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Oral histories are collected by the National Library in order to record the voices that document Australia's social and cultural life. From the earliest recordings in the 1950's until recently the voices and memories of the First World War have been preserved. Increasingly interviews, as well as transcripts and summaries, are available online. Types of interviews include primary and secondary accounts of the war. Interviewees include veterans of the war from each of the forces, civilians on the homefront, soldier settlers, authors eg Ion Idriess and Alan Moorehead, and artists eg Sir Daryl Lindsay.
Although the Library does not actively collect realia, items may be selectively acquired, especially when they have high levels of visual content. An object may also be acquired as part of a multi-format collection or because it has strong links with material already held. The Library holds a number of unique items of realia connected with the First World War, some of which are especially poignant.
Catalogue search tips
In addition to using the name of a person or an occupation to find oral history material, the following subject headings may be used:
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Personal narratives, Australian
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Veterans -- Australia
Keywords such as the following can also be used:
- '[name of person] interviews' eg 'Smout interview'
- '[object] realia' eg 'medals realia'
Use the ‘Add limits’ drop down menu to limit your search to audio material.
If an interview is available to listen to online, a 'Listen online' icon will appear next to the catalogue record. Click on this or the 'Online Access' link within the catalogue record to hear the recording.
Oral history collections
There are a number of oral history collections containing interviews with veterans and their families. These are:
Do you have information on the Anzac medal ?
The Anzac medal, was sculpted by Dora Ohlfsen after the First World War and produced and sold to raise funds for Australians and New Zealanders maimed in the war. To find out further information on this medal we searched:
- Trove digitised newspapers service and found an article titled 'Dora Ohlfsen's dedication to bravery' from the newspaper Register (Adelaide) of 19th January 1922 which provides background to the medal as well as biographical information on this 'famous Australian sculptress'.
- Women Australia, provided not just a portrait, but her obituary and a number of other related resources.