Philip Oder Lumban Tobing (1921–1967), the great-grandson of a Batik chief, was born in Tarutung, North Sumatra. He studied Indonesian languages at Leyden University in the Netherlands and theology at Heidelburg University, before gaining a doctorate at Utrecht University in 1955. His thesis was based on fieldwork in the Batak regions and was published as The Structure of the Toba-Batak Belief in the High God (1956). Following his return to Indonesia, he lectured in anthropology at Padjadjaran University, Bandoong, and in 1958 was appointed Professor of Anthropology at Hasanuddin University, Macassar. He was the Dean of the Faculty of Letters in 1961–64. He resigned from the post in 1964.

Other writings by Tobing include:

Kebudajaan nasional dan Fakltas Sastra (1960)

Hukum pelajaran dan perdagangan Amanna Gappa (1961)

Contributions to the Study of Indonesian Identity (1962)


The Tobing Collection was purchased in 1970 from Netty Tobing, the wife of Tobing.


The Tobing Collection comprises about 600 books with particular strength in the fields of anthropology, sociology and linguistics. Most of the books are written in Dutch, English, German or Indonesian. They include works by noted European anthropologists such as Emile Durkheim, Raymond Firth, Claude Levi-Strauss, Margaret Mead and Bronislaw Malinowski. A large proportion of the works relate to Indonesia, including several titles on the Batak language and society:

Joustra, M., Karo-Bataksch woordenboek (1907)

Mangaradja Asal, Oempama ni halak Batak (1939)

Ophuijsen, C.A. van, Kijkes in het huiselijk leven der Bataks (1910)

Tuuk, H.N. van der, Bataksch leesboek bevattende stukken in het Tobasch, Mandailingsch en Dairisch (4 vols, 1860–62)

Tuuk, H.N. van der, Tobasche spraakkunst (2 vols, 1864–67)

Voorhoeve, P., Overzicht van de volksverhalen der Bataks (1927)

Warneck, Joh, Die Religion der Batak (1909)

Winkler, Johannes, Die Toba-Batak auf Sumatra in gesunden und kranken Tagen (1925)

There are also many books and pamphlets on contemporary Indonesia, including writings of Soekarno and Suharto. Other subjects represented in the collection include Greek and Latin classics, ancient history, Indian history, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism.


The books have been catalogued individually and integrated in the general collection.