Tickets of Leave / Certificates of Freedom / Conditional Pardons
Convicts were normally sentenced to 7 or 14 year terms but others had sentences ranging from 10 years to life. About half the convicts were transported for 7 years and a quarter for 14 years.
If they were well behaved, convicts were not usually required to serve out their full term and could apply for a :
- Ticket of Leave,
- Certificate of Freedom,
- Conditional Pardon or an
- Absolute Pardon.
With good conduct, a convict serving a 7 year term usually qualified for a Ticket of Leave after 4 or 5 years, whilst those serving 14 years could expect to serve between 6 to 8 years. "Lifers" could qualify for their Conditional Pardon after 10 or 12 years.
A convict was required to carry his Ticket of Leave at all times.
New South Wales
Find the name of the convict in the (index to) Tickets of Leave, 1810-75 and note the year, no, and citation. Use that information to view the Ticket of Leave Butts 1827-1867 on microfilm in the Newspapers and Microforms Reading Room.
Indexed and full digitised Tickets of Leave Butts, 1824-1867 are also avalable on Ancestry.com in eResources.
Early Tickets of Leave are also indexed in Index to Tickets of Leave, Certificates and Pardons, 1810-19.