 

Papers written by J.R. Black

Notes on the adoption of 'Basic English' as the Universal Language
for Melanesia (New Guinea and Papua) 1943.

Notes on Native Agitation and Subversive cults in New Guinea. Originally
drafted c. 1945, reworked c. 1985. (Typescript 7 pp.)

Native administration in the Territory of New Guinea. School of Civil 
Affairs, Duntroon. Paper read at the LHQ Directorate of Research and Civil
Affairs, c. 1945.

The Aim of Policy. Territory of Papua New Guinea, 7 March 1947. Prepared
and submitted to Col. J.K. Murray as the basis for a TPNG policy direction.
(Typescript, 16 pp.)

The Range of Foods used by the Central Highlanders of New Guinea at the 
time of First Contact, 1935-39. (Typescript, 19 pp.) Paper read at ANZAAS
41st Congress, Adelaide, August 1969.

Some Impressions of a Resident New Guinea Australian. Paper read at ANZAAS
41st Congress, Adelaide, August 1969. (Typescript 13 pp.)

The Hagen-Sepik Patrol, 1938-39. Journal of the Anthropological
Society of  South Australia, vol. 8 no. 8, October 1970. Precis of an address given by
Black, 27 July 1970.

Native Agitation and Social Unrest.

Considerations determining the future relationship between European and
Native Salaries in the Government Service. 1 August 1947. (Typescript 8 pp.)

Box List

Series  Folder    Box

1       1         1
2       1-9       1
        10-16     2
        17-24     3
        25-28     4
        29-31     5
3       1-3       5
        4-8       6
        9, 11     2 volumes
        10        6 [box not sighted May 2010]
        12-13     19
        14-15     20
4       1         6
        2-6       7
        7-16      8
        17-27     9
5       1-9       10
6       1-7       11
        8-16      12
7       1-9       13
        10-17     14
        18-19     15
8       1-4       15
        5-14      16
        15-26     17
        27-31     18
        Misc.     18
                                                           
Compiled July 1992. Last updated September 1999