On 1 January 1901, the six existing self-governing British colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia, came together in union to create the Commonwealth of Australia. This was what was known as Federation and was the culmination of a decades-long push by various individuals and associations.
The National Library of Australia holds a wide selection of material relating to this process.
This guide aims to introduce researchers to key collections and items held by the Library, as well as advise of where related material may be found.
What you can find in the Library
- Printed material: biographies, histories and general works, government publications eg parliamentary papers of the UK, the colonies and Australia
- Manuscripts: papers of ministers and individuals involved in the Federation movement
- Pictures: portraits, photographs, political cartoons
- Ephemera: Federation advertising, electoral material, invitations, handouts and flyers
- Newspapers: in print and online
- Online resources
Catalogue search tips
Use the Catalogue standard search to find titles, authors or subjects.
- If you get too many results, use the options under 'Narrow search' on the right of the results page to display only the items you're interested in.
- To see what you can view from home, use the link to 'NLA digital material' on the right of the results page.
- If you need to widen your search, click on the subject headings in an item's Catalogue record to find other material related to that subject.
Although you can't browse the Library's shelves in person, you can use the Catalogue to browse by title, author, subject or Dewey number.
To search for general works about Federation, select the Browse alphabetically tab, then subjects. Some examples are:
- Australia--Centennial celebrations, etc
- Australia--Constitutional history--Sources
- Australia--Politics and government--1891-1901
- Australian Natives Association
- Constitutional conventions--Australia
- Federal government--Australia
Personal names can also be used:
In addition to browsing you can use different search terms alone or combined to identify a wide variety or location-specific items. The following are some examples that can be used:
- constitutional conventions
- Federal Council of Australasia
- federation Australia
- federation colonies
- Edmund Barton