Mfm G 2486-87
Papers of Sir John (1786-1847) and Lady Jane (1791-1875) Franklin 1836-1853


Lefroy Bequest, Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, United Kingdom. Microfilm copies of material held by the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge UK.


Biographical Note

Jane Franklin (1791-1875), the daughter of John Griffin, silk weaver, and Mary Guillemard, was born in London. In 1828 she married John Franklin, who was appointed lieutenant-governor of Van Diemen's Land in 1836.

During Franklin's term of office she helped achieve the formation of the first Royal Society for the Advancement of Science outside Britian, the foundation of a state college for higher education and the establishment on an agricultural settlement on the banks of the Huon River

She organized a search for Sir John Franklin's lost Arctic expedition between 1850 and 1857 which showed Franklin had discovered a North-West Passage.

Sir John Franklin (1786-1847), rear admiral, Arctic explorer and lieutenant-governor of Van Dieman's Land 1836-1843 was born in Lincolnshire and educated at St. Ives and Louth Grammar School before entering the Navy.

Franklin hoped the convict colony would become free and self-governing but his period of office spanned difficult years. He dismissed his private secretary, Alexander Maconochie in 1838. When transporatation to New South Wales was abolished in 1840 it was increased to Van Diemen's Land and the proportion of convicts rose. Together with an economic recession, problems exacerbated and Franklin was recalled in 1843. His achievements included the founding of the state primary education system and Christ's College, an institution for higher education. He advocated exploration and took an active interest in the cultural activities of the colony.

Upon his return to England Franklin was appointed to lead the Arctic expedition to search for the North-West Passage. Whilst officially recognised as the discoverer, he died on this journey.

References

West, John. The history of Tasmania (Launceston : Henry Dowling, 1852)
Fitzpatrick, K. Sir John Franklin in Tasmania 1837-43 (Melbourne : Melbourne University Press, 1949)
Woodward, F.J. Portrait of Jane (London : Hodder and Stoughton, 1951)
Barry, John V. Maconochie of Norfolk Island (Melbourne :Oxford University Press, 1958)
Shaw, A.G.L. 'Origins of the probation system in VDL' (Historical Studies no. 21, Nov. 1953)


Papers of Sir John and Lady Franklin

Reel G 2486

  • MS 248/291
    Sir John Franklin. Journal, 8 April-18 May 1841. Van Diemen's Land
  • MS 248/156
    Lady Franklin. Journal, March 1837. Van Diemen's Land
  • MS 248/157
    Lady Franklin. Journal, January 1839, 1-4 April, 1839, 3 October-23 December 1839. Sydney and Van Diemen's Land
  • MS 248/158
    Lady Franklin. Journal notes, 1841, 8 March 1843-14 March 1844. Van Diemen's Land
  • MS 248/170/4-6
    Lady Franklin. Three letters to her father, John Griffin, 6 January 1837, 8 December, 1937, 12 October 1841
  • MS 248/171/5
    Lady Franklin. Letter to Mrs Leeves, 20 August 1841
  • MS 248/175/1-6
    Lady Franklin. 6 letters to Sir James Clark Ross, 8 October 1840-3 April, 1842
  • MS 248/174/1-23
    Lady Franklin. 23 letters to Mary Simpkinson from Van Diemen's Land, 1837-53
  • MS 248/206/1-6
    Lady Franklin. Copies of correspondence with Tasmanian institutions, including the Legislative Council of Van Diemen's Land and Christ College, Tasmania, 1852-53
  • MS 248/295/1-3
    Sir John Franklin. 3 letters to Admiral Francis Beaufort, 1840-43
  • MS 248/306/1-5
    Sir John Franklin. 5 letters to Sir George Gipps, 1838-41
  • MS 248/225/3
    Sir John Franklin. Letter to Sir Roderick Murchison, 19 November 1842
  • MS 248/316/1-11
    Sir John Franklin. 11 letters to Sir James Clark Ross, 1840-43
  • MS 248/317
    Sir John Franklin. Letter to Lord John Russell, 18 February 1840
  • MS 248/319
    Sir John Franklin. Letter to Mary Simpkinson, 14 April 1839

Reel G 2486

  • MS 248/321/1-2
    Sir John Franklin. 2 letters to Lord Stanley, 19 May and July 1844
  • MS 248/330
    Sir John Franklin Draft letter concerning A. Maconochie's dismissal as Secretary to the Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land [1838]
  • MS 248/292/1-9
    Sir John Franklin. 9 memoranda, 1839-43 concerning the administration of Van Diemen's Land
  • MS 248/422/4
    F H. Henslowe. 4 letters to Lady Franklin [1842?]
  • MS 248/426
    Sir Joseph Hooker. Letter to Lady Franklin, 21 December 1846

14 Journals of Lady Franklin 1836-43

Reel G 2487

  • MS 248/84
    Journal of Lady Franklin. Voyage to Van Diemen's Land, (24 August 1836-5 January, 1837)
  • MS 248/85
    Journal of Lady Franklin, Van Diemen's Land. Vol. 1 (26 August-19 November 1838)
  • MS 248/86
    Journal of Lady Franklin, Van Diemen's Land. Vol. 2 (22 August-9 September 1839)
  • MS 248/87
    Journal of Lady Franklin, Van Diemen's Land. Vol. 3 (11 September-30 November 1839)
  • MS 248/88
    Journal of Lady Franklin, Van Diemen's Land. Vol. 4 (29 April-7 July 1840)
  • MS 248/89
    Journal of Lady Franklin, Van Diemen's Land. Vol. 5 (12 July-13 October 1840
  • MS 248/97
    Notes by Lady Franklin on the convict system of Van Diemen's Land
  • MS 248/90
    Journal of Lady Franklin, Van Diemen's Land. Vol. 6 (20 February-1 May 1841)

Reel G 2487

  • MS 248/91
    Journal of Lady Franklin, Van Diemen's Land. Vol. 7 (4 May-10 July 1841)
  • MS 248/92
    Journal of Lady Franklin, Van Diemen's Land. Vol. 8 (1 August-5 October 1841)
  • MS 248/93
    Journal of Lady Franklin, Van Diemen's Land. Vol. 9 (1-29 January 1842)
  • MS 248/94
    Journal of Lady Franklin, Van Diemen's Land. Vol. 10.(10 February-12 March 1842)
  • MS 248/95
    Journal of Lady Franklin, Van Diemen's Land. Vol. 11 (1 January-29 March 1843)
  • MS 248/96
    Journal of Lady Franklin, Van Diemen's Land. Vol. 12 (8 May-26 July 1843)

Guide compiled 1993. Last updated 21 August 1996