Anzac

Robinson, H. E. C. & Campbell, Gerald R.  1916,  Anzac [cartographic material]

Topographic map of Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey, showing ANZAC and Turkish posts, trenches, tracks and roads, and approximate landing places.  According to notes "Any profits derived from the sale of this Map will be handed to one or more of the War Funds".

Anzac Cove, Gallipoli

1915,  Anzac Cove, Gallipoli [picture] 

RELATED WEBSITES

Gallipoli and the Anzacs 

An educational website with wide ranging content related to Gallipoli from the Department of Veterans's Affairs.

Dawn of the legend

An online exhibition from the Australian War Memorial which 'tells the story of the Australians who landed at Gallipoli, and of the creation of the ANZAC legend'.

ORIGINS OF THE ACRONYM ANZAC

It is difficult to say who first coined the acronym ANZAC.  The Australian War Memorial provides useful information on the history and use of the term in its Encyclopedia.

On April 25, 1915, the Australian troops, together with troops from New Zealand, Britain and France, landed at what came to be called ANZAC Cove.  They aimed to assist a British naval operation to force the Dardanelles Strait and capture the Turkish capital, Constantinople.

Attempts to break the Turkish lines failed.  The campaign lasted until December when the troops were successfully evacuated.

Selected published works

The National Library holds an extensive collection of the books published about the Gallipoli campaign since 1915. 

Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-1918

The first 2 volumes are devoted to the Gallipoli campaign:

  • Vol. 1 The story of ANZAC from the outbreak of war to the end of the first phase of the Gallipoli campaign, May 4, 1915
  • Vol. 2 The story of ANZAC from 4 May, 1915, to the evacuation of the Gallipoli Peninsula

Gallipoli one long grave , by Kit Denton, is a well illustrated work with many photographs. 

Gallipoli by Les Carlyon is a recent popular history of the campaign.

Gallipoli an Australian encylopedia of the 1915 Dardanelles Campaign by Ronald J Austin is on open access in the Main Reading Room Reference collection at RF 940.426 A937

Published personal narratives are also held.  In the catalogue under the Browse alphabetically tab, select Subject and then the following heading:

The following keywords can also be used:

  • 'gallipoli personal narratives'
  • 'gallipoli diary'

Map, manuscript and pictorial material

In addition to the published material on Gallipoli, the Library also holds unpublished material in map, manuscript, pictorial and photographic form.

In the catalogue type the keyword 'gallipoli' and limit the search to the required format eg map.

Keywords can also be used, for example:

  • 'gallipoli manuscript'
  • 'anzac cove photograph'

Battlefield guides

The following guides provide useful information about the Gallipoli battlefield:

Gallipoli: the battlefield guide by Mat McLachlan

Gallipoli: a battlefield guide by Phil Taylor and Pam Cupper

Case Study

Question: "I am looking for information on the man with the donkey who was at Gallipoli"

Answer: The ‘man with the donkey’ was John Simpson Kirkpatrick, a stretcher bearer, who with his donkey ‘Duffy’ worked to carry the wounded to safety at Gallipoli until he himself was shot and killed. 

 A search of the online catalogue using the terms ‘John Simpson Kirkpatrick’ retrieves 28 items, including biographical cuttings files and photographs.  Books include the recent Dust donkeys and delusions : the myth of Simpson and his donkey exposed

All are available to request and view at the Library using your National Library card.

 Online resources include the following:

  History Military history

The Anzac book

Australia. Army. Australian Imperial Force (1914-1921).  (1916).  The Anzac book.  London ; New York ; Toronto ; Melbourne :  Cassell.

The ANZAC book was a trench publication, published in 1916.  It contained illustrations, stories, cartoons, and poems written by the soldiers themselves, often whilst under fire at Gallipoli.

Gallipoli letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Andrew Fisher

Murdoch, Keith Arthur. & Ashmead-Bartlett, Ellis.  (1915).  Gallipoli letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Andrew Fisher

The Gallipoli letter is an 8000 word private report which was written by Keith Arthur Murdoch with the help of a British war correspondent (Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett) after he visited the Gallipoli peninsula in September 1915. It describes the organisation, and conditions of the Gallipoli campaign.

Australians at Dardanelles: Thrilling Deeds of Heroism. (1915, May 8). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 19.

A first hand report of the landings at Gallipoli by British war correspondent Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett.

ONLINE EXHIBITIONS

Despatches from Gallipoli is an exhibition held at the National Library in 2006 which dealt with the experiences of four Australian journalists, Charles Bean, Keith Murdoch, Phillip Schuler and Charles Smith, who went to Gallipoli in 1915.  

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