Tindale, Norman B. (Norman Barnett) & Tindale, Norman B. (Norman Barnett), 1900-1993 (1940). Map showing the distribution of the Aboriginal tribes of Australia. T.F.E. Moore, Government Photolithographer, Adelaide nla.gov.au/nla.obj-230054338
Colonial settlers brought with them to Australia the concept of four distinct seasons. While this works for much of southern Australia, non-Indigenous people in the other parts of Australia identify seasonal change as wet and dry.
Indigenous communities have age-old seasonal calendars. For example, the Bininj/Mungguy people of Kakadu identify six seasons:
- gudjewg: monsoonal
- banggerreng: stormy
- yegge: cool
- wurrgeng: cold
- gurrung: hot and dry
- gunumeleng: hot and humid
The Australian Bureau of Meteorology hosts an Indigenous knowledge webpage where you can discover the seasonal calendars of other communities.
A Diverse Climate
Investigate seasonal calendars with your class. Do the four ‘European’ seasons describe your local weather well enough? What circumstances might require a different approach?
Connect with local Indigenous community Elders and invite them to share their knowledge about the weather where you live.